Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg
Climax on Seminary Ridge
"On every side the passion, rage and frenzy of fearless men or reckless boys devoted to slaughter or doomed to death! The same sun that a day before had been shining to cure the wheat-sheaves of the harvest of peace, now glared to pierce the gray pall of battle's powder smoke or to bloat the corpses of battle's victims."
—Augustus Buell, "The Cannoneer" (1890)
During the heavy fighting late in the afternoon of July 1, 1863, Seminary Ridge became the final defensive position of the Union's First Army Corps west of Gettysburg. Twenty-one cannons and thousands of battle-weary men crowned the heights with the aim of repelling Confederate forces ascending the ridge. The Union line was buckling to the left and right but the position near the Thompson house was holding.
The 143rd Pennsylvania Infantry was posted here along with three guns of Lt. James Stewart's Battery B, 4th United States Artillery, blasting deadly volleys of iron into Gen. Alfred Scales's North Carolina soldiers across the Chambersburg Pike. The Confederates pushed onward, however, unhinging the entire Union line from Seminary Ridge. The position here around the Thompson house was the very last to fall. Union soldiers sought refuge in the railroad cut to your right and rear. Once the fighting ended, dead and wounded soldiers
Erected 2016 by The Civil War Trust and Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Pennsylvania Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 50.135′ N, 77° 14.736′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Chambersburg Pike (U.S. 30) west of Seminary Ridge, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. The marker is about 40 yards east of the monument to Battery B, 4th U.S. Artillery, out in the open field. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battery B, Fourth U.S. Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); Highway Headquarters (was within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing. ); a different marker also named Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg (within shouting distance of this marker); Headquarters of the Army of Northern Virginia (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg (about 300 feet away); Salem Virginia Artillery (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Lee's Headquarters at Gettysburg (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
Also see . . . Civil War Trust. (Submitted on November 23, 2016.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on April 19, 2017. This page originally submitted on November 19, 2016, by Karl Stelly of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 292 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 19, 2016, by Karl Stelly of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 4. submitted on April 18, 2017, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 5, 6. submitted on November 19, 2016, by Karl Stelly of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.