“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Animals Historical Markers

932 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 732
William Bartram (April 20, 1739 – July 22, 1823) image, Touch for more information
By Public Domain (PD-US)
William Bartram (April 20, 1739 – July 22, 1823)
Alabama (Clarke County), Rockville — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, America’s first native born artist-naturalist, passed through Clarke County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain’s King George . . . — Map (db m101568) HM
Alabama (Coffee County), Enterprise — Boll Weevil MonumentDecember 11, 1919
In profound appreciation of the Boll Weevil and what it has done as the Herald of Prosperity this monument was erected by the Citizens of Enterprise, Coffee County, Alabama — Map (db m30306) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Lane Park
In 1822 William Pullen, Revolutionary War veteran, acquired this land from the Federal Government for farming. In 1889 his heirs sold the land to the City of Birmingham for use as the New Southside Cemetery which operated from 1889 to 1909 with . . . — Map (db m27096) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Florence, Alabama
Side A The Forks of Cypress plantation was established in 1818 by James and Sarah Jackson. Its home, believed the design of William Nichols, was one of Alabama's great houses, featuring perhaps the earliest peristyle colonnades in America. . . . — Map (db m83975) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — James JacksonCity of Florence Walk of Honor
Often referred to as the most successful breeder of thoroughbred horses in America, James Jackson imported Glencoe and Leviathan to the U.S. in the early 1800's, leaving a permanent imprint on both the breed and American racing history. — Map (db m38649) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Ms. Baker: Monkeynaut
Able, an American-born rhesus monkey, and Baker a South American squirrel monkey, where launched on May 28, 1959, aboard an Army Jupiter missile. Launched in the nose cone, the two animals were carried to a 300-mile altitude, and both were recovered . . . — Map (db m98202) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — An Unheralded Breed of Soldier
Let all who read these words of gratitude and praise know that tens of thousands of America's fighting men and women owe their lives to the deeds and courage of war dogs and their handlers. Further, let it be known that many breeds of dogs, large . . . — Map (db m74162) HM WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Remount Depot / Keyton Station
Side 1 Remount Depot During World War I, in the summer of 1917 the U.S. Army opened a remount depot here to buy horses and mules for Camp Sheridan's 27,000-man 37th Division from Ohio. Despite the introduction of motor transport . . . — Map (db m71340) HM
Alabama (Sumter County), Gainesville — Woodbury
Earliest known Morgan Horse in Alabama and one of the three major stallion sons sired by Justin Morgan, foundation sire of the breed. Woodbury was foaled in 1816 in Vermont, where he remained until sold to Norman Bugbee of Gainesville, Alabama, . . . — Map (db m69710) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — A Prickly WorldAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Some Points about Quills: *Porcupines have approximately 30,000 quills which cover every part of the body except the underside, face and ears. *Quills are modified hairs that are barbed, lightweight, and filled with spongy substance. . . . — Map (db m70718) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — Brown Bears of AWCCAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Good Clean Livin The largest bear enclosure in the United States is found here at the Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center. Solar electricity powers the electric fence that encloses 18 acres of land, and water is pumped into the pond by the . . . — Map (db m70721) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — Moose CalvesAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Calves are born mid-May to early June. Cows give birth to twins 15 to 75 percent of the time and triplets occur about once in every 1,000 births. Calves stand within minutes and begin eating vegetation a few days after birth. Calves stay . . . — Map (db m70720) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — Our Living National SymbolAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Top Predators Eagles will prey on any animal they are capable of overtaking including ducks, gulls, porcupines, foxes and rabbits. The primary tool used to catch and kill prey are its feet. Equipped with needle sharp talons and powerful . . . — Map (db m70722) HM
Alaska (Juneau Borough), Juneau — Patsy Ann: her statue
Fifty years after Patsy Ann met her last ship, admirers led by June Dawson organized the Friends of Patsy Ann. The group raised funds and commissioned a statue so Patsy Ann could once again greet visitors on the dock. Sculpted by Ann Burke . . . — Map (db m69663) HM
Alaska (Matanuska-Susitna Borough), Wasilla — BaltoIditarod Trail Sled Dog Race
Dedicated to the indomitable spirit of the sled dogs of the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race. “The Last Great Race on Earth” Endurance • Fidelity • Intelligence Dedicated the first Saturday of March, 2012 Historic replica of . . . — Map (db m80411) HM
Alaska (Skagway Borough), Skagway — Three Thousand Pack Animals
[Rendering of a loaded pack horse and pack mule] The dead are speaking in memory of us three thousand pack animals that laid our bones on these awful hills during the Gold Rush of 1897-1898. We now thank those listening that heard our groans . . . — Map (db m69126) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Hereford — Lehner Mammoth Kill Site
At this location in 1952, a large bone bed was discovered containing the remains of extinct mammoth, tapir, bison and horse. Found with the bones were the weapons and tools of the Indians who had killed and butchered these animals. The bones and . . . — Map (db m43633) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Mules and the Canyon
Behind you is the Bright Angel mule corral, where each morning mules greet riders and another adventure begins. Mules have carried people into Grand Canyon since sightseeers first visited here in the 1890s. For many people - including those who . . . — Map (db m39551) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Jacob Lake — Kaibab Squirrel Area
Has been designated a National Natural Landmark This site possesses exceptional value as an illustration of the Nation's natural heritage and contributes to a better understanding of the environment. — Map (db m94912)
Arizona (Coconino County), Jacob Lake — Theodore Roosevelt
In memory of Theodore Roosevelt 1858 'Teddy' 1919 Est. Grand Canyon National Game Preserve ‘06 — Map (db m94913) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 120 — In Memory of Eight Ball - Morale OfficerEquus asinus — Camp Bouse
He was our drinking buddy While on duty He drank our beer He was Full of good cheer And went to the nurses' quarters around the bend And came to an untimely end, Of the Colonel, he was unaware That it would be the crime of all time . . . — Map (db m78536) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Quartzsite — Hi Jolly
The famous camel herd with which the name of Hi Jolly is linked constitutes an interesting sidelight of Arizona history....Jefferson Davis (afterward president of the Southern Confederacy), as Secretary of War, approved a plan to experiment with . . . — Map (db m70566) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Quartzsite — The Last Camp of Hi JollyCamel Driver, Packer, Scout
. . . — Map (db m32201) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Carefree — The Old Verde River Sheep Bridge
Marker 1 - (Main Marker): The original Verde River Sheep Bridge, also known as the Red Point Sheep Bridge, was constructed at this location in 1943 by Flagstaff Sheep Company, which had been grazing sheep in the area under a Forest . . . — Map (db m53966) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Corrals and Tack House — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
The corrals here are the remnants of the sprawling complex of corrals and pastures needed to raise the livestock that was always important to the operations of Sahuaro Ranch. In early years, horses and mules were the primary source of power for . . . — Map (db m40686) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Dairy Barn — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
Although some cows were probably always kept on the ranch to supply fresh milk and butter, it was not until after Richard W. Smith bought Sahuaro Ranch in 1927 that dairy cows were raised here commercially. At first the Smith family sold only . . . — Map (db m40662) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — The Barnyard — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
The barnyard was the center of activity as Sahuaro Ranch. Horses and mules were stabled, trained, and shoed here. Cattle were brought to the corrals for branding, treatment and shipment. Farm implements and wagons were stored and repaired here. . . . — Map (db m40674) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Oatman — 80 — Oatman Arizona and its Burros
Oatman was founded around 1906 as part of Arizona's richest gold mining area. Oatman was reborn in the late 1960's and early 1970's as a tourist town. The main attraction was the wild burro herd. The burros roaming the Oatman area are descendants of . . . — Map (db m78570) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Oatman — Oatman, ArizonaElevation 2700 Feet
Oatman was founded about 1908. By 1931, the area's mines had produced over 1.8 million ounces of gold. By the mid 1930's, the boom was over and in 1942 the last remaining mines were closed as nonessential to the war effort. Burros first . . . — Map (db m18964) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Desert LifeSaguaro National Park
The Sonoran Desert can be described as a “desert jungle” because more than 200 species of animals and 600 species of plants live here. Saguaros---with their branching arms and accordion-like pleats—dominate this scene. Intermixed . . . — Map (db m83147) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — AQHHMP #8 — Rillito Race TrackAmerican Quarter Horse Historical Marker
This famous track on the banks of the Rillito River was the birthplace of many racing innovations still in use today. The Southern Arizona Horse Breeders Association, the organization that pioneered Quarter Horse Racing in Tucson, had been hosting . . . — Map (db m83215) HM
Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Sonoita — AQHHMP #27 — Sonoita Quarter Horse Show and RacesAmerican Quarter Horse Historical Marker
Seeing whose horse was fastest or who had the best working ranch horse was a natural form of competition for early settlers in Arizona cattle country. So began the race and show tradition at Sonoita. The Sonoita Quarter Horse Show began at the Santa . . . — Map (db m46881) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — Macaw Pen Stone?
Could This Stone Be The Opening to a Macaw Pen? Where Did This Stone Come From? Who Used It? Why Is This Stone at Montezuma Castle? Did the Ancient Sinaguans Possibly Raise Macaws Here? In the 15th century, near modern-day Casa . . . — Map (db m40895) HM
California (Alameda County), Alameda — GPY-140-02 — Clark Memorial BenchMy Dumb Friends Bench
Donated to the city of Alameda in 1920 by Park Avenue resident Isabella Derby Clark, this concrete bench was designed by Myrtle Maillot. Mrs. Clark was a proponent of animal welfare. The inscription "In memory of my dumb friends" is a reference to . . . — Map (db m101553) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — 970 — Rainbow Trout Species Identified
The naming of the Rainbow Trout species was based on fish taken from the San Leandro Creek drainage. In 1855, Dr. W.P. Gibbons, founder of the California Academy of Sciences, was given three specimens obtained from the creek. He described and . . . — Map (db m100566) HM
California (Alameda County), Sunol — Sunol
Named in honor of Antonio Maria Sunol, merchant, naval man and cattlebarron, who acquired a Spanish / Mexican land grant in 1840. Along with the vast ranching and fertile farmlands, coal and gold were found in the Sunol area in the 1870’s. . . . — Map (db m24495) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — City of Antioch War Dog Memorial
You protected us on the field of battle. You watched over our eternal rest. You will not be forgotten. We are forever grateful. Dedicated in memory of Specialist 4th Class George D. (Doug) Deitrick and his scout dog, Egor (75IM), . . . — Map (db m93604) WM
California (Del Norte County), Klamath — Captain Courageous1963 - 1983
The heroic voyage of this crossbreed steer; floating downriver from Klamath Glen and up the coast into Crescent City Harbor, was an inspiration to the flood victims of Klamath. He embodied their courage, stamina, and indomitable spirit. A living . . . — Map (db m91941) HM
California (Humboldt County), Eureka — 2008-9 — Sequoia Park Zoo
Sequoia Park Zoo has been an integral part of Eureka's community since 1907. Founded on land acquired from the Glatt family to be used as a city park, the zoo has provided a home for many cherished animals and fond family memories. For more than a . . . — Map (db m78790) HM
California (Humboldt County), Orick — Big DiamondA Circus Elephant
"Big Diamond", a circus elephant expired near here in 1927. His skinned hulk was buried. Years later, his bones were unearthed and speculation arose about a Humboldt mastodon until investigators were enlightened by people who'd seen the . . . — Map (db m22274) HM
California (Humboldt County), Orick — Madison Grant Forest and Elk RefugeDedicated to the Memory of Madison Grant — 1865-1937
Conservationist, author, anthropologist, a founder of the Save-the-Redwoods League.

This area of 1600 acres, habitat of the last surviving herd in California of Roosevelt Elk is established as a memorial by · De Forest Grant · John D. . . . — Map (db m32569) HM

California (Inyo County), Bishop — The Mule
A hybrid offspring of a male donkey, commonly known as a jackass and a female horse. Characterized by long ears, a braying voice and short mane, this patient and sure footed animal has been used as a beast of burden throughout the world. Its . . . — Map (db m92729) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — The Camels of Fort Tejon
In 1856 the U.S. Army started an experiment using camel for supply transport in the southwest. The camels proved ill suited to the American southwest. In November 1859 a civilian contractor turned over 28 camels to the Army at Fort Tejon. . . . — Map (db m32821) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — The First and Only "Camel Brigade" of the United States Army
The first and only "Camel Brigade" of the United States Army commanded by Lt. Edward E. Beale 1857-1864. San Antonio, Texas to Fort Tejon, California. — Map (db m32820) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Avalon, Catalina Island — The Leaping Tuna(The Thunnus Thynnus or Bluefin Tuna)
The sport of big game fishing originated in Avalon when Charles Frederick Holder caught a 183 pound Blue Fin Tuna with sport fish tackle on June 1, 1898. This angling milestone inspired him to form the Tuna Club of Santa Catalina Island, an . . . — Map (db m49856) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Avalon, Catalina Island — 997 — The Tuna Club of Avalon
The Tuna Club of Avalon marks the birthplace of modern big game sportfishing. In 1898, led by Dr. Charles Frederick Holder, the club's founding members adopted the rules of conduct stressing conservationist ethics and sporting behavior. Today, their . . . — Map (db m49678) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Special DeliveryAutry National Center — Griffith Park
The Pony Express was an ultra-fast but short-lived mail service that ran between the East and West from 1860 to 1861. The roughly 1,900-mile route began in Missouri and passed through Wyoming and Utah before crossing the Sierra Nevada mountain . . . — Map (db m76323) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Pearblossom — The Devil's PunchbowlDepartment of Parks & Recreation — County of Los Angeles
The hills where you stand are a part of one the world's geological wonders, The San Andreas Rift -- A great fault and earthquake zone. __________ Because of the movements along this fault zone, the pink and tan colored punchbowl rocks seen below . . . — Map (db m79148)
California (Los Angeles County), Rancho Palos Verdes — Palos Verdes Peninsula Habitat
The Palos Verdes Peninsula supports a plant community called coastal bluff scrub that contains elements of coastal sage scrub. Coastal sage scrub communities are composed of soft, witty sub-shrubs. Coastal sage scrub seen at this site is dominated . . . — Map (db m81923)
California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Santa Catalina Island
Located approximately 20 miles from the mainland, Santa Catalina Island rises 2000 feet above sea level, approximately 500 feet higher than the Palos Verdes Peninsula. The island is over 20 miles long, making it the longest of the eight California . . . — Map (db m42129) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Wilmington — 169 — Drum Barracks
Established at Wilmington in 1862, Drum Barracks became the United States military headquarters for Southern California, Arizona, and New Mexico. A garrison and base for supplies, it was a terminus for camel pack trains operated by the army until . . . — Map (db m85152) HM
California (Madera County), Madera — Madera Zoo
In the year 1912 a Mr. William King Heiskell built an aviary with its first inhabitants being a green parrot and several species of birds from around the world. The zoo also had several ponds and water fountains and a bandstand. Although the Madera . . . — Map (db m34946) HM
California (Marin County), Inverness — Common MurresPoint Reyes National Seashore
On the rocks and ledges just below here you can often spot common murres. For a good view from this height, binoculars are helpful. If conditions are right you may hear the colony “moaning” as they huddle penguin-like on the rocks. . . . — Map (db m63383) HM
California (Marin County), Point Reyes Station — Sea Life in These WatersGulf of the Farallones & Cordell Band — National Marine Sanctuaries
Some of the world’s richest waters exist right off California’s coast. An explosion of life occurs here due to a combination of the sun’s energy, wind, ocean currents, and contours of the sea floor. Microscopic phytoplankton form the base of the . . . — Map (db m63362) HM
California (Marin County), Point Reyes Station — Whalewatching
Southern Migration
•Mexico to Artic feeding grounds •Pass Point Reyes early March through early May. . . . — Map (db m63360) HM
California (Mariposa County), Yosemite National Park — A Seasonal Lake
Mirror Lake was once regarded by park scientists as a stream-fed lake slowly filling in to become a meadow. As hydrologists have developed a more complex understanding of the water's dynamics, they now theorize that the "lake" is a pool in a . . . — Map (db m81952)
California (Mendocino County), Laytonville — Stable / The Laytonville Baptist Church
Left panel: The Pinches Stable was located here during the late eighteen-hundreds. During that time horses were the key element for travel and people passing through town boarded them here. Right panel: Laytonville's . . . — Map (db m91801) HM
California (Merced County), Los Banos — Henry MillerJuly 21, 1827 - October 14, 1916
There is one description of Henry Miller, California's cattle king, that sums up his contributions to this community: Henry Miller - Founding Father of Los Banos. Born 1827 in Brackenheim, Kingdom of Wurtemberg, Germany, Miller left the family . . . — Map (db m41164) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — Monterey Bay Aquarium / Hovden CanneryThere was a cannery here before the aquarium
The Monterey Bay Aquarium stands on the site of the old Hovden Cannery. In its heyday, the cannery processed tons of sardines every day. But by the 1960s the sardines had disappeared, and the cannery closed its doors in 1972. Now you can see . . . — Map (db m41620) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — The Calamari StoryDedicated to the fishermen of Monterey Bay
Since the early 1900's the Monterey Bay has been one of the principal fishing centers along the Pacific Coast. Today, Monterey's fishermen continue to be major contributors to the nation's supply of squid (calamari). In the early 50's Abalonetti . . . — Map (db m30162) HM
California (Monterey County), Pacific Grove — Hopkins Marine StationHopkins scientists study the biology of the bay
The building across the cove is Hopkins Marine Station. It was the first marine laboratory on the West Coast, founded in 1892. Part of Stanford University, its facilities are dedicated to the study of marine life. What biologists at Hopkins . . . — Map (db m41618) HM
California (Orange County), Dana Point — Don Hansen, Dana Wharf Sportfishing40th Anniversary 1971-2011
In dedication to Don Hansen and Dana Wharf Sportfishing, the first business operating out of Dana Point Harbor. Dana Wharf Sportfishing originated Whale Watching for Orange County and founded the Dana Point Festival of Whales and Dana Point Boat . . . — Map (db m60798) HM
California (Orange County), Mission Viejo — FossilWhale Exhibit
The main exhibit displays a fossil right whale skull in profile. It was recovered from the marine siltstone member of the Capistrano Formation (3.5 to 5 million years old) in the 1970's right here in Mission Viejo. It is a fossil skull from the . . . — Map (db m72036) HM
California (Orange County), Mission Viejo — Whale Fossil
Originally dedicated on June 4, 1977 by the Mission Viejo Cultural and Heritage Association. The Fossil was unearthed in the southern part of the city in 1976, and is a partial skull of a Baleen whale belonging to the Bowhead or right whale . . . — Map (db m72035) HM
California (Orange County), Silverado — 144 — Death of the California Grizzly1908
The Santa Ana Mountains, which encompass the canyons of Silverado, Modjeska and Trabuco, provided one of the last refuges for the state symbol, the Grizzly Bear. At the turn of the century, beekeeping was an important local industry, providing . . . — Map (db m78516) HM
California (Placer County), Foresthill — Old Joe
On the day of July 3, 1901 a stagecoach, driven by Henry Crockett, was on its way to the town of Foresthill when a hooded man appeared with a shotgun and ordered Crockett to stop, to which he replied, “You are only foolin.” At that the . . . — Map (db m667) HM
California (Riverside County), Riverside — War Dog Memorial
. . . — Map (db m54430) HM
California (San Benito County), Pinnacles National Monument — Return to Condor Crags
The rocky spires of Condor Crags are seen rising above you, named by those who once saw California condors soaring over these lofty formations. In 2003, Pinnacles National Monument became part of a cooperative program to restore these endangered . . . — Map (db m41123) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — General Beale Uses Camels
In 1857, under orders to survey a wagon road from New Mexico to California, General Edward Beale followed the 35th parallel to paths opened by Francis Aubry and Lt. A.W. Whipple. Beale’s orders required importation of camels and drivers to . . . — Map (db m50561) HM
California (San Diego County), Pacific Beach — The Ballad of P.B.
Pelican Brown was in search of a home where he could have fun and relax he looked for a beach that was pretty and a sea that was swimming with snacks. He flew up and down the long coastline looking both far and quite near then one . . . — Map (db m84187) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Bum - San Diego’s Official Town Dog / Greyfriars BobbyThe “Tail” of Two Cities – The Brother Dogs Project
Bum San Diego’s Official Town Dog Died November 10, 1898 – Aged 12 Years Loved by everyone – owned by no one. His name suited him because he arrived as a town stowaway, befriended everyone and “bummed” quality food . . . — Map (db m52910) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Bummer and Lazarus
Bummer and Lazarus were two stray dogs who roamed this part of San Francisco in the 1860s. Their devotion to each other endeared them to the citizenry, and the newspapers reported their joint adventures, whether stealing a bone from another dog, . . . — Map (db m58394) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary
Within the ocean swells, beyond the Golden Gate, is an underwater world of astoundingly rich and diverse marine life. Few regions on earth host the multitude of marine species found in the sanctuary’s open waters an estuaries, within its sea floor, . . . — Map (db m63424) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — 861 — Site of First California State Fair
California’s first state fair was held on this site on October 4, 1854. Sponsored by the California State Agricultural Society, the exhibition of “horses, cattle, mules and other stock, and agricultural, mechanical and domestic manufacture and . . . — Map (db m637) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — The San Francisco Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Near this site occurred the incident which led to the formation of The San Francisco Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals on April 8, 1868 ——————————— . . . — Map (db m33538) HM
California (San Luis Obispo County), San Simeon — Point Piedras Blancas, A Recent ColonyThousands Strong and Growing…
Almost Lost Forever In the late 1800s whalers discovered elephant seal blubber yielded extremely high quality oil. Hunted by the thousands for several decades, these animals were thought to be extinct until a small group was found on Guadalupe . . . — Map (db m81694) HM
California (San Mateo County), San Bruno — Seabiscuit
Seabiscuit Born 1933 Sired by Hard Tack – Out of Swing On Owner – Charles S. Howard Jockeys Red Pollard – George Woolf World’s Champion Money Winner to 1938 — Map (db m18406) HM
California (San Mateo County), Woodside — Folger Stable c.1905Folger Estate Stable Historic District
Erected by coffee magnate James A Folger II, and designed by Arthur Brown Jr., who designed the San Francisco Opera House and City Hall, the stable is an example of the so-called "Victorian Gothic Style". Famed for it's decorative elements, it had . . . — Map (db m56579) HM
California (Santa Barbara County), Goleta — Arroyo Hondo Fish Passage & Upstream Habitat RestorationAnother Conservation Project of The Land Trust of Santa Barbara County
Arroyo Hondo creek has the best habitat on the south coast of Santa Barbara County for the endangered Southern California Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss). This native fish spends part of its life in freshwater streams like this one, and part . . . — Map (db m71951)
California (Santa Cruz County), Santa Cruz — Bull and Bear Fights
This is the location of one of the last known bull and bear rings in California, where the animals were placed in a wooden stockade and local settlers would bet on the outcome of their fight. Bull and Bear fights were brought to Santa Cruz by . . . — Map (db m100961) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Tulelake — Raptors - Birds of Prey
This steep cliff of nestholes and crevices overlooks the Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Lava Beds National Monument — fruitful hunting ranges for hawks, falcons, owls, and other birds of prey. A favorable environment here is . . . — Map (db m63657) HM
California (Solano County), Rio Vista — Humphrey the Humpback Whale
Donated to: Rio Vista Chamber of Commerce and City of Rio Vista to remember the visit of Humphrey the Humpback Whale Oct. 10, 1985 - Nov. 4, 1985 Humphrey the Humpback Whale, a mighty whale was he He swam into the Delta, to . . . — Map (db m17189) HM
California (Sonoma County), Glen Ellen — Horse Power and ManureWere Put to Work on London's Beauty Ranch
In the early 1900's, horses were still the main source of power on farms and ranches. They were used for riding, pulling cars, wagons and other heavy farm equipment. Though he owned about 50 horses, Jack London most prized the beautiful and . . . — Map (db m102556) HM
California (Tulare County), Lodgepole Village, Sequoia National Park — Cattle Cabin
This cabin was built by cattlemen who had acquired much of the Giant Forest land for grazing purposes prior to the establishment of Sequoia National Park in 1890. After the park’s establishment, the land was leased to men who supplied meat and milk . . . — Map (db m44338) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Denver City Railway Building1883 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
Originally built as the stables for the Denver City Railway Company in 1883, this building was the birthplace of Denver's Public Transportation system. Horse drawn trolleys, soon replaced by one of America's most extensive cable car networks, . . . — Map (db m97394) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — A Plentiful Harvest
The abundant seeds of piñon and juniper trees draw wildlife to this ecosystem like a magnet. Chipmunks, foxes, piñon mice and squirrels munch the blue or copper-colored juniper berries. The berries last through the winter. They provide food for . . . — Map (db m45982) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Pick a Climate
As you drive up Pikes Peak, you’ll feel it get colder. You’ll also notice that the plants change. See if you can pick out four different life zones on the way to and from the summit. A life zone is a plant and animal community that exists at a . . . — Map (db m45929) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Take a Closer Look...Alpine/Subalpine Life Zone
Alpine and subalpine tundra is the low-growing vegetation found in the “land above the trees.” At this high elevation, the climate is harsh with searing winds, intense sunlight and frigid temperatures that limit the growing season. In . . . — Map (db m45927) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Take a Closer Look...Foothills Life Zone
The foothills of Colorado’s eastern slope form the dramatic meeting place of the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains. In this transition area between the prairie and the mountains, grasslands intermix with scrublands of mountain mahogany and scrub . . . — Map (db m45925) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Take a Closer Look...Montane Life Zone
When artists and photographers portray Colorado’s mountainous beauty, they usually capture the classic views of evergreen forests, stands of quaking aspens, and meadows of brilliant wildflowers. The montane area above 8,000 feet contains just such . . . — Map (db m45926) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Test Your Bird I.Q.
Watch and listen to see how many different birds you can discover on Pikes Peak. From the foothills to the summit, there are about 225 species. This variety is due to the number of habitats on the mountain. Can you match the birds to the habitat? . . . — Map (db m45920) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Welcome to Garden of the Gods Park
The Central Garden Trail is a moderate, one-mile round-trip loop. It is paved and wheelchair accessible. This trail will take you between the towering Gateway Rocks into the heart of Garden of the Gods Park. Along the way you will have the . . . — Map (db m72936) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Play in the Wind
Windy Saddle Park is named for the nearly constant wind currents that can be felt blowing through the foothills. Winds traveling across the plains are forced upward when they hit the Rocky Mountains, and as the air rises, it has enough force to lift . . . — Map (db m46157) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Morrison — Dinosaur RidgeDesignated as part of the Dakota Hogback Natural Area
Designated a Colorado Natural Area in 2002, the Dakota Hogback/Dinosaur Ridge Natural Area in Jefferson County is a crown jewel of statewide, national and international importance. The Dakota Hogback/Dinosaur Ridge Natural Area exemplifies all the . . . — Map (db m80464) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Trinidad — 247 — The Ludlow Massacre - Cultural Frontier / Hispano Colorado - El Moro Country
Panel 1 The Ludlow Massacre By April 1914, the striking coal miners encamped at Ludlow (ten miles northwest of here) had nothing to lose but their lives. Poor, powerless, largely immigrant, they had held out for . . . — Map (db m97716) HM
Colorado (Morgan County), Fort Morgan — Watching River Wildlife
Take a few moments on this spot to explore the South Platte River and the riparian woodland that runs beside it. You'll discover that this ribbon of life is a great place for wildlife watching.

Where the South Platte flows through prairie, farm, . . . — Map (db m47316) HM

Colorado (Pueblo County), Pueblo — 219 — A Highway for the Ages - Trail Days / Palmer's City - Pinon County
Panel 1 A Highway for the Ages Though less famous than the trails that brought American pioneers westward, the north-south route along the foot of the Rockies covers far greater distances in space and in time. This . . . — Map (db m97734) HM
Colorado (Pueblo County), Pueblo — 219 — Pueblo - Trail Days / Industrial Frontier - Pinon County
Panel 1 Pueblo El Pueblo El Pueblo never achieved great commercial success, but one could make a living there. Built in 1842 by traders George Simpson, Matthew Kinkead, Robert Fisher, Jim Beckwourth, and several others, . . . — Map (db m89335) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Julesburg — 223 — Colorado's Wildlife Story
From the eastern prairie to the Rocky Mountains and the western plateau country beyond, Colorado enjoys a rich abundance of wildlife. Protecting this heritage has been a challenge, and Colorado's success is due to the efforts and cooperation of . . . — Map (db m47323) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Julesburg — 223 — Last Days of the Buffalo
For thousands of years, these grasslands have supported tens of millions of buffalo, from the giant species of ancient times to the smaller version of today. As North America's largest land animal, buffalo dominated life on the Great Plains. In . . . — Map (db m47319) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Julesburg — Prairie Home Companions
The semi-arid plains are home to hundreds of wildlife species. but even species specialty adapted for life on the prairie need water to survive. The South Platte River and nearby State Wildlife Areas provide excellent habitat for a variety of wild . . . — Map (db m47373) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Woodland Park — Black (and sometimes brown) Bear
The bears that live on Pikes Peak are Black Bears and have been seen in shades of cinnamon to dark brown. They stand approximately 3 feet tall at the shoulder and eat mostly berries, nuts and leaves. Before winter hits, bears eat almost constantly . . . — Map (db m45772) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Woodland Park — Don’t kill them with kindnessFeeding wild animals on the mountain does more harm than good.
You can help the Peak’s wild animals by not feeding them. “Can one chip hurt?” you may wonder. Yes it can, when multiplied by 2,000 visitors per summer day. Then when the summer’s over, the animals are without their junk food . . . — Map (db m45844) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Woodland Park — Elk CountryA Majestic Head Dress
When snow falls and cold winds blow, elk lose their antlers. Elk drop and re-grow antlers each year while bighorn sheep wear their horns for life. The antler cycle begins when the previous season’s antlers, now useless, break off. Soon skull bumps . . . — Map (db m45774) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Woodland Park — Tricky AffairsThe porcupine’s perfect defense
The porcupine defends itself with between 15,000 and 30,000 needle-sharp quills. Each quill has barbs that flair out from the shaft that resist being pulled out, but also work themselves in. When challenged, the porcupine simply puts its head . . . — Map (db m45773) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Norwalk — The Birds
While the Mill Pond Restoration Project created a better environment for animals under the water, the creatures that we can see benefiting are the birds. A variety of feathered species are drawn here by the edible plant material and the . . . — Map (db m53484) HM
Connecticut (New Haven County), Ansonia — Anna Sewell Memorial Fountain
. . . — Map (db m25543) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Whaling in New London
Human relationship with sea mammals has evolved through the past 300 years. Oil from whales and seals was exploited, yet essential to developing our industrial revolution in the 19th century. The wealth accumulated from whaling was invested in . . . — Map (db m48186) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Port Penn — Wetland WaysBob Beck: Preserver of Port Penn Traditions
Port Penn is a community connected to its wetland landscape. Seasonal changes bring about changes in the lifestyles of Port Penners themselves. Autumn waterfowl hunting and winter muskrat trapping lead into spring shad runs and summer sturgeon . . . — Map (db m10438) HM
Delaware (Sussex County), Lewes — Delaware’s Beachnesters
Each spring, upon arrival from their Central and South American wintering grounds, Delaware beachnesters establish colonies and take part in courtship rituals. The birds lay their eggs in shallow nests scraped into the sand mostly between the dunes . . . — Map (db m94322) HM
Delaware (Sussex County), Lewes — The Osprey
The Osprey or Fish Hawk is found April through October in both salt and freshwater areas of the state. Almost as large as a Bald Eagle, the Osprey looks like a cross between a hawk and a gull.

Osprey can spot fish from extreme heights. . . . — Map (db m94323) HM

District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .1 — Market Space: Yesterday’s Town SquareCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“Hay for the horses, produce for the table, live chickens for the pot, and a hat for your head.” All this and more could be had right here during the Civil War. The triangular area just ahead to your left was called Major Space. . . . — Map (db m27529) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — GW's River Horse — [Lisner Auditorium]
Legend has it that the Potomac was once home to these wondrous beasts. George and Martha Washington are even said to have watched them cavort in the river shallows from the porch of their beloved Mount Vernon on summer evenings. Credited . . . — Map (db m46980) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Forest Hills — Herring HighwayRock Creek Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Peirce Mill Dam was completed in 1906 to create a scenic waterfall on Rock Creek. Since its construction, the dam has prevented spawning herring and other migratory and resident fish from swimming further upstream. A Denil fishway was installed in . . . — Map (db m70670) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Herring Highway
Each spring a miraculous journey begins in the Atlantic Ocean. Blueback herring, Alewife, and other migratory fish swim to Rock Creek by way of the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River. Members of the herring family come to Rock Creek to spawn. Since . . . — Map (db m40381) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Spencer Fullerton Baird — 1823 - 1887
Second Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution Pioneer in American Natural History [on reverse of statue:] ("Opus, Baskin, 1976") — Map (db m46418) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Woodley Park — Black and Gray SquirrelsA historic tale of animal rescue — Backyard Biology
"We ask every American to lend a hand to save Silver-Tail" -- William Temple Hornaday (1913) When the gray squirrel nearly disappeared The gray squirrel once was considered such a pest that bounties were put on it. In 1749, . . . — Map (db m67836) HM
Florida (Broward County), Pompano Beach — F-470 — Silver Thatch Mounted Beach Patrol
The recreation area encompassed by Colony Club Road, during World War II, was the site of the corrals and paddocks for the United States Coast Guard’s Silver Thatch Mounted Beach Patrol. The mounted beach patrol protected the coast from U-boat . . . — Map (db m100404) HM
Florida (Collier County), Ochopee — The Cypress Swamp
The watery forest was born from a slow-moving creek whose waters rise and fall year after year, flooding the shallow banks and then withdrawing.

Here brown waters reflect the tall trees, Spanish-moss and clouds in the sky. Alligators, birds . . . — Map (db m100647)

Florida (Hillsborough County), Plant City — Cow CavalryIn Memory — Co. B 1st Battalion       Fl. Special Cavalry C. S. A.
(Front face)1863 - 1865 Erected by Plant City Chapter #1931 United Daughters of the Confederacy November 17, 2007 By 1863 the Confederate Army was suffering severe food shortages. Capt. John T. Lesley was commissioned to recruit from . . . — Map (db m46292) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — In the Beginning...Uncle Sam Chooses Tampa for Base in 1939
On July 14, 1939, the Tampa Morning Tribune announced the war department's decision to build the "Southeast Air Base" in Tampa. The land selected was a 6000 acre marshy area known as Catfish Point. As part of President Roosevelt's New Deal Program, . . . — Map (db m34118) HM
Florida (Manatee County), Bradenton — The Florida Cracker Trail
This point is the western terminus of the Florida Cracker Trail designated by the Florida State Legislature in 1987. The Cracker Trail follows an east/west route across the State of Florida that has existed since approximately 1850. This trail was . . . — Map (db m43076) HM
Florida (Marion County), Salt Springs — William Bartram TrailTraced 1773 - 1777 — Deep South Region
In 1774, William Bartram visited Salt Springs, his six-mile springs, and proclaimed it a "Paradise of Fish" — Map (db m48682) HM
Florida (Monroe County), Key West — Audubon House
Captain John H. Geiger, skilled pilot and master wrecker, built this house in 1830. It is typical of the era when, in 1832, the famed naturalist, John James Audubon, visited Key West to study and sketch the birds of the Florida Keys. On March 18, . . . — Map (db m81832) HM
Florida (Monroe County), Key West — The Dry Tortugas, Home to a Myriad of LifeDry Tortugas National Park
These coral islands surrounded by warm water are ideal habitats for birds, turtles, shellfish, coral, fish, and other form of ocean life. Nearby Bush Key is a spectacle of sooty and noddy terns during their March to September nesting season. View . . . — Map (db m100242)
Florida (Orange County), Lake Buena Vista — Tyrannosaurus Rex“Sue”
This fossil cast is an exact replica of “Sue”, the most complete Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton ever found. Named for her discoverer, Sue was found in South Dakota on August 12, 1990. Sue is 90% complete, a fossil find of enormous importance . . . — Map (db m76896) HM
Florida (Santa Rosa County), Bagdad — Animals Along the Blackwater River
When William Bartram rode on horseback through the upper Florida peninsula in 1744, much of his journey was through longleaf pine forests. The landscape of the peninsula has changed since this exploratory journey, and many animal species native to . . . — Map (db m100321) HM
Florida (Santa Rosa County), Bagdad — The Ecology of the Blackwater River
The Blackwater River begins in Bradley, Alabama, and winds approximately 60 miles before reaching Blackwater Bay. Three major tributaries—Big Juniper Creek, Big Coldwater Creek, and Pond Creek—feed the river. The Florida Legislature . . . — Map (db m100309) HM
Florida (Sarasota County), Venice — 1926 Article From "Venice News"
"It's a mammoth," voiced Dr. J. W. Gidley, Paleontologist of the Smithsonian Institute, 15 minutes after he first saw the fossil tusks and jaw bone of the prehistoric monster found in Venice. The size of the tusks indicates that it probably stood 14 . . . — Map (db m32747) HM
Florida (Volusia County), Port Orange — Bongoland
Several attempts were made to operate Dunlawton Plantation as a tourist attraction in the the 1950's Dr. Perry Sperber leased the premises from J. Saxon Lloyd for a park to display prehistoric monsters and had a number of replicas, molded in . . . — Map (db m34878) HM
Florida (Volusia County), Port Orange — Historic Sugar Cane Machinery
Animal powered rollers, used to crush sugar cane, came from the Samuel Williams Plantation. This Plantation was destroyed by the Indians and never rebuilt. — Map (db m46552) HM
Florida (Volusia County), Port Orange — Spanish Mills and Bongoland
After the 1850s, Dunlawton's days as a serious sugar venture were through. John Marshall moved away, tried to rid himself of the Florida plantation, and finally snared a buyer in 1871. His successors included Charles Dougherty (a noted . . . — Map (db m46551) HM
Florida (Volusia County), South Daytona — Giant Ground Sloth
On this site in 1975 was found the best preserved and most complete giant ground sloth ever found in North America. The sloth weighed three to five tons, stood thirteen feet tall and was a vegetarian. An estimated fifty species of animals were . . . — Map (db m45449) HM
Georgia (Bryan County), Richmond Hill — Tom CatGarrison Mascot
The sole Confederate fatality after seven hours of intensive bombardment on March 3, 1863, by the monitors PASSAIC (Capt. Percival Drayton), NAHANT, and PATAPSCO, supported by the MONTAUK, the WISSAHICKON, the SENECA, the DAWN, the FLAMBEAU, the . . . — Map (db m13038) HM
Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — The Great Dane Dog
The symbol of our company since 1931, the Great Dane dog is the most elegant and distinguished of the giant type dog. A true Great Dane breed is spirited and courageous, yet always friendly and dependable. These special attributes coupled . . . — Map (db m13335) HM
Georgia (Cherokee County), Canton — 028-5 — Crescent Farm Rock Barn
The Crescent Farm Rock Barn was constructed in 1906 by Augustus (Gus) Lee Coggins. One of a rare number of rock barns constructed in Georgia, the Rock Barn, together with the nearby Georgian Revival style main house, constitutes the core of the . . . — Map (db m11491) HM
Georgia (Clinch County), Homerville — Guest Mill PondHome of the World’s Record Jack Fish
9lbs. 6oz. 31 inches long Landed by Baxley McQuaig, Jr. February 17, 1961 On a Johnson’s Spoon — Map (db m53283) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — North Atlantic Right WhaleMother and Calf Georgia's State Marine Mammal
In February of 1984, an expedition launched from St. Simons Island discovered the calving grounds of the North Atlantic Right Whale. Female whales give birth in nearby coastal waters during the winter months; But the young calves and their . . . — Map (db m55024) HM
Georgia (Hancock County), Sparta — “July” 1858The Original July Foxhound
In July 1858 an Irish Foxhound arrived in Georgia as a gift from the noted hunter, Nimrod Gosnell of Roxbury Mills, Maryland to Colonel Miles G. Harris of Hancock County. The male puppy was named “July.” Col. Harris invited fox hunters . . . — Map (db m9486) HM
Georgia (Muscogee County), Columbus — Fit for Man and Beast
This watering fountain at Broadway and 10th Street represents the last one of several located in each block down Broadway. It is Columbus' oldest public fountain, dating back to the earliest days of the city. Called the Man and Beast fountain, it . . . — Map (db m22376) HM
Georgia (Telfair County), Jacksonville — 134-4 — World Record Bass
Approximately two miles from this spot, on June 2, 1932, George W. Perry, a 19-year old farm boy, caught was to become America`s most famous fish. The twenty-two pound four ounce largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoldes) exceeded the existing record . . . — Map (db m57147) HM
Hawaii (Hawaii County), Kailua-Kona — A Sanctuary for Humpback WhalesHawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary — Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
The sanctuary lies within the shallow, warm waters surrounding the main Hawaiian Islands and is one of the world’s most important humpback whale habitats. Most of the North Pacific humpback whale population migrates nearly 3,000 miles to Hawaiian . . . — Map (db m72000) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Waimanalo — Wolphin Kekaimalu"Peaceful Sea" — Sea Life Park
A hybrid between a False Killer Whale & Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin. Born May 15, 1985. She shows her whale heritage in her dark coloration, bodylength, width, and large teeth. Her profile is unique blend of both parents with a short, . . . — Map (db m82138) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Hawaiian Goose or Nene (Nay-NayHaleakala National Park
The Nene is a native Hawaiian Goose that lives in the wild on the islands of Hawaii and Maui. This rare State bird is believed to have descended from the Canada Goose, and isolated on these islands for thousands of years, it has evolved into a . . . — Map (db m71754) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Pa Ka'oao White Hill TrailHaleakala National Park
The trail climbs to the top of a volcanic cinder cone for views of the Haleakala Wilderness Area and the highest peaks of the Big Island. At first glance the trail environment seems nothing but barren rock. Yet these rocks are living habitat for . . . — Map (db m71765) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Ranch WallHaleakala National Park
This ranch wall stacked stone by stone in the late 1800s, represents an investment in the land. Stretching for two miles, it guided cattle through the harsh landscape of Haleakala to pasture lands on the east and west sides of Maui. The ranching era . . . — Map (db m71762) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Kula — Wind, Wave and Wings-Oodemas maulense-Haleakala National Park
The Hawaiian Islands are very isolated. Colonizing species arrived, against overwhelming odds, by wind, waves, or wings as a small group or flock, or even just a single individual. A species survival depended upon ability to find suitable food and . . . — Map (db m71756) HM
Hawaii (Maui County), Wailuku — Master NavigatorsMaui Ocean Center
Navigators! Visually, the open ocean is a featureless environment. This makes it difficult to use sight for navigation. Hammerhead sharks can travel vast distances across the ocean by detecting electromagnetic fields around the Earth. . . . — Map (db m71861) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Get over it!Craters of the Moon National Monument
“To understand the West, you have to get over the color green; you have to quit associating beauty with gardens and lawns…” Wallace Stegner. What was drinking up 80% of the water used in this park? Lawns. *Planting lawns . . . — Map (db m70600) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), Salmon — The Dog of Discovery
Inscribed on his collar: "The greatest traveler of my species. My name is Seaman, the dog of Captain Meriwether Lewis, whom I accompanied to Pacifick Ocean through the interior of the continent of North America." This statue is . . . — Map (db m59654) HM
Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Tri-State Business Center
Quincy's brewers and brick makers, contractors and coopers, foundry and factory workers, and diverse other tradesmen made this Mississippi River community an important center of commerce in Lincoln's day. Quincy's businessmen, whose . . . — Map (db m57883) HM
Illinois (McHenry County), Union — Railroad Cats
Cats have been a part of the railroad scene almost since the first rails were laid. Many railroad facilities, such as yard offices, rural stations, and interlocking towers, have had resident cats who have adopted (or let themselves be adopted by) . . . — Map (db m39224) HM
Illinois (Menard County), Petersburg — AQHHMP #4 — Peter McCueAmerican Quarter Horse Historical Marker
Peter McCue was one of the greatest sires of the American Quarter Horse breed. Sired by Dan Tucker out of Nora M, he was foaled at Samuel Watkins' Little Grove Stock Farm on February 23, 1895. The 16-hand bay horse had tremendous speed. Watkins . . . — Map (db m78610) HM
Illinois (Richland County), Olney — Robert Ridgway and "Bird Haven"
Robert Ridgway, leading American ornithologist, was born at Mount Carmel, Illinois, on July 2, 1850. As a youth he became interested in birds and sketched many specimens around his home. At the age of seventeen, he was appointed zoologist on a . . . — Map (db m99118) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Animal Problems
Cultural differences made it hard for citizens to agree on animal control policies. Well into the 1850's hogs freely roamed the streets, contesting the walkways with pedestrians, rooting up sidewalk planks, and creating smelly "how . . . — Map (db m57077) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln's Carriage Maker
Lincoln brought his buggy to Obed Lewis for servicing at his shop on the north side of Monroe Street between Sixth and Seventh Streets. When Lincoln first arrived in Springfield riding a borrowed horse he wondered at the "great deal of . . . — Map (db m57164) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln's Horse
When Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, on April 9, 1865,joyous citizens decorated Lincoln's horse, Old Bob, with flags and led him triumphantly through the streets of . . . — Map (db m48553) HM
Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — Miami Legend of the Sandhill Crane
Long before settlers appeared on the scene, the American Indian people here used the sandhill crane as a symbol for their tribe. Early British and American officials referred to the people we know as Miami as “Twightwees” in various . . . — Map (db m17068) HM
Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — Pirogue Landing
Terminal point where French-Canadian boats, hollowed from 30-60 foot poplar logs, brought families and cargo up the Maumee River from Toledo and Detroit, and returned furs to Lake Erie in exchange for traders' supplies, from the late 1700's until . . . — Map (db m16957) HM
Indiana (Benton County), Oxford — 04.1999.1 — Dan Patch
Side One Standard-bred colt (sire Joe Patchen, dam Zelica) foaled 1896 Oxford, Benton County; raised by Daniel A. Messner, Jr. on this farm. A natural pacer, trained for harness racing, a very popular sport in late 1800's and early 1900's. . . . — Map (db m8546) HM
Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.1999.1 — Buffalo Trace Route
American Bison, migrating in great herds, created a cluster of paths along the natural topography between Illinois prairies and salt licks in Kentucky. These paths, called the Buffalo Trace, used by Native Americans and became premier travel route . . . — Map (db m71282) HM
Indiana (Harrison County), Corydon — Harrison County (Indiana) Fair
Oldest continuous County Fair existing in Indiana. First fair held Sept. 11 - 14, 1860. Citizens met jan. 1860, organized Harrison County Agricultural Society, adopted constitution which with amendments governs yet today. Ground purchased Mar. 1860 . . . — Map (db m9634) HM
Indiana (Parke County), Marshall — 61.1968.4 — Turkey Run
Little Ned Garland, son of the first family to settle in Indiana North of the 10 O’clock Line, is said to have named the stream below this cliff because wild turkeys roosted in trees within this chasm. — Map (db m3673) HM
Indiana (Pike County), Petersburg — 63.1966.1 — The Buffalo Trace
Crossed White River at a nearby ford. It was made by migrating buffalo herds. The trace ran from Vincennes to Louisville and was the only through trail in pioneer days. — Map (db m23217) HM
Indiana (St. Joseph County), Mishawaka — Mishawaka Fish Ladder
St. Joseph River Trout and Salmon Project The Mishawaka Fish ladder is an integral part of the St. Joseph River Trout and Salmon Project. This Project was conceived in the 1970's by the Indiana and Michigan Departments of Natural . . . — Map (db m76352) HM
Indiana (Wabash County), Wabash — Thomas F. Payne / Modoc
(Side One) Thomas F. Payne The New Bradley Building Thomas Payne constructed this historic building in 1868 for a woodworking and furniture shop that was without equal within 100 miles. In 1920, the Bradley family, with architect . . . — Map (db m76493) HM
Iowa (Clayton County), McGregor — Bat Caves
Cave History Workers for the Hagensieck brewery created these cave openings around 1867 using picks, shovels and blasting powder. They used the caves to store ice and beer until the brewery closed in 1888. Hundreds of bats used the caves . . . — Map (db m46742) HM
Iowa (Page County), Clarinda — Historical GoldenrodBirthplace of 4H

Originated in 1901 by Jessie Field Shambaugh — Map (db m88092) HM

Iowa (Page County), Shenandoah — W. Eugene LloydShenandoah, Iowa

Founded Lloyd Laboratories — Map (db m87669) HM

Iowa (Pottawattamie County), Council Bluffs — The National Humane Alliance Fountain
. . . — Map (db m94000) HM
Kansas (Allen County), Humboldt — Abel Secrest
Farmer Abel Secrest was shot by Confederates Oct. 14, 1861 after refusing to give up his mules. — Map (db m57471) HM
Kansas (Atchison County), Atchison — "walked on Shore above this Creek"
"...Capt. Lewis walked on Shore above this Creek and discovered a high moun from the top of which he had an extensive view, 3 paths Concentering at the moun..." William Clark July 4, 1804 The U.S. Army expedition led by Captains Meriwether . . . — Map (db m44812) HM
Kansas (Barton County), Claflin — Prey and PlayHunting and Wildlife Watching Along the Byway

For thousands of years, Native Americans relied on this region's wildlife for sustenance. Early settlers, too, depended on bison, deer, and birds drawn to the region's reliable water and forage.

As settlements expanded, unregulated . . . — Map (db m95699) HM

Kansas (Barton County), Claflin — Wetlands & Wildlife National Scenic Byway

When you think of Kansas, what pops into your mind? Prairie? Wheat? Dorothy? The Wetlands & Wildlife National Scenic Byway will forever reshape your image of this part of the "Sunflower State." This 77-mile Byway connects two of the world's . . . — Map (db m95731) HM

Kansas (Barton County), Claflin — Wings Over the WaterMiracles of Migration

"The stork in the heavens knoweth her appointed time; and the turtle dove, and the crane, and the swallow, observed the time of their coming" —Jeremiah (8:7)

For thousands of years, we have marveled at bird migration. How . . . — Map (db m95728) HM

Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — "A Rallying Point for the Indians"
No one actually knows how Pawnee Rock was named. Josiah Gregg, who had been over the Santa Fe Trail eight times beginning in 1831, wrote: the attention of the traveller is directed to the ‘Pawnee Rock' so called, it is said, on account of a . . . — Map (db m64243) HM
Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — “One of the Grandest Sights Ever Beheld”
Standing here 175 years ago Santa Fe Trail travelers looked out over a sea of grass. About three miles to the south a line of timber marked the Arkansas River which meandered across the prairie. A few plum thickets dotted the landscape, and an . . . — Map (db m64203) HM
Kansas (Barton County), Pawnee Rock — “One of the Grandest Sights Ever Beheld”
Standing here 175 years ago Santa Fe Trail travelers looked out over a sea of grass. About three miles to the south a line of timber marked the Arkansas River which meandered across the prairie. A few plum thickets dotted the landscape, and an . . . — Map (db m64205) HM
Kansas (Butler County), Beaumont — Livestock in the Flint HillsBeaumont Historical Marker
The Flint Hills of Kansas are the last remnant of the great Tallgrass Prairie that once stretched from Texas to the Great Lakes. The calcium rich soil of the Flint Hills is renowned for its capacity to quickly fatten cattle in the spring. . . . — Map (db m60721) HM
Kansas (Cheyenne County), St. Francis — Cherry Creek Encampment, 1864-65Last Buffalo
These iron sculptures by Todie Zweygardt are in memory of the Cheyenne and other Indians, survivors of the 29 Nov. 1864 Massacre at Sand Creek, Colo., who fled to this Cherry Creek Valley, remaining until joined by forces of there Plains tribes for . . . — Map (db m78887) HM
Kansas (Dickinson County), Abilene — 30 — Historic Abilene
At the end of the Civil War when millions of longhorns were left on the plains of Texas without a market, the Union Pacific was building west across Kansas. Joseph McCoy, an Illinois stockman, believed these cattle could be herded north for . . . — Map (db m43945) HM
Kansas (Dickinson County), Abilene — Texas Cattle Trail
. . . — Map (db m49331) HM
Kansas (Dickinson County), Abilene — The Old Chisholm Trail
This post commemorates and marks the first terminus of the old Chisholm Cattle Trail, which extended from Brownsville, Texas, some 1,000 miles to the south. This post is identical to 400 Trail posts placed across Oklahoma (Indian Territory) by Bob . . . — Map (db m49632) HM
Kansas (Doniphan County), Wathena — "Espyd. a wolf"
"...towards the Evening a many Espyd. a wolf lying a Sleep with the Noise of the Oars Racing he awoke Stood to know what was a comeing..." Sergeant Joseph Whitehouse July 7, 1804 The Corps of Discovery, a United States Army expedition . . . — Map (db m55965) HM
Kansas (Ellis County), Hays — Monarch of the Plains
Herds of 60 million buffalo once roamed the prairie until reduced to 300 and near extinction. They were the basis of Indian economy; food for the emigrant, railroad worker and soldier. — Map (db m59713) HM
Kansas (Ellsworth County), Ellsworth — 89 — Ellsworth, the Cowtown and Fort
When the Union Pacific built through here in 1867 this was buffalo country. As the engines chugged on west, the Hays newspaper reported: "Passengers on the cars between here and Ellsworth have almost daily fine sport shooting at buffalo, immense . . . — Map (db m53550) HM
Kansas (Ellsworth County), Ellsworth — 101 — Historic Kansas
The rolling land in this area was once sheep country, but now cattle roam here. These stone fence posts found are examples of the many still in use in this portion of Kansas. In an area where wood for posts was scarce, settlers used the materials at . . . — Map (db m88765) HM
Kansas (Ellsworth County), Ellsworth — 7 — Kansas Pacific StockyardsHistorical Plaza Walking Tour Stop 7
The stockyards were to your left on the location of today's old CK elevator. The photo to the left was actually taken from a location west of here. It shows scattered buildings in the background. Ellsworth was slowly growing to the north. In . . . — Map (db m54123) HM
Kansas (Ellsworth County), Ellsworth — 11 — The Plaza (1873)Historic Plaza Walking Tour Stop 11
View of the Plaza looking west. The Grand Central Hotel (9) is on the right. The depot (14) is in the center of the Plaza and the Drovers Cottage (5) can be seen in the distance just to the left side of the depot. Had you been standing here on a . . . — Map (db m54110) HM
Kansas (Finney County), Garden City — Charles Jesse "Buffalo" Jones
[Panel 1] Immortalized by author Zane Grey in his book, “The Last of the Plainsmen,” is listed in the National Archives as one of the “Preservers of the American Bison,” and his colorful, many-faceted career spanned . . . — Map (db m65886) HM
Kansas (Ford County), Dodge City — Charles Rath
Frontiersman Buffalo Hunter and Hide Swapper Indian Trader Co-owner Chas. Rath & Co. General Store and Hide Company — Map (db m65307) HM
Kansas (Ford County), Dodge City — Dodge City, a railroad town
For decades, Dodge City's existence was tied to the railroad. When the first train arrived on the newly-laid Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad tracks in September 1872, stacks of buffalo hides were already waiting to be transported to eastern . . . — Map (db m65283) HM
Kansas (Ford County), Dodge City — Dodge City, full of excitement
The first structure built on the future site of Dodge City was a three-room sod house. Constructed by Henry L. Sitler, it was near the dusty ruts of the Santa Fe Trail, approximately 500 feet southwest of where you now stand. The "soddie" was . . . — Map (db m65273) HM
Kansas (Ford County), Dodge City — El Capitan
This statue commemorates the Texas Longhorn that gave Dodge City its place in history as "Queen of the Cowtowns." The Longhorns are descendants of Spanish cattle brought to Mexico in the 16th century. Between 1875 and 1886, over 4 million head . . . — Map (db m65271) HM
Kansas (Ford County), Dodge City — From 'Cattle Capital' to modern city
In the mid 1880s, economic factors contributed to a change in Dodge City's character. The cowtown era ended with the last Texas cattle drives in 1885. Two severe blizzards in that period destroyed the local range cattle industry. At the same . . . — Map (db m65356) HM
Kansas (Ford County), Dodge City — Longhorn cattle arrive
Dodge City became the buffalo-hunting capital of the world soon after it was founded in 1872. Within three years, however, the buffalo herds were depleted to the point that Dodge needed a new source of income. Longhorn cattle filled that need. . . . — Map (db m65274) HM
Kansas (Ford County), Dodge City — My Trails Have Become Your Highways
Seven million head of longhorns marketed from Dodge City [18]70's - [18]80's Lest We Forget Modeled by O.H. Simpson, D.D.S. — Map (db m65363) HM
Kansas (Geary County), Fort Riley — "Duty"
Artist - James Nathan Muir A tribute to the Cavalrymen and their Horses who so faithfully served our Nation Dedicated October 2003 — Map (db m74341) HM
Kansas (Geary County), Fort Riley — East Riding HallConstructed 1889
Used as an indoor training arena by mounted troops, the Cavalry School, and the U.S. Olympic Equestrian Team and for horse shows and polo games until 1948. — Map (db m66651) HM
Kansas (Geary County), Fort Riley — In Memory of Civil War Horses and Mules
In memory of the one and one half million horses and mules of the Union and Confederate armies who were killed were wounded, or died from disease in the Civil War Reverse Sculpture by Tessa Pullan 1996 Gift to the . . . — Map (db m88994) WM

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