“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Labor Unions Historical Markers

368 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 168
The Lynching of William Miller Marker image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, January 28, 2017
The Lynching of William Miller Marker
Alabama (Jefferson County), Brighton — Lynching In America / The Lynching of William Miller
Side 1 Lynching In America Thousands of black people were the victims of lynching and racial violence in the United States between 1877 and 1950. The lynching of African Americans during this era was a form of racial terrorism . . . — Map (db m101159) HM
California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Golden Sheaf Bakery AnnexCity of Berkeley Landmark - designated in 1978 — Clinton Day, Architect, 1905 * Jim Novosel, Architect, 2000 —
Listed on the National Record of Historic Places In 1877, English immigrant John G. Wright founded the Golden Sheaf, Berkeley's first wholesale/retail bakery. The original bakery, with a public dining room, stood around the corner on Shattuck . . . — Map (db m50360) HM
California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Toveri Tupa – Finnish HallAugust Trille, Designer, 1908 — Listed on the National Register of Historic Places —
City of Berkeley Landmark designated in 1979 Toward the end of the 19th-century, a large Finnish immigrant community was located in west Berkeley. Together they constructed this wooden building which integrates traditional Finnish and American . . . — Map (db m53834) HM
California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Workingman’s Hall1879 — Berkeley History —
Originally located at Sixth and Delaware streets, this simple wooden building was constructed by volunteers from the Workingman’s Club, a west Berkeley political organization. Built as a reading room for laborers, it was used briefly as Berkeley’s . . . — Map (db m53836) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — 1946 General Strike
Site of the 1946 General Strike when Woman Retail Clerks fought For the Right to Organize a Union — Map (db m72701) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — C. L. DellumsJanuary 3, 1900 – December 6, 1989
I am the Master of my fate / I am the Captain of my soul Sculptor: Carol Tarzier Funded by Federal Transportation Enhancement Activities Grant Commissioned by City of Oakland Public Works Agency encircling the base 1923 - . . . — Map (db m71326) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Oakland Rails
Railroad Heritage The opening of the transcontinental railroad in 1869 reduced travel time between the East and West Coats from as much as four months by sea to just six days. The Central Pacific made Oakland its western terminus. In 1871, . . . — Map (db m71297) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — The Cannery Lady
In the early 19th century many canneries operated throughout California. The rich agricultural and fishing areas of east Contra Costa County hosted a number of canneries and packing sheds. The picturesque Antioch waterfront was home to two canneries . . . — Map (db m18292) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Richmond — Rosie the Riveter MemorialHonoring American Women's Labor During WWII
The area where you are now standing was alive with activity during World War II, when it was known as Kaiser Shipyard #2. It was one of four shipyards carved from Richmond's coastline to serve the war effort. The Rosie the Riveter Memorial . . . — Map (db m94433) HM WM
California (Kern County), Delano — The Forty Acres
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark. This property possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. Forty Acres embodies and conveys multiple layers of national significance . . . — Map (db m54836) HM
California (Kern County), Keene — 1056 — Cesar E. Chavez National MonumentLa Paz — Refuge —
Cesar Chavez, the farmworker who became this nation's most important Latino leader in the 20th century, chose this as his home, office, and final resting place. Here he found spiritual and physical refuge from the conflict and threats faced by . . . — Map (db m140336) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Fernando — César Chávez Memorial — March 31, 1927 - April 23, 1993 —
Panel 1: “Show me the suffering of the most miserable So I will know my people’s plight.” “Free me to pray for others For you are present in every person.” “Help me take responsibility for my . . . — Map (db m149987) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — American Merchant Marine Veterans Memorial
Panel 1: American Merchant Marine Veterans Memorial The United States Merchant Marine has faithfully served our country in times of war and peace, hauling life and cargo to every corner of the world. This memorial is . . . — Map (db m67059) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — American Merchant Marine Veterans Memorial Wall of Honor
American Merchant Marine Veterans Veterans Memorial Wall of Honor Dedication: National Maritime Day, May 22, 2003 [List of state and local government officials] Gene Frank Construction, Builder Randall B. Montgomery, Engraver . . . — Map (db m50928) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Harry Bridges MemorialILWU
Panel 1: Harry Bridges 1901 – 1990 Founder of the ILWU Panel 2: Harry Bridges was an Australian seaman who came ashore and started longshoring in San Francisco in 1922. Unsafe working conditions, corrupt . . . — Map (db m72148) HM
California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — 1021 — Liberty Hill
In 1923 the Marine Transport Industrial Workers Union 510, a branch of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), called a strike that immobilized 90 ships here in San Pedro. The Union protested low wages, bad working conditions, and imprisonment of . . . — Map (db m42107) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — John “Bricky” Crivello1911-2005
John “Bricky” Crivello, a key figure in the Monterey Fisherman’s Union for 67 years, was instrumental in the passage of Senate Bill 1213 which provided unemployment benefits to all California fishermen. Due to Bricky’s relentless . . . — Map (db m68861) HM
California (Monterey County), Soledad — Cesar Chavez ParkIn Commemoration and Appreciation — Dedicated on March 31, 2008 —
"Preservation of one's own culture does not require contempt or disrespect of other cultures." Cesar E. Chavez (1927-1993) Cesar Chavez was a Mexican American Labor leader & cofounder of the United Farm Worker (UFW). Cesar Chavez was . . . — Map (db m26874) HM
California (Plumas County), Cromberg — Sloat Towne Hall
The Sloat Towne Hall is the only remaining public building in Sloat. It was built in 1935 as a union and meeting hall, and was donated by the United Independent Workers’ Union to the community in 1956. The town of Sloat once boasted a population . . . — Map (db m56554) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — California Labor SchoolUptown Tenderloin Lost Landmarks — 1947 - 1951 —
An ethnically diverse student body experienced a “Worker's Culture” here through painting, dance, music, theater, labor history and social science courses. Such artists as Anton Refregier, Ralph Stackpole, and Pablo O'Higgins taught . . . — Map (db m91526) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Captain Shorey
Born in Barbados, West Indies in 1859, Captain William Thomas Shorey served as the only black captain on the Pacific Coast during the rise of San Francisco as America's principal whaling port. Captain Shorey, known as "Black Ahab" by his crew, took . . . — Map (db m92827) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Harvey MilkThe Mayor of Castro Street
Harvey Milk and Scott Smith opened their camera store at 575 Castro Street in 1973. It quickly developed into the neighborhood's "city hall" - the place where people always seemed to gather to discuss the latest news, problems, and concerns. Its . . . — Map (db m99850) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — In Memory of Howard Sperry and Nick Bordoise
In memory of Howard Sperry and Nick Bordoise, who gave their lives on Bloody Thursday, July 5, 1934, so that all working people might enjoy a greater measure of dignity and security. Sperry and Bordoise were fatally shot by San Francisco police . . . — Map (db m26162) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — The Big Strike
Revolution in San Francisco; July 6. 1934...Blood ran red in the streets of San Francisco yesterday. In the darkest day this city has known since April 18, 1906, one thousand embattled police held at bay five thousand longshoremen and their . . . — Map (db m92869) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — The Garcia and Maggini WarehouseSan Francisco Landmark No. 229
At this location, on July 3, 1934, a dramatic clash occured, one that eventually touched the nation. Longshoremen, sailors, teamsters, and other waterfront workers had closed down Pacific coast shipping since May, in what came to be known as "The . . . — Map (db m21179) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — The Matson Line
From 1926 until 1970, Piers 30 and 32 were famous as the San Francisco base of operations of the Matson Line, founded by Captain William Matson, who in 1882 borrowed $4,000 from a scow schooner man to buy shares in the sailing schooner Emma . . . — Map (db m92899) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Labor Temple
The San José Labor Temple, located at 72 North Second Street, was a hub of the city’s turn of the century labor movement. It was established informally between 1901 and 1903 by Harry Ryan, an early San José labor leader, and Jack London, the famous . . . — Map (db m30444) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Plaza de Cesar E. Chavez
The Plaza de César E. E. Chávez is part of the original plaza of the 1797 Pueblo de San José and is the oldest continuously used public open space in the city. The plaza was the hub of the old Spanish settlement: the site of Juzgado and the . . . — Map (db m30207) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — The Alibi Clock
This clock was built by E. Howard of Boston in 1914. It was originally located in front of Burnett Brothers Jewelry Store on Market Street, San Francisco The clock became nationally known after the San Francisco Preparedness Day Parade on July . . . — Map (db m100491) HM
California (Ventura County), Oxnard — 9 — Cesar E. ChavezChildhood Home Site
Cesar E. Chavez was born in Yuma, Arizona, on March 31, 1927. His parents Librado and Juana Chavez came to Oxnard to work in the walnut orchards in 1938, 1939 and 1940. During their 1939 stay the family lived in a storage building at this . . . — Map (db m146945) HM
California (Yuba County), Wheatland — 1003 — Durst Hop RanchSite of Wheatland Hop Riot — August 3, 1913 —
Second major labor dispute in the U.S.A. Initiated by the I.W.W. Labor movement. — Map (db m57628) HM
Colorado (Boulder County), Lafayette — Colorado's Northern Coal FieldLest We Forget
Colorado's immense northern coal field, centered beneath these rolling hills, contributed to the early development and growth of Colorado and to the birth of nearby towns. Miners and mine owners in this area battled over issues of workers' . . . — Map (db m120145) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Ludlow — Celebration & Sorrow
A day of festivity was followed by one of the darkest in American Labor history. The state militia was on guard Because tensions between the strikers and the company had been steadily escalating, the state militia was stationed on . . . — Map (db m100513) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Ludlow — Ludlow Tent Colony Site MemorialThe Ludlow Massacre
In Memory of the men, women and children, who lost their lives in freedom's cause at Ludlow, Colorado April 20, 1914. — Map (db m100506) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Ludlow — The Ludlow Massacre
  On April 20, 1914, the State Militia unleashed an un-warranted attack on striking coal miners and their families living in a tent colony at this site. Eleven children and two women suffocated in a cellar beneath a tent when flames engulfed the . . . — Map (db m100509) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Trinidad — Women & Children's March, 1914
During the miners' strike that began in September 1913, when the United Mine Workers of America was trying to unionize the coal mines of Colorado, their most effective public speaker, organizer and morale-booster was nationally famous Mary Harris . . . — Map (db m100500) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Victor — Labor Wars
Miners Win 8-hour Day Underground gold mining was difficult, dangerous, labor intensive work. Two major labor conflicts between the Association of Mine Owners and the Western Federation of Mines (WFM) Labor Union changed Victor and Gold . . . — Map (db m46892) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Danbury — 22 — Danbury Women of Note– The Museum in the Streets – — Danbury, Connecticut —
Throughout its history, countless women have contributed to Danbury and the lives of its citizens. Here are just a few that have left their mark on our community. Mary Bull (1812-1882) dedicated her life to attending the poor and needy of . . . — Map (db m71247) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), 16th Street Heights — 1 — Racing at BrightwoodBattleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Fresh Water Springs in this pleasant high ground once drew European settlers. Farmers called the area "Crystal Spring." In 1859 the half-mile Crystal Spring Racetrack opened on land to your left. For 75 cents, Washingtonians hopped a . . . — Map (db m109288) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — 5850-2019 — Josephine Butler1920 - 1997
Josephine Butler (1920-1997) was a tireless and dedicated community activist. As a young woman she organized the first union of black female laundry workers in DC and the country. In the 1950s Butler shepherded the Adams and Morgan elementary . . . — Map (db m141278) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Linotype Model 31Line-Casting Machine
The Linotype was introduced in Baltimore in 1883 by Ottmar Mergenthaler, a German-born inventor. By replacing hand-set type with machine-set type, the speed of composition was vastly increased by this important advance in printing. This machine . . . — Map (db m29511) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — United Mine Workers of America Building
United Mine Workers of America Building has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America Associated with the . . . — Map (db m19990) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 11 — From Workers to EnvironmentMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail —
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, whose mission is to protect human health and the environment, has occupied the majority of offices in this block since 2001. EPA West (this building), the adjacent Mellon Auditorium, and the EPA East . . . — Map (db m57210) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Mount Vernon Square — 2 — For the Working PeopleMidcity at the Crossroads — Shaw Heritage Trail —
"There is not a wrong too long endured that we are not determined to abolish." Samuel Gompers. This large office building opened in 1916 as the headquarters of the American Federation of Labor. With 2.5 million members, this union . . . — Map (db m130886) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1937A. Phillip Randolph
Pullman porters make the trip comfortable for long distance train travelers. Randolph organizes the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters in 1925 and wins its first major contract with the Pullman Company in 1937. — Map (db m112943) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — 16 — Cesar Chavez1927 - 1993
Led by his desire to secure a better quality of life for migrant farm workers, Cesar Chavez helped found the United Farm Workers of America, the first effective farm workers' union in the United States. Under his leadership of nonviolent protest, . . . — Map (db m15471) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Joseph Baer Danzansky1914-1979 — Humanitarian …Businessman…Washingtonian —
“All my life I have had a love affair with the City of Washington.” In a time of racial strife he brought reconciliation and mutual respect. In the struggle between management and labor he worked for reason and moderation. In a . . . — Map (db m92230) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Samuel Gompers 1850 - 1924The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway —
As founder and 37-year president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL), Samuel Gompers is credited with winning unprecedented rights and protections for the American worker. Never wavering in his belief that power for the worker lay in . . . — Map (db m92227) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Shaw — 6 — Working for the RaceMidcity at the Crossroads — Shaw Heritage Trail —
Carter G. Woodson, The Father of Black History, worked and lived at 1538 Ninth Street from 1912 until 1950. The son of formerly enslaved people. Woodson received a Ph.D. from Harvard, and became an acclaimed scholar, educator, and advocate. He . . . — Map (db m130890) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — F-384 — German-American Club
Organized in 1901, the German-American Club was one of the few non-latin ethnic clubs in Tampa. Club members laid the cornerstone for a building on the northeast corner of Nebraska Avenue and 11th Avenue on February 23, 1908, followed by a . . . — Map (db m32372) HM
Florida (Polk County), Lakeland — PCHC-019 — The Carpenters' Home
The Carpenters' Home was the retirement home for members of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America from 1929 to 1976. The Union completed the purchase of the 1,684 acre site in April 1924. Costing $632,393, the site included 594 . . . — Map (db m100435) HM
Florida (Sarasota County), Venice — Edgewood
(Side 1) In 1925, the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (BLE), a labor union based in Cleveland, Ohio, purchased land to create the city of Venice. The BLE hired city planner John Nolen to complete the city design which he had already . . . — Map (db m145507) HM
Florida (Sarasota County), Venice — Venezia Park
John Nolen, world-renowned city planner from Philadelphia, created the overall design for the City of Venice. Venezia Park Subdivision helped illustrate Nolen's concept for a model city. Dr. Fred Albee, early developer, commissioned Nolen's . . . — Map (db m32558) HM
Florida (Sarasota County), Venice — Venice Apartment District
John Nolen, world renowned city planner, designed the City of Venice so residents could work and relax in harmony with nature and with each other. A central business area, outlying farms, open green spaces, and a wide variety of housing choices . . . — Map (db m32702) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-34A — The Wesley Oak
Not far from this spot stood the "great tree" under which Charles Wesley had prayers and preached, March 14, 1736, the first Sunday after his arrival. There were about twenty people present, among whom was Mr. Oglethorpe. A year later, Georgia . . . — Map (db m12370) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Plains — Old Bank Building
Plains Bank was organized in 1901 by R. S. Oliver, who served as president. W. L. Thomas, vice president, and C. C. Lunsford as cashier. The Plains Bank belonged to a chain of eighty three banks operated by Banker's Trust Company of Atlanta. The . . . — Map (db m73060) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Frank SteunenbergGovernor of Idaho — 1897-1900 —
When in 1899 organized lawlessness challenged the power of Idaho, he upheld the dignity of the state, enforced its authority and restored law and order within its boundaries, for which he was assassinated in 1905. “Rugged in body, . . . — Map (db m128543) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), St. Maries — The St. Marie's "Occupation" of 1918
During W.W. I, St Maries was a hotbed of International Workers of America (I.W.W.) unionizing activities. In December 1917, Sheriff E. Noland raided their headquarters near here and arrested secretary William Nelson for advocating sabotage. On . . . — Map (db m122104) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Caldwell — A.K. Steunenberg / Frank Steunenberg
Second generation Hollanders, the 10 Steunenberg children (6 boys, 4 girls) lived their formative years in Knoxville, Iowa. A.K. (Albert Keppel) Steunenberg, answering an advertisement for a printer, came to Caldwell in the late 1880's. He called . . . — Map (db m110215) HM
Idaho (Custer County), Custer City (ghost town) — Miners' Union (site)Brothers are we....
The Miners' Union Hall served as a social center, as well as professional meeting hall. At its height, the Union boasted 200 members consisting of miners and businessmen. In many ways it was a fraternal organization not only for the miners, but also . . . — Map (db m109900) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Burke — 424 — Frisco Mill
During a gun war that broke out between company and union miners here, several boxes of dynamite were exploded shattering a four-story mill, July 11 1892 Overwhelmed by union miners, company managers surrendered. Six fatalities -- half from . . . — Map (db m122820) HM
Illinois (Bureau County), Cherry — Cherry Mine Disaster
Just north of town are remnants of the Cherry Coal Mine, where 259 miners lost their lives in one of the worst mine disasters in United States history. The St. Paul Coal Company began mining coal at Cherry in 1905 and by 1909 was mining 300,000 . . . — Map (db m36734) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — George PullmanIndustrialist 1831-1897 — Chicago Tribute —
George Pullman established his reputation in Chicago in 1859 by inventing a way to raise buildings to the new street level required for installation of a sewer system. In 1863, he began converting railroad passenger cars into luxury sleeping . . . — Map (db m99944) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Site of the Haymarket Tragedy
(plaque 1) On the evening of May 4th, 1886, a tragedy of international significance unfolded on this site in Chicago’s Haymarket produce district. An outdoor meeting had been hastily organized by anarchist activists to protest the violent . . . — Map (db m47728) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Forest Park — Haymarket Martyrs’ Monument
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark This monument represents the labor movements struggle for workers rights and possesses National significance in commemoration the history of The United States of America 1997 . . . — Map (db m115585) HM
Illinois (Grundy County), Diamond — The Diamond Mine Disaster
The Diamond Mine of the Wilmington Coal Mining and Manufacturing Company, located near Braidwood on the Grundy-Will County line, was the site of a major mine disaster in Illinois. The mine was on a marshy tract of land that had no natural . . . — Map (db m6868) HM
Illinois (Macoupin County), Virden — Route 66 Coal TownsThe Battle of Virden
Miserable wages and working conditions in coal mines made conflict between miners and coal companies inevitable in the 1890s. The battle that erupted here immortalized Virden in the history of labor rights. On October 12, 1898, eight miners, four . . . — Map (db m149885) HM
Illinois (McHenry County), Woodstock — Eugene Debs and Old McHenry County Jail
The 1894 Pullman Strike and boycott of Pullman railcars led by the American Railway Union involved 250,000 workers in 27 states. It paralyzed much of the nation’s rail system and directly led to the establishment that year of a national Labor Day. . . . — Map (db m118847) HM
Illinois (Montgomery County), Waggoner — The Coalfields of Illinois
Beneath us lies one of the nation's richest coal seams, formed 300 million years ago and covering two-thirds of Illinois. Coal made this state an industrial and economic powerhouse by the 1880s - it drove the machinery, heated the homes, smelted . . . — Map (db m149886) HM
Illinois (St. Clair County), East St. Louis — 2 — 1700 Bond AvenueRemembering the 1917 East St. Louis Race Riot
Dr. Leroy Bundy lived here. He was a community leader in 1917. He stood trial and was found guilty of causing the riot. He was sentenced to life in prison. He was later exonerated by the Illinois Supreme Court. — Map (db m142225) HM
Illinois (Vermilion County), Danville — Workers MemorialVermilion County, Illinois
Mourn for              Fight for   the Dead              the Living Remember Vermilion County Workers Killed on the Job Left Column of Names David Farnsworth - Danville PBPA • Charles Deck - UAW # 579 • David . . . — Map (db m10556) HM
Illinois (Vermilion County), Westville — Memorial To Westville Area Coal Miners
They made this community the melting pot of nations and proved that men of all nationalities and creeds can work and live together. "To the men who went to work below allowing the top to build and grow giving their labors in brawn and sweat . . . — Map (db m11393) HM
Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — 49.1999.1 — Bowen-Merrill Fire / Indianapolis Fire Department
Side A:Bowen-Merrill FireOn March 17, 1890 the Bowen-Merrill Company stationery and book store at 16-18 West Washington Street caught fire. Eighty-six firemen fought the blaze. The wood framed roof and floors collapsed, dropping many . . . — Map (db m41185) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Charles Luna
1906 - - - - - 1992 President, Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen 1963 - 1969 President, United Transportation Union 1969 - 1972 Contributing six decades to the Rail Labor Movement, Charles Luna began working as a Yard . . . — Map (db m58537) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — 84.1992.1 — Home of Eugene V. Debs
Debs (1855-1926) was leading pioneer in industrial unionism, social reformer, and peace advocate. Founded American Railway Union, 1893; cofounded American Socialist Part, 1900; and ran five times for United States Presidency. Home built in . . . — Map (db m8928) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Jerry Wurf
1919 - - - - - 1981 President, the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), 1964 - 1981 As president of AFSCME, Jerry Wurf was responsible for the union’s growth from 240,000 to one million . . . — Map (db m58579) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Joseph A. Beirne
1911 - - - - - 1974 President Communications Workers of America 1938 - 1974 Joseph Beirne helped found the CWA in 1938, and served as President until 1974, helping develop CWA into the largest communications union in the . . . — Map (db m58536) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Michael J. Quill
1905 - - - - - 1966 Co-Founder and First International President of Transport Workers Union of America, AFL-CIO (1934–1966) 1934 - - - Elected President of Transport Workers. Organizing Subway, Bus and other Transit . . . — Map (db m58581) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Mother Jones
1830 - - - - - - 1930 Field Organizer, United Mine Workers of America “The most dangerous woman in America” A teacher and seamstress, Mary Harris “Mother” Jones began her crusade for workers’ . . . — Map (db m58469) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Patrick E. Gorman
1892 - - - - - 1980 International President, 1923 – 1942 International Secretary-Treasurer, 1942 – 1976 Chairman of the Board, 1976 – 1979 Amalgamated Meat Cutters & Butcher Workmen of North America . . . — Map (db m58585) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Patrick J. Quinlan
1849 - - - - - 1893 President United Association of Journeyman and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipefitting Industry of the United States and Canada 1889 - 1892 A plumber born in Boston, Massachusetts, Patrick J. . . . — Map (db m58540) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Peter J. McGuire — Father of Labor Day —
1852 – 1906 Founder and General Secretary United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America 1881 – 1901 Father of Labor Day Peter J. McGuire was founder of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters . . . — Map (db m58495) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Philip Murray
1886 - - - - - 1952 President United Steelworkers of America 1936 - 1952 Congress of Industrial Organization 1940 - 1952 Philip Murray went into the coal mines as a boy of 16. By 1916 he had risen through the ranks of . . . — Map (db m58560) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Samuel Gompers
1850 - - - - - 1924 Born in London, Jan. 27, 1850. Apprentice Shoemaker, 1860. U. S. Immigrant and member Cigarmakers Local 144, New York City, 1863. President, Local 144, 1876. Leader in convening Federation of Trades and Labor Unions, . . . — Map (db m58468) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Sidney Hillman
1887 - - - - - 1946 President Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America 1914 – 1946 Chairman Textile Workers Organizing Committee 1937 – 1939 Sidney Hillman was a labor giant. He provided leadership for . . . — Map (db m58586) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — Walter Philip Reuther
1907 - - - - - 1970 “- - - - Whose memory is enshrined in the hearts of all of us.” Born at Wheeling, W. Va. Sept. 1, 1907, the son of Valentine and Anna Reuther. One of four brothers, the oldest Theodore and two younger . . . — Map (db m58538) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — William D. "Big Bill" Haywood
1869 - - - - - 1928 Co-Founder and General Secretary-Treasurer, International Workers of the World, 1905-1921 Secretary-Treasurer, Western Federation of Miners, 1901-1906 Haywood’s visionary leadership as . . . — Map (db m58488) HM
Indiana (Vigo County), Terre Haute — William H. Sylvis
1828 - - - - - 1869 Born - Armagh, Pa. November 26, 1828 Died - Philadelphia, Pa. July 27, 1869 America’s First National Labor Leader. Founder, National Union of Iron Moulders, July 5, 1859 Founder, . . . — Map (db m58496) HM
Indiana (Whitley County), Columbia City — 92.2013.1 — Ralph F. Gates
Columbia City attorney and banker, Gates (1893-1978) was elected State Commander of American Legion, 1931. In 1944, he led Republican Party to control of state offices and Indiana General Assembly. As Governor (1945-1949), he created state . . . — Map (db m67886) HM
Kansas (Crawford County), Pittsburg — Alexander Howat — Miners’ Memorial at Immigrant Park —
Among the many significant European immigrants in Kansas history is Alexander Howat, President of District 14 of the United Mine Workers of America. He was chiefly responsible for the organization of a powerful and militant union membership in the . . . — Map (db m35668) HM
Kansas (Crawford County), Pittsburg — Southeast Kansas Coal MiningThe Three Phases of Coal Mining in the Weir-Pittsburg Coal Field — Miners' Memorial at Immigrant Park —
Phase One: Pioneer Mining The coal fields of Cherokee and Crawford Counties covered over 300 square miles of land, making it a prime area for coal mining. When early settlers first moved into the area in the 1800's, they were amazed to see . . . — Map (db m35571) HM
Kansas (Crawford County), Pittsburg — The Amazon Army — Miners’ Memorial at Immigrant Park —
The women’s march of 1921 epitomizes the spirit of the Kansas Balkans, an area known for its rich cultural heritage and turbulent strike-ridden history. On December 12 of that year, 3,000 (by some reports up to 6,000) women—wives and other . . . — Map (db m35692) HM
Kansas (Crawford County), Pittsburg — The Weir - Pittsburg Coalfield — Miners’ Memorial at Immigrant Park —
With the discovery of coal in Cherokee and Crawford Counties in the late 1860's, thousands came to work the mines. Some came from American towns and cities but most were immigrants from Europe. Over fifty nationalities settled in this area. Many . . . — Map (db m35522) HM
Kentucky (Henderson County), Henderson — Workers Memorial
Mourn for the dead, fight for the living. An injury to one is an injury to all. Dedicated on April 29.2006 to the women and men who have lost their lives on the job. — Map (db m89392) HM
Kentucky (McCracken County), Paducah — Union Labor
Union labor helped build Paducah, including the flood wall on which this mural appears. Unions in construction, business, industry and government helped create a large middle class in Western KY especially after World War II. The region's earliest . . . — Map (db m48502) HM
Kentucky (Todd County), Guthrie — 2294 — Tobacco Farmers Unite
(Side One) Farmers throughout Western Ky. and northern Tn. gathered in Guthrie on Sept. 24, 1904, in response to the tobacco growers' economic hardship. Five thousand farmers participated in the formation of a cooperative to pool their crops in . . . — Map (db m103550) HM
Louisiana (Beauregard Parish), DeRidder — Grabow Riot
At this site, on July 7, 1912, a violent confrontation occurred between the Galloway Lumber Company and the Brotherhood of Timber Workers. The riot left 4 men dead and an estimated 50 men wounded. It was the defining event in the attempt to . . . — Map (db m125227) HM
Maine (York County), Saco — Sarah Fairfield Hamilton, 1831-1909Saco Main Street Museum Walk
Sarah Fairfield Hamilton was a founder of the local chapter of the Women's Educational and Industrial Union, and led that organization to create Saco's first kindergarten, a nursery for mill workers' children, summer park programs and other . . . — Map (db m55721) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Great Railroad Strike of 1877
The first national strike began July 16, 1877, with Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers in Martinsburg, West Virginia, and Baltimore Maryland. It spread across the nation halting rail traffic and closing factories in reaction to widespread worker . . . — Map (db m63862) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Jonestown — 1023 East Baltimore Street
Ship owner Isaac McKim built a house here in 1808. St. Vincent de Paul Roman Catholic Church bought the property in 1879 and built a large social hall beside the house, naming the complex Carroll Hall. Parish societies used the hall, but high rental . . . — Map (db m102326) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Pigtown — Working for the Railroad: African Americans
African Americans played an integral role in American railroading from its inception. Slaves, and later freedmen, helped construct many of America's early southern railroads. By 1859, Baltimore had one of the highest populations of free African . . . — Map (db m135950) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Adelphi — Mother Jones“Grand Old Champion of Labor”
Mary Harris “Mother” Jones, the legendary labor organizer, spent a life fighting for unions and the rights of workers. She died at the Burgess Farm near here on November 30, 1930, aged 100 years. — Map (db m61188) HM
Massachusetts (Bristol County), New Bedford — Commonwealth of ToilLongshoremen’s Union
On this site in 1936, Cape Verdean and Portuguese dockworkers formed Locals 1413 and 1465 of the International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA). Prior to organizing, these dockworkers were chosen daily, based only on their physical ability, and had . . . — Map (db m1614) HM
Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Lowell — Homage to WomenMico Kaufman — 1984 —

This sculpture is a tribute to Lowell's nineteenth century "mill girls". The intertwined figures also represent the struggles and aspirations of all women throughout time — Map (db m66208) HM

Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Lowell — Irish Labor
Irish laborers were vital in digging and maintaining the canals. The mills required a smooth and even flow of water to ensure efficiency and profit. Before 1850, Yankee mill managers considered Irishmen fit to dig canals and construct mills, . . . — Map (db m66056) HM
Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Lowell — The Worker
In 1821 Hugh Commisky led a band of laborers on a trek from Charlestown to Lowell. With muscle and sweat they dredged canals in the soil of rugged farmland. As others joined in their toil a complex waterpower system evolved, creating a new era of . . . — Map (db m1620) HM
Massachusetts (Norfolk County), Quincy — Domenico D’Alessandro

The International H. C. B. and C. Laborer's Union of America to D. D'Alessandro

[Bronze bas-relief panels]

Domenico D’Alessandro

International H. C. B. and C. Laborer's Union of America [seal]

Labor omnia vincit . . . — Map (db m119230) HM

Michigan (Bay County), Bay City — L1413 — "Ten Hours or No Sawdust"
Side 1 When Bay City's sawmills opened in 1885, mill owners notified workers that wages would be 12 to 25 percent lower than in 1884. On July 6, 1885, Bay City millhands began to walk off the job. Their slogan, "Ten Hours or No Sawdust," . . . — Map (db m33693) HM
Michigan (Houghton County), Calumet — 1337 — The Italian Hall / Italian Hall Tragedy
Side A The Italian Hall The building that stood on this site was called the Italian Hall, and was home to the Societa Mutua Beneficenza Italiana, which aided immigrants and others in need. Built in 1908, the hall housed a saloon . . . — Map (db m76300) HM
Michigan (Ingham County), Lansing — 745C — Lansing Labor Holiday
Side A As the labor movement spread across Michigan in the 1930s, workers in Lansing organized. After a successful strike at REO Motor Car Company ended in April 1937, the Amalgamated United Auto Workers Local 182 began recruiting new . . . — Map (db m104288) HM
Michigan (Ingham County), Lansing — Lansing's Labor HolidayThe UAW Takes Action — They took it to the streets on June 7, 1937 —
Following Flint's example, Lansing Amalgamated United Auto Workers Local 182 concluded a successful sit-down strike at Reo in April 1937. A subsequent effort to organize Capital City Wrecking Company resulted in the firing of workers, picket lines . . . — Map (db m104154) HM
Michigan (Ingham County), Lansing — Walter Reuther 1907-1970
Walter Reuther was a skilled die maker in Ford auto plants. Following a family heritage of labor and political activism, he joined the young United Auto Workers (UAW) in 1936 and quickly emerged as a leader. He gained national attention in May 1937 . . . — Map (db m103708) HM
Michigan (Monroe County), Monroe — "Newton" Strike
In spring 1937, the eyes of the nation were on Monroe. The Steel Workers Organizing Committee had organized a handful of workers at Republic’s Newton facility. On June 10, about 120 pickets confronted over 1,000 non-unionized workers and . . . — Map (db m67513) HM
Michigan (Washtenaw County), Ypsilanti — S0509 — Willow Run
[Marker Front]: Willow Run (1941-1953) After entering World War II in 1941, America desperately needed military equipment and supplies. The Ford Motor Company had begun building this factory in April 1941. Outstanding industrial . . . — Map (db m14296) HM
Michigan (Wayne County), Dearborn — 660 — Fordson High School
Side 1 When it was dedicated on March 22, 1928, Fordson High School was hailed as "one of the finest school buildings in the United States." Designed in the Neo-Tudor style, the school is reminiscent of sixteenth century English universities . . . — Map (db m32948) HM
Michigan (Wayne County), Dearborn — UAW Local 600Unionizing Ford Motor Company
Conditions were ripe for the rise of unionism in the Depression-ravaged 1930s. Ford Motor Company was the last of the "Big Three" to unionize. The turning point came on May 26, 1937, when Ford security men brutally beat UAW organizers at . . . — Map (db m120446) HM
Minnesota (Brown County), New Ulm — Arbeiter Hall1873 — Historic Downtown New Ulm —
The town gained a new venue for public events in 1873 with the opening of Arbeiter Hall. The local Arbeiterverein, or Workers' Association, organized in 1871, primarily as a workers' insurance association. The two-story brick building had a . . . — Map (db m67093) HM
Minnesota (Hennepin County), Minneapolis — The Barrel-Makers' Co-ops — Saint Anthony Falls Heritage Trail —
The red brick building at the corner of Third Avenue and First Street was one of many factories that supplied the barrels used for flour. Called coopers, the skilled workers who made barrels pioneered a new role for labor in Minneapolis. When their . . . — Map (db m44523) HM
Minnesota (Saint Louis County), Hibbing — Finnish Workers Hall
The Finnish people were one of the first ethnic groups to arrive in this area in the late 1890's and early 1900's. They built this building on this site in 1909. It was used for stage plays, dances and other social events put on for the Finnish . . . — Map (db m5144) HM
Missouri (Jasper County), Webb City — The Kneeling Miner1976 and 2006
This statue dedicated in honor of the hardrock miner, his family and those who served the Webb City District mining industry during the past century. The Kneeling Miner, circa 1976 Jack E. Dawson [sculptor] Originally sculpted in . . . — Map (db m37319) HM
Missouri (St. Louis), Downtown — 1994
A Workforce Diversity Program was developed with the Coalition of Black Trade Unionists to promote the employment of female and minority workers on the project. Negotiations were begun to relocate the National Football League Los Angeles Rams . . . — Map (db m141884) HM
Missouri (St. Louis), Patch — Eads' IroncladsA State Divided: The Civil War in Missouri — Missouri Department of Natural Resources —
Carondelet and the Eads Ironclads On Oct. 12, 1851, the USS Carondelet slid down the ways at James Eads' Union Iron Works in the village of Carondelet, south of St. Louis. It was the first ironclad warship built by the United States, . . . — Map (db m139708) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Labor Temple
Red Lodge Miner’s Local No. 1771 had grown to more than a thousand members when this labor temple was built in 1909. The United Mine Workers of America organized nationally in 1896 and by 1898, Local No. 1771 had 200 members. The building is a . . . — Map (db m45412) HM
Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Butte-Anaconda Historic District
It took millions of miles of copper to build the telegraph, telephone, and electrical lines that transformed the United States from a collection of small, isolated communities to a cohesive, industrialized nation. Looming gallows frames and the . . . — Map (db m128116) HM
Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Organized Labor
Between 1880 and 1920, large-scale development of copper mining and smelting in Butte and Anaconda spurred the growth of railroads and industrialization. This, in turn, attracted thousands of workers from across the country and around the world. . . . — Map (db m128131) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Miner's Union Hall
Built in 1890 at a cost of $23,000, this three-story building was once the social center of a bustling mining town. The first floor was constructed of native granite. The cast iron front held 6 large windows and small colored glass panes. The upper . . . — Map (db m49628) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Free Speech Corner
In autumn 1909, Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) organizers Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and Jack Jones arrived in Missoula, soon followed by there comrade Frank Little. After renting space for a union hall, they took to the streets, determined to . . . — Map (db m123336) HM
Montana (Missoula County), Missoula — Labor Temple
In 1896, a Union Hall was constructed here on property donated by copper magnate Marcus Daly. That building served as local headquarters for unions affiliated with Federal Union Local 83, the precursor of the building trade unions that later . . . — Map (db m144710) HM
Montana (Silver Bow County), Butte — Butte-Anaconda Historic District
It took millions of miles of copper to build the telegraph, telephone, and electrical lines that transformed the United States from a collection of small, isolated communities to a cohesive, industrialized nation. Looming gallows frames and the . . . — Map (db m128045) HM
Montana (Silver Bow County), Butte — Butte-Anaconda-WalkervilleNational Historic Landmark
Butte-Anaconda Walkerville Has been designated a National Historic Landmark Atop the “Richest Hill on Earth,” Walkerville was the birthplace of Butte-Anaconda Mining. It was the site of the district’s first mines, and the . . . — Map (db m128051) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Labor

This monument, titled Labor, is a salute to the dedication and hard work of all those who built the grand city of Omaha. It is a tribute to the men and women who worked for and continue to forge a better life for themselves, their . . . — Map (db m83300) HM

Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Omaha Firefighters MemorialHonor • Tradition
As pioneers settled in small towns and villages across Nebraska, the shout of “Fire” summoned fear and panic in every person who heard it. If they were lucky, bucket brigades could save part of a burning building and its surrounding . . . — Map (db m58037) HM
Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Union Walk
This Union Walk is a reminder to all of our citizens, as well as a salute to the unionized men and women from all walks of life, who invested their energy, the sweat of their brow, and sometimes even their lives to forge a better life for . . . — Map (db m63498) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Hoover Dam — They Laboured that Millions might see a Brighter Day
In Memory of our Fellowmen who lost their lives in the construction of this dam. — Map (db m1312) HM
Nevada (Eureka County), Eureka — Charcoal Burners Massacred Aug. 18, 1879
Giovanni Pedroni Marcellus Locatelli Teodoro Zesta Pompeo Pattini Antonio Canonica Charcoal Burners Massacred Aug. 18, 1879 By A Sheriff's Posse Southwest Of The Fish Creek Ranch — Map (db m89510) HM
Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 30 — Old Miners Union Hall
The Miners Union was organized in 1867. The Union fought for recognition, safety, family welfare, and a living wage $4.00 per day. This building, owned and maintained since 1913 by Aerie 532 F. O. E., was built in 1876. The original hall was . . . — Map (db m21955) HM
Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — The Glory of Solidarity and Fraternity
In Sept. 1864, while Atlanta smoldered, the first use of military force to allay labor unrest in the West occurred when Governor J. W. Nye ordered 2 companies of Calvary from Fort Churchill to end a strike by The Story County Miner’s League. The . . . — Map (db m21957) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Atlantic City — Atlantic City Workers Monument
Dedicated to the men and women of organized labor who lost their lives while working on the redevelopment of Atlantic City We honor these workers [List of 25 names follow] "You will always be remembered" Erected April . . . — Map (db m36947) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), Princeton — March of the Mill Children100th Anniversary
Princeton, New Jersey July 1903 – July 2003 Mary Harris “Mother” Joneswas a crusader for workers’ rights. She led several hundred children who worked in the textile mills on a march from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to President . . . — Map (db m44850) HM
New Jersey (Passaic County), Haledon — American Labor MuseumBotto House National Landmark
1913 Sunday Rallies-As many as 20,000 silk workers used Haledon’s Botto House as a focal point for rallies during a seven month strike. The second floor balcony served as a speaker’s platform for famous leaders of America & Europe.

Gift of . . . — Map (db m94679) HM

New Jersey (Passaic County), Haledon — The Botto HouseWomen’s Heritage Trail — Maria Botto —
The Botto House was the focal point for striking workers during the Paterson Silk Strike of 1913. Eva Botto (standing in this photo) daughter of Pietro and Maria Botto, and a striking silk mill worker, appears with a friend (seated left) and labor . . . — Map (db m94678) HM
New Jersey (Sussex County), Green Township — Thomas Woolverton's Tavern
In 1735, Royal Governor Jonathan Belcher ordered Sussex County's Government and Courts to be moved from Log Gaol to the tavern - house of Thomas Woolverton (1717-1760). Justice of the Peace and Tax Collector, until a permanent Courthouse was erected . . . — Map (db m27284) HM
New Mexico (Grant County), Hanover — Ladies Auxiliary of Local 890Mine Mill & Smelter — (1951-1952) —
After eight failed negotiating sessions and the expiration of their labor contract, Mexican-American workers at nearby Empire Zinc mine struck for wage and benefit equality. When an injunction prohibited union members from picketing, the women - . . . — Map (db m38229) HM
New York (Greene County), East Durham — John E. Lawe(February 26, 1919 - January 5,1989) — Champion of the Working Man —
John Edward Lawe, stood tall in the U.S. labor movement, a union man all his working life: 35 years with the Transport Workers Union of America, AFL-CIO as a dues-paying member, officer and international president (1985-1989). He was a dynamic . . . — Map (db m131425) HM
New York (Jefferson County), Watertown — Public Square Fountain
. . . — Map (db m110118) HM
New York (Kings County), Brooklyn — F. D. N. Y.
To the men of the Fire Department who died at the call of duty at this site on August 2 1978 Soldiers in a war that never ends Lieutenant James E Cutillo Bat 33 Eng 276 Firefighter 1st Gr Charles Bouton Ladder Co 156 Firefighter 1st Gr . . . — Map (db m39461) HM
New York (Montgomery County), Amsterdam — "Mother Lake"
Leonora Barry-Lake 1849 - 1930 Millhand Elected Knights of Labor National Head. Credited for First Mill Inspection Law. George E. Pataki, Governor Map (db m77591) HM
New York (Nassau County), Glen Cove — Carpenters1914 World War 1918
In honor of the members of Local Union No. 1093 who served their country in the World War 1914 – 1918 Adam Donaldson • Frank S. Boday • Louis Myers • Edw. Nordstrom • Frank Hoebich • Everett Wicks • Patrick Hanlon • Daniel Murdock • Fred . . . — Map (db m65203) HM
New York (New York County), New York — A. Philip Randolph Square.074 Acre
"The idea of separatism is harkening to the past and it is undesirable even if it could be realized, because the progress of mankind has been based upon ... social, intellectual and cultural contact." —A. Philip Randolph, 1969 Asa Philip . . . — Map (db m105314) HM
New York (New York County), New York — David DubinskyFebruary 22, 1892 - September 17, 1982 — 201 West 16th Street, Manhattan —
David Dubinsky, one of the most influential labor leaders in the United States, was president of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU), from 1932 to 1966. Escaping Czarist imprisonment for his youthful political activities, he . . . — Map (db m127139) HM
New York (New York County), New York — DC 37 September 11, 2001 Memorial
In memory of the DC37 members who perished on September 11, 2001 at the World Trade Center The Rev Mychal Judge, chaplain, Local 299 Carlos Lillo, paramedic, Local 2507 Ricardo Quinn, EMS Lieutenant, Local 3621 Chet Louie, OTB betting clerk, . . . — Map (db m131329) HM
New York (New York County), New York — New York City Garment Workers
Garment workers and their unions, particularly the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) and the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU), played a formative role in new York City labor history, as depicted in these . . . — Map (db m149345) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Stonecutters MemorialZaq Kandsberg
Composed of mycelium (the root-like structure of fungus) and dedicated to the Stonecutters of New York City, who organized the first mass labor action in the State’s history. The Stonecutters Riot was a response to the University Council’s . . . — Map (db m144204) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Union Square ParkNational Historic Landmark
This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. Here workers exercised their rights to free speech and assembly and on September 5, 1882, observed the first Labor Day. — Map (db m124778) HM
New York (Rensselaer County), Troy — Kate Mullany House
Kate Mullany House has been designated a National Historic Landmark This house possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. Kate Mullany, an Irish Immigrant, laundry worker, and a nationally . . . — Map (db m40827) HM
New York (Rensselaer County), Troy — Welcome to the Collar City!
The detachable shirt collar was invented in Troy in 1827 by a local housewife, Hannah Montague. Form more than a hundred years, various styles of the stiff cotton collars were worn by merchants, businessmen and other "white collar" workers. Troy . . . — Map (db m66836) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Burlington — Neighbors Divided
Industrialization came to the South later than it had in the North. The first generation of mill workers were transplanted farmers who had no tradition of labor unions. The nature of the mill village also made organized labor difficult. The mill . . . — Map (db m33311) HM
North Carolina (Durham County), Durham — G-114 — Rural Credit Union
Lowes Grove credit union, first in South, formed to serve local farmers. Est. Dec. 9, 1915, on initiative of John Sprunt Hill — Map (db m71344) HM
North Carolina (Forsyth County), Winston-Salem — R.J.R. Labor Strikes
The R.J.R. Factory 64 is one of the local sites where large labor strikes occurred. The first took place in 1943 after a factory worker died on the job. Several hundred female workers, primarily African-American, began an immediate strike that . . . — Map (db m98776) HM
North Carolina (Forsyth County), Winston-Salem — J 115 — Tobacco Unionism
Strike by leaf workers, mostly black and female, June 17, 1943, ½ mile W., led to seven years of labor & civil rights activism by Local 22. — Map (db m75569) HM
North Carolina (Gaston County), Gastonia — O 81 — Loray Strike
A strike in 1929 at the Loray Mill, 200 yards S., left two dead and spurred opposition to labor unions statewide. — Map (db m70045) HM
North Carolina (Nash County), Rocky Mount — E-118 — Operation Dixie
Black leaf house workers in eastern N.C. unionized in 1946. First pro-union vote, at tobacco factory 1 block W., precursor to civil rights movement. — Map (db m48914) HM
Ohio (Allen County), Lima — Veterans Freedom Flag Monument
The Veterans Freedom Flag Monument dedicated May 22, 2010 to Veterans who made the sacrifice for freedom around the world, those who currently serve in the military and those who will serve in the future. Built entirely through the donations of . . . — Map (db m63076) WM
Ohio (Ashtabula County), Ashtabula — 1024Historic Ashtabula Harbor
The location of the Herrick Hotel, the Petros Block was built in 1916 1916-1960 Benjamin's Barber Shop 1977-1980 Harbor Sales Notions Store 1988-1997 Leeward Lounge Expansion Upstairs 1916-1960 . . . — Map (db m132324) HM
Ohio (Ashtabula County), Ashtabula — 1036Historic Ashtabula Harbor
1895-1898 Diamond Palace Restaurant 1907 George H. Smith Café 1912 Frederick C. Jenkins, barber 1921 M. S. Cratsley, barber 1926-1934 Henry Kohus, barber 1937 Anthony . . . — Map (db m132333) HM
Ohio (Athens County), Nelsonville — 6-5 — The Hocking Valley Coal Strike1884-1885
Side A: Following a wage reduction from 70 to 60 cents per ton after many Hocking Valley coal mines consolidated in 1883, the Ohio Miners' Amalgamated Association struck on June 23, 1884. The operators responded by offering an even smaller . . . — Map (db m37019) HM
Ohio (Auglaize County), Wapakoneta — 3-6 — Dudley Nichols
Dudley Nichols was born in Wapakoneta in 1895, the son of Dr. Grant and Mary Mean Nichols. He spent his childhood in a home on this site and graduated from Blume High School before leaving Ohio. After working as a journalist in new York City, he . . . — Map (db m92116) HM
Ohio (Coshocton County), Coshocton — 8-16 — William GreenMarch 3, 1870 – November 21, 1952
William Green, President of the American Federation of Labor from 1924 until his death, 1852, began his amazing and strenuous climb to the top run of labor's ladder at age 16, in the Morgan Run Coal Mines in Coshocton County. Born in Coshocton . . . — Map (db m299) HM
Ohio (Cuyahoga County), Cleveland — 79-18 — The Ohio AFL-CIO
Following the national merger of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in 1955, more than 2,000 labor delegates representing one million union members convened at the Cleveland Public Auditorium . . . — Map (db m17953) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — 105-25 — American Federation of Labor / United Mine Workers of America
American Federation of Labor Since 1881 One this site, December 10, 1886, the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Union merged with the trade unionists of the Knights of Labor to create the American Federation of Labor. Delegates elected . . . — Map (db m12968) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — United Mine Workers of America

On this site, January 25, 1890, delegates from the National Progressive Union and the Knights of Labor District Trades Assembly 135 met in convention at old City Hall and founded the United Mine Workers of America. The merger ended years of . . . — Map (db m80010) HM

Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — 88-25 — William Green, Labor Leader / The Columbus Streetcar Strike, 1910
William Green, Labor Leader A native of Coshocton County, William Green (1870-1932) began his working life as a coal miner at age 16 and rose rapidly in the leadership of the United Mine Workers of America. Twice elected to the Ohio Senate, . . . — Map (db m12970) HM
Ohio (Hancock County), Findlay — First School Building
Site of First School Building in Findlay 1827 [Dedicated June 1937] — Map (db m29197) HM
Ohio (Hancock County), Findlay — 21-32 — The Glass Industry of Findlay, Ohio
In 1884, the first natural gas well was successfully drilled in Findlay, and when The Great Karg Well, then the largest in the world, was drilled in 1886, the boom was on. Many industries, especially glass, were attracted to Findlay, lured by free . . . — Map (db m29174) HM
Ohio (Hardin County), McGuffey — 15-33 — Village of McGuffey / Great 1934 Onion Strike
Side A: Village of McGuffey The Village of McGuffey was named for John McGuffey, who in the 1860s first attempted to drain the Scioto Marsh. A larger and more effective drainage effort, made by others who entered Hardin County in the 1880s, . . . — Map (db m29062) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Youngstown — Little Steel Strike
On May 26, 1937, President Philip Murray of the Steel Workers Committee (SWOC) ordered a national walkout against three of the "Little Steel" companies. Two companies, Republic and Youngstown Sheet & Tube, operated major facilities in Ohio. The . . . — Map (db m79493) HM
Ohio (Morgan County), Bristol — 10-58 — Miner's Memorial Park
Side A: Agriculture dominated the economy of southeastern Ohio's Morgan County until the 1940s when harvests dwindled, the population declined, and land values dropped. Surface mining the area's rich underground coal deposits replaced . . . — Map (db m13595) HM
Ohio (Morgan County), Bristol — Ronald V. Crews Memorial Park
Named in honor of Ronald V. Crews, Mine General Superintendent of Central Ohio Coal Company, whose knowledge, dedication and friendship meant so much to so many. Dedicated July 1972 Rededicated 2001 “To Honor All The Miners” -R. . . . — Map (db m13599) HM
Ohio (Perry County), New Straitsville — 9-64 — Robinson’s Cave
On a forested hillside south of New Straitsville. the spacious 1000 square foot Robinson’s Cave offered a secluded location with great acoustics where large groups of Hocking Valley coal miners could meet in secret. Beginning in about 1870, . . . — Map (db m122775) HM
Ohio (Perry County), New Straitsville — 12-64 — World’s Greatest Mine Fire
During the 9-month Hocking Valley Coal Strike beginning in June 1884, tensions between the Columbus & Hocking Coal and Iron Company and striking miners led to violence and destruction. Starting October 11, 1884, unknown men pushed burning mine . . . — Map (db m122804) HM
Ohio (Perry County), Rendville — 11-64 — RendvilleBreaking the Color Barrier
Established in 1879 by Chicago industrialist William P. Rend as a coal mining town, Rendville became a place where African Americans broke the color barrier. In 1888, Dr. Isaiah Tuppins, the first African American to receive a medical degree in . . . — Map (db m122447) HM
Ohio (Perry County), Shawnee — 13-64 — Knights of Labor Opera House
In 1869 a secret organization. The Knights of Labor, was founded in Philadelphia. The K.O.L. promoted an ideal society based on bettering life for others with the slogans. “labor was the first capital” and “an injury to one is . . . — Map (db m122800) HM
Ohio (Perry County), Shawnee — 1 — Welcome to Shawnee and the Little Cities of Back Diamond Region
Welcome to Shawnee and the Little Cities of Back Diamonds Region. This green space celebrates the place we call home by acknowledging and honoring the courage and hard work of thousands of people who labored here to mine the coal that helped power a . . . — Map (db m139147) HM
Ohio (Stark County), Massillon — 19-76 — The Little Steel Strike of 1937
Side A During the New Deal of the 1930s, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) formed the Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC) under the leadership of CIO president John L. Lewis. Following successful CIO strikes in the rubber . . . — Map (db m80719) HM
Ohio (Summit County), Akron — 32-77 — 1936 Akron Rubber Strike
Five Depression-era strikes against many of Akron's rubber companies culminated in a giant "sit-down" strike against Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, the industry's leader, in February and March of 1936. The fledgling United Rubber Workers (URW), . . . — Map (db m43625) HM
Ohio (Summit County), Akron — United Rubber Workers International UnionSince 1935
In downtown Akron at the Portage Hotel, 12 September 1935, a national convention of rubber workers met and organized the United Rubber Workers of America. Convention delegates elected Sherman Dalrymple president and dedicated the URW international . . . — Map (db m43731) HM
Ohio (Tuscarawas County), Dennison — 8-79 — Dennison Yard and Shops / Dennison Depot
Side A Dennison Yard and Shops Panhandle Division, Pennsylvania Railroad The Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and St. Louis Railway began construction of the Dennison Railroad Shops here in 1864. This rail line was chartered as the . . . — Map (db m81546) HM
Ohio (Warren County), Springboro — Odd Fellows HallCirca 1830
The Independent Order of Odd Fellows (IOOF) began in England in the 1700s as an association of common laborers who met together for fellowship and mutual aid. This was so unusual at the time that members were called “Odd Fellows,” and . . . — Map (db m13702) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Braddock — The Great Steel Strike of 1919
In the largest work stoppage to that date, over 350,000 U.S. workers went off the job. Reverend Adalbert Kazincy, pastor of Saint Michael's here, championed the strikers and provided the church as a meeting place. The strike failed after 15 weeks. — Map (db m47044) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Homestead — Bost Building
Completed, early 1892. Through that summer, it was headquarters for the strike committee of the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers. Telegraph lines installed here transmitted the news from journalists who were covering the Homestead . . . — Map (db m44871) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Homestead — Bost BuildingHas Been Designated A — National Historic Landmark —
This building possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. This was the headquarters of the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steelworkers at the time of the Homestead Strike. It is one of the . . . — Map (db m44873) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Homestead — Frances Perkins
United States Secretary of Labor, 1933-1945. Visited Homestead July 1933 to discuss New Deal policy. Local authorities barred her from meeting with aggrieved steelworkers in nearby Frick Park. Undeterred, she moved the assembly to federal property . . . — Map (db m44867) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Homestead — Homestead Strike
On the morning of July 6, 1892, on orders of the Carnegie Steel Company, 300 Pinkerton agents attempted to land near here; strikers and citizens repulsed them. Seven workers and three Pinkertons were killed. 8,000 state militia arrived July 12; by . . . — Map (db m39901) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Homestead — Mary Harris "Mother" Jones
Labor leader, workers' advocate. Arrested and jailed in Homestead for speaking to striking steelworkers, 1919. When a judge asked who gave her a permit to speak publicly, she replied, "Patrick Henry. Thomas Jefferson. John Adams!" — Map (db m44869) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), McKees Rocks — 1909 McKee's Rocks Strike
On July 14, unskilled immigrant workers led a strike against the Pressed Steel Car Company. Strain among the strikers, replacement laborers, and state police erupted into a riot on August 22. Eleven men were killed near this footbridge. Strikers . . . — Map (db m40873) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), McKees Rocks — Presston
Pressed Steel Car Company provided worker housing at substantial cost to employees, keeping them in constant debt. During the 1909 McKees Rocks strike against the company, immigrant workers were evicted from their homes. The evictions led to the . . . — Map (db m40905) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), McKeesport — Kennedy-Nixon Taft-Hartley Debate
On April 21, 1947, John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon debated the Taft-Hartley Labor-Management Relations Act at the Penn-McKee Hotel. The first debate between the two House Labor Committee members was a precursor to the iconic Kennedy-Nixon . . . — Map (db m54922) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Allegheny Cotton Mill Strikes
Major strikes by women cotton factory workers protesting 12-hour work-days occurred nearby in Allegheny City in 1845 and 1848. The strikes led to an 1848 state law limiting workdays to 10 hours and prohibiting children under twelve years of age from . . . — Map (db m40301) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Founding Convention of the AFL
On November 15, 1881, in nearby Turner Hall, a convention was held to form the organization which became the American Federation of Labor. Soon it was the nation's largest labor federation. It became part of the merged AFL-CIO in 1955. — Map (db m40940) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Founding Convention of the CIO
Near here on November 14, 1938, the first convention of the Congress of Industrial Organizations was held. 34 international unions were represented. Pittsburgh's Philip Murray was president from 1940-1952. — Map (db m40175) HM

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May. 29, 2020