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Abolition & Underground RR Historical Markers

1032 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 832
 
Frederick Douglass Hall image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, March 11, 2017
Frederick Douglass Hall
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Frederick Douglass Hall1904
Named for Frederick Douglass, famed runaway slave, abolitionist and statesman. Douglass came to Tuskegee in 1892 and delivered the 11th Annual Commencement address in which he "urged economy, thrift and common sense." Those words of Douglass . . . — Map (db m101908) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Mary Ellen Pleasant Memorial Park1814 - 1904
Mother of Civil Rights in California. She supported the western terminus of the underground railway for fugitive slaves, 1850-1865. This legendary pioneer once lived on this site and planted these six trees. Placed by the San . . . — Map (db m85557) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Barney Ford Building1863 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
The significance of 1514 Blake St. lies in its connection to the remarkable life of black pioneer Barney Ford. Ford was born a slave on January 22, 1822 in Stafford, Virginia, but escaped to Chicago, where he worked with the underground railroad . . . — Map (db m118597) HM
Connecticut (Hartford County), Farmington — Farmington and the Freedom Trail
Known in the 1800’s as “the hub” of Connecticut’s Underground Railroad, Farmington was home to an active group of prominent and outspoken abolitionists, several of whom were involved in state, national and international anti-slavery . . . — Map (db m95984) HM
Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — John Haynes
John Haynes 1594 – 1654 Of Copford Hall. Essex England. Third Governor of Massachusetts. A founder of this commonwealth & its first Governor. A lover of religious liberty. A man trusted and honored. Near this place he was buried & by . . . — Map (db m44068) HM
Connecticut (Litchfield County), Torrington — John Brown Birthplace
John Brown, the abolitionist, was born at this site on May 9, 1800. He dedicated his life to ending slavery in the United States. Brown became a spokesperson for those abolitionists who believed that slavery could only be eliminated by force. He is . . . — Map (db m30187) HM
Connecticut (Middlesex County), Deep River — The Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad Led by George Read, Founder of the Town’s Ivory Industry, Deep River Became Known in the Nineteenth Century as "All Abolitionist" and a Refuge for Runaway Slaves on the Underground Railroad. In 1828, Daniel Fisher, a . . . — Map (db m100312) HM
Connecticut (Middlesex County), Middletown — The Abolitionist Movement
The Abolitionist Movement On this site, on a spring evening in 1834, a violent mob descended on a small group of Middletown residents who had come together to work towards abolishing slavery. The abolitionists, both black and white citizens, were . . . — Map (db m71118) HM
Connecticut (New London County), Mystic — George Greenman House
This house was built in 1839 for George and Abigail Greenman. He was the oldest of the three brothers who founded the George Greenman & Co. Shipyard. The three brothers lived here until Clark Greenman built his house next door on your right in . . . — Map (db m114829) HM
Delaware (Kent County), Camden — KC-41 — Camden
Founded 1783 on the tract “Brecknock” by Daniel Mifflin and settled largely by Quakers. Once called Piccadilly and Mifflins Cross Roads. Incorporated 1852, it was a center of anti-slavery sentiment. Several homes were by tradition stops . . . — Map (db m39508) HM
Delaware (Kent County), Camden — KC-73 — Camden Friends MeetingBurial Place of John Hunn
This house of worship, built in 1805, was first a Preparative Meeting under the care of Motherkiln (Murderkill) Monthly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). In 1830, Camden Monthly Meeting was formed by uniting with Motherkiln and . . . — Map (db m39513) HM
Delaware (Kent County), Camden — John Hunn1814 - 1894 — Quaker Abolitionist —
Chief engineer of the Underground Rail Road in the State of Del. and the richest man in Del. He was convicted and fined in 1846 by the U.S. Dist. Court, later he was fined twice for $10,000.00 each by Del. but was advised the fines wouldn't be . . . — Map (db m39514) HM
Delaware (Kent County), Camden — KC-110 — Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church
Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church-The roots of this congregation can be traced to 1845, when a group of local residents met to formally organize Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church. With several churches established in the area by free . . . — Map (db m141317) HM
Delaware (Kent County), Dover — Continuity & ProgressHistorically Happening — Dover, Delaware —
These two words say a great deal about Dover. It is a modern and growing city entering the 21st century on a foundation of achievement built over more than 300 years of American history. And a rich history it is. Founded by William Penn in . . . — Map (db m142501) HM
Delaware (Kent County), Magnolia — KC-91 — Warner Mifflin1745 - 1798
A native of Virginia's Eastern Shore, Mifflin came to Delaware as a young man. Born into a slaveholding Quaker family, he manumitted his own slaves in 1774-75 and later became one of America's foremost abolitionists of the 18th century. As an elder . . . — Map (db m39456) HM
Delaware (Kent County), Willow Grove — KC-118 — Samuel D. Burris
Samuel D. Burris, a free African-American conductor on the Underground Railroad resided in the Willow Grove area during the 1840s. He helped enslaved people find their pathway to freedom in Philadelphia. Caught for aiding and abetting runaway slaves . . . — Map (db m142503) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Middletown — NC-210 — Former Site of the Alston and Hunn Farms
Near this location were the farms of John Alston (1794-1872) and John Hunn (1818-1894), cousins who shared the Quaker faith and were well documented operatives on Delaware's Underground Railroad. John Alston sometimes employed fugitives as laborers . . . — Map (db m88341) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Odessa — NC-90 — Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House
Believed to be one of the smallest Quaker Meeting Houses in the nation, the Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House was built in 1785 by David Wilson and presented to the Friends as a gift. Local tradition identifies this structure as a stop on the . . . — Map (db m10308) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Smyrna — NC-89 — Clearfield Farm
Built in the mid-eighteenth century by Captain David Clark, Clearfield Farm was the home of his grandson John Clark (1761 -1821), Governor of Delaware from 1817 -1820. John Clark served as Colonel in the Delaware Militia and as Justice of the Peace . . . — Map (db m69112) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-128 — Freedom Lost
By the late 1700s the institution of slavery was declining in Delaware. A changing economy and the active efforts of Quakers and Methodists had led to the manumission of many slaves and dramatic growth of the state’s free black population. Though . . . — Map (db m10950) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — Harriet Tubman(born Araminta Harriet Ross; 1820 - March 10, 1913)
"I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other." Born on Maryland's eastern shore, Harriet Tubman's family of eleven suffered the . . . — Map (db m130473) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-76 — Meeting House 1816Religious Society of Friends
Grew from New-Wark Meeting established 1682. Present house is third in this vicinity. Friends School begun here in 1748 has operated continuously. Among 3,000 buried in yard are founders of Wilmington, John Dickinson, "Penman of the Revolution," and . . . — Map (db m10943) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — The Big QuarterlyRiverfront Wilmington
"For the sake of peace, love, and nothing but that..." referring to the break with the Asbury Methodist Church of Wilmington, Reverend Peter Spencer The August Quarterly, originally known as the Big Quarterly, is the oldest . . . — Map (db m130484) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — The Underground RailroadRiverfront Wilmington
"I write to let thee know that Harriet Tubman is again in these parts..." Thomas Garrett to William Still, December 1, 1860 The Underground Railroad was a network of people—whites, free blacks, fugitive slaves, Native . . . — Map (db m130494) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-88 — Thomas GarrettStationmaster on the Underground Railroad
Born August 21, 1789, in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, Garrett came to Wilmington in 1822. A prominent merchant, his home and business were located nearby on Shipley Street. Garrett was committed to the anti-slavery efforts of his Quaker faith. He is . . . — Map (db m67356) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-125 — Wilmington Friends MeetingBurial Place of Thomas Garrett
The first Meeting House on this site was built in 1738. It was replaced in 1748 when a larger building was constructed. The old Meeting House was then converted into a school. Known as Wilmington Friends School, it was relocated to a new facility in . . . — Map (db m10941) HM
Delaware (Sussex County), Seaford — SC-233 — Gateway to Freedom: The Tilly Escape
In October 1856, famed Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman organized what is considered by Tubman scholars to be "one of her most complicated and clever escape attempts." Working at the request of a fiancé who had escaped to Canada, Tubman . . . — Map (db m138271) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
Also known as Cedar Hill, this site encompasses the estate owned by Frederick Douglass from 1877 until his death in 1895. In honor of Douglass’ work as an author, orator, abolitionist, statesman, and civil rights leader, this site is designated a . . . — Map (db m40846) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 18 — The Sage of AnacostiaAn East-of-the River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
This imposing property once belonged to Anacostia’s most famous resident: Frederick Douglass. After escaping slavery as a young man, Douglass rose to become a distinguished abolitionist, writer, publisher, and orator. By the 1860s Douglass was . . . — Map (db m88723) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia Park — Hillsdale & Frederick Douglass
The "Freedmen's Bureau" acquired 375 acres of land that was originally a tobacco plantation from the Barry Family in the late 1800's. In 1867, the land was named Hillsdale by African Americans who came to Washington in great numbers before and . . . — Map (db m141635) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — John SmilieCongressional Cemetery
Patriot John Smilie (1741-1812) joined the militia when the Revolutionary War began, leaving his Pennsylvania farm in the care of his wife. He was elected to the Pennsylvania state legislature in 1784. A vocal abolitionist, Smilie was instrumental . . . — Map (db m141886) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
Historic Congressional Cemetery is the final resting place of four significant contributors to the Underground Railroad. William Boyd John Dean David A. Hall Hannibal Hamlin — Map (db m141883) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Bloomingdale — Metropolitan Wesley A.M.E. Zion ChurchThe Gate Way to Freedom
Organized 1832. 2nd Church Built 1833. Admitted to Philadelphia-Baltimore Conference, 1837. 3rd Church Built 1888. Relocated present site, 1956. Bishop Raymond Luthe Jones, Presiding Bishop, 4th Episcopal District. Dr. William B. . . . — Map (db m11042) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Frederick Douglass(1817 - 1895)
Orator - Publisher - Statesman Precursor of the Civil Rights Movement An ex-slave who rose to world renown as an abolitionist and who served in high government posts under presidents Grant through Cleveland, Frederick Douglass resided in this . . . — Map (db m69264) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Freedmen’s Memorial Monument to Abraham Lincolnor Freedom’s Memorial
In grateful memory of Abraham Lincoln. This monument was erected by the Western Sanitary Commission of Saint Louis, Mo., with funds contributed solely by emancipated Citizens of the United States declared free by his Proclamation, January 1st . . . — Map (db m41617) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Douglass — Activist Grove (1833-1845)Douglass Community Center
Three years after he escaped enslavement, Douglass gave a brief speech at an anti-slavery meeting in New Bedford, Massachusetts. This lecture would be the beginning of a repertoire of speeches that built Frederick Douglass's reputation as one of the . . . — Map (db m129792) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Douglass — Escape Allée (1838)Douglass Community Center
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey fled enslavement in Maryland on September 3, 1838. His escape route included travel by train, ferry, and steamboat through Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New York. Each tree in Escape Allée represents one . . . — Map (db m129785) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Douglass — Freedom Grove (1838)Douglass Community Center
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey arrived in New York with the aid of a free woman named Anna Murray. She followed him to New York, and eleven days after his arrival, they married. The couple continued to settle in New Bedford, Massachusetts, . . . — Map (db m129790) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Douglass — Memorial Grove (1841-1895)Douglass Community Center
From his 1841 speech at a Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society convention, until 1895 when he died suddenly at his Cedar Hill home in Washington, D.C., Frederick Douglass championed human rights. This memorial grove of scarlet oaks represent the . . . — Map (db m129791) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.3 — Asbury United Methodist ChurchCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"...watch yourselves closely so that you do not forget the things your eyes have seen... ...teach them to your children and to their children and to their children after them." Deuteronomy 4:9 Stories . . . — Map (db m70316) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.3 — Asbury United Methodist ChurchCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"...watch yourselves closely so that you do not forget the things your eyes have seen... ...teach them to your children and to their children and to their children after them." Deuteronomy 4:19 Stories . . . — Map (db m143564) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.4 — New York Avenue Presbyterian Church at Herald SquareCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"The churches are needed as never before for divine services." President Abraham Lincoln So said President Lincoln from his pew in New York Avenue Presbyterian Church. While other churches were occupied by . . . — Map (db m32926) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — After the Civil WarDupont Circle — Diverse Visions | One Neighborhood —
Fire Fact, November 28, 1911 DC's first motorized fire engine was placed in service at Engine Company 24. Its engine house was the first to be built without a stable and manure pit. Caption: Fire Department information and images . . . — Map (db m112658) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Dupont Circle Mural Key
Images Courtesy Of: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division • DC Public Library, Washingtoniana Division • Heurich House Museum • Women's National Democratic Club Archives • Michael Cianciosi Private Collection, Potomac Bottle . . . — Map (db m110851) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — 336 — From 1890 to 1910Dupont Circle — Diverse Visions | One Neighborhood —
From 1890 to 1910, some of the nation’s finest architects built mansions at or near Dupont Circle in Queen Anne, Richardsonian Romanesque, Italian Renaissance or Colonial Revival style. Wealthy couples living elsewhere built most of the . . . — Map (db m89393) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Leonard A. Grimes(1815 - 1873)
Leonard A. Grimes, a Black man born free in Leesburg, Virginia, owned a residence on this corner from 1836 to 1846. In the 1830s, he owned a successful coach business transporting passengers in and around Washington. He also carried slaves . . . — Map (db m46970) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Herring Hill
You are standing in the heart of a once thriving African American community. At the time of the American Revolution in 1776, one third of Georgetown's population was African American. By the time of the Civil War in the 1860s, many former slaves . . . — Map (db m110018) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.3 — Senator Daniel WebsterCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
“Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable,” Senator Daniel Webster, January 1830 Senator Daniel Webster, eloquent advocate for the preservation of the Union and a political giant . . . — Map (db m29708) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — John Logan HouseA Memorial to General and Senator John A. Logan — Champion in the Struggle to Preserve the Union and Establish Racial Justice in America —
The house at #4 Logan Circle, built in 1878, was the 1880's home of Senator John A. Logan. In the Civil War, Logan's military valor helped to save the Union. In the postwar era, Logan lived here as a political leader deeply committed to achieving . . . — Map (db m113672) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Mount Vernon Square — 15 — On the PathMidcity at the Crossroads — Shaw Heritage Trail —
The wooden chapel here was completed in 1857 as a mission of the McKendree Methodist Church. Known as Fletcher Chapel, it may have been a stop on the Underground Railroad. Washington's Anti-Saloon League began meeting at Fletcher Chapel in . . . — Map (db m130898) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), North Cleveland Park — The RestTenleytown, DC — Country Village to City Neighborhood —
Designated a D.C. Landmark in 1960, the Rest (pictured here) is Tenleytown's oldest residence (built around 1800) and is located at the corner of Windom Place and 39th Street. Local legend maintains that the bricks for the house were brought over . . . — Map (db m112187) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Old Soldiers Home — President Lincoln’s Cottage at the Soldiers’ Home — A National Trust Historic Site —
President Lincoln and his family lived in this country home for over a quarter of his presidency. Escorted by his cavalry guard, Lincoln rode to the White House every morning either on horseback or by carriage, and returned here each evening to . . . — Map (db m52838) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — e.2 — Ending Slavery in WashingtonCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
To your right at the end of Indiana Avenue is Washington's first City Hall/Courthouse. Across Sixth Street is the H. Carl Moultrie I Courthouse, a successor to the original courthouse. The Old City Hall/Courthouse opened in 1822, with offices . . . — Map (db m56124) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Frederick Douglass 1817 - 1895The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway —
A Famed orator and writer Frederick Douglass was also a key architect of the movement that ended slavery, the very institution into which he was born. Even after his goal to abolish slavery was achieved, Douglass persisted in his struggle for . . . — Map (db m92084) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Harriet Tubman circa 1820 - 1913The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway —
Harriet Tubman escaped a life of slavery only to return south, at her own peril, time and again, to lead more than 300 fugitive slaves through the Underground Railroad to safety and freedom. After the Civil War, Tubman raised money to clothe and . . . — Map (db m91877) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — 5850-2019 — Julia Ward Howe1819 - 1910
Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910) was a poet, author, composer, abolitionist, suffragist and more—but she is most remembered for writing the lyrics to The Battle Hymn of the Republic. According to the story, she and her husband were asleep at the . . . — Map (db m141266) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — .4 — The Roots of Freedom and EqualityCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
“It is known to you that events have transpired within the last few days, deeply affecting the peace and character of our community.” With these words, city officials tried to calm the angry mobs gathering on this . . . — Map (db m25271) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Federal Center — The Slave Trade in Washington, DC
"...in view from the windows of the Capitol, a sort of negro-livery stable, where droves of negroes were collected, temporarily kept, and finally taken to Southern markets …had been openly maintained for fifty years." Abraham Lincoln (1846) . . . — Map (db m129921) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — 10 — Escape from SlaveryRiver Farms to Urban Towers — Southwest Heritage Trail —
Before the Civil War, Washington was a slave-holding city. But many of its citizens–especially free blacks and abolitionists–assisted freedom seekers at locations known as stops on the Underground Railroad. The largest . . . — Map (db m112455) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — The Pearl
In 1848, in the largest recorded escape attempt by slaves in US history, 77 men, women, and children attempted to flee on the 65-foot schooner Pearl, but were recaptured due to opposing winds. — Map (db m112420) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — Underground Railroad and Waterway
In April 1848, the largest slave escape attempt on record in the Unites States took place at the Southwest Waterfront. Seventy-seven men, women, and children boarded the schooner Pearl to sail to freedom, but were ultimately recaptured. The . . . — Map (db m110136) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Live Oaks: A Gathering Place
Welcome to the Reading Grove This space provides a place to meet, rest, read, and reflect. Live oaks have long harbored gatherings, from religious services and classes to community celebrations. Witness Trees Trees that were . . . — Map (db m143315) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Live Oaks: A Symbol of Strength
Building the Nation The use of live oaks played a critical role in helping the nation grow from a colony to what it became—the United States of America. Ships were an essential means of transportation for moving people and products, and . . . — Map (db m143312) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Mary Ann Shadd Cary ResidenceAfrican American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1421 W Street, NW —
When the lists of African American “firsts” are read, Mary Ann Shadd Cary’s name is everywhere. Born in Delaware to a free Black abolitionist family, Cary (1823-1893) moved to Canada in 1850 and ran a racially integrated school. Her . . . — Map (db m61813) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 8 — You are in the "Strivers' Section"Dupont Circle — Diverse Visions, One Neighborhood —
Police Call Boxes such as this one (originally painted blue) were installed in the District after the Civil War. Officers on foot patrol used this secure telegraph system to contact the station, accessing the box with a now highly collectible . . . — Map (db m129486) HM
Florida (Alachua County), Micanopy — F-860 — Moses Elias Levy
Moses Elias Levy (1782-1854), a Moroccan born Jewish merchant, came to Florida after its cession from Spain to the United States in 1821. Before his arrival, Levy acquired over 50,000 acres in East Florida. In 1822, Levy began development on . . . — Map (db m93854) HM
Florida (Miami-Dade County), Key Biscayne — Escaping to Freedom in the Bahamas
In the early 1820's, enslaved Africans, runaways, and "Black Seminoles" seeking freedom from slave catchers and plantation masters, secretly worked their way down to CAPE FLORIDA. They met with bold captains of sloops from the British Bahamas who . . . — Map (db m79723) HM
Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — El Pueblo de Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de MoseFort Mose Historic State Park
Great Seal of the State of Florida:"In God We Trust" On the shore of Robinson Creek, ¼ mile east of this marker, was the site of a Spanish mission for Indians left homeless during Queen Anne's War. Since 1688, Negro slaves . . . — Map (db m126969) HM WM
Georgia (Chatham County), Tybee Island — 25-32 — History of Emancipation:Gen. David Hunter and General Orders No. 7
On April 13, 1862, following the Union capture of Ft. Pulaski during the Civil War, Maj. Gen. David Hunter issued General Orders No. 7 freeing those enslaved at the fort and on Cockspur Island. Hunter, an abolitionist advocating the enlistment of . . . — Map (db m13830) HM
Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Bishop James Osgood Andrew
James Osgood Andrew was born in Wilkes County, Georgia, on May 5, 1794, about 400 yards N.E. of this marker, the son of Rev. John Andrew and Mary Cosby Andrew. He was licensed to preach in the Ellam Methodist Episcopal Church, Broad River Circuit, . . . — Map (db m17257) HM
Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Washington-Wilkes Firsts
1775 First stone marker indicating George III land grant Fort Washington Park 1777 First county named in Georgia’s first constitution 1779 First African-American Revolutionary hero in the South. Austin Dabney – Battle of Kettle . . . — Map (db m28693) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Douglas' DiscipleLooking for Lincoln
"I regard (Richardson) as one of the truest men that ever lived; he 'sticks to judge Douglas through thick and thin" (A. Lincoln, 1860). Douglas composed the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act. William A. Richardson, another Quincyan and Douglas' . . . — Map (db m58760) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lincoln's 1854 VisitLooking for Lincoln
On November 1, 1854 an incensed Lincoln attacked the immorality of slavery in a speech at Kendall Hall. Lincoln was awakened from a five-bear political slumber by Douglas's Kansas-Nebraska Act, attacking it in a series of speeches in . . . — Map (db m149831) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Search for EqualityLooking for Lincoln
"Who shall say, I am the superior, and you are the inferior?" asked Lincoln in July 1858. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates focused on slavery. During the October 13th Quincy debate Lincoln affirmed: "...in the right to eat the bread . . . — Map (db m58798) HM
Illinois (Bond County), Greenville — History of Greenville-Bond County
Illinois Confederacy Indians roamed this prairie land, rich in game, which became Illinois County of Virginia. Ceded in 1784 to the United States it was successively included in the Northwest, Indiana; and in 1809, Illinois Territory. Formed in . . . — Map (db m34169) HM
Illinois (Bureau County), Princeton — Owen Lovejoy Home
This two-story frame structure was the home of abolitionist Owen Lovejoy, who was born in Maine in 1811. Lovejoy moved into the house in 1838, when he became a Congregationalist minister. He was leader in the formation of the Republican Party in . . . — Map (db m44351) HM
Illinois (Champaign County), Champaign — The First Congregational ChurchChampaign Historic Site
The First Congregational Church, built in 1855-56, was popularly known as the “Goose Pond” Church, because the site was once a water-filled area, home to flocks of wild geese and ducks. The church became a meeting center for numerous . . . — Map (db m31118) HM
Illinois (Coles County), Oakland — Home of Dr. Hiram Rutherford
This was the home of Dr. Hiram Rutherford, who was involved in 1847 in a case in which Abraham Lincoln represented a slaveholder. Rutherford and Gideon Ashmore harbored a family of slaves who had sought their help. The slaves belonged to Robert . . . — Map (db m30877) HM
Illinois (Coles County), Oakland — The Matson Slave TrialLooking for Lincoln
Top Section Dr. Hiram Rutherford was a key person involved in Abraham Lincoln’s famous slave case, the only instance in his career where Lincoln represented the rights of a slave owner. Robert Matson brought slaves from Kentucky to work his . . . — Map (db m30867) HM
Illinois (Fayette County), Vandalia — First Protest Against Slavery1837
At the beginning of Lincoln's second term as a state representative, several southern legislatures were concerned that the Federal Government would abolish slavery in the District of Columbia. Most of the members of the Illinois Legislature . . . — Map (db m42490) HM
Illinois (Jersey County), Grafton — Elijah Lovejoy1802-1837
An outspoken abolitionist, Lovejoy was owner and publisher of the Alton "Observer". His anti-slavery writings aroused dangerous animosity in the area. Three times his presses were destroyed by mobs, and replaced by the townspeople. The fourth time . . . — Map (db m142763) HM
Illinois (Jersey County), Jerseyville — The Red House / Cheney Mansion
You are standing in what once was known as Hickory Grove, a tiny settlement that included three log cabins and the Red House. The four-room Red House, built in 1827, was the first frame home in this area. In 1830, the Red House was converted to . . . — Map (db m142827) HM
Illinois (Kane County), West Dundee — Duff House

This New England style farmhouse was built circa 1848, by Samuel Wilder to resemble his former New York State home. Robert and Lucy Duff purchased this property in 1868; however, historians claim they lived at this location during the Civil War . . . — Map (db m94312) HM

Illinois (Kane County), West Dundee — Pinkerton’s Early Home
Allan Pinkerton, famous detective, had his home and cooperage on this lot, 1844-1850. Here he sheltered and employed slaves escaping to freedom. After helping to capture some counterfeiters, he became deputy sheriff of Kane County in 1848. In 1850 . . . — Map (db m55485) HM
Illinois (Knox County), Galesburg — Lincoln-Douglas Debate
On October 7, 1858, Abraham Lincoln and Stephan A. Douglas met in Galesburg for the fifth of seven joint debates. From a platform erected along the east side of Old Main on the Knox College campus, Lincoln said: "He is blowing out the moral lights . . . — Map (db m37056) HM
Illinois (Knox County), Galesburg — The Fifth DebateLooking for Lincoln
[Left panel] Lincoln and Douglas debated here on October 7, 1858. Their joint meeting was one of seven across Illinois as they contested Stephen A. Douglas's seat in the Senate that summer and fall. Here in . . . — Map (db m150565) HM
Illinois (Lake County), Gurnee — The Mother Rudd BarnHistoric Garden — 1840 s —
The Mother Rudd Home is the oldest building in Warren Township. It served as a stagecoach stop, inn, tavern and post office. After the organization of the township in 1850, it was the official town hall and all caucuses and elections were held here. . . . — Map (db m55519) HM
Illinois (LaSalle County), Ottawa — First Lincoln-Douglas DebateLooking for Lincoln
First Lincoln-Douglas Debate Abraham Lincoln's first heated exchanged with Stephen A. Douglas on Aug 21, 1858 in Ottawa was received coolly by his advisors. They insisted Lincoln had treated Douglas entirely too "tenderly." . . . — Map (db m65302) HM
Illinois (LaSalle County), Ottawa — Lincoln and Douglas Debate
. . . — Map (db m65297) HM
Illinois (LaSalle County), Ottawa — The First Lincoln-Douglas Debate
On August 21, 1858, the first of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln and United States Senator Stephen A. Douglas took place in this park. Approximately 10,000 people gathered to hear the two candidates discuss the question of slavery in America. . . . — Map (db m65299) HM
Illinois (LaSalle County), Ottawa — Washington SquareSite of First Lincoln-Douglas Debate
On August 21, 1858, the first of the famous debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas was held in Washington Square. Here ten thousand heard the two candidates debate for a seat in the United States Senate. Principally, the great . . . — Map (db m65325) HM
Illinois (Macon County), Decatur — Let Us All Be United
By 1856 Abraham Lincoln had realized that his former political party, the Whigs, was in ruins. The political landscape had changed to the point that Lincoln accepted an invitation to attend an Anti-Nebraska Editors Convention held at the . . . — Map (db m56884) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — College Avenue Presbyterian Church1837
College Avenue Presbyterian Church, established 1837, formerly Upper Alton Presbyterian Church, heralds Elijah Parish Lovejoy, editor and martyr to freedom, as its first pastor. Emerson wrote, "The brave Lovejoy gave his breast to the bullets . . . — Map (db m142158) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — College Avenue Presbyterian Church and the Old Rock HouseThe Anti-Slavery Society Is Born
This is the third church to be built here since 1836. The first church was made of stone and was built late in 1836 on the present site. The land and church's bell were donated by Enoch Long. Elijah Parish Lovejoy was the first pastor . . . — Map (db m144833) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — Discover History All Around Alton
Rich in heritage and haunted by history, many threads of our nation's past can be discovered here in Alton. Located at the confluence of the Mississippi, Illinois, and Missouri rivers, Alton is one of America's great river towns. It was the . . . — Map (db m133286) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — Elijah Parish Lovejoy
Elijah Parish Lovejoy (Nov. 9, 1802 - Nov. 7, 1837) was a newspaper editor, social reformer, and Presbyterian minister whose death at the hands of an angry mob at Alton, Illinois, made him an enduring symbol of the fight for human liberty and . . . — Map (db m133297) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — Elijah Parish Lovejoy
[South side] Editor Alton Observer Albion, Me., Nov. 8. 1802. Alton, Ill., Nov. 7, 1837. A Martyr to Liberty "I have sworn eternal opposition to slavery, and by the blessing of God I will never turn back." . . . — Map (db m133298) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — Elijah Parish Lovejoy
Elijah Parish Lovejoy was the first pastor of Upper Alton Presbyterian Church, now College Avenue Presbyterian Church. A minister, teacher, newspaper editor, and martyr to free speech and the abolition of slavery, he was fatally shot on Nov. 7, . . . — Map (db m142159) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — Freedom's MartyrElijah P. Lovejoy
Considered by many to be the first casualty of the Civil War, abolitionist editor and Presbyterian minister Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy was killed defending the freedom of the press. Editor of the St. Louis Observer, Lovejoy wrote . . . — Map (db m133295) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — 1 — Godfrey, Gilman & Co. Warehouse
"Lovejoy's tragic death for freedom in every sense marked his sad ending as the most important single event that ever happened in the new world." - Abraham Lincoln in a letter to his friend Rev. James Lemen, March 2, 1857 In 1832, . . . — Map (db m144832) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — Lincoln-Douglas Debates!Lincoln's Rise to Prominence
The two life-like statues represent a monumental event in our nation's history—the Lincoln-Douglas debates. For a decade, the Illinois U.S. Senate seat was held by Stephen A. Douglas, one of the most famous politicians of his time. . . . — Map (db m133288) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Alton — Lyman Trumbull HouseNew Birth of Freedom
The stately house down the block once housed the co-author of the 13th Amendment, which abolished slavery in the United States. In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free—honorable alike in what we give and what we . . . — Map (db m133291) HM
Illinois (Madison County), Edwardsville — Governor Coles and Slavery
Site of the courthouse where, in 1824, political enemies convicted Governor Edward Coles of illegally freeing his slaves. "To preserve to a continuous line of generations that liberty obtained by the valor of our forefathers, we must make . . . — Map (db m143182) HM
Illinois (McLean County), Bloomington — The Lost Speech
Horace Greeley's New York Tribune reported on the Bloomington convention for its national readership: "It was most emphatically a convention of the people, where all classes, opinions and shades of belief were represented---but all inspired . . . — Map (db m57458) HM
Illinois (Monroe County), Maeystown — Village of Maeystown
The Village of Maeystown, originally known as Maeysville was founded in 1852 by Jacob Maeys, a German immigrant from Bavaria. Maeys purchased 100 acres and had the land surveyed and subdivided into streets and lots with the intention of attracting . . . — Map (db m144864) HM
Illinois (Morgan County), Jacksonville — Lincoln and Slavery
Pictured in the crowd listening to Abraham Lincoln's speech is Joseph O. King, a prominent merchant who later became mayor of Jacksonville. He helped found a political group that agitated for the exclusion of slavery from the free . . . — Map (db m57653) HM
Illinois (Ogle County), Oregon — The Stinson House
The Chicago and Iowa trail, usually known as the C & I trail, passed through here. Travelers by stage coach, covered wagon, or on horseback between Chicago and Iowa frequently stayed overnight at Capt. Stinson's inn. This center of community life in . . . — Map (db m131316) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Underground Railroad in Lincoln's Neighborhood
The Underground Railroad refers to the efforts of enslaved African Americans to gain their freedom by escaping bondage. Acts of self-emancipation made runaways "fugitives" according to the laws of the time. While most began and completed their . . . — Map (db m48450) HM
Illinois (St. Clair County), Belleville — Gustavus Koerner1809-1896
Gustavus Koerner came to Belleville from Germany in 1833. He took a law degree from the University of Heidleberg in 1832. Shortly after, he was arrested during a political demonstration. He escaped and joined a party of emigrants. In Illinois his . . . — Map (db m140531) HM
Illinois (Stephenson County), Freeport — Second Joint AppearanceAbraham Lincoln & Stephen A. Douglas
The second round in a seven-round bout between political giants Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln was held in Freeport on August 27, 1858. In what has become a legendary struggle, Lincoln and Douglas contested for a seat in the United States . . . — Map (db m93499) HM
Indiana (Clark County), Jeffersonville — 10.2008.01 — Hannah Toliver
Side A Emancipation Proclamation (1863) did not free slaves in Kentucky. In April 1864, Hannah Toliver, a free black woman living in Jeffersonville, was arrested for aiding a fugitive slave from Kentucky. In May, she was convicted and . . . — Map (db m100710) HM
Indiana (Decatur County), Greensburg — 16.2007.1 — Donnell -V.- State, 1852
Side one: Luther Donnell was convicted in Decatur Circuit Court (1849) of aiding fugitive slaves, Caroline and her four children, to escape to Canada. In Donnell v. State, Indiana Supreme Court reversed the conviction, claiming that under . . . — Map (db m44752) HM
Indiana (Decatur County), Greensburg — 16.2008.1 — Escape of Caroline, 1847
Side one: Caroline and her four children escaped Kentucky slave owner October 31, 1847; they crossed Ohio River near Madison. After passing near here, Fugit Township black and white residents hid family close to Clarksburg. While hidden, . . . — Map (db m44743) HM
Indiana (Elkhart County), Bristol — 20.2007.1 — Graves et al v. Indiana
Side One: In 1847, three Kentucky men tried to capture Thomas Harris, fugitive slave in Bristol; a justice of the peace ruling freed Harris, who fled. In 1848, the Elkhart Circuit Court convicted the three men of causing a riot in 1847. In . . . — Map (db m30744) HM
Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.2004.1 — A Gateway to Freedom
As early as 1821, enslaved blacks seeking freedom crossed the Ohio River from Louisville to New Albany. Antebellum and Civil War periods brought more fugitives. Many freedom-seekers were aided by other slaves, free blacks, and anti-slavery whites -- . . . — Map (db m30841) HM
Indiana (Fulton County), Rochester — The Underground Railroad1850 - - 1865
In memory of Fulton County Citizens who harbored fugitive slaves on their way to freedom in Canada. In Indiana, the underground railroad began along the Ohio River in 1850. After the Fugitive Slave Law was passed requiring citizens to help capture . . . — Map (db m37667) HM
Indiana (Gibson County), Oakland City — 26.2005.1 — James Washington Cockrum
Side 'One' Born 1799 in North Carolina. Purchased land 1818 in Gibson County. Cockrum and Jacob Warrick Hargrove laid out the town of Oakland (now Oakland City) on January 15, 1856. Cockrum and his son William Monroe Cockrum, along with . . . — Map (db m47807) HM
Indiana (Hamilton County), Westfield — 29.2008.1 — Rhodes Family Incident
Side A: In 1837, an enslaved family of three escaped from Missouri; settled six miles north of here 1839 with name Rhodes. In 1844, Singleton Vaughn arrived at their home to claim them; family resisted until neighbors arrived. Vaughn agreed . . . — Map (db m27812) HM
Indiana (Harrison County), Corydon — 31.2008.1 — Oswell Wright
Front side Born in Maryland early 1810's. Bought land in Corydon, May 1849. In November 1857, Kentuckians arrested Wright and two white men, Charles and David Bell; they were indicted and jailed in Kentucky for aiding escape of fugitive . . . — Map (db m9615) HM
Indiana (Harrison County), Corydon — 31.2003.3 — St. Paul African Methodist Episcopal Church
Side one Free blacks and former slaves organized an African Methodist Episcopal congregation in Corydon by 1843. In 1851, church trustees purchased land in Corydon in order to build a church and for school purposes. In 1878, church . . . — Map (db m9752) HM
Indiana (Henry County), Greensboro — 33.1976.1 — Underground Station
Seth Hinshaw, (1787-1865), well-known abolitionist, operated a station of the Underground Railroad on this site, prior to the Civil War. He also operated a store in which he refused to sell goods produced by slave labor. In 1843, Hinshaw helped . . . — Map (db m63804) HM
Indiana (Jackson County), Seymour — 36.2008.2 — Alexander McClure
Side 'One' On April 15, 1860 at the Seymour railroad depot, a shipping box was damaged while being transferred; McClure was discovered inside and immediately identified himself as a fugitive slave from Nashville, Tennessee. The box had been . . . — Map (db m46663) HM
Indiana (Jay County), Balbec — A Station on the Underground Railroad
Tradition says Eliza Harris of Uncle Tom's cabin fame rested here in her flight to Canada — Map (db m45184) HM
Indiana (Jay County), Pennville — 38.1972.1 — West Grove
Early Quaker settlement established 1836; center of Underground Railroad activity. Meeting house erected here, 1840, on land donated by Enos and Margaret Lewis; used by Congregational Friends, by Spiritualist society, as school, community hall; . . . — Map (db m66818) HM
Indiana (Jefferson County), Madison — 39.2004.3 — Eleutherian College
(Side One) College developed 1854 from Eleutherian Institute, founded 1848. Thomas Craven and anti-slavery advocates in the area created and supported the institution for education of students of all races and genders. This structure, . . . — Map (db m74046) HM
Indiana (Jefferson County), Madison — 39.2006.2 — John H. and Sarah Tibbets
(Side One) The Tibbets provided assistance to fugitive slaves here in their home (now part of National Park Service, Network to Freedom); John piloted them to the next safe haven. Both were members of Neil’s Creek Anti-Slavery Society . . . — Map (db m74045) HM
Indiana (Jefferson County), Madison — 39.2004.2 — Lyman Hoyt
(Side One) Born in Vermont 1804. Moved to Jefferson County 1834, where he owned land and had several manufacturing businesses. Active in Neil’s Creek Anti-Slavery Society and in forming Liberty Party for abolition of slavery. He and his . . . — Map (db m74044) HM
Indiana (Jefferson County), Madison — Madison's Riverfront / Underground Railroad
Side A Madison’s Riverfront Once a bustling commercial and industrial area, Madison’s riverfront has greatly changed since the City’s founding in 1809. On these banks stood factories, mills, hotels and taverns, typical of . . . — Map (db m22775) HM
Indiana (Knox County), Vincennes — 42.2009.1 — Mary Clark
Side One: Born circa 1801, Clark, a slave, was purchased in Kentucky in 1814 by B. J. Harrison, brought to Vincennes in 1815, and indentured as his servant. In 1816, G.W. Johnston purchased her indenture for 20 years. In 1821, Clark and . . . — Map (db m23219) HM
Indiana (Lake County), Merrillville — 45.1949.1 — First Physician
Henry D. Palmer, M.D. (1809-1877) located at this site in 1836. First physician in Lake County, he was also counselor to the pioneers for 40 years and member of the underground railroad aiding escaped slaves. — Map (db m27716) HM
Indiana (Madison County), Pendleton — 48.2013.1 — Abolitionists Mobbed
(Side One) In 1843, Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society sent speakers to New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana to hold "One Hundred Conventions" on abolition. When speakers encountered citizens with deeply held racist ideas, they were . . . — Map (db m69254) HM
Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — 49-2016-1 — James Overall
Overall, a free African American, sold his properties in Corydon, moved with his family to Indianapolis by 1830, and bought land near here 1832. He became a leader in small black community and played active role in growth of AME Church. Overall’s . . . — Map (db m127962) HM
Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — 49.2006.2 — John Freeman
In 1844, John Freeman, a free black, purchased land in Indianapolis. By 1853, he owned land in this area worth $6,000. In June 1853, a slaveholder claimed Freeman was his runaway slave. Freeman spent nine weeks in jail; he hired lawyers; claim was . . . — Map (db m1833) HM
Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — 49.2007.2 — Ovid Butler, Sr.
(Front): Born 1801 in New York; moved to Indiana 1817. Admitted to bar 1825; became influential lawyer. Settled in Indianapolis 1836. His opposition to slavery on moral and religious grounds was reflected in his political affiliations and . . . — Map (db m4644) HM
Indiana (Montgomery County), Crawfordsville — Elston Memorial HomeCol. Isaac C. Elston Home
Small Upper Brass Plaque - by Front Door: This property is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. United States Department of Interior. Large Middle - Brass Plaque In Memory of the Soldiers of the . . . — Map (db m9396) HM
Indiana (Montgomery County), Crawfordsville — 54.1995.1 — Speed Cabin
Site of house reputed to be a stop on the "Underground Railroad." Reconstructed cabin, which was portion of house owned by John Allen Speed, now located on grounds of Lane mansion. Speed, active in abolitionist movement, was Mayor of Crawfordsville, . . . — Map (db m3870) HM
Indiana (Parke County), Bloomingdale — Underground Railroad Station1850 — 1868 — Alfred & Rhoda Hadley —
A memorial to Alfred & Rhoda Hadley and others of Bloomindale who maintained an Underground Railroad Station to assist fugitive slaves to Freedom. — Map (db m59730) HM
Indiana (Randolph County), Union City — IHB 68.201 — Union Literary Institute
Union Literary Institute was one of the first schools to offer higher education without regard to color or sex before the Civil War. It was established in 1846 by a biracial board, including free blacks from nearby settlements. At the . . . — Map (db m139553) HM
Indiana (Randolph County), Winchester — 68.2010.1 — Randolph County Quakers
(Side One) When this meeting house was dedicated 1898, membership in Quarterly Meeting of Friends at Winchester was largest in the world. Migration of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) into this area began 1814 with the arrival . . . — Map (db m69283) HM
Indiana (Ripley County), Milhousen — 69.2004.1 — Union Church
(Side One) August 12, 1843 Union Church organized as Freewill Baptist church at home of Harvey Marshall. Church covenant states: “We cannot receive slaveholders into the church nor those who believe that slavery is right.” . . . — Map (db m73987) HM
Indiana (Ripley County), Osgood — Abolitionists
A network of anti-slavery leaders involved families of Isaac Levi, a Revolutionary War veteran. He came to Claytown (Osgood) in 1832 from Vevay where he apparently was part of the Underground Railroad; his brother-in-law, John Ewing of Ohio . . . — Map (db m45940) HM
Indiana (Ripley County), Osgood — The Fugitive Trail
One of the main Underground Railroad routes came from Madison to the Ohio River north to Holton, Otter Village, and east to Osgood. It then followed the rail line east to Laughery switch, then turned north to Napoleon. So many fugitive slaves . . . — Map (db m45938) HM
Indiana (Ripley County), Versailles — 69.2004.2 — Stephen S. Harding
Side One Born 1808 Ontario County, New York. Moved with family to Ripley County, 1820. Prominent abolitionist and orator, delivering powerful anti-slavery speeches throughout the area, often against public sentiment. Was active in . . . — Map (db m45873) HM
Indiana (Switzerland County), Vevay — Historical Site - Switzerland County Courthouse
Top Martha A. Graham ( Drawing of the River Paddle-wheeler. ) Lower Section Designed in the Greek Classic style by David Dubach, Architect, and built by John Haley c. 1864, with restoration completed c. 1992. It is . . . — Map (db m46132) HM
Indiana (Switzerland County), Vevay — The Dungeon
A stop on the underground railroad bringing slaves to freedom 1862 - 1864 commemorated 1976 Vevay, Indiana This memorial placed in honor of the descendants of the Rayls and Pickett families in the Bicentennial . . . — Map (db m45896) HM
Indiana (Tippecanoe County), Westpoint — Underground Railroad
Site of station of Underground Railway used by Quakers during pre-Civil War days in smuggling slaves to Canada. Leader of the enterprise was Buddell Sleeper. — Map (db m34871) HM
Indiana (Wayne County), Centerville — 89.2013.1 — George Washington Julian
(Side One) A political leader defined by his moral convictions, Julian (1817-1899) advocated for abolition, equal rights and land reform, during a period marked by slavery, Civil War, monopolies, and discrimination against blacks, . . . — Map (db m69282) HM
Indiana (Wayne County), Dublin — 89.2003.1 — Indiana’s First Woman’s Rights Convention
A convention was called for by reform-minded Congregational Friends meeting at Greensboro, Henry County, January 1851. Convention held October 14-15, 1851 at Dublin adopted resolutions for political, social, and financial rights for women. Women and . . . — Map (db m270) HM
Indiana (Wayne County), Fountain City — Home of Levi Coffin
1827 1847 This house was called the "Union Depot of the Underground Railroad," and more than 2000 escaped slaves were cared for here. Tablet placed by Wayne Co. Society of Indianapolis — Map (db m4482) HM
Indiana (Wayne County), Fountain City — 89.2002.1 — Levi Coffin
(Front Side): Levi Coffin (1798-1877), a Quaker abolitionist, lived in Newport (now Fountain City) with his family 1826-1847. Moved from North Carolina because he and his wife, Catharine, opposed slavery. Advocated, and sold in his store, . . . — Map (db m4480) HM
Indiana (Wayne County), Richmond — 89.2018.2 — Bishop William Paul QuinnBethel AME Church
Side A As a traveling missionary and preacher, Quinn helped establish the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) in free and slave states before the Civil War. He influenced the faith, community, and education of thousands of . . . — Map (db m120251) HM
Indiana (Wayne County), Richmond — Mendenhall-Clay Debate / Confrontation
On October First, 1842, in what was then an open tract in this city square. Henry Clay, the leader of the Whig Party, delivered an address to an immense multitude and Hiram Mendenhall, a Quaker abolitionist, presented to him on behalf of the . . . — Map (db m138953) HM
Iowa (Cass County), Lewis — Fighting Slavery – Aiding RunawaysJohn Brown Freedom Trail — December 20, 1858 - March 12, 1859 —

Iowa assumed an important place in America’s Underground Railroad history when Missourians closed off the Missouri River to Kansas bound settlers. For Iowa residents involved in helping runaways, the work was a dangerous and illegal business. . . . — Map (db m93885) HM

Iowa (Cass County), Lewis — Lewis Freedom Rock Veterans MemorialRay "Bubba" Sorensen II

Hitchcock House —————————— In sparsely settled Cass County an entire company was enlisted in Lewis, 1862.

Company I 23rd Infantry . . . — Map (db m93805) WM

Iowa (Cass County), Lewis — Rev. George B. Hitchcock House

Rev. George B. Hitchcock House has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America

This property is listed in the . . . — Map (db m93862) HM

Iowa (Iowa County), Ladora — Historic Grinnell
Marker Front: Josiah Bushnell Grinnell, a native of Vermont, was the person to whom Horace Greeley gave his famous advice “Go West, young man, go West.” Grinnell took that advice and in 1854 founded the city that now bears his . . . — Map (db m33683) HM
Kansas (Allen County), Humboldt — Aunt Polly Crosby's Cabin Site
Aunt Polly Crosby, First Mother of the Church, Poplar Grove Baptist. Site of her cabin. — Map (db m57483) HM
Kansas (Allen County), Humboldt — Humboldt Underground Railroad
On the East Bank [of the Neosho River], escaped slaves traveled through caves and tunnels to secret Underground Railroad stations. — Map (db m57486) HM
Kansas (Atchison County), Atchison — 11 — Atchison
On July 4, 1804, Lewis and Clark exploring the new Louisiana Purchase, camped near this site. Fifty years later the town was founded by Proslavery men and named for Sen. D. R. Atchison. The Squatter Sovereign, Atchison's first newspaper, was an . . . — Map (db m77888) HM
Kansas (Bourbon County), Fort Scott — "But I Can Fire a Pistol"
"But remember this, I am a girl, but I can fire a pistol and if ever the time comes I will send some of you to the place where there is [sic] 'weeping and knashing of teeth'...." Gene Campbell, in a letter to James Montgomery, . . . — Map (db m54075) HM
Kansas (Bourbon County), Fort Scott — Western Hotel: Symbol of Strife
After the army sold Fort Scott in 1855, the infantry barracks located here (reconstructed in front of you) became the pro-slavery Western Hotel. The building across the parade ground directly behind you became the anti-slavery Free State Hotel. . . . — Map (db m36272) HM
Kansas (Douglas County), Lawrence — John Brown and the Siege of Lawrence, September 14-15, 1856
On the afternoon of September 14th, 1856, the Free State settlement of Lawrence, Kansas Territory was threatened with invasion by an army of 2700 Pro-slavery Missourians under the command of Generals David R. Atchison and John W. Reid. Encamping . . . — Map (db m76325) HM
Kansas (Douglas County), Lawrence — 9 — Lawrence and the Old Trails
Between Lawrence and Topeka, the Kansas turnpike passes near the route of the old Oregon-California Trail, traveled in the 1800s by explorers, missionaries, soldiers, emigrants in search of land, and forty-niners in search of gold. Fifteen miles . . . — Map (db m103242) HM
Kansas (Douglas County), Lawrence — Liberty Hall
The Herald of Freedom, Abolitionist Newspaper published on this site 1855-56 Site of Liberty Hall, Lawrence's first opera house 1870-1911 The Bowersock Opera House (Liberty Hall), built in 1912 Designed by Samuel B. Tarbet & Co. . . . — Map (db m54573) HM
Kansas (Douglas County), Lecompton — Sheriff Samuel J. Jones1827-1885
Samuel Jones was an entrepreneur. He constructed Constitution Hall in 1856 and it is now a National Landmark. He was appointed Sheriff of Douglas County, Kansas, in 1856 by Territorial Governor Daniel Woodson. Sheriff Jones enforced the laws of the . . . — Map (db m119138) HM
Kansas (Elk County), Elk Falls — 112 — Prudence Crandall
In 1831, Prudence Crandall, educator, emancipator, and human rights advocate, established a school which in 1833, became the first Black female academy in New England at Canterbury, Connecticut. This later action resulted in her arrest and . . . — Map (db m57960) HM
Kansas (Elk County), Elk Falls — Prudence Crandall
The State of Connecticut proudly joins the State of Kansas in honoring the lifetime achievements of Prudence Crandall, educator and champion of human rights. Crandall’s courage and determination serve as examples of all who face seemingly . . . — Map (db m57961) HM
Kansas (Jackson County), Holton — Edward D. Holton
Businessman • Philanthropist Abolitionist Holton • Kansas Est. 1857 — Map (db m63874) HM
Kansas (Jackson County), Netawaka — Battle of the Spurs
New Inscription One witness to this event later wrote that it was “no joke” to attack old John Brown. The abolitionist inspired such terror that in January 1859, about 1.5 miles north of here, a U.S. marshal fled at the mere . . . — Map (db m127434) HM
Kansas (Jefferson County), Valley Falls — 13 — Battle of Hickory Point
In September, 1856, a band of Proslavery men sacked Grasshopper Falls (Valley Falls) and terrorized the vicinity. On the 13th, the Free-State leader James H. Lane with a small company besieged a party of raiders in log buildings at Hickory Point, . . . — Map (db m55362) HM
Kansas (Leavenworth County), Leavenworth — Bleeding KansasHistoric Wayside Tour #12
"Each man carried a bowie-knife, a revolver, a pair of breeches, a shirt and a very don't-care a damn expression...The stews and brothels, the hospitals and poorhouses of the East can furnish thousands more of just such scabby, scurvy, scapegoats, . . . — Map (db m46709) HM
Kansas (Leavenworth County), Leavenworth — LeavenworthThe Oldest City in Kansas
Leavenworth was founded in June, 1854, although it was not incorporated until the following summer. During the territorial struggle which flared between proslavery and Free-State forces, the city was the scene of many incidents which contributed . . . — Map (db m71724) HM
Kansas (Linn County), Mound City — Fort MontgomeryReplica built in 2000

Original cabin/fort built in 1855 five miles west of Mound City. The original building was the second cabin owned by James Montgomery as the first one was burned by proslavery Missouri Border Ruffians.

The logs were placed vertically on the . . . — Map (db m93375) HM

Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — 46 — Marais des Cygnes Massacre
Nothing in the struggle over slavery in Kansas did more to inflame the nation than the mass killing which took place May 19, 1858, about four miles northeast of this marker. Charles Hamelton who had been driven from the territory by Free-State men, . . . — Map (db m4359) HM
Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Marais des Cygnes Massacre State Historic Site Trail
A Nation at Odds The mid 1800s were a time of turmoil and tragedy in the U.S. The issue of slavery polarized the nation. It created a moral, political, and economic dilemma. The struggle over slavery ultimately led to the Civil War, splitting . . . — Map (db m39862) HM
Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Murder on the Marais des Cygnes
The bloodiest single incident in the Kansas-Missouri border struggles, 1854-1861, occurred May 19, 1858, when about 30 Proslavery Missourians seized 11 Kansas Free-State men near Trading Post and marched them to a ravine 225 yards northwest of this . . . — Map (db m39861) HM
Kansas (Linn County), Trading Post — Sounds from the past...hoof beats and heartbeats.Frontier Military Historic Byway
Pro- and anti-slavery forces made their way to this area on horseback and on foot in the fight over whether Kansas would be a free state or a slave state. Skirmishes, scuffles and screams could be heard in the woodlands nearby. The Marias des . . . — Map (db m33944) HM
Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 50 — John Brown Country
Osawatomie - the name derives from a combination of Osage and Pottawatomie - was settled in 1854 by Free-State families from the Ohio Valley and New England. John Brown, soon to become famous for his militant abolitionism, joined five of his . . . — Map (db m69325) HM
Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — John Brown of Kansas
. . . — Map (db m4347) HM
Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — John Brown Statue1935
Cast by the Borbedine Foundry in Paris which made the Statue of Liberty — Map (db m69245) HM
Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 6 — Old Stone ChurchOsawatomie Driving Tour
Built by Rev. Samuel Adair brother-in-law of John Brown Dedicated July 14, 1861 — Map (db m69315) HM
Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — Old Stone Church
One of the first churches in Kansas, this church was built by a Congregationalist group and is typical of the church structures built during pioneering days in Kansas. It was dedicated to public worship in 1861, and its first pastor was the . . . — Map (db m69319) HM
Kansas (Miami County), Osawatomie — 9 — Soldiers MonumentOsawatomie Driving Tour
Erected to honor the 5 men killed in the Battle of Osawatomie on August 30, 1856. Dedicated August 30, 1877 —————————— [Monument inscription reads] In commemoration of those who . . . — Map (db m69304) HM
Kansas (Nemaha County), Sabetha — 32 — The Lane Trail
Near here the towns of Plymouth and Lexington once stood as outposts on the Lane Trail, approximated today by US-75. Named for abolitionist James H. Lane, the trail was established in 1856 to bypass proslavery strongholds in Missouri and provide . . . — Map (db m52952) HM
Kansas (Saline County), Salina — August Bondi (1833-1907)Jewish-American Abolitionist, Salina Resident
“August Bondi was born July 21, 1831, in Vienna, Austria. The Bondis, Jewish European refugees, fled the Austrian Empire after the failed revolutions of 1848 and settled in St. Louis, Missouri. August Bondi moved to Pottawatomie Creek in . . . — Map (db m134060) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — A Turning Point for Equality

Across the field in front of you stands the former Monroe Elementary School. Parents of six students that attended this school in 1949 participated in the Brown v. Board of Education lawsuit. On May 17, 1954, the US Supreme Court issued . . . — Map (db m81395) HM

Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Constitution Hall -Topeka1855 -
Free State Capitol of Kansas Territory, 1855-1861 Used as the Kansas Capitol, 1864-1869 Constitution Hall is Topeka's oldest building. In October 1855, Free Staters held Topeka's first convention here, to organize a free state government . . . — Map (db m47297) HM
Kansas (Shawnee County), Topeka — Ichabod Washburn1798-1868
Innovative businessman, fervent Congregationalist, abolitionist and philanthropist, Ichobad Washburn is the generous benefactor from Massachusetts after whom Washburn University is named. — Map (db m119078) HM
Kansas (Wyandotte County), Kansas City — John Brown
Erected to the memory of John Brown by a grateful people — Map (db m69455) HM
Kansas (Wyandotte County), Kansas City — Quindaro Ruins Archaeological Park
West Inscription: Many battles punctuated the movement to establish and maintain Kansas as a free state during the Civil War period. The quest for freedom exacted a heavy toll and caused many the ultimate sacrifice including John Brown the . . . — Map (db m86331) HM
Kansas (Wyandotte County), Kansas City — Quindaro, Kansas1857 1862 — A Kansas City, Kansas Historic Site —
Near this site was located the historic town of Quindaro, founded in 1856 as a port-of-entry for free-soil immigrants into Kansas. The principal founder was Abelard Guthrie, who named the town for his Wyandotte Indian wife, Nancy Quindaro Brown. . . . — Map (db m69458) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Burlington — Passage To Freedom From SlaveryMemorial to the Undergrond Railroad in Boone County, Kentucky — Another Marker in Rabbit Hash —
In memory of all the slaves in Boone County, those who helped them, and the slaves’ descendants who remember & honor them and their legacy. Dedicated 21 March, 2005 by the Problem Solving Team, a diverse group of students, grades five . . . — Map (db m79290) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1606 — John Marshall Harlan / Kentucky's "Great Dissenter"(1833-1911)
Born in Boyle Co. and a graduate of Centre College, 1850, Harlan practiced law in central Ky. after 1853. Although against Lincoln and abolition in 1860, he was a strong Unionist during Civil War; recruited 10th Ky. Infantry. Elected Attorney . . . — Map (db m121559) HM
Kentucky (Bracken County), Germantown — 2076 — John Gregg Fee / Arnold Gragston(1816–1901) /                                
John Gregg Fee. Fee received degree from Augusta College; went to Lane Theological Seminary. Had spiritual experience which began career as nationally known and determined abolitionist. A founder of Berea College who wanted low-cost . . . — Map (db m136344) HM
Kentucky (Campbell County), Bellevue — 1351 — Bellevue, Kentucky
Incorporated March 15, 1870, on part of original land grant to Gen. James Taylor, pioneer, for whose farm this city was named. A general in War of 1812, banker, and statesman, whose farm was an underground railroad station. President of the first . . . — Map (db m49115) HM
Kentucky (Campbell County), Newport — 121 — General James Taylor Home
Underground Railroad station. Mansion built by General Taylor, pioneer, banker, statesman. General in the War of 1812. Original house designed by H.B. Latrobe. Present house build, 1837. — Map (db m135084) HM
Kentucky (Franklin County), Frankfort — 2235 — Emily Thomas Tubman House
(Side A) Summer home of Emily Thomas Tubman, philanthropist and emancipator. Born in Virginia in 1794, she was reared in Kentucky as ward of Henry Clay. She married Georgia merchant Richard Tubman in 1818. A widow after 1836, she gave to . . . — Map (db m85105) HM
Kentucky (Green County), Greensburg — 846 — Lincoln's Law Partner
Birthplace of William H. Herndon, 1818. Family moved to Illinois, 1820. An anti-slavery advocate and partner with Abraham Lincoln in practice of law, 1844-61. Herndon, Mayor of Springfield; State Bank Examiner. After Lincoln’s death, devoted life to . . . — Map (db m96932) HM
Kentucky (Green County), Summersville — 719 — Lincoln's Mentor
Three miles west, birthplace of Mentor Graham, 1800-86, “The Man Who Taught Lincoln”. Sixty years a teacher. Green County 1818-26. After Illinois voted down slavery, moved to New Salem, 1826. There, from 1831-37, as tutor and friend, he . . . — Map (db m124186) HM
Kentucky (Jefferson County), Louisville — 2072 — Kentucky Fugitives to Canada
Thornton and Lucie (also called Ruthy) Blackburn were slaves in Louisville, 1830-31. Thornton was hired out to Wurts and Reinhard's store at 4th and Main. When Lucie was sold to Virgil McKnight, the two escaped by steamboat. They were claimed two . . . — Map (db m70442) HM

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May. 31, 2020