“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Animals Historical Markers

1121 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 921
William Bartram (April 20, 1739 – July 22, 1823) image, Touch for more information
By Public Domain (PD-US)
William Bartram (April 20, 1739 – July 22, 1823)
Alabama (Clarke County), Rockville — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, America’s first native born artist-naturalist, passed through Clarke County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain’s King George . . . — Map (db m101568) HM
Alabama (Coffee County), Enterprise — Boll Weevil MonumentDecember 11, 1919
In profound appreciation of the Boll Weevil and what it has done as the Herald of Prosperity this monument was erected by the Citizens of Enterprise, Coffee County, Alabama — Map (db m30306) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Welcome!Natchez Trace Parkway
The Natchez Trace Parkway is designed to encourage leisurely exploration of the history and beauty of Old Southwest. Here are a few pointers to make your trip more enjoyable. Regulations and Safety Obey posted speed limits. Be alert for . . . — Map (db m107254)
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Wet, Wild, and Wonderful
Alabama’s Winter Waterfowl The Tennessee River Valley is the winter home for thousands of waterfowl. These birds migrate from across the northern US and Canada down through the center of the continent to the Tennessee River. Careful . . . — Map (db m107253) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Muscle Shoals — Birds of North Alabama
Many Kinds of Birds Call North Alabama Home The northern tier of Alabama has two distinct landforms-the Tennessee River Valley and the Appalachian Plateau. A variety of terrain provides wonderful birding habitat and offers excellent . . . — Map (db m106183) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Muscle Shoals — Explore the River
Just downstream from Wilson Dam lies a series of trails maintained by the Tennessee Valley Authority. Starting at the Visitor Center, explore the trails as they meander along the riverbank and through the forest

1.Wilson Dam Visitor Center . . . — Map (db m106186) HM

Alabama (Colbert County), Muscle Shoals — Gulls Glorious Gulls
Gulls are a Diverse and Fascinating Group of Birds Popularly known as sea gulls, these birds actually occur at the seashore and far inland as well. Each winter thousands of gulls gather along the Tennessee River. Three species form the . . . — Map (db m106184) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Muscle Shoals — Home Sweet HomeHeron Rookery
Scan the wooded island just across the Tennessee River for numerous bundles of sticks scattered through the canopy. These bulky structures are the nest of Great Blue Herons. Dozens of these nests are scattered across the island, and each year Great . . . — Map (db m106179) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Muscle Shoals — Muscle Shoals National Recreational Trail
The Muscle Shoals National Recreational Trail complex is a 17-mile paved and primitive trail and bikeway for public use located on TVA’s Muscle Shoals Reservation. This National Recreation Trail System connects numerous historical sites including . . . — Map (db m106117) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — Forest Elders
Escape to an Earlier Time The giant trees of Northern Alabama's mature forest have stood throughout generations, witnessing considerable natural, historical, and cultural changes. Some probably witnessed the Civil War while others only date . . . — Map (db m106178) HM
Alabama (Cullman County), Cullman — Birds of Alabama
Birdwatching is a popular hobby for many in Alabama. Not only are birds fun to watch, but they also tell us a lot about environmental health.

Pileated Woodpecker • Red-tailed Hawk • Yellow-bellied Sapsucker • Cardinal • Bluebird • American . . . — Map (db m106103) HM

Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Missing Pieces
"We by-and-by discovered...a pair of those splendid birds, the Ivory-billed Woodpeckers (Picus principalis). They were engaged in rapping some tall dead pines, in a dense part of the forest, which rang with their loud notes." . . . — Map (db m112801) HM
Alabama (Jackson County), Stevenson — Wet, Wild, and Wonderful
Alabama’s Winter Waterfowl The Tennessee River Valley is the winter home for thousands of waterfowl. These birds migrate from across the northern US and Canada down through the center of the continent to the Tennessee River. Careful . . . — Map (db m106298) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Lane Park
In 1822 William Pullen, Revolutionary War veteran, acquired this land from the Federal Government for farming. In 1889 his heirs sold the land to the City of Birmingham for use as the New Southside Cemetery which operated from 1889 to 1909 with . . . — Map (db m27096) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Florence, Alabama
Side A The Forks of Cypress plantation was established in 1818 by James and Sarah Jackson. Its home, believed the design of William Nichols, was one of Alabama's great houses, featuring perhaps the earliest peristyle colonnades in America. . . . — Map (db m83975) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — James JacksonCity of Florence Walk of Honor
Often referred to as the most successful breeder of thoroughbred horses in America, James Jackson imported Glencoe and Leviathan to the U.S. in the early 1800's, leaving a permanent imprint on both the breed and American racing history. — Map (db m38649) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Rogersville — Return of a Native
When the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources began a Bald Eagle Restoration Project in 1984, Bald Eagles had not successfully nested in Alabama since 1949. Thanks to these restoration efforts, Bald Eagle populations increased . . . — Map (db m107997) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Waterloo — A Gathering of Eagles
When the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources began a Bald Eagle Restoration Project in 1984, Bald Eagles had not successfully nested in Alabama since 1949. Thanks to these restoration efforts, Bald Eagle populations increased . . . — Map (db m105709) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Waterloo — Mud Glorious Mud
Birds Come From All Directions to Enjoy the Tasty Treats Hidden Beneath the Mud In the late summer. fall, and winter, reservoir levels in the Tennessee River Valley drop drastically to expose areas of mudflats. although unsightly to some, theses . . . — Map (db m105713) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — A Significant Forest
A Special Place: for People and Birds The forest of Bankhead have been here for many generations, witnessing considerable natural, historical and cultural changes. This area was home to native Americans for many years. The pioneers who live . . . — Map (db m107295) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Birds of North Alabama
Many Kinds of Birds Call North Alabama Home The northern tier of Alabama has several district landforms including the Tennessee River Valley and the southern Cumberland Plateau. The variety of terrain and the large expanse of forest in the . . . — Map (db m107297) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Explore the Forest
Discover the Incredible Variety of Habitats and Birds in the Bankhead National Forest 1. Walston Ridge Road The road along Walston Ridge provides a variety of forest habitats. Prescribed fire maintains the open oak-pine woodlands. . . . — Map (db m107294) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Ms. Baker: Monkeynaut
Able, an American-born rhesus monkey, and Baker a South American squirrel monkey, where launched on May 28, 1959, aboard an Army Jupiter missile. Launched in the nose cone, the two animals were carried to a 300-mile altitude, and both were recovered . . . — Map (db m98202) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Spring Migration
Returning Home in the Spring Each year millions of North American birds return from their southern wintering quarters in south and Central America. The returns of these birds heralds the arrival of spring and perhaps the most exciting time in a . . . — Map (db m106293) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — An Unheralded Breed of Soldier
Let all who read these words of gratitude and praise know that tens of thousands of America's fighting men and women owe their lives to the deeds and courage of war dogs and their handlers. Further, let it be known that many breeds of dogs, large . . . — Map (db m74162) HM WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Remount Depot / Keyton Station
Side 1 Remount Depot During World War I, in the summer of 1917 the U.S. Army opened a remount depot here to buy horses and mules for Camp Sheridan's 27,000-man 37th Division from Ohio. Despite the introduction of motor transport . . . — Map (db m71340) HM
Alabama (Sumter County), Gainesville — Woodbury
Earliest known Morgan Horse in Alabama and one of the three major stallion sons sired by Justin Morgan, foundation sire of the breed. Woodbury was foaled in 1816 in Vermont, where he remained until sold to Norman Bugbee of Gainesville, Alabama, . . . — Map (db m69710) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — A Prickly WorldAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Some Points about Quills: *Porcupines have approximately 30,000 quills which cover every part of the body except the underside, face and ears. *Quills are modified hairs that are barbed, lightweight, and filled with spongy substance. . . . — Map (db m70718) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — Brown Bears of AWCCAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Good Clean Livin The largest bear enclosure in the United States is found here at the Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center. Solar electricity powers the electric fence that encloses 18 acres of land, and water is pumped into the pond by the . . . — Map (db m70721) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — Moose CalvesAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Calves are born mid-May to early June. Cows give birth to twins 15 to 75 percent of the time and triplets occur about once in every 1,000 births. Calves stand within minutes and begin eating vegetation a few days after birth. Calves stay . . . — Map (db m70720) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — Our Living National SymbolAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Top Predators Eagles will prey on any animal they are capable of overtaking including ducks, gulls, porcupines, foxes and rabbits. The primary tool used to catch and kill prey are its feet. Equipped with needle sharp talons and powerful . . . — Map (db m70722) HM
Alaska (Juneau Borough), Juneau — Patsy Ann: her statue
Fifty years after Patsy Ann met her last ship, admirers led by June Dawson organized the Friends of Patsy Ann. The group raised funds and commissioned a statue so Patsy Ann could once again greet visitors on the dock. Sculpted by Ann Burke . . . — Map (db m69663) HM
Alaska (Matanuska-Susitna Borough), Wasilla — BaltoIditarod Trail Sled Dog Race
Dedicated to the indomitable spirit of the sled dogs of the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race. “The Last Great Race on Earth” Endurance • Fidelity • Intelligence Dedicated the first Saturday of March, 2012 Historic replica of . . . — Map (db m80411) HM
Alaska (Skagway Borough), Skagway — Three Thousand Pack Animals
[Rendering of a loaded pack horse and pack mule] The dead are speaking in memory of us three thousand pack animals that laid our bones on these awful hills during the Gold Rush of 1897-1898. We now thank those listening that heard our groans . . . — Map (db m69126) HM
Arizona (Cochise County), Hereford — Lehner Mammoth Kill Site
At this location in 1952, a large bone bed was discovered containing the remains of extinct mammoth, tapir, bison and horse. Found with the bones were the weapons and tools of the Indians who had killed and butchered these animals. The bones and . . . — Map (db m43633) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — Mules and the Canyon
Behind you is the Bright Angel mule corral, where each morning mules greet riders and another adventure begins. Mules have carried people into Grand Canyon since sightseeers first visited here in the 1890s. For many people - including those who . . . — Map (db m39551) HM
Arizona (Coconino County), Jacob Lake — Kaibab Squirrel Area
Has been designated a National Natural Landmark This site possesses exceptional value as an illustration of the Nation's natural heritage and contributes to a better understanding of the environment. — Map (db m94912)
Arizona (Coconino County), Jacob Lake — Theodore Roosevelt
In memory of Theodore Roosevelt 1858 'Teddy' 1919 Est. Grand Canyon National Game Preserve ‘06 — Map (db m94913) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Bouse — 120 — In Memory of Eight Ball - Morale OfficerEquus asinus — Camp Bouse
He was our drinking buddy While on duty He drank our beer He was Full of good cheer And went to the nurses' quarters around the bend And came to an untimely end, Of the Colonel, he was unaware That it would be the crime of all time . . . — Map (db m78536) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Quartzsite — Hi Jolly
The famous camel herd with which the name of Hi Jolly is linked constitutes an interesting sidelight of Arizona history....Jefferson Davis (afterward president of the Southern Confederacy), as Secretary of War, approved a plan to experiment with . . . — Map (db m70566) HM
Arizona (La Paz County), Quartzsite — The Last Camp of Hi JollyCamel Driver, Packer, Scout
. . . — Map (db m32201) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Carefree — The Old Verde River Sheep Bridge
Marker 1 - (Main Marker): The original Verde River Sheep Bridge, also known as the Red Point Sheep Bridge, was constructed at this location in 1943 by Flagstaff Sheep Company, which had been grazing sheep in the area under a Forest . . . — Map (db m53966) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Corrals and Tack House — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
The corrals here are the remnants of the sprawling complex of corrals and pastures needed to raise the livestock that was always important to the operations of Sahuaro Ranch. In early years, horses and mules were the primary source of power for . . . — Map (db m40686) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — Dairy Barn — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
Although some cows were probably always kept on the ranch to supply fresh milk and butter, it was not until after Richard W. Smith bought Sahuaro Ranch in 1927 that dairy cows were raised here commercially. At first the Smith family sold only . . . — Map (db m40662) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Glendale — The Barnyard — at Sahuaro Ranch . . .
The barnyard was the center of activity as Sahuaro Ranch. Horses and mules were stabled, trained, and shoed here. Cattle were brought to the corrals for branding, treatment and shipment. Farm implements and wagons were stored and repaired here. . . . — Map (db m40674) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Oatman — 80 — Oatman Arizona and its Burros
Oatman was founded around 1906 as part of Arizona's richest gold mining area. Oatman was reborn in the late 1960's and early 1970's as a tourist town. The main attraction was the wild burro herd. The burros roaming the Oatman area are descendants of . . . — Map (db m78570) HM
Arizona (Mohave County), Oatman — Oatman, ArizonaElevation 2700 Feet
Oatman was founded about 1908. By 1931, the area's mines had produced over 1.8 million ounces of gold. By the mid 1930's, the boom was over and in 1942 the last remaining mines were closed as nonessential to the war effort. Burros first . . . — Map (db m18964) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Desert LifeSaguaro National Park
The Sonoran Desert can be described as a “desert jungle” because more than 200 species of animals and 600 species of plants live here. Saguaros---with their branching arms and accordion-like pleats—dominate this scene. Intermixed . . . — Map (db m83147) HM
Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — AQHHMP #8 — Rillito Race TrackAmerican Quarter Horse Historical Marker
This famous track on the banks of the Rillito River was the birthplace of many racing innovations still in use today. The Southern Arizona Horse Breeders Association, the organization that pioneered Quarter Horse Racing in Tucson, had been hosting . . . — Map (db m83215) HM
Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Sonoita — AQHHMP #27 — Sonoita Quarter Horse Show and RacesAmerican Quarter Horse Historical Marker
Seeing whose horse was fastest or who had the best working ranch horse was a natural form of competition for early settlers in Arizona cattle country. So began the race and show tradition at Sonoita. The Sonoita Quarter Horse Show began at the Santa . . . — Map (db m46881) HM
Arizona (Yavapai County), Montezuma Castle National Monument — Macaw Pen Stone?
Could This Stone Be The Opening to a Macaw Pen? Where Did This Stone Come From? Who Used It? Why Is This Stone at Montezuma Castle? Did the Ancient Sinaguans Possibly Raise Macaws Here? In the 15th century, near modern-day Casa . . . — Map (db m40895) HM
Arkansas (Desha County), Kelso — 64 — Skirmish at Amos Bayou
In mid-February 1863, Confederate troops at Cypress Bend fired on Union transports on the Mississippi River. On Feb. 19, a force of Union cavalry and mule-mounted infantry set out in pursuit. The Union troops drove off enemy pickets before . . . — Map (db m107693) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Explore our Top Outdoor Destinations
The Mississippi River defines Helena The Mississippi River has for centuries been the backbone of life in Helena; fertilizing its soil, supporting its farms and businesses, connecting people and cultures. Despite this rich history, there is . . . — Map (db m107810) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — River Birds
Seasons change, as they do, birds and other wild animals migrate from one place to the next to find food. Many birds follow the twists and turns of the Mississippi River as they journey from the northern United States to their winter breeding . . . — Map (db m107814) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — The Mississippi River Defines Helena
The Mississippi River has for centuries been the backbone of life in Helena; fertilizing its soil, supporting its farms and businesses, connecting people and cultures. Helena, built at the base of Crowley’s Ridge, finds itself in a unique location . . . — Map (db m107811) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — What is a bottled hardwood forest?
Found in the floodplains of rivers and streams, these wetland communities depend on water. Unlike a swamp where (water is always present), bottomland hardwood forests experience seasonal flooding. Disappearing forest Before the arrival . . . — Map (db m107813) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — What is the impact of stormwater on the Mississippi
The impact of stormwater runoff on the Mississippi River is an environmental concern. The quality and quantity of water in all of our streams, rivers, lakes, aquifers, and oceans is diminishing. We can reverse this negative trend by becoming . . . — Map (db m107812) HM
California (Alameda County), Alameda — GPY-140-02 — Clark Memorial BenchMy Dumb Friends Bench
Donated to the city of Alameda in 1920 by Park Avenue resident Isabella Derby Clark, this concrete bench was designed by Myrtle Maillot. Mrs. Clark was a proponent of animal welfare. The inscription "In memory of my dumb friends" is a reference to . . . — Map (db m101553) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — 970 — Rainbow Trout Species Identified
The naming of the Rainbow Trout species was based on fish taken from the San Leandro Creek drainage. In 1855, Dr. W.P. Gibbons, founder of the California Academy of Sciences, was given three specimens obtained from the creek. He described and . . . — Map (db m100566) HM
California (Alameda County), Sunol — Sunol
Named in honor of Antonio Maria Sunol, merchant, naval man and cattlebarron, who acquired a Spanish / Mexican land grant in 1840. Along with the vast ranching and fertile farmlands, coal and gold were found in the Sunol area in the 1870’s. . . . — Map (db m24495) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — City of Antioch War Dog Memorial
You protected us on the field of battle. You watched over our eternal rest. You will not be forgotten. We are forever grateful. Dedicated in memory of Specialist 4th Class George D. (Doug) Deitrick and his scout dog, Egor (75IM), . . . — Map (db m93604) WM
California (Del Norte County), Klamath — Captain Courageous1963 - 1983
The heroic voyage of this crossbreed steer; floating downriver from Klamath Glen and up the coast into Crescent City Harbor, was an inspiration to the flood victims of Klamath. He embodied their courage, stamina, and indomitable spirit. A living . . . — Map (db m91941) HM
California (Humboldt County), Eureka — 2008-9 — Sequoia Park Zoo
Sequoia Park Zoo has been an integral part of Eureka's community since 1907. Founded on land acquired from the Glatt family to be used as a city park, the zoo has provided a home for many cherished animals and fond family memories. For more than a . . . — Map (db m78790) HM
California (Humboldt County), Orick — Big DiamondA Circus Elephant
"Big Diamond", a circus elephant expired near here in 1927. His skinned hulk was buried. Years later, his bones were unearthed and speculation arose about a Humboldt mastodon until investigators were enlightened by people who'd seen the . . . — Map (db m22274) HM
California (Humboldt County), Orick — Madison Grant Forest and Elk RefugeDedicated to the Memory of Madison Grant — 1865-1937
Conservationist, author, anthropologist, a founder of the Save-the-Redwoods League.

This area of 1600 acres, habitat of the last surviving herd in California of Roosevelt Elk is established as a memorial by · De Forest Grant · John D. . . . — Map (db m32569) HM

California (Inyo County), Bishop — The Mule
A hybrid offspring of a male donkey, commonly known as a jackass and a female horse. Characterized by long ears, a braying voice and short mane, this patient and sure footed animal has been used as a beast of burden throughout the world. Its . . . — Map (db m92729) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — The Camels of Fort Tejon
In 1856 the U.S. Army started an experiment using camel for supply transport in the southwest. The camels proved ill suited to the American southwest. In November 1859 a civilian contractor turned over 28 camels to the Army at Fort Tejon. . . . — Map (db m32821) HM
California (Kern County), Lebec — The First and Only "Camel Brigade" of the United States Army
The first and only "Camel Brigade" of the United States Army commanded by Lt. Edward E. Beale 1857-1864. San Antonio, Texas to Fort Tejon, California. — Map (db m32820) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Avalon, Catalina Island — The Leaping Tuna(The Thunnus Thynnus or Bluefin Tuna)
The sport of big game fishing originated in Avalon when Charles Frederick Holder caught a 183 pound Blue Fin Tuna with sport fish tackle on June 1, 1898. This angling milestone inspired him to form the Tuna Club of Santa Catalina Island, an . . . — Map (db m49856) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Avalon, Catalina Island — 997 — The Tuna Club of Avalon
The Tuna Club of Avalon marks the birthplace of modern big game sportfishing. In 1898, led by Dr. Charles Frederick Holder, the club's founding members adopted the rules of conduct stressing conservationist ethics and sporting behavior. Today, their . . . — Map (db m49678) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Special DeliveryAutry National Center — Griffith Park
The Pony Express was an ultra-fast but short-lived mail service that ran between the East and West from 1860 to 1861. The roughly 1,900-mile route began in Missouri and passed through Wyoming and Utah before crossing the Sierra Nevada mountain . . . — Map (db m76323) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Pearblossom — The Devil's PunchbowlDepartment of Parks & Recreation — County of Los Angeles
The hills where you stand are a part of one the world's geological wonders, The San Andreas Rift -- A great fault and earthquake zone. __________ Because of the movements along this fault zone, the pink and tan colored punchbowl rocks seen below . . . — Map (db m79148)
California (Los Angeles County), Rancho Palos Verdes — Palos Verdes Peninsula Habitat
The Palos Verdes Peninsula supports a plant community called coastal bluff scrub that contains elements of coastal sage scrub. Coastal sage scrub communities are composed of soft, witty sub-shrubs. Coastal sage scrub seen at this site is dominated . . . — Map (db m81923)
California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Santa Catalina Island
Located approximately 20 miles from the mainland, Santa Catalina Island rises 2000 feet above sea level, approximately 500 feet higher than the Palos Verdes Peninsula. The island is over 20 miles long, making it the longest of the eight California . . . — Map (db m42129) HM
California (Los Angeles County), Wilmington — 169 — Drum Barracks
Established at Wilmington in 1862, Drum Barracks became the United States military headquarters for Southern California, Arizona, and New Mexico. A garrison and base for supplies, it was a terminus for camel pack trains operated by the army until . . . — Map (db m85152) HM
California (Madera County), Madera — Madera Zoo
In the year 1912 a Mr. William King Heiskell built an aviary with its first inhabitants being a green parrot and several species of birds from around the world. The zoo also had several ponds and water fountains and a bandstand. Although the Madera . . . — Map (db m34946) HM
California (Marin County), Inverness — Common MurresPoint Reyes National Seashore
On the rocks and ledges just below here you can often spot common murres. For a good view from this height, binoculars are helpful. If conditions are right you may hear the colony “moaning” as they huddle penguin-like on the rocks. . . . — Map (db m63383) HM
California (Marin County), Point Reyes Station — Sea Life in These WatersGulf of the Farallones & Cordell Band — National Marine Sanctuaries
Some of the world’s richest waters exist right off California’s coast. An explosion of life occurs here due to a combination of the sun’s energy, wind, ocean currents, and contours of the sea floor. Microscopic phytoplankton form the base of the . . . — Map (db m63362) HM
California (Marin County), Point Reyes Station — Whalewatching
Southern Migration
•Mexico to Artic feeding grounds •Pass Point Reyes early March through early May. . . . — Map (db m63360) HM
California (Mariposa County), Yosemite National Park — A Seasonal Lake
Mirror Lake was once regarded by park scientists as a stream-fed lake slowly filling in to become a meadow. As hydrologists have developed a more complex understanding of the water's dynamics, they now theorize that the "lake" is a pool in a . . . — Map (db m81952)
California (Mendocino County), Laytonville — Stable / The Laytonville Baptist Church
Left panel: The Pinches Stable was located here during the late eighteen-hundreds. During that time horses were the key element for travel and people passing through town boarded them here. Right panel: Laytonville's . . . — Map (db m91801) HM
California (Merced County), Los Banos — Henry MillerJuly 21, 1827 - October 14, 1916
There is one description of Henry Miller, California's cattle king, that sums up his contributions to this community: Henry Miller - Founding Father of Los Banos. Born 1827 in Brackenheim, Kingdom of Wurtemberg, Germany, Miller left the family . . . — Map (db m41164) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — Monterey Bay Aquarium / Hovden CanneryThere was a cannery here before the aquarium
The Monterey Bay Aquarium stands on the site of the old Hovden Cannery. In its heyday, the cannery processed tons of sardines every day. But by the 1960s the sardines had disappeared, and the cannery closed its doors in 1972. Now you can see . . . — Map (db m41620) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — The Calamari StoryDedicated to the fishermen of Monterey Bay
Since the early 1900's the Monterey Bay has been one of the principal fishing centers along the Pacific Coast. Today, Monterey's fishermen continue to be major contributors to the nation's supply of squid (calamari). In the early 50's Abalonetti . . . — Map (db m30162) HM
California (Monterey County), Pacific Grove — Hopkins Marine StationHopkins scientists study the biology of the bay
The building across the cove is Hopkins Marine Station. It was the first marine laboratory on the West Coast, founded in 1892. Part of Stanford University, its facilities are dedicated to the study of marine life. What biologists at Hopkins . . . — Map (db m41618) HM
California (Orange County), Dana Point — Don Hansen, Dana Wharf Sportfishing40th Anniversary 1971-2011
In dedication to Don Hansen and Dana Wharf Sportfishing, the first business operating out of Dana Point Harbor. Dana Wharf Sportfishing originated Whale Watching for Orange County and founded the Dana Point Festival of Whales and Dana Point Boat . . . — Map (db m60798) HM
California (Orange County), Mission Viejo — FossilWhale Exhibit
The main exhibit displays a fossil right whale skull in profile. It was recovered from the marine siltstone member of the Capistrano Formation (3.5 to 5 million years old) in the 1970's right here in Mission Viejo. It is a fossil skull from the . . . — Map (db m72036) HM
California (Orange County), Mission Viejo — Whale Fossil
Originally dedicated on June 4, 1977 by the Mission Viejo Cultural and Heritage Association. The Fossil was unearthed in the southern part of the city in 1976, and is a partial skull of a Baleen whale belonging to the Bowhead or right whale . . . — Map (db m72035) HM
California (Orange County), Silverado — 144 — Death of the California Grizzly1908
The Santa Ana Mountains, which encompass the canyons of Silverado, Modjeska and Trabuco, provided one of the last refuges for the state symbol, the Grizzly Bear. At the turn of the century, beekeeping was an important local industry, providing . . . — Map (db m78516) HM
California (Placer County), Foresthill — Old Joe
On the day of July 3, 1901 a stagecoach, driven by Henry Crockett, was on its way to the town of Foresthill when a hooded man appeared with a shotgun and ordered Crockett to stop, to which he replied, “You are only foolin.” At that the . . . — Map (db m667) HM
California (Riverside County), Riverside — War Dog Memorial
. . . — Map (db m54430) HM
California (San Benito County), Pinnacles National Monument — Return to Condor Crags
The rocky spires of Condor Crags are seen rising above you, named by those who once saw California condors soaring over these lofty formations. In 2003, Pinnacles National Monument became part of a cooperative program to restore these endangered . . . — Map (db m41123) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — General Beale Uses Camels
In 1857, under orders to survey a wagon road from New Mexico to California, General Edward Beale followed the 35th parallel to paths opened by Francis Aubry and Lt. A.W. Whipple. Beale’s orders required importation of camels and drivers to . . . — Map (db m50561) HM
California (San Diego County), Pacific Beach — The Ballad of P.B.
Pelican Brown was in search of a home where he could have fun and relax he looked for a beach that was pretty and a sea that was swimming with snacks. He flew up and down the long coastline looking both far and quite near then one . . . — Map (db m84187) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Bum - San Diego’s Official Town Dog / Greyfriars BobbyThe “Tail” of Two Cities – The Brother Dogs Project
Bum San Diego’s Official Town Dog Died November 10, 1898 – Aged 12 Years Loved by everyone – owned by no one. His name suited him because he arrived as a town stowaway, befriended everyone and “bummed” quality food . . . — Map (db m52910) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Bummer and Lazarus
Bummer and Lazarus were two stray dogs who roamed this part of San Francisco in the 1860s. Their devotion to each other endeared them to the citizenry, and the newspapers reported their joint adventures, whether stealing a bone from another dog, . . . — Map (db m58394) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary
Within the ocean swells, beyond the Golden Gate, is an underwater world of astoundingly rich and diverse marine life. Few regions on earth host the multitude of marine species found in the sanctuary’s open waters an estuaries, within its sea floor, . . . — Map (db m63424) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — 861 — Site of First California State Fair
California’s first state fair was held on this site on October 4, 1854. Sponsored by the California State Agricultural Society, the exhibition of “horses, cattle, mules and other stock, and agricultural, mechanical and domestic manufacture and . . . — Map (db m637) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — The San Francisco Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Near this site occurred the incident which led to the formation of The San Francisco Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals on April 8, 1868 ——————————— . . . — Map (db m33538) HM
California (San Luis Obispo County), San Simeon — Point Piedras Blancas, A Recent ColonyThousands Strong and Growing…
Almost Lost Forever In the late 1800s whalers discovered elephant seal blubber yielded extremely high quality oil. Hunted by the thousands for several decades, these animals were thought to be extinct until a small group was found on Guadalupe . . . — Map (db m81694) HM
California (San Mateo County), San Bruno — Seabiscuit
Seabiscuit Born 1933 Sired by Hard Tack – Out of Swing On Owner – Charles S. Howard Jockeys Red Pollard – George Woolf World’s Champion Money Winner to 1938 — Map (db m18406) HM
California (San Mateo County), Woodside — Folger Stable c.1905Folger Estate Stable Historic District
Erected by coffee magnate James A Folger II, and designed by Arthur Brown Jr., who designed the San Francisco Opera House and City Hall, the stable is an example of the so-called "Victorian Gothic Style". Famed for it's decorative elements, it had . . . — Map (db m56579) HM
California (Santa Barbara County), Goleta — Arroyo Hondo Fish Passage & Upstream Habitat RestorationAnother Conservation Project of The Land Trust of Santa Barbara County
Arroyo Hondo creek has the best habitat on the south coast of Santa Barbara County for the endangered Southern California Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss). This native fish spends part of its life in freshwater streams like this one, and part . . . — Map (db m71951)
California (Santa Cruz County), Santa Cruz — Bull and Bear Fights
This is the location of one of the last known bull and bear rings in California, where the animals were placed in a wooden stockade and local settlers would bet on the outcome of their fight. Bull and Bear fights were brought to Santa Cruz by . . . — Map (db m100961) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Tulelake — Raptors - Birds of Prey
This steep cliff of nestholes and crevices overlooks the Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge and Lava Beds National Monument — fruitful hunting ranges for hawks, falcons, owls, and other birds of prey. A favorable environment here is . . . — Map (db m63657) HM
California (Solano County), Rio Vista — Humphrey the Humpback Whale
Donated to: Rio Vista Chamber of Commerce and City of Rio Vista to remember the visit of Humphrey the Humpback Whale Oct. 10, 1985 - Nov. 4, 1985 Humphrey the Humpback Whale, a mighty whale was he He swam into the Delta, to . . . — Map (db m17189) HM
California (Sonoma County), Glen Ellen — Horse Power and ManureWere Put to Work on London's Beauty Ranch
In the early 1900's, horses were still the main source of power on farms and ranches. They were used for riding, pulling cars, wagons and other heavy farm equipment. Though he owned about 50 horses, Jack London most prized the beautiful and . . . — Map (db m102556) HM
California (Tulare County), Lodgepole Village, Sequoia National Park — Cattle Cabin
This cabin was built by cattlemen who had acquired much of the Giant Forest land for grazing purposes prior to the establishment of Sequoia National Park in 1890. After the park’s establishment, the land was leased to men who supplied meat and milk . . . — Map (db m44338) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Denver City Railway Building1883 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
Originally built as the stables for the Denver City Railway Company in 1883, this building was the birthplace of Denver's Public Transportation system. Horse drawn trolleys, soon replaced by one of America's most extensive cable car networks, . . . — Map (db m97394) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — A Plentiful Harvest
The abundant seeds of piñon and juniper trees draw wildlife to this ecosystem like a magnet. Chipmunks, foxes, piñon mice and squirrels munch the blue or copper-colored juniper berries. The berries last through the winter. They provide food for . . . — Map (db m45982) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Pick a Climate
As you drive up Pikes Peak, you’ll feel it get colder. You’ll also notice that the plants change. See if you can pick out four different life zones on the way to and from the summit. A life zone is a plant and animal community that exists at a . . . — Map (db m45929) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Take a Closer Look...Alpine/Subalpine Life Zone
Alpine and subalpine tundra is the low-growing vegetation found in the “land above the trees.” At this high elevation, the climate is harsh with searing winds, intense sunlight and frigid temperatures that limit the growing season. In . . . — Map (db m45927) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Take a Closer Look...Foothills Life Zone
The foothills of Colorado’s eastern slope form the dramatic meeting place of the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains. In this transition area between the prairie and the mountains, grasslands intermix with scrublands of mountain mahogany and scrub . . . — Map (db m45925) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Take a Closer Look...Montane Life Zone
When artists and photographers portray Colorado’s mountainous beauty, they usually capture the classic views of evergreen forests, stands of quaking aspens, and meadows of brilliant wildflowers. The montane area above 8,000 feet contains just such . . . — Map (db m45926) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Test Your Bird I.Q.
Watch and listen to see how many different birds you can discover on Pikes Peak. From the foothills to the summit, there are about 225 species. This variety is due to the number of habitats on the mountain. Can you match the birds to the habitat? . . . — Map (db m45920) HM
Colorado (El Paso County), Colorado Springs — Welcome to Garden of the Gods Park
The Central Garden Trail is a moderate, one-mile round-trip loop. It is paved and wheelchair accessible. This trail will take you between the towering Gateway Rocks into the heart of Garden of the Gods Park. Along the way you will have the . . . — Map (db m72936) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Play in the Wind
Windy Saddle Park is named for the nearly constant wind currents that can be felt blowing through the foothills. Winds traveling across the plains are forced upward when they hit the Rocky Mountains, and as the air rises, it has enough force to lift . . . — Map (db m46157) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Golden — Triceratops Trail
Based on Late Cretaceous fossil evidence found along this trail, this area was a delta with lakes, streams and a mosaic of swamps, scrubby forests, palm tree thickets and small open areas. Impressions of logs, leaves and palm fronds suggest a . . . — Map (db m111418) HM
Colorado (Jefferson County), Morrison — Dinosaur RidgeDesignated as part of the Dakota Hogback Natural Area
Designated a Colorado Natural Area in 2002, the Dakota Hogback/Dinosaur Ridge Natural Area in Jefferson County is a crown jewel of statewide, national and international importance. The Dakota Hogback/Dinosaur Ridge Natural Area exemplifies all the . . . — Map (db m80464) HM
Colorado (Kiowa County), Eads — Eads Roadside Park Exhibit
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site memorializes the massacre of nearly two hundred Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians. Near dawn on November 29, 1864, detachments of the 1st . . . — Map (db m107179) HM
Colorado (Kiowa County), Eads — High Plains Country
Plains Indian Life By the nineteenth century, Colorado’s southeastern plains country was home to many native peoples, including Comanches, Kiowas, Plains Apaches, Arapahos, and Cheyennes. Although vastly different in language and . . . — Map (db m107178) HM
Colorado (Las Animas County), Trinidad — 247 — The Ludlow Massacre - Cultural Frontier / Hispano Colorado - El Moro Country
Panel 1 The Ludlow Massacre By April 1914, the striking coal miners encamped at Ludlow (ten miles northwest of here) had nothing to lose but their lives. Poor, powerless, largely immigrant, they had held out for . . . — Map (db m97716) HM
Colorado (Morgan County), Fort Morgan — Watching River Wildlife
Take a few moments on this spot to explore the South Platte River and the riparian woodland that runs beside it. You'll discover that this ribbon of life is a great place for wildlife watching.

Where the South Platte flows through prairie, farm, . . . — Map (db m47316) HM

Colorado (Pueblo County), Pueblo — 219 — A Highway for the Ages - Trail Days / Palmer's City - Pinon County
Panel 1 A Highway for the Ages Though less famous than the trails that brought American pioneers westward, the north-south route along the foot of the Rockies covers far greater distances in space and in time. This . . . — Map (db m97734) HM
Colorado (Pueblo County), Pueblo — 219 — Pueblo - Trail Days / Industrial Frontier - Pinon County
Panel 1 Pueblo El Pueblo El Pueblo never achieved great commercial success, but one could make a living there. Built in 1842 by traders George Simpson, Matthew Kinkead, Robert Fisher, Jim Beckwourth, and several others, . . . — Map (db m89335) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Julesburg — 223 — Colorado's Wildlife Story
From the eastern prairie to the Rocky Mountains and the western plateau country beyond, Colorado enjoys a rich abundance of wildlife. Protecting this heritage has been a challenge, and Colorado's success is due to the efforts and cooperation of . . . — Map (db m47323) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Julesburg — 223 — Last Days of the Buffalo
For thousands of years, these grasslands have supported tens of millions of buffalo, from the giant species of ancient times to the smaller version of today. As North America's largest land animal, buffalo dominated life on the Great Plains. In . . . — Map (db m47319) HM
Colorado (Sedgwick County), Julesburg — Prairie Home Companions
The semi-arid plains are home to hundreds of wildlife species. but even species specialty adapted for life on the prairie need water to survive. The South Platte River and nearby State Wildlife Areas provide excellent habitat for a variety of wild . . . — Map (db m47373) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Woodland Park — Black (and sometimes brown) Bear
The bears that live on Pikes Peak are Black Bears and have been seen in shades of cinnamon to dark brown. They stand approximately 3 feet tall at the shoulder and eat mostly berries, nuts and leaves. Before winter hits, bears eat almost constantly . . . — Map (db m45772) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Woodland Park — Don’t kill them with kindnessFeeding wild animals on the mountain does more harm than good.
You can help the Peak’s wild animals by not feeding them. “Can one chip hurt?” you may wonder. Yes it can, when multiplied by 2,000 visitors per summer day. Then when the summer’s over, the animals are without their junk food . . . — Map (db m45844) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Woodland Park — Elk CountryA Majestic Head Dress
When snow falls and cold winds blow, elk lose their antlers. Elk drop and re-grow antlers each year while bighorn sheep wear their horns for life. The antler cycle begins when the previous season’s antlers, now useless, break off. Soon skull bumps . . . — Map (db m45774) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Woodland Park — Tricky AffairsThe porcupine’s perfect defense
The porcupine defends itself with between 15,000 and 30,000 needle-sharp quills. Each quill has barbs that flair out from the shaft that resist being pulled out, but also work themselves in. When challenged, the porcupine simply puts its head . . . — Map (db m45773) HM
Connecticut (Fairfield County), Norwalk — The Birds
While the Mill Pond Restoration Project created a better environment for animals under the water, the creatures that we can see benefiting are the birds. A variety of feathered species are drawn here by the edible plant material and the . . . — Map (db m53484) HM
Connecticut (New Haven County), Ansonia — Anna Sewell Memorial Fountain
. . . — Map (db m25543) HM
Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — How Can I Help the Sound?
The Effect of Human Actives on Long Island Sound Humans have inhabited the shores of Long Island Sound for thousands of years. Before European settlement, many Native American tribes lived along the Sound. Now more than 20 million people . . . — Map (db m107344) HM
Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — So Who Lives Here, Anyway?
The Long Island Sound, including New Haven Harbor, is an estuary — a place where fresh and salt water meet. Estuaries provide many animals with a protected home to lay eggs and serve as a nursery for the young, a place to find food, and a . . . — Map (db m107346) HM
Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — The Butterfly Garden at Lighthouse Point Park
The butterfly garden was planted to attract butterflies and birds to the park, and to provide these animals with a reliable source of food. Spend some time here when the flowers are in bloom and see who stops by for a visit.

Monarch Migration . . . — Map (db m107343) HM

Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — Winged Migration
A Birdwatcher’s Dream You’re standing at one of the best hawk-watching sites in New England. Every autumn birds of prey from Northern New England and Canada migrate south in a broad band across New England. Because theses birds don’t like . . . — Map (db m107347) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Whaling in New London
Human relationship with sea mammals has evolved through the past 300 years. Oil from whales and seals was exploited, yet essential to developing our industrial revolution in the 19th century. The wealth accumulated from whaling was invested in . . . — Map (db m48186) HM
Delaware (New Castle County), Port Penn — Wetland WaysBob Beck: Preserver of Port Penn Traditions
Port Penn is a community connected to its wetland landscape. Seasonal changes bring about changes in the lifestyles of Port Penners themselves. Autumn waterfowl hunting and winter muskrat trapping lead into spring shad runs and summer sturgeon . . . — Map (db m10438) HM
Delaware (Sussex County), Lewes — Delaware’s Beachnesters
Each spring, upon arrival from their Central and South American wintering grounds, Delaware beachnesters establish colonies and take part in courtship rituals. The birds lay their eggs in shallow nests scraped into the sand mostly between the dunes . . . — Map (db m94322) HM
Delaware (Sussex County), Lewes — The Osprey
The Osprey or Fish Hawk is found April through October in both salt and freshwater areas of the state. Almost as large as a Bald Eagle, the Osprey looks like a cross between a hawk and a gull.

Osprey can spot fish from extreme heights. . . . — Map (db m94323) HM

Delaware (Sussex County), Rehoboth Beach — SC-238 — History of Lake Comegys and Silver Lake
Lake Comegys and Silver Lake are natural freshwater remnants of receding glaciers from the last Ice Age and are notable for their close proximity to the Atlantic ocean. The Nanticoke Tribe held summer encampments around Silver Lake to gather . . . — Map (db m108375) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — .1 — Market Space: Yesterday’s Town SquareCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“Hay for the horses, produce for the table, live chickens for the pot, and a hat for your head.” All this and more could be had right here during the Civil War. The triangular area just ahead to your left was called Major Space. . . . — Map (db m27529) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — GW's River Horse — [Lisner Auditorium]
Legend has it that the Potomac was once home to these wondrous beasts. George and Martha Washington are even said to have watched them cavort in the river shallows from the porch of their beloved Mount Vernon on summer evenings. Credited . . . — Map (db m46980) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Forest Hills — Herring HighwayRock Creek Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Peirce Mill Dam was completed in 1906 to create a scenic waterfall on Rock Creek. Since its construction, the dam has prevented spawning herring and other migratory and resident fish from swimming further upstream. A Denil fishway was installed in . . . — Map (db m70670) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Herring Highway
Each spring a miraculous journey begins in the Atlantic Ocean. Blueback herring, Alewife, and other migratory fish swim to Rock Creek by way of the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River. Members of the herring family come to Rock Creek to spawn. Since . . . — Map (db m40381) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Hillbrook — ButterfliesThe Magic of Metamorphosis
The butterfly is a diverse insect, found in many colors and sizes. It plays an important role in ecosystems, acting as a pollinator, a food source, and an indicator of the ecosystem's well being. Fun Facts • The butterfly starts life . . . — Map (db m110480)
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — A Capital Bird
Seeing bald eagles in the Washington DC area used to be impossible; the last wild birds were spotted in the 1940s. But after decades of species protection, a nest was found in 2001. Today keep you eyes eagle-sharp as you stroll along the region's . . . — Map (db m111654) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Aldabra TortoiseGeochelechone gigantea
Aldabra Tortoise Geochelone gigantean Losing Giants: Seafarers visiting the remote island homes of giant tortoises inadvertently left trouble behind. Goats they released to feed future voyagers overgrazed the vegetation, . . . — Map (db m111636) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — And Then There Were (Almost) None
How many bison once roamed North America? A good estimate is that roughly 30 million bison once roamed the grasslands of North America. To the explorers Lewis and Clark, the herds "darkened the whole plains." What happened? People. Massive . . . — Map (db m111616) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Bison and the National Zoo
From collector to conservationist In 1886, the Smithsonian sent its Chief Taxidermist, William T. Hornaday, to Montana to collect bison for a display. Hornaday was shocked by how few bison he saw. While he did kill some animals for the . . . — Map (db m111615) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Black and Gray SquirrelsA historic tale of animal rescue — Backyard Biology
"We ask every American to lend a hand to save Silver-Tail" -- William Temple Hornaday (1913) When the gray squirrel nearly disappeared The gray squirrel once was considered such a pest that bounties were put on it. In 1749, . . . — Map (db m67836) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Conservation Geography
Conservation Geography First panel from the left: The Terai Arc: A Haven for Wildlife The Terai stretches 620 miles along the border of Nepal and India. Tucked into the foothills of the Himalayas, the Terai Arc was . . . — Map (db m111610) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Feeding Times at the ZooSmithsonian's National Zoo — 125 Years
Since the early days, the Zoo has prepared special foods for our animals. But just as nutrition guidelines for people have changed over the years, so too has our knowledge of animals' needs. Today, a team of nutritionists, veterinarians and keepers . . . — Map (db m111620) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — House Remodeling
Animal enclosures have changed over time, evolving from mere "housing" to more natural and enriching environments. The Zoo's 2013 renovation of the 1937 Elephant House to an Elephant Community Center makes room for indoor socializing and playing . . . — Map (db m111622) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — How to Drink Coffee and Save BirdsSmithsonian's National Zoo — 125 Years
In the early 1990s, Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center (SMBC) scientists found that shade farms, where coffee is grown within forest-like settings, provide refuge for migratory and resident birds, in contrast to conventional open-sun coffee farms . . . — Map (db m111643) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — It's Our 125th Birthday!Smithsonian's National Zoo — 125 Years
The Zoo began 125 years ago out of a concern to save wildlife. The American bison was nearly extinct and other North American animals were threatened. Today, the Zoo cares for about 2,000 animals and saves species from all over the world. . . . — Map (db m111619) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Meet Our Bison
Our bison came to the Zoo from the American Prairie Reserve in Montana when they were about one year old. They were part of a herd of pure bison, animals that have never been bred with domestic cattle. These animals' genes are valuable! One day, . . . — Map (db m111617) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Prairie Dogs
Home on the range? In the early 1900s, as farmers and ranchers moved west, black-tailed prairie dog habitat was converted into crops and grassland for cattle. Today, only small, scattered populations of prairie dogs are found mainly in . . . — Map (db m111649) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Rebuilding in the Wild
Breeding Programs Habitat loss and competition with livestock caused drastic declines in Pzrewalski's horses. Declared extinct in the wild in the 1960s, zoo breeding programs rebuilt populations from 14 individuals. Successful breeding . . . — Map (db m111628) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Saving Species Through ScienceSmithsonian's National Zoo — 125 Years
Our science came of age in the 1960s with the establishment of a Zoological Research Department to study animals in the field as well as in the Zoo. Our growth in knowledge has been exponential. Today our science-based husbandry paired with . . . — Map (db m111612) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Smithsonian Conservation Biology InstituteSmithsonian's National Zoo — 125 Years
The Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI), previously established as the Conservation and Research Center in 1973, is a research and training leader in veterinary medicine, reproductive physiology and conservation biology. Once . . . — Map (db m111623) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Smithsonian Conservation Biology InstituteSmithsonian's National Zoo — 125 Years
The Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI), previously established as the Conservation and Research Center in 1973, is a research and training leader in veterinary medicine, reproductive physiology and conservation biology. SCBI . . . — Map (db m111631) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — Smithsonian's National Zoo125 Years
1886 After witnessing the near extinction of bison, scientist William Hornaday works with the Smithsonian to create a natonal zoo. 1889 President Grover Cleveland signs a bill to establish the National Zoo for the purpose of saving . . . — Map (db m111625) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — The Book That Brought a Dinosaur to Life
In 1956, author Oliver Butterworth brought a dinosaur to life, thrilling millions of readers with his tale. In The Enormous Egg, 12-year old Nate Twitchell spotted an egg unlike any other on his family farm. A few weeks after Nate's . . . — Map (db m111641) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Smithsonian National Zoo — The O-LineSmithsonian's National Zoo — 125 Years
In 1995, the Zoo debuted the O-Line, a series of towers and vine-like cables. It allows our orangutans to travel between the Great Ape House and Think Tank, if they choose to do so. Still innovative today, the O-Line is the only "orangutan . . . — Map (db m111634) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Acquired in 1886 by the Department of Living Animals
Acquired in 1886 by the Department of Living Animals, buffalo were penned behind the Smithsonian Castle before being moved to what is now the National Zoological Park. Their presence sparked public interest in the preservation of a vanishing . . . — Map (db m110712) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — How can you help pollinators?
Pollinator populations are at risk. Decades of stressors including the loss, degredation, and fragmentation of pollinator habitats; the improper use of pesticides and herbicides; and diseases, predation, and parasites have all hurt . . . — Map (db m110354) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Pollinator Profile: Hummingbirds
The long, thin bill and tongue of a hummingbird allows it to reach the nectar hidden deeply in tubular flowers. The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is the only species breeding on the East Coast each summer, after traveling up from Mexico and . . . — Map (db m110574)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Spencer Fullerton Baird — 1823 - 1887
Second Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution Pioneer in American Natural History [on reverse of statue:] ("Opus, Baskin, 1976") — Map (db m46418) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Triceratops horridusBronze cast of prototype, USNM 517431
Triceratops roamed northwestern North America 70-65 million years ago, when the climate was much warmer and wetter. It dined on plants that included relatives of those you see here. This cast was created from the skull of our . . . — Map (db m110571) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — When does pollination happen?
Successful pollination requires year-around efforts. Plants have evolved with different flowering times that decrease competition among pollinators. Continuous blooms throughout the growing season provides pollinators with a constant food . . . — Map (db m110348)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Where do pollinators live?
Pollinator habitat depends on the pollinator and their life cycle stage. For example bees can use leaves, mud, sand plant resins and even abandoned snail shells for their nests, while many butterfly larvae live and feed only on one specific . . . — Map (db m110573)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is pollination important?
Pollination is vital for a strong ecosystem. Pollination has evolved over millions of years and benefits both flowering plants and pollinators. One three bites of food you eat depends on pollinators. Pollination by honey bees and other . . . — Map (db m110572) HM
Florida (Broward County), Pompano Beach — F-470 — Silver Thatch Mounted Beach Patrol
The recreation area encompassed by Colony Club Road, during World War II (1941-1945), was the site of the corrals and paddocks for the United States Coast Guard’s Silver Thatch Mounted Beach Patrol. The mounted beach patrol protected the coast from . . . — Map (db m100404) HM
Florida (Collier County), Everglade City — Everglades National Park
Everglades National Park is known for stunning wildlife viewing and it unique mix of temperature and topical plants and animals. Its diverse habitat are a refuge for many endangered species. Take time to discover this subtle landscape by walking . . . — Map (db m106246) HM
Florida (Collier County), Everglades City — Welcome To the Gulf Coast Visitor CenterEverglades
Hours: April to November 9:00-4:4:30 November to April 8:00 -4:30 Come upstairs to the National Park visitor center for information, park maps, exhibits, videos and more!

Along The Tamiami Trail Things to see and do (From West to . . . — Map (db m106245) HM

Florida (Collier County), Ochopee — Big CypressAlligators
Imagine alligator relatives dating back to the days of dinosaurs, over 150 million years ago. Gators today still look similar to their 50 foot long relatives. Present day American alligators can grow to over 15 feet and many weigh up to 1,000 . . . — Map (db m106227) HM
Florida (Collier County), Ochopee — Big Cypress National Preserve
Rain-the Swamp's Lifeblood Nearly 55 inches of rain falls here annually-drenching Big Cypress National Preserve during the summer wet season.

The fresh water flowing through the national preserve replenishes the local aquifer and sustains . . . — Map (db m106230) HM

Florida (Collier County), Ochopee — Birds of Big Cypress
The watery areas of Big Cypress National Preserve attract colorful flocks of long-legged wading birds that sweep across the shallow wetlands stalking their prey, while other waterbirds dive below the surface to search for food.

Anhingas . . . — Map (db m106235) HM

Florida (Collier County), Ochopee — Fighting an Invasion
Invasive species are destructive or aggressive plants and animals that greatly alter the natural balance of native area. They out compete native species for resources and reduce biodiversity. Invasives are extremely expensive to eradicate and pose . . . — Map (db m106233) HM
Florida (Collier County), Ochopee — H. P. Williams Roadside Park
Things to see

Cypress Knees Cypress trees sprout curious Appendages called knees. They are believed to help stabilize the parent tree in swamp environments.

Florida Panther The solitary Florida panther ranges throughout a . . . — Map (db m106231) HM

Florida (Collier County), Ochopee — The Cypress Swamp
The watery forest was born from a slow-moving creek whose waters rise and fall year after year, flooding the shallow banks and then withdrawing.

Here brown waters reflect the tall trees, Spanish-moss and clouds in the sky. Alligators, birds . . . — Map (db m100647)

Florida (Collier County), Ochopee — Wildlife & You
Wildlife & You How you behave can save The thrill of watching an animal in it native surroundings can be spectacular and awe inspiring. The memories made while experiencing such events can last a lifetime, and so can your actions.

While . . . — Map (db m106229) HM

Florida (Flagler County), Marineland — F-927 — Marineland-The World’s First Oceanarium
Born from the partnership of W. Douglas Burden, C.V. Whitney, and Count Ilia Tolstoy, Marine Studios opened in 1938. The attraction was designed for filmmakers to shoot underwater footage and give visitors an opportunity to see marine life live and . . . — Map (db m104834) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Apollo Beach — A Butterfly’s Habitat
In the Tampa Bay area’s subtropical climate, butterflies can thrive among many varieties of plants. In fact, most live their entire lives around plants like the ones in this garden, which was created as a butterfly habitat. The plants attract . . . — Map (db m106502) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Apollo Beach — Do You See a Manatee?
As manatees move about in the warm water, you may see various parts of their anatomy. These include: Snouts If you hear a rushing noise like that of a snorkeler who’s blowing water out of his tube, be sure to scan the water’s surface for . . . — Map (db m106503) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Apollo Beach — Listen carefully to hear a manatee!
Manatees can communicate with each other by making squeaks, chips and squeals. Most manatee communications occur between a mother and her calf. Perhaps you will hear a mother manatee calling her calf if they become visually separated. . . . — Map (db m106504) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Apollo Beach — Long-Legged Wading Birds Stalk the Shallows
Great Blue Heron This is the largest member of the heron family. Its long legs allow it to wade in deeper water than the other herons. The great blue’s powerful neck whips its sharp beak at its prey with great speed. Its favorite meal is . . . — Map (db m106507) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Apollo Beach — Manatee Scar Identification
Manatee photo-identification is a research technique that uses the unique pattern of scars and mutilations on a manatee’s trunk and tail fluke to identify an individual animal over time. In Florida, the scars are primarily a result of . . . — Map (db m106500) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Apollo Beach — Storm Water and the Estuary
Clean brackish water, created by the mixing of clean fresh water and salt water, is important to the health of the estuary. Stormwater runoff however, can create problems.

What is Stormwater Runoff? It is excess rain that flows over . . . — Map (db m106499) HM

Florida (Hillsborough County), Apollo Beach — The Life Cycle of the Monarch ButterflyDananus plexippus
Range The monarch butterfly is native to North, Central, and northern South America. It has been accidentally introduced to numerous islands in the Pacific and Atlantic. Habitat In the spring and summer, the monarch butterfly’s . . . — Map (db m106501) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Apollo Beach — What Role Do Mangroves Play In An Estuary?
Mangroves are the basis of the estuary’s food chain and are important nurseries for fish, crustaceans and shellfish. Seventy-five percent of the game fish and ninety percent of the commercial species in south Florida are dependent on mangrove . . . — Map (db m106506) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Plant City — Cow CavalryIn Memory — Co. B 1st Battalion       Fl. Special Cavalry C. S. A.
(Front face)1863 - 1865 Erected by Plant City Chapter #1931 United Daughters of the Confederacy November 17, 2007 By 1863 the Confederate Army was suffering severe food shortages. Capt. John T. Lesley was commissioned to recruit from . . . — Map (db m46292) HM
Florida (Hillsborough County), Tampa — In the Beginning...Uncle Sam Chooses Tampa for Base in 1939
On July 14, 1939, the Tampa Morning Tribune announced the war department's decision to build the "Southeast Air Base" in Tampa. The land selected was a 6000 acre marshy area known as Catfish Point. As part of President Roosevelt's New Deal Program, . . . — Map (db m34118) HM
Florida (Lee County), Fort Myers — A Slice of Slough
The Six Mile Cypress Slough has a diverse array of plants that occur in recognizable zones. Ecological conditions such as ground elevations, soil types and water depths determine the vegetation character of these communities. As you continue to . . . — Map (db m106520) HM
Florida (Lee County), Fort Myers — Boating with Wildlife
Kayak clinics and guided trips available. Please check flyers available at the visitor center for more information or visit our website at Be a real friend to our wildlife: Stay a stranger Paddling provides you with very . . . — Map (db m106693) HM
Florida (Lee County), Fort Myers — Butterflies of Lee County
What are Butterflies Butterflies and Moths are insects that belong to the order Lepidoptera. The Greek word for scale (lepid) and wing (ptera) is joined to mean scale-wing. Their body four wings, and six legs are almost entirely covered with . . . — Map (db m106681) HM
Florida (Lee County), Fort Myers — Explore Southwest Florida Naturally!
Nature has been good to Lee County, one of the last frontiers to be settled in southwest Florida. Nestled between the Everglades and the Gulf of Mexico, the county includes a variety of interconnected ecosystems. Careful planning has preserved much . . . — Map (db m105731) HM

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