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War of 1812 Historical Markers

1819 markers matched your search criteria. Markers 501 through 701 are listed. Previous 200 Next 1119
 
Weapons of War Marker with the cannon at the top of the hill image, Touch for more information
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
Weapons of War Marker with the cannon at the top of the hill
Maryland (Calvert County), St. Leonard — Weapons of WarAmerican Artillery — Replica Fiberglass Cannon on Carriage —
The replica 18-pounder cannon located on the hill is similar to the type used by American forces during the Battle of St. Leonard Creek. “18-pounder” refers to the weight of the cannonballs, which were approximately five inches in . . . — Map (db m80929) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Taneytown — “Terra Rubra”
The birthplace of Francis Scott Key the author of our National Anthem “The Star-Spangled Banner.” — Map (db m2997) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Taneytown — Birthplace of Francis Scott Key
August 9, 1780. Erected by the Patriotic Order Sons of America and the pupils of the public schools, June 12, 1915. Terra Rubra Farm, birthplace and early home of the author of the Star Spangled Banner who died in Baltimore January 11, . . . — Map (db m2998) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Charlestown — Shrewd DecisionStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Hard Pressed Militiamen were often assigned elsewhere, leaving hometown defense to those exempted from service due to age or infirmity. Outnumbered, and with limited artillery and ammunition, even the bravest defenders rarely rebuffed an . . . — Map (db m79526) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Charlestown — Site of Charlestown Wharf
Stone wharf and warehouse were built here by Decree of General Assembly in 1744. Remains of wharf can be seen. Officer’s chests left behind by two Companies of Royal American Regiment quartered in winter of 1756-1757 were auctioned by town . . . — Map (db m1688) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — Cherry Grove
Ancestral home of the DeVeazie (Veazey) family; patented to John Veazey circa 1670. His descendant, Colonel Thomas Ward Veazey defended Duffy’s Fort, Fredericktown, from the British fleet May 5, 1813, and served as Governor of Maryland, . . . — Map (db m1705) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — Hilltop ViewStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Mount Harmon offered a vantage point for events unfolding along the Sassafras May 6, 1813. Barges of British marines passed by en route to Georgetown and Fredericktown. As they returned, smoke rose in the skies behind them from the burning of both . . . — Map (db m96600) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — History QuestMount Harmon Plantation
The Sassafras River, stretching before you, provides a window into four centuries of history at Mount Harmon. Any number of historic events occurred within view of this spot.

European Exploration & Settlement Captain John Smith, the first . . . — Map (db m96626) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — Mount Pleasant
Built by Dr. John Thompson Veasey, 1825, “of Mount Harmon” as he was known, who, with Colonel Thomas Ward Veasey assisted in the defense of Duffy’s Fort, 1813. He was a greatnephew of George Ross, signer of the Declaration of . . . — Map (db m1699) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — Rose Hill
Home of General Thomas Marsh Forman (1758–1845), Aide to General William Alexander, known as Lord Stirling, and a representative in the General Assembly, 1790 and 1800. He served with Major George Armistead, Fort McHenry, 1814. A later owner, . . . — Map (db m1697) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Earleville — The Anchorage
Home of the Lusbys in the early 1700’s. Ruth Lusby and Commodore Jacob Jones married in 1821. Made the Anchorage their home and enlarged it in 1835. Jones served on the “Philadelphia” when it ran aground at Tripoli and commanded the . . . — Map (db m1567) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — "O! say can you see..."Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of . . . — Map (db m73839) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Fighting BackStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
British raiders traveled along rivers to Upper Bay towns in 1813. Elkton, at the head of Elk River, expected to be a target, because it could be a landing site for an advance on Philadelphia. Citizens of Elkton built three earthen forts and placed . . . — Map (db m73837) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Frenchtown
Frenchtown, one mile west of this marker, was an important link in the north-south travel route during the 18th and 19th centuries. As a depot, it was burned by the British under Admiral Cockburn on April 29, 1813. — Map (db m1526) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Hollingsworth House
About 1750 Zebulon Hollingsworth built the approximately 30 x 30 foot left hand section as a brick two story dwelling. In the mid-1800s it was gutted by fire and rebuilt as three stories with a low pitched roof. Also the two story right hand side . . . — Map (db m69814) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Holly Hall
Built c. 1810–1820 by James Sewall. He was Clerk of Cecil County Court 1805–1841; Brigade Major of Maryland Militia and a Commander at nearby Fort Defiance in War of 1812; one of founders of Trinity Episcopal Church, Elkton in 1832. — Map (db m1478) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Site of Fort Defiance
About one eighth mile south east on Elk River, American forces here and at Fort Hollingsworth (Elk Landing) repulsed the British under Admiral Cockburn in their attempt to capture Elkton, April 29, 1813. — Map (db m1644) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Site of Fort Hollingsworth
About three tenths mile south at Elk Landing, American forces here and at Fort Defiance, about one mile below on Elk River, repulsed the British under Admiral Cockburn in their attempt to capture Elkton, April 29, 1813. — Map (db m2228) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Spirited RebuffStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
The British took their terror campaign to the Elk River in April 1813. Their target—Elkton—was protected by several forts.

After capturing a gun battery at Frenchtown, British raiders destroyed its storehouses, a fishery, and . . . — Map (db m80363) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Strong DefenseStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail-War of 1812 — Fort Hollingsworth-Elk Landing —
Three defensive earthworks safeguarded Elkton---Fort Hollingsworth, here, plus Defiance and Frederick downriver. A 60-foot chain across the channel secured the Elk River. On April 29, 1813, defenders at Fort Defiance fired on approaching British . . . — Map (db m96591) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — War in the ChesapeakeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high . . . — Map (db m73838) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Frederickstown — Fort Duffy
Erected to honor the heroism of the men who so bravely defended Fort Duffy and Fredericktown against the British Fleet May 5, 1813 Colonel Thomas Ward Veazey, commanding Samuel Wroth, D.F. Heath; Moses Cannon; Nicholas Franks; John W. . . . — Map (db m62347) WM
Maryland (Cecil County), North East — Bird’s Eye ViewStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
From Bulls (or Bull) Mountain, American militia had a commanding view of Elk Neck peninsula. The observed the Upper Chesapeake Bay and North East River to the north and west, and Elk River to the south and east.

As enemy ships approached on . . . — Map (db m80362) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — Revered SonStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail-War of 1812 — Rogers Tavern —
John and Elizabeth Rodgers owned and operated the mid-18th century Rogers Tavern here plus a tavern in Havre De Grace. They ran a ferry business between the two. The hostelry here was a popular stop on the Old Post Road.

Their famous son, . . . — Map (db m96571) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — Striking a BlowStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
After burning much of Havre de Grace May 3, 1813, British raiders crossed the Susquehanna to Cecil County. At Principio Iron Works they captured a five-gun battery and destroyed the foundry complex and the bridge across Principio Creek. More than 40 . . . — Map (db m73790) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Perryville — The Principio Company
A leading iron producer during the Colonial period, Principio held Maryland’s first blast furnace, operating 1725, and first refinery forge, constructed 1728. After the American Revolution, Principio made cannons and other ordnance until the British . . . — Map (db m1481) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — “O! say can you see…”Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of the . . . — Map (db m81475) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Port Deposit — On AlertStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Port Deposit, then called Creswell’s Ferry, was on high alert May 3, 1813. Smoke rising from towns across the river meant British raiders might strike here.

Port Deposit was spared, perhaps due to its well-defended battery. Or, as legend claims, . . . — Map (db m80347) HM

Maryland (Charles County), Benedict — Benedict
Benedict. Founded in 1683 as Benedict-Leonardtown. Here a vessel was constructed for Geo. Washington in 1760. In August, 1814, British troops under Gen. Ross landed near here for their march on the City of Washington. — Map (db m28315) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Benedict — Maxwell Hall
Built circa 1768 by merchant and tobacco farmer George Maxwell, Maxwell Hall features massive twin chimneys and foundation stones of English chert. Local tradition holds that in the War of 1812, the British invasion force took possession of Maxwell . . . — Map (db m28317) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Benedict — On This Farm
Although you see a modern agricultural landscape, the land once known as "Dorsey Farm" and now Serenity Farm, has a history including Native American settlements, tobacco plantations, and military encampments. Since 10,000 B.C. Native Americans . . . — Map (db m137561) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Benedict — The British are ComingStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Residents along the Patuxent watched nervously as wave after wave of British warships approached the tiny town of Benedict. For months enemy raiders had terrorized Southern Maryland. Benedict felt their sting twice in June 1814. Now, August 19-20, . . . — Map (db m68046) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Hughesville — Begin Your Adventure
Discover the War of 1812 on the Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail—a path tracing the troop movements through historic places, inspiring landscapes, charming waterfront towns, and waterways of the Chesapeake region. The trail . . . — Map (db m128753) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Hughesville — Enemy CampStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
More than 4,000 British troops camped in this valley and surrounding hills August 19, 1814. Leaving their ships anchored at Benedict, they headed north on August 20.

Over the next ten days they marched through grueling heat and storms, defeated . . . — Map (db m81190) WM

Maryland (Charles County), Hughesville — Maxwell HallNational Register of Historic Places — circa 1860 • House built 1768 • Renovations 1833 and 1980 —
George Maxwell and Maxwell's Seat George Maxwell, a Scottish immigrant, was present in Charles County, MD by 1745. He was a successful Chesapeake merchant with many business ventures and partnerships. Maxwell's Seat was purchased from Charles . . . — Map (db m128738) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Hughesville — Solid GroundStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
More than 4,000 British troops camped here August 20, 1814, awaiting orders. After sailing from Bermuda in cramped quarters, they appreciated being on firm ground. One noted they were “made happy by the very feeling of the green sod under . . . — Map (db m81188) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Hughesville — Test of a New Nation
In 1812, the United States of America was less than 30 years old, and only one generation had been raised to adulthood under the American flag. Many people still personally remembered the daring and exhausting fight to win independence from . . . — Map (db m128731) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Hughesville — War of 1812Benedict—Charles County, MD — Site of the First Foreign Invasion of the United States of America —
War of 1812 Great Britain had been at war with France since 1793 and imposed several trade restrictions that the newly formed United States of America found unbearable.

On June 18, 1812, the United States of America declared War on Great . . . — Map (db m128748) HM

Maryland (Charles County), Newburg — Potomac DiversionStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812. —
British vessels labored through Kettle Bottom Shoals near here in August 1814 during a diversionary expedition up the Potomac. When Americans destroyed Fort Washington (also called Fort Warburton) without firing a shot, the British proceeded . . . — Map (db m97034) WM
Maryland (Charles County), Newburg — Ways to Explore Southern Maryland’s Scenic and Historic Routes
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail This unique trail is designed for you to experience by boat. It is America’s first waterway national historic trail and includes more than 3,000 miles explored by Captain John Smith. The . . . — Map (db m129104) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Port Tobacco — Discover Southern Maryland’s Amazing Stories of Exploration, Hope, and Courage
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail “Passing along the coast, searching every inlet, and bay, fit for harbours and habitations…” Captain Johns Smith, describing his explorations of the Chesapeake region . . . — Map (db m120538) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Port Tobacco — Ways to Explore Southern Maryland’s Scenic and Historic Routes
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail This unique trail is designed for you to experience by boat. It is America’s first waterway national historic trail and includes more than 3,000 miles explored by Captain John Smith. . . . — Map (db m120541) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Port Tobacco — Ways to Explore Southern Maryland’s Scenic and Historic Routes
Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail This unique trail is designed for you to experience by boat. It is America’s first waterway national historic trail and includes more than 3,000 miles explored by Captain John Smith. . . . — Map (db m135485) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), East New Market — East New MarketSettled 1660 on North-South Choptank Indian Trail.
Originally “Crossroads,” later “New Market.” Post for trading with Indians erected 1767. In Revolution, “New Market Blues,” volunteer militiamen, were organized in this supply center for Continental army. South on . . . — Map (db m3979) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), St. Michaels — Deflecting the EnemyStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Local Lore hails St. Michaels for "fooling the British" during the War of 1812 by using lanterns to misdirect gunfire high above the town. It is certain that this shipbuilding village successfully fended off two enemy assaults in 1813. On . . . — Map (db m61388) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Taylors Island — Battle of the Ice Mound
Last battle of the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake Bay. A tender to the British ship of war "Dauntless" was captured by Joseph Stewart and local militia near James Island on February 7, 1815. Ice along the shore allowed the militia to approach within . . . — Map (db m4002) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Taylors Island — The Becky Phipps
This cannon was captured in 1814 from a tender of the British ship of war "Dauntless". Lieut. Phipps and crew of 17 men and one colored woman were taken prisoners at James' Point by Capt. Joseph Stewart's company of militia composed of men from . . . — Map (db m4003) HM
Maryland (Dorchester County), Taylors Island — TrappedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Local militia attacked a British raiding party whose vessel was icebound near James Island February 7, 1815. Protected by a breastwork of ice, the Americans continued firing until the crew of 20 surrendered.

The two-hour skirmish, the . . . — Map (db m78799) WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Emmitsburg — Emmitsburg Longrifles
The longrifle was a distinctly American weapon developed on the frontier for accuracy and distance. Produced mainly in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia, it became known as the “Kentucky” rifle after a popular song commemorated its use . . . — Map (db m1532) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Final Resting PlaceFrancis Scott Key
In the final months of his life Francis Scott Key enjoyed visits to Terra Rubra farm, his boyhood home not far from Frederick Town. He thought and wrote about the end of life and his hopes of immortality in a life to come.

Key died at his . . . — Map (db m75758) HM WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyWar of 1812 Soldier — Aug. 1, 1779 - Jan. 11, 1843 —
Lieutenant who first served with the Georgetown Artillary in July 1813, and later under Major George Peter as a Lieut. and Quartermaster from June 19 to July 1, 1814. On Aug. 24, 1814 he helped with the deployment of troops in Bladensburg defending . . . — Map (db m103219) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyRotary International
The Thirty Fourth District ·Rotary International· At Its First Conference March 1923 Pays This Tribute to Francis Scott Key · Author of· Our National Anthem ⟵·⟶ “And the Star Spangled Banner, Oh, . . . — Map (db m104597) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyUnited Daughters of 1812
The National Society United Daughters of 1812 State Presidents and Charter Members April 5, 1979 Pay this tribute to Francis Scott Key Author of Our National Anthem ⟵·⟶ “Then Conquer We Must When . . . — Map (db m104602) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott Key
Frederick's favorite son is celebrated throughout the US before every kickoff, face-off and first pitch. The author of the “Star Spangled Banner,” Francis Scott Key was born in Frederick County and launched his law career here in 1801. . . . — Map (db m107306) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick’s Poet LawyerFrancis Scott Key
Born in what was then northeast Frederick County, Key’s parents first brought him to “Frederick-Town” to be baptized. His parents often rode to the county seat here. Key walked these streets whenever the family came to Frederick. . . . — Map (db m67248) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Hessian Barracks - Witness to History
1777 Built at direction of Maryland General Assembly 1778-79 Quartered Hessian and Convention prisoners captured at Bennington and Saratoga 1782 Quartered Hessian and Bayreuth Yager Regiments following Cornwallis' surrender 1799 . . . — Map (db m2739) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Historic Frederick BarracksWar of 1812 Period
The limestone barracks in front of you, built in 1778, is among the oldest and most important surviving American military structures in the nation. The barracks consisted of two L-shaped buildings, but only the eastern wing remains today. During the . . . — Map (db m103369) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Home of the Brave
“Then did I remember that there were gathered around that banner, among its defenders, men who had heard and answered the call of their country — from these mountain sides, from this beautiful valley, and from this fair city of my . . . — Map (db m103221) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — O Say Can You See?
On the evening, of September 13, 1814, British warships in Baltimore harbor threatened the sovereignty of the United States. They had already burned Washington, D.C. As they bombarded Fort McHenry, the fate of our new nation was uncertain. . . . — Map (db m103175) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Frederick Town BarracksShaping American History since 1777
The long history of Frederick Town Barracks records in timber and stone the successful transition from sword to plowshare, from bullets to books. Funded by the Maryland Legislature in 1777, the Frederick Barracks soon entered service during the . . . — Map (db m103372) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — These Barracks
1776 - 1814 These Barracks Mark the course of the struggle for American Independence Built in 1777 by the British and Hessian prisoners of the Revolutionary War, here were detained those taken at the Battles of Saratoga, Trenton, and Yorktown, . . . — Map (db m2735) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — USS Francis Scott Key (SSBN 657)
Front: The first ship of the fleet named for Francis Scott Key, Author of the National Anthem. Born 1 August 1773, Died 11 January 1843. Wrote the verse for our National Anthem "The Star Spangled Banner" during the British Fleet's bombardment of . . . — Map (db m75756) HM WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — War of 1812 SoldierJohn Balderson — Abt 1790-Oct. 19, 1852 —
Private in the MD Militia under Col. Henry Carberry in 1813, and in the 1st Regt. MD Militia under Capt. John Brengle from Aug. 25 to Sep. 19, 1814. He fought at the Battle of North Point. — Map (db m108091) WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — War of 1812 SoldierJoseph Adlum — Abt. 1778-Aug. 24 1844 —
2nd Sergeant in the 1st Regt. MD Militia under Capt. John Brengle from Aug. 25 to Sep. 10, 1814, and fought at the Battle of North Point. — Map (db m108092) WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Myersville — Explore Maryland as the Crucible of the Nation
Crisscrossed By Transportation Routes, Home To America's Earliest Industries, And Meeting Place For National Leaders, Maryland's Appalachian Region Has Been Pivotal In The Growth Of The Country Throughout its history, the nation has . . . — Map (db m116529) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — The Little Crossings(of the Little Yoghiogeny River now called Castleman's River)
So called by George Washington when he crossed on June 19, 1755, with General Edward Braddock on the ill-fated expedition to Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh). — Map (db m358) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), McHenry — Col. James McHenry of Baltimore(1753 - 1816)
Aide to Gen. George Washington during the revolution, McHenry was a physician, signer of the constitution from Maryland and Secretary of War from 1796-1800. Named in his honor was the Baltimore fort that withstood the British bombardment Sept. . . . — Map (db m57) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Aberdeen — "O! say can you see..."Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of the . . . — Map (db m80609) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — "O! say can you see..."Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of . . . — Map (db m59829) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Attack at FrenchtownStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Frenchtown, on the Elk River, was struck on the morning of April 29, 1813. Rear Admiral Cockburn attempted a surprise attack and was greeted with a barrage from the town's battery. The guns had little effect and the British landed and burned the . . . — Map (db m64176) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — British LandingStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The town's defenders -- numbering about 20 -- failed to prevent some 400 British troops from coming ashore May 3, 1813. A gun battery, probably located north of where the lighthouse now stands, was manned single-handedly by John . . . — Map (db m69226) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Concord Point LighthouseHavre de Grace, Md.
Erected at the mouth of the Susquehanna River in 1827, it is the oldest lighthouse in continuous operation in the United States. Now under automatic control, it was manned by the O’Neill Family until 1928. John O’Neill was named as the first . . . — Map (db m1485) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Havre de GraceWar of 1812
Here on the morning of May 3, 1813, British Forces under Admiral Cockburn landed, sacked, and burned the town. The principal defenses were two small batteries on Concord Point. The “Potato Battery” on high ground was manned to the last . . . — Map (db m1273) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Hero's RewardStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
John O'Neill led a futile defense when British raiders attacked Havre de Grace May 3, 1812. As other defenders fled, O'Neill briefly manned a cannon alone. His courage earned O'Neill a presidential appointment as first keeper of the Concord Point . . . — Map (db m69182) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Home BaseStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Five days before the 1813 attack on Havre de Grace, British ships anchored at Spesutia Island, just south of here. Island residents were "greatly terrified" upon their arrival, but were assured they would not be harmed. The Royal Navy used the . . . — Map (db m64165) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Home of RefugeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
As the British savagely burned the buildings in Havre de Grace during their morning attack May 3, 1813, the townspeople ran west for protection to a home that stood near this location. The home, known as Bloomsbury, was owned by Baltimore . . . — Map (db m80342) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Invasion at DawnStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The British fleet approached Havre de Grace at dawn on the morning of May 3, 1813 in small launches. Rear Admiral Cockburn favored attacking towns at first light. Havre de Grace residents awoke to the terrifying sounds of bombs exploding and rockets . . . — Map (db m64167) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — John O'Neill
This cannon of the War of 1812 marks the site of the battery on Concord Point where John O'Neill 1769-1838 served the guns single handed during the British attack upon Havre de Grace May 3, 1813 until disabled and captured. He was . . . — Map (db m8182) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Matilda O'Neill Home
During the War of 1812, the British sailed up the Chesapeake Bay. After laying siege to Washington, D.C. and burning the White Housee, and having been held at bay by the patriots in Baltimore, they proceeded to Havre de Grace. Most of the residents . . . — Map (db m25562) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Nineteenth Century TravelStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Travelers on the Post Road, the main route of north/south travel, passed through Havre de Grace and crossed the Susquehanna River on a ferry to Perryville. The ferry was chartered in 1695 and remained in use until the first railroad bridge was built . . . — Map (db m64140) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — No RespectStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
St. John's Episcopal Church survived the British attack on Havre de Grace May 3, 1813. The enemy spared the 1809 structure but damaged the interior. According to a newspaper account: "Finding nothing to steal (the raiders) 'magnanimously' . . . — Map (db m69194) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Out of the FlamesStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Rodgers House miraculously survived the 1813 burning of Havre de Grace. Dating from 1788, this is the town's oldest documented structure. John and Elizabeth Rodgers, parents of U.S. Naval hero John Rodgers, operated a tavern here. They also . . . — Map (db m64144) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Principio DestroyedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
A target of the British during the War of 1812, Principio Iron Foundry was destroyed on May 3, 1813. the foundry, located on the Northeast River was owned by Samuel Hughes and had a contract with the U.S. Navy. In this raid Hughes' losses included . . . — Map (db m64177) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — River CrossingStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Little evidence remains of what was once the northernmost navigable deep-water port on the Susquehanna River. The “Upper Ferry” crossed between here and Port Deposit.

When the British attacked May 3, 1813, they helped themselves to a . . . — Map (db m80344) HM

Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Screaming RocketsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
On the morning of May 3, 1813, the British came ashore at several points and set to work plundering and burning the town. they used Congreve rockets, which made horrible whizzing and popping sounds, to create chaos and terror. The British . . . — Map (db m64209) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — State of ReadinessStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
During the War of 1812, Havre de Grace was a fishing village, but also played host to many travelers. The Post Road, the main route of land travel in the day, came through town, and travelers used the local ferry at the north end of town to cross . . . — Map (db m64166) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Surprise AttackStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Cannon and rocket fire shook residents of Havre de Grace from their sleep as the British attacked at dawn May 3, 1813. An eyewitness reported: "Distressed people, women and children half naked" ran from their homes. The local militia fled, . . . — Map (db m59832) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Susquehanna Lower FerryStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The taverns and the ferry made Havre de Grace, originally called Susquehanna Lower Ferry, a successful town in the early 19th century. People arrived via the Post Road, the major route of north/south travel in the day, and crossed the Susquehanna . . . — Map (db m64141) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — Under AttackStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The British under Rear Admiral George Cockburn attacked Havre de Grace on May 3, 1813. They went from house to house, burning and confiscating belongings along the way. Beds were ripped apart, and furniture and clothing were ruined. "The hills . . . — Map (db m64142) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — War in the ChesapeakeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high . . . — Map (db m59827) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Chestertown — American MettleStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
When four British barges entered Worton Creek in July 1814, local militia sprang into action. They ambushed the barges and forced them out of the creek. The Americans claimed they killed about 15 of the 20 enemy soldiers without losing any of their . . . — Map (db m80623) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Chestertown — American Victory
Kent County braced for the return of the British in August 1814. Enemy raiders has destroyed nearby Georgetown the previous year while terrorizing Maryland's Eastern Shore. Now they were back in an attempt to divert attention from their main . . . — Map (db m62509) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Chestertown — Chestertown Historic District
Chestertown Historic District has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provision of the Historic Site Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the . . . — Map (db m69840) HM WM
Maryland (Kent County), Chestertown — Common CauseStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
The people of Chestertown---a commercial center connected to international trade---generally opposed going to war with Great Britain. Yet when war came, most supported the American effort. Chestertown sent many distinguished fighters to . . . — Map (db m80629) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Chestertown — Rude AwakeningStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Early September 3, 1814, at Mitchell House, British raiders roused Joseph T. Mitchell and his wife from their bed, shot their horses, and abducted Mitchell. They believed he ws commissary general for all of Maryland.

His was a lesser job as . . . — Map (db m80628) HM

Maryland (Kent County), Chestertown — War of 1812 Memorial
To honor those of Kent County who fought so valiantly during the War of 1812 — Map (db m106884) WM
Maryland (Kent County), Fairlee — Battle of Caulk’s FieldWar of 1812
Kent County Militia under Lt. Col. Philip A. Reed marched from Belle Air (Fairlee) to meet British Forces here on August 31, 1814. The British with 15 killed, were repulsed and their commander, Sir Peter Parker, mortally wounded. American losses . . . — Map (db m62512) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Fairlee — Caulk’s Field Monument
The British commanded by Sir Peter Parker, Baronet and the Americans commanded by Col. Philip Reed met in engagement on this field Aug. 31st 1814. The British were defeated and Sir Peter Parker killed. Erected A. D. 1902 by Marylanders to . . . — Map (db m3070) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Galena — A Heavy PriceStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
British Rear Admiral George Cockburn noted Georgetown and Fredericktown “were Places of some…Importance,” and the Sassafras the only upper river “I had not examined and cleared.” He led his full force toward the villages May . . . — Map (db m90695) WM
Maryland (Kent County), Georgetown — Daring to ResistStar-Spangled Banner Historic Trail
From opposite sides of the Sassafras River local militia fired at British raiders advancing toward Fredericktown and Georgetown May 5-6 , 1813. The militia fought only briefly before retreating, but the towns paid dearly. The British reduced much of . . . — Map (db m62346) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Georgetown — Georgetown, Maryland
Erected by act of Assembly of Maryland, May 1736, on a tract called Tolchester. A base of Continental supplies, 1775 to 1783. Port of Entry and ferry landing. George Washington stopped here enroute to points north and south. Burned by British . . . — Map (db m1577) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Georgetown — Mistress Kitty Knight
In Honor of Mistress Kitty Knight Revolutionary Belle and Beauty A Friend of General George Washington When the British burned Georgetown in 1813 Her Heroic Efforts Saved this House which later became her home. Placed by London . . . — Map (db m62345) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Kennedyville — Reluctant AideStar-Spangled Banner National Historical Trail — War of 1812 —
On May 6, 1813, the British landed barges at Turner’s Creek—a village of about 60 people and an active port for grains and flour. Resident John Stavely was forced to lead the enemy vessels to Fredericktown and Georgetown. After destroying . . . — Map (db m80621) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Rock Hall — A DiversionStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Captain Peter Parker arrived at Swan Creek in the HMS Menelaus August 20, 1814. The British had terrorized towns in the Upper Bay all summer, but Parker came with a special mission---to divert attention from a strike against the U.S. Capital. While . . . — Map (db m80634) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Rock Hall — Clever RuseStar-Spangled Banner National Historical Trail — War of 1812 —
Lieutenant Colonel Philip Reed and his Maryland militia allegedly tried to fool British Troops at anchor off the Chester River. He directed his small force of cavalry to ferry back and forth between mainland and Eastern Neck Island, hoping British . . . — Map (db m80652) HM
Maryland (Kent County), Worton — Christ Episcopal IU Church and CemeteryNational Register of Historical Places — General Philip Reed Burial Place —
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m69837) HM WM
Maryland (Kent County), Worton — Taking CommandStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Lieutenant Colonel Philip Reed, buried here in 1829, excelled among Maryland militia officers. Reed countered several of the British hit-and-run raids along the Eastern Shore. His men fended off the enemy’s attack at Worton Creek and claimed victory . . . — Map (db m80622) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — A RefugeUnited States Capital for a Day — Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail —
Many Washington residents fleeing the British invasion in August 1814 converged on this quiet village. Brookeville also provided a haven for hungry soldiers as they headed for Baltimore following the American Defeat at Bladensburg. On . . . — Map (db m76403) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Bentley HouseUnited States Capital for a Day — War of 1812 Bicentennial Brookeville Maryland— —August 26, 1814 - August 26, 2014 —
Erected in ca. 1798, the Federal style Bentley House was the first substantial structure to be built in Brookeville. In 1814 it was the home of Caleb and Henrietta Bentley. Caleb was the town's first postmaster and merchant, and the house includes a . . . — Map (db m76398) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Briggs HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
The Briggs House was built in 1803 for Hannah Brooke Briggs and her husband Isaac Briggs, who were still living here in 1814. The Briggses also owned a house and farm known as Sharon in Sandy Spring. Hannah, a devout Quaker, married Isaac Briggs in . . . — Map (db m128850) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Brookeville AcademyWar of 1812 Bicentennial — Brookeville, Maryland —
The Brookeville Academy was founded in 1810 by the town's leading citizens and built largely with donated materials. The building began as a one-story structure that was raised to two stories in 1834. The Academy provided a well-rounded education to . . . — Map (db m114387) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Gassaway HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
The Gassaway House was built about 1804 for Samuel and Anne Leeke. Brice John Gassaway purchased it in 1812 and he and his wife Dinah and two of their seven grown children were living here in 1814. Brice, a retired gentleman farmer from western Anne . . . — Map (db m114392) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Historic Brookeville
Welcome to Historic Brookeville. Founded 1794. United States Capitol for a Day. August 26, 1814. Incorporated 1808. — Map (db m3565) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — In This House
In this house August 26-27, 1814, President James Madison and Richard Rush, Attorney General, were sheltered after the burning by the British of the public buildings at Washington August 24-25, 1814. — Map (db m364) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Madison House
On August 26, 1814 this house provided shelter for President Madison and his official party during the British burning of the federal buildings in Washington, D.C. in the War of 1812. The following day, August 27th, the Secretary of State James . . . — Map (db m365) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Margaret Brooke HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
One of the four federal style masonry houses that were standing in Brookeville in 1814, this house was built by real estate investor Caleb Pancoast about 1806 and sold shortly thereafter. In 1814 it was home of Margaret Brooke, the unmarried sister . . . — Map (db m114388) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Murphy HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
Greenbury Murphy, Brookeville's first blacksmith, built this exceptionally fine Federal style house about 1807, financing its construction and that of a blacksmith shop with a mortgage from local merchant Caleb Bentley. The brick house, a . . . — Map (db m114389) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — The Moore CottageWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
The Moore built this worker's cottage, probably in the late 1790s. Moore was married to Mary Brooke, one of Deborah Thomas's sisters, and the Moores lived on a farm adjacent to Brookeville. Moore was a farmer, inventor, engineer and entrepreneur who . . . — Map (db m114390) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Thomas House SiteWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
Richard Thomas, Jr. and his wife, Deborah Brooke Thomas, the founders of the town of Brookeville, built their large frame house here ca. 1801. In 1814, they were living here with their five children. The town was established on land that Deborah . . . — Map (db m114394) HM WM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Town of BrookevilleTown of Brookeville, Maryland — United States Capital for a Day August 26, 1814
Town of Brookeville National Register of Historic Places — Map (db m114420) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Valley Mill HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
The original section of what is known as the Valley Mill House (on the right) consisted of a single-story, one-room stone cottage with a large open hearth and stair to a sleeping loft. David Newlin built it about 1800, adjacent to his mill complex, . . . — Map (db m114391) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookville — August 26, 1814
In this village President Madison and members of his official family found refuge in the home of Caleb Bentley, first Postmaster of Brookeville, following the burning of the Capitol and the White House by the British army. Many other refugees from . . . — Map (db m363) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Aquasco — Alarming SightStar-Spangled Banner Historic Trail
Amid rumors of a large British force on the Patuxent, Secretary of State James Monroe scouted the situation. From heights near Aquasco Mills August 20, 1814, he spotted the enemy vessels landing at Benedict. Alarmed, Monroe positioned . . . — Map (db m75347) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Aquasco — Brig Gen Leonard Covington1768 - 1813
War of 1812 hero born at nearby Covington Farm, Aquasco. Covington served in the Maryland Senate (1802, 1807-1809) and U.S. House of Representatives (1805-1807). Mortally wounded on November 11, 1813, at the Battle of Crysler's Farm, Ontario, he is . . . — Map (db m79348) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — Bladensburg MonumentsHonoring their Service — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail —
This crossroads has become a place for communities to commemorate their residents in service and death. Among the memorials dedicated here is the "Undaunted in Battle" Monument to those who served and died in the War of 1812 and the Battle of . . . — Map (db m78149) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — British AdvanceStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
This house from the days when Bladensburg was a busy port town where George Washington stopped as he traveled the Old Post Road. On August 24, 1814, the British established an artillery position nearby and fired cannon and rockets at American . . . — Map (db m61081) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — British StopoverStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — Bostwick House —
British officers stopped at Bostwick House on August 24, 1814, then home of prisoner of war agent Col. Thomas Barclay. From Lowndes Hill, behind the house, British commander Robert Ross observed the American defensive lines.

Bostwick House . . . — Map (db m95991) HM WM

Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — Casualties of WarStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Hilleary-Magruder House was likely one of many sites in town where more than 200 British and American soldiers wounded in the Battle of Bladensburg were taken for treatment and convalescence. Built in 1742 by William Hilleary, later the home of . . . — Map (db m61106) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — Indian Queen TavernBladensburg Archaeology — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail —
Around 1763, Jacob and Henrietta Wirt constructed a two story wooden tavern here. During the 18th century, taverns offered dinner, drink, and a comfortable bed to weary travelers. A decade later, Jacob died and left his property, including . . . — Map (db m78189) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — Joshua Barney's Barge and the Chesapeake Flotilla
Joshua Barney's Barge is a 4/5 scale, authentic working replica of an American warship of the Chesapeake Flotilla from the War of 1812. This barge was built as a project of the Prince George's County tricentennial in 1996 by The Maryland-National . . . — Map (db m8219) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — The Battle of Bladensburg (1814)The War of 1812
On August 24, 1814, British forces broke camp at Melwood Park and moved northwest to Bladensburg. The Baltimore militia, under the command of General Tobias Sansbury, was positioned west of the Anacostia River along the Bladensburg-Washington Road . . . — Map (db m6069) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — The Incidental Cause of the Star-Spangled Banner (1814)
Following the Battle of Bladensburg and the sacking and burning of Washington, D.C., during the war of 1812, British troops reentered the town of Upper Marlboro on August 26, 1814. It was at this point that some stragglers were arrested and . . . — Map (db m33226) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail —
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m78230) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — Undaunted In BattleThe Battle of Bladensburg — August 24, 1814 —
Undaunted War of 1812 This Monument Stands as A Tribute to the American Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines who fought and Died here defending their Nation's Capital This monument depicts Commodore Joshua Barney of the U.S. Navy a . . . — Map (db m78136) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bowie — Weary WarriorsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Exhausted from marching, battling at Bladensburg, and invading Washington, British soldiers stopped to rest. Many slept on Northampton Plantation property on August 26, 1814, before resuming their march to Upper Marlboro. By August 30, after the . . . — Map (db m78146) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Brandywine — Up in FlamesStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Tobacco was a target along the Patuxent in 1814. The British raided places stocked with hogsheads of tobacco ready for shipment. Filled with dried tobacco leaves, the wooden barrels burned easily. Imagine the spectacle on June 17 when 1,100 . . . — Map (db m75418) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Brentwood — Barney Monument
This is the site of the Battle of Bladensburg . It was here that Commodore Barney and his marines were defeated in the war of 1812. The British moved on to burn the Capitol and White House. — Map (db m61435) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Capitol Heights — MiseryStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
In the stifling heat on August 24, 1814, British soldiers struggled to keep up their march. They rested at Addison Chapel prior to that afternoon’s battle at Bladensburg.

Despite an altered roofline, chapel resembles the 1809 structure seen by . . . — Map (db m80059) HM

Maryland (Prince George's County), Cheverly — The Magruder Spring(The Cheverly Spring)
According to tradition, the Magruder Spring was used by British troops marching along the river road toward Washington, D.C. on August 24, 1814 before the battle of Bladensburg. The Spring is located about 500 yard south of Mount Hope, the Fielder . . . — Map (db m61019) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — A Valiant StandStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
After penetrating two lines of defense, the British rushed toward the third line. Commodore Joshua Barney and Captain Samuel Miller with 400 flotillamen, 114 U.S. Marines, and some militia made a stand with five big guns across Bladensburg . . . — Map (db m97386) WM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Battle of Bladensburg
This is the site of the Battle of Bladensburg which took place in the War of 1812. Commodore Joshua Barney and his 500 Marines were greatly outnumbered by the British Expeditionary Force of 4,500 trained regulars. The battle raged for four hours but . . . — Map (db m70037) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Bladensburg Dueling GroundsBattle of Bladensburg — Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail —
Throughout much of the nineteenth century, the Bladensburg Dueling Grounds were well-known as a place to settle differences. The site was a secluded location, close to taverns, and fell outside of Washington D.C.'s boundaries, where dueling . . . — Map (db m73130) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Clearing the Way to Washington
The Battle of Bladensburg on August 24, 1814, ended in defeat for the United States and allowed the British to invade Washington, D.C. Once the Americans realized the British route of advance, there was little time to prepare. They hastily . . . — Map (db m61550) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Crossroads of Trade and TravelBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail —
Standing here, where the 120-foot long wooden bridge would have carried the road between Bladensburg and Washington D.C., a traveler in 1814 would have experienced all manner of travel in and out of the popular community. Established in the . . . — Map (db m75905) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Famous FootstepsBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail —
As the militia – local citizens—defended this road, then known as the Bladensburg or Washington turnpike, from approaching British troops in 1814, three historical figures stood in the thick of the battle at or near this point: . . . — Map (db m73241) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Marines & FlotillamenStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — Battle of Bladensburg —
U.S. Marines, under Captain Samuel Miller, joined Commodore Joshua Barney’s flotillamen at the third line near here. Colonel William Thornton of the British Light Brigade led a charge and ran directly into the cannons under Barney’s command. A . . . — Map (db m97388) WM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Second Line FallsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Second of three defensive lines blocking the British advance on Washington stretched along here. It was located on the first set of hills overlooking the river. The American militia was unprepared to face seasoned war veterans. Holding firm . . . — Map (db m69353) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Second Line FallsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Second of three defensive lines blocking the British advance on Washington stretched along here. It was located on the first set of hills overlooking the river. The American militia was unprepared to face seasoned war veterans. Holding firm . . . — Map (db m73131) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Storming the BridgeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
A wooden bridge just upriver became the focal point on August 24, 1814, when American and British forces clashed in the Battle of Bladensburg. The British approached from the east, clarifying their intent -- to invade Washington. The Americans . . . — Map (db m61108) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail —
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m73190) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail —
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m75958) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitalBattle of Bladensburg — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail —
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg. While the American militia were unable to hold back the . . . — Map (db m77080) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — The Road to the CapitolStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — Battle of Bladensburg —
The War of 1812 raged on land and sea, touching every border of the young nation. On August 24, 1814, after two years at war, the Americans faced the British here at Bladensburg.

While the American militia were unable to hold back the British . . . — Map (db m97389) WM

Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — BellefieldsFormerly Sim's Delight
Built after 1720 by Dr. Patrick Sim, who fled Scotland after the 1715 Rebellion to settle in this country. He married Mary, daughter of Thomas and Barbara Dent Brooke of nearby Brookefield Manor. c. 1728. Colonel Joseph Sim, their oldest son, . . . — Map (db m69387) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Blown to AtomsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
A series of explosions rocked the Patuxent on August 22, 1814. Commodore Joshua Barney’s armed barges had eluded the British until their escape ended in the shallows of the river. His orders were clear: destroy the flotilla to keep it from enemy . . . — Map (db m61398) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Charles Town
Near this place the first courthouse in Prince George's County was erected in 1698, which served as the center of county government until 1721, when the county seat was moved to Upper Marlborough. The village of Charles Town was built on a tract of . . . — Map (db m68085) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Croom
Christopher Rousby patented Croome in 1671. Home of Thomas John Claggett (1743-1816). First Episcopal Bishop of Maryland (1792), First Protestant Bishop consecrated in the United States, And first Chaplain of the US Senate. In August 1814 British . . . — Map (db m79930) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Enemy BluffStar-Spangled Banner Historic Trail
On August 22, 1814, American Brigadier General William Winder Spotted the enemy invasion force approaching this church, then called Page Chapel. The British marched west toward Bellefields, Woodyard, and Fort Washington, then doubled back . . . — Map (db m75349) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Man and the RiverFootprints Along the Shore
The shores of the Patuxent River bear evidence of human habitation dating back more than 8,000 years. Along the River many tribes of Indians practiced primitive farming, pottery making, and hunting with bow and arrow. The New World colonists . . . — Map (db m6613) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — The War of 1812
During the War of 1812, Nottingham served as the home port for the Chesapeake Flotilla, which consisted of 17 gun-boats under the command of Joshua Barney. In the summer of 1814, the British fleet landed at Benedict in Charles County, then camped in . . . — Map (db m68079) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla
British Attacks on the Patuxent During the War of 1812, the British entered the Chesapeake Bay and threatened towns, plantations, and the cities of Washington and Baltimore. To counter this threat, Congress ordered the creation of the . . . — Map (db m68302) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Fort Washington — Capital GuardianThe First Fort
Troubles with Britain caused Congress in 1807 to authorize an improved system of forts along the Atlantic Coast to guard harbors, rivers, and seaports. The first fort, Fort Warburton, was completed in 1809. Located near the river in front of the . . . — Map (db m7980) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Fort Washington — Fort Washington Park
Fort Washington Park is the site of the first permanent fort constructed between 1814-1824 to guard the Potomac River approach to our Nation's Capital. Today the park offers many recreational opportunities and programs. Explore the historic sites . . . — Map (db m4554) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Fort Washington — Self-DestructionStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Explosions at Fort Washington August 27, 1814, surprised British and Americans alike. A British squadron slowly making its way up the Potomac expected resistance from the well-positioned fort. Alexandrians, fearing they were next after Washington’s . . . — Map (db m96373) WM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Greenbelt — Time of HorrorStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Sounds of battle could be heard here from Bladensburg, six miles away, on August 24, 1814. Victorious British troops then moved into Washington, D.C. The sky was already aglow above the city; Americans has torched the Washington Navy Yard to . . . — Map (db m68566) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Laurel — 18 — St. Philip's Episcopal ChurchCity of laurel Walking Tour
St. Philip's Church was built in 1848 through the efforts of Horace and Louisa Snowden Capron and Parishioners. It was probably the first building in Laurel designed by a professional Architect. It houses a bell from St. Paul's Church in Baltimore . . . — Map (db m79070) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Oxon Hill — "Rockets on the Hill"Oxon Hill Farm - Oxon Cove Park
We found three rockets on our hill evidently pointed at our house but fortunately did not reach it” Mary DeButts, writing to her sister Millicent on March 18, 1815 Samuel and Mary DeButts were lucky not to be home . . . — Map (db m48954) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Oxon Hill — Bladensburg
During the War of 1812, the British threatened the city of Washington. American troops attempted to defend the Nation's Capital at the Battle of Bladensburg in Prince George's County. Unfortunately, the effort failed and British troops marched into . . . — Map (db m127707) HM WM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Oxon Hill — The Burning of Washington, D.C.Oxon Hill Farm - Oxon Cove Park
“I cannot express to you the distress it has occasioned at the Battle of Bladensburg. We heard every fire. …Our house was shook repeatedly by the firing upon forts and bridges, and illuminated by the fires in our Capital.” . . . — Map (db m48949) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Oxon Hill — The Capture of AlexandriaOxon Cove Park
It was indeed a day and night of horrors, the fleet … lay directly before our house.Mary DeButts, writing to her sister Millicent on March 18, 1815. From this farm, Mary DeButts saw a small fleet on . . . — Map (db m48959) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Oxon Hill — War All AroundStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Perched above the Potomac River, Mount Welby was nearly surrounded by the war in August 1814. Mary Welby DeButts describes hearing “every fire” from the Battle of Bladensburg and how the house was illuminated by fires in Washington. She . . . — Map (db m80061) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Oxon Hill — War Comes to Mount Welby[Oxon Hill Farm]
“I should not be surprised if Government persists in their determination to quarrel with England that we should experience all the horrors of civil discord.” Letter of Mary Welby De Butts to her brother, Richard Earl . . . — Map (db m49145) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Riversdale Park — Signs of WarStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
"We have been in a state of continual alarm." - Rosalie Steir Calvert, 1814 From her home on August 24, 1814, Rosalie Stier Calvert saw rocket fire as the Battle of Bladensburg raged two miles away. Soon she would learn of . . . — Map (db m75327) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — British DisgraceStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
British soldiers allegedly camped at Trinity Episcopal Church and tore pages from the church registry when they passed through in August 1814. Rector Thomas John Claggett also served St. Thomas Parish in Croom, another church on the British . . . — Map (db m74979) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Cat and MouseStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
American and British forces prepared for combat. American troops gathered at nearby Woodyard Plantation. They then marched northwest to an encampment at Long Old Fields. The British camped in what is now Andrews Air Force Base. Before the . . . — Map (db m74971) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Changing GuardStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Nottingham was the Chesapeake Flotilla’s base in July and early August 1814. The town was hastily abandoned on August 21 as the British moved in. An enemy rear guard protected this important landing while the main force invaded Washington. British . . . — Map (db m61406) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Dr. William Beanes1749 - 1828
During the War of 1812, the bombardment of Baltimore, Maryland took place September 13-14, 1814. Dr. William Beanes was held prisoner aboard the British flagship of Vice Admiral Edward Cochrane. Francis Scott key and John Skinner were charged with . . . — Map (db m69428) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Explosive SceneStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Imagine this scene on August 22, 1814, when explosions erupted on the Patuxent! The U.S. Chesapeake Flotilla scuttled their own vessels when British pursuers approached. With the flotilla destroyed, the British landed about 500 troops at Mount . . . — Map (db m61405) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Nottingham
A port town with a population of 1500. During the Revolution the British camped here on August 21, 1814 on their march to Washington. — Map (db m61291) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Restless TimeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
About 3,200 American Troops waited at Long Old Fields on August 22, 1814,while Brigadier General William Winder Considered his next move. Camped eight miles from Washington, they could respond if the enemy advanced from either the Patuxent or . . . — Map (db m73986) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Shaded ReprieveStar-Spangled Banner Historic Trail
Well-shaded Fenno Road provided relief for sweltering British soldiers marching from Benedict. On August 22, 1814, their fourth day of travel, they set out from Nottingham along the road that has existed since at least 1729. Vestiges of the sunken . . . — Map (db m75376) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — The Site of the Residence of Dr. William Beanes
On the site of the Marlborough High School stood the residence of Dr. William Beanes. Here General Ross made his headquarters August 22, 23, 1814, on his march to Bladensburg and Washington. Here Dr. Beanes was made a prisonor for instigating the . . . — Map (db m70126) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Tomb of Dr. William Beanes
To secure the release of prisoner of war Dr. Beanes, Francis Scott Key visited the British fleet, September, 1814. Detained until after the attack on Baltimore, the two witnessed the bombardment of Fort McHenry on the 13th and 14th, during which Key . . . — Map (db m3727) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Tomb of Dr. William Beanes
To secure the release of prisoner of war Dr. Beanes, Francis Scott Key visited the British fleet, September, 1814. Detained until after the attack on Baltimore, the two witnessed the bombardment of Fort McHenry on the 13th and 14th, during which Key . . . — Map (db m3728) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Tried for TreasonStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
John Hodges, the wealthy merchant who owned Darnall’s Chance, jailed the British soldiers that his neighbor William Beanes and other citizens arrested on August 27, 1814. The British threatened to “lay the town in ashes” unless their men . . . — Map (db m74020) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Upper Marlboro — Turn of EventsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Dr. William Beanes, who opposed the war, cooperated with the British when they occupied Upper Marlboro August 22-23, 1814. Beanes reportedly dined with Major General Robert Ross. Later Ross ordered Beanes taken prisoner for arresting . . . — Map (db m74972) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Chester — Enemy OccupationStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Kent Island served as an ideal base of operations for the British in August 1813, as it was already an important link between Maryland’s eastern and western shores. The British took over the Kent Island-Annapolis ferry, including a cargo of cattle, . . . — Map (db m80825) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Grasonville — Road to BattleStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
About 300 British soldiers approached Queenstown by road on August 13, 1813. Their part in a two-pronged attack involved a steamy march across Kent Island and The Narrows, towing two field cannon. The nighttime march was interrupted near dawn by a . . . — Map (db m80814) WM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Kent Narrows — Crossing PointStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
British soldiers approaching Queenstown by land August 13, 1813, had to negotiate a thin mile-long causeway through marshes at The Narrows. The only road connection between Kent Island and the Eastern Shore mainland was the crude hand-dug rutted . . . — Map (db m80824) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — Battle of Slippery HillAugust 13, 1813
American Videttes skirmished with approximately 300 British troops under the command of Col. Sir Thomas Sidney Beckwith as they advanced on Queenstown along this road. Two British soldiers and Beckwith’s horse were killed. Fearful of being cut off . . . — Map (db m129229) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — Bowlingly
Estate patented to James Bowling, 1658, and present manor house built 1733. East-west wing added about 1830. Before dawn, August 2, 1813, British troops under Sir Charles James Napier landed here and after defeating the local militia seriously . . . — Map (db m3116) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — Bowlingly
Surveyed 15 September, 1658, for James Bowling as “Bowlingley.” Patented to John Tully May 29, 1660. On August 20-30, 1813, the attack on Queenstown by the British led by Sir James Napier under Sir John Warren took place here; the forces . . . — Map (db m3117) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — British CommandStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
The British invaded Kent Island on August 5, 1813. British Rear Admiral George Cockburn of the Royal Navy planned an attack on Queenstown by land and water, a pincer attack. Even though this plan was questioned by his fellow commander, British Army . . . — Map (db m80689) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — Lure of FreedomStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
(Inscription under the image in the upper left) Nathan escaped from jail along with a former slave, Daniel Johns. The town sheriff advertised in the Republican Star for their apprehension.

In April of 1814, British Admiral Cochrane issued a . . . — Map (db m80688) HM

Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — Protecting the HomefrontStar-Spangled Banner Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Following the Chesapeake and Leopard affair in 1807 where American sailors were impressed into British service, there was outrage on the Eastern Shore. One of the three American sailors forcibly taken aboard the HMS Leopard was John Stachan, a . . . — Map (db m80691) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — Surprise at Queenstown
The British set out from Kent Island to attack Queenstown on August 13, 1813. The land and water contingents numbered 300 troops each. Intending to surprise the Queen Anne's County militia, they mistakenly fired, warning the Americans. British . . . — Map (db m67254) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — The Battle Enjoined!Star-Spangled Banner Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
On the night of August 13, 300 British troops marched towards Queenstown where a large American militia force was said to be encamped. The cornfields provided a perfect cover for a picket guard of 20 Queen Anne’s County Maryland militia troops . . . — Map (db m80690) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Queenstown — War in the Chesapeake
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high seas. . . . — Map (db m67252) HM
Maryland (Queen Anne's County), Stevensville — British TakeoverStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
Broad Creek was an obvious landing point for the 2,000-3,000 British troops coming ashore on Kent Island August 5, 1813. This had been a ferry landing since the 1600s. Stores of grain and pens of cattle, hogs, and sheep awaited transport to the . . . — Map (db m90634) WM
Maryland (Somerset County), Deal Island — Joshua Thomas1776-1853
Born Potato Neck, Somerset County. Named “Parson of the Islands” by British Troops at Tangier Island. As their Pastor predicted their defeat at Baltimore, 1814. Spread Methodism on Tangier, Deal, Saxis and Spring Islands. Buried beside . . . — Map (db m66576) HM WM

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