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Government & Politics Historical Markers

5669 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 5469
 
Plaque and stone in front of the Baldwin County Courthouse. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, January 14, 2017
Plaque and stone in front of the Baldwin County Courthouse.
Alabama (Baldwin County), Bay Minette — Judge Harry Toulmin(1766 – 1823)
Born and educated in England, Toulmin became a Unitarian Minister and fled persecution in 1793. In the U.S. he served as President of Transylvania University and Secretary of the State of Kentucky. In 1804 Thomas Jefferson appointed him as the first . . . — Map (db m100850) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Blakeley — The Town of Blakeley
Blakeley was once one of the largest cities in Alabama. Envisioned by its founders as a rival to Mobile as a regional trading center, the town thrived briefly before a combination of factors brought about its decline. Today the site of the city is . . . — Map (db m131864) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Fairhope — Land, Capital, Labor
Land “The Source of all wealth” Henry George 1839-1897 Taxes applied to the source are an inducement to use the land wisely These parks donated by Fairhope Single Tax Corporation September 29, 1931

Capital . . . — Map (db m128893) HM

Alabama (Barbour County), Clayton — Barbour County / Early Barbour County Commissioners
Barbour County On this site in 1833 was erected the first Barbour County Court House, a round log building 20 feet square. The first county seat was located at Louisville which had previously served as the county seat of Pike. This old Pike . . . — Map (db m81857) HM
Alabama (Barbour County), Clayton — George Corley Wallace, Lurleen Burns Wallace Governors of Alabama
George and Lurleen Wallace spent much time at Memorial Hall with their involvement in community events and the education of their children. They served 17 years as Governor and were the only husband and wife to serve as Alabama’s Governor. Wallace . . . — Map (db m62807) HM
Alabama (Barbour County), Clayton — Jere Locke BeasleyActing Governor of Alabama June 5 – July 7, 1972
Jere Locke Beasley was born in Tyler, Texas on December 12, 1935. At a young age, Beasley and his family moved to Clayton, Alabama very near the Pratt’s Station Community in which his great-great-grandfather had settled in 1819. He served as the . . . — Map (db m82871) HM
Alabama (Barbour County), Comer — Election Riot of 1874
Near here is old Spring Hill, the site of one of the polling places for the November 3, 1874 local, state and national elections. Elias M. Keils, scalawag and judge of the Circuit Court of Eufaula, was United States Supervisor at the Spring Hill . . . — Map (db m60894) HM
Alabama (Blount County), Blountsville — Blountsville
1820-1889 seat of Blount County a county older than the State. Named for Tennessee Governor W. G. Blount who sent Andrew Jackson to aid Alabama settlers in Creek Indian War, 1812-1814. Indian Chief Bear Meat lived here at crossing of . . . — Map (db m28038) HM
Alabama (Blount County), Blountsville — None — Blountsville Court Square Timeline
1813: Colonel John Coffee and 800 Tennessee Volunteers see Bear Meat Cabin Cherokee Settlement near Blountsville 1816: Town settles around square 1820: Newly named Blountsville becomes county seat 1827: Town incorporated with Trustee System . . . — Map (db m49176) HM
Alabama (Blount County), Locust Fork — Gabriel Hanby, 1786-1826← Grave and Homesite 300 Yards
Member Constitutional Convention 1819 First Senator of Blount County Brigadier General, Alabama Militia County road and court systems organized at his house 1820. — Map (db m32484) HM
Alabama (Blount County), Oneonta — Blount CountyA County Older Than the State
Created Feb. 7, 1818 by Alabama Territorial Legislature from lands ceded by the Creek Indian Nation. Named for the Tennessee Governor W. G. Blount, who sent militia under Andrew Jackson to punish the Creeks for Fort Mims massacre. Jackson fought and . . . — Map (db m24353) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Governor Thomas E. Kilby1865-1943
Outstanding local industrialist as President, Kilby Steel Company; Chairman, Board of Directors, Alabama Pipe Company; President, City National and Anniston National Banks. Served as Mayor of Anniston (1905-09); State Senator (1911-15); Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m35758) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Intendants and Mayors of Jacksonville
From 1836 to 1881 the head of the City Government carried the title of Intendant. After that that the office has been filled by the Mayor. The following have served in this capacity: William Harrison Fleming, 1836-49, 1859-61 John D. Hoke, . . . — Map (db m36533) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — JacksonvilleFirst County Seat — Calhoun County, 1833-99 —
Town first called Drayton. Renamed in 1834 to honor President Andrew Jackson. Seat moved to Anniston in 1899. Calhoun Co. originally was Benton Co., for Col. T. H. Benton, Creek War officer, later U. S. Senator from Missouri. . . . — Map (db m36471) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — John Tyler Morgan1824-1907
Lawyer, Soldier, Senator ← Lived here in 1838 1862-63 Colonel of 51st Alabama Cavalry Raised by him in this county 1863-65 Brigadier General C.S.A. with Wheeler’s Cavalry 1876-1907 United States Senator Distinguished . . . — Map (db m36468) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Thomas A. Walker1811-1888
Prominent citizen of Jacksonville who served Alabama as Brigadier General, State Militia; member Legislature and Pres. of Senate; Circuit Court Judge; and Pres. Ala. and Tenn. Railroad He owned extensive cotton plantations and mining interests . . . — Map (db m29921) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — William Henry Forney1823-1894
Brigadier General C.S.A. With Army of Virginia 1861-1865. Wounded in battle five times. He was one of four distinguished sons of Jacob Forney and Sabina Swope Hoke of Jacksonville who held commissions in the Confederate Army. . . . — Map (db m36480) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Piedmont — Cross Plains - Piedmont
Cross Plains citizens voted for incorporation March 10, 1871. A second vote was cast for reincorporation May 15, 1882. By the acts of the Alabama Legislature of 1888, Cross Plains became Piedmont September 30, 1888. Mayors for both Cross Plains and . . . — Map (db m27992) HM
Alabama (Chambers County), Cusseta — Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid / Pat Garrett, "The Man Who Shot Billy the Kid"
Side 1 Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid As sheriff of Lincoln County, Pat Garrett was charged with tracking down and arresting Billy the Kid, a friend from Garrett's saloon keeping days in Fort Sumner, New Mexico. He was captured . . . — Map (db m83262) HM
Alabama (Cherokee County), Centre — Cherokee County's Beginnings
This area had long been home to the Cherokee Indians and the first white settlers did not arrive until the early 1800's. On December 29, 1835, the Cherokees signed a controversial treaty surrendering their lands here to the U.S. Government. A short . . . — Map (db m114840) HM
Alabama (Choctaw County), Silas — Silas Elementary SchoolChoctaw County
The Choctaw County Board of Education built Silas Elementary School in 1936 with support from the Alabama State Department of Education. Students attended the school from 1936-2005. After nearly 70 years as a school, the building took on a new . . . — Map (db m110975) HM
Alabama (Clarke County), Gosport — John MurphyFourth Governor of Alabama
Born 1785 in Robeson County, N.C. Came in 1818 to Monroe County, Alabama. Represented Monroe County in Alabama Constitutional Convention in 1819 and in State Legislature 1819-1822. Served as Governor of Alabama 1825-1829. Elected 1833 to Congress . . . — Map (db m47637) HM
Alabama (Clarke County), Grove Hill — Clarke County Courthouse
Clarke County established 1812. Named for General John Clarke of Georgia. County Seat moved here 1832 from Clarksville to Grove Hill, then known as Macon. — Map (db m47655) HM
Alabama (Clarke County), Winn — Fort Landrum Site
Built around the home of John Landrum Used during the Creek War of 1813 First Clarke County Court met here in 1813 Succeeding courts were held here until 1819 — Map (db m101584) HM
Alabama (Clay County), Ashland — Clay County / Clay County Courthouse
Clay County Established Dec. 7, 1866 Boundaries of eastern Talladega County and western Randolph County were redrawn in 1866 to create the 58th county of Alabama. The name honors U. S. Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky. Historical place . . . — Map (db m95095) HM
Alabama (Clay County), Lineville — John Richmond McCain
Teacher   Lawyer   Statesman He spent his life largely in promoting the welfare of others 1865   1939Map (db m95079) HM
Alabama (Cleburne County), Heflin — Cleburne County
Cleburne County was created December 6, 1866, and was named for Confederate Major General Patrick R. Cleburne. He was born March 17, 1828 in Ireland. He was the South's highest-ranking foreign-born officer and one of the best of any nationality. . . . — Map (db m83273) HM
Alabama (Coffee County), Elba — Folsom Birthplace
James Elisha (Big Jim) Folsom, a resident of Elba, Coffee County, served as the 45th and 47th Governor of Alabama. Folsom lived in this home from 1908 to 1910 when it was located near the Folsom Mill Creek and Tabernacle communities. The Folsom . . . — Map (db m94160) HM
Alabama (Coffee County), Elba — Folsom Estate
Estate of Joshua Marion Folsom and wife Eulala Dunnavant Folsom Birth Place James Elisha Folsom October 9, 1908 46th Governor of Alabama January 1947 — 1951 48th Governor of Alabama . . . — Map (db m94161) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Cherokee — Bridging CulturesNatchez Trace Parkway
Here, near the bubbling waters of Buzzard Roost Spring, Levi Colbert (Itawamba Minko, “Bench Chief”) built one of the many inns—called stands—along the Natchez Trace. But it was Colbert’s negotiating and language skills . . . — Map (db m107265) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
On Jan. 21, 1933 President-elect Franklin Delano Roosevelt addressed an immense crowd at this crossing from his railroad car and promised "to put Muscle Shoals back on the map." He then toured the idle U.S. Nitrate Plant No. 2 and Wilson Dam with . . . — Map (db m83392) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Belle Mont
Built between 1828 and 1832, Belle Mont is a foremost example of Jeffersonian Palladian Architecture in the deep south and one of Alabama's first great plantation houses. It was build for Dr. Alexander W. Mitchell, a native of Virginia, and a . . . — Map (db m29561) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Howell Thomas Heflin1921~2005
Howell Thomas Heflin retired from a lifetime of distinguished public service in 1997, having served Alabama in the U.S. Senate for three consecutive terms. There he was known as a national leader on judicial, agricultural, defense, and space issues. . . . — Map (db m28586) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Sacred TearsBy Branko Medenica — September 19, 2003 —
Panel 1 Tuscumbia and much of the Shoals area played an integral part in the "Trail of Tears" with the Tennessee River route and the overland routes. In 1825, the U.S. Government formally adopted a removal policy, which was carried out . . . — Map (db m83403) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — William Winston Home
Construction on the home which became the center building of Deshler High School was begun in 1824 by Clark T. Barton. William Winston purchased and completed the Georgian-style dwelling in 1833. The largest remaining antebellum house in Tuscumbia, . . . — Map (db m28565) HM
Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Winston Cemetery
The Winston family settled this area in the early 1820s. Andrew Jackson purchased the property at the U.S. government land sale and conveyed it to Col. Anthony Winston (1782-1841) who lived nearby in a two-story brick Federal-style house (razed . . . — Map (db m28566) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Burnt Corn — Dr. John Watkins1785 - 1853
One of the framers of the constitution of the State of Ala, represented Monroe Co. in the first legislature of the new state in 1819, rep- resented Butler, Conecuh & Monroe Cos. in the State Sen- ate 1820-1842-1845. He was the . . . — Map (db m81321) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Burnt Corn — Dr. Watkins House
This two and a half story structure with unusual lower front extension was the home of Dr. John Watkins. Dr. Watkins was one of the first and few physicians in this part of the Mississippi Territory. Before coming to Burnt Corn, he lived in . . . — Map (db m81297) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Burnt Corn — First School in Conecuh County
The first known school in Conecuh County, "Students Retreat," was located near this site. The land was owned by John Green, who also was the school’s first teacher. Green served the county in the state House of Representatives and the 1861 Secession . . . — Map (db m81295) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Burnt Corn — James Salter
. . . — Map (db m47979) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Burnt Corn — John Green CemeteryConecuh County
War of 1812 veteran John Green (1790-1882) settled in Burnt Corn in 1816. He held many public offices, established the first school, and represented Conecuh County in the state legislature in 1824 and 1829. He was the Conecuh delegate to the . . . — Map (db m81285) HM
Alabama (Conecuh County), Burnt Corn — Longmire Stagecoach Stop & First Post Office in Conecuh County
Garrett Longmire had an early trading center, tavern and stage stop near here. He served as the postmaster when his store became a post office in 1818, one of the earliest in what was then the Alabama Territory. The Burnt Corn Post Office served as . . . — Map (db m81298) HM
Alabama (Covington County), Andalusia — Andalusia City Hall / Three Notch School
Andalusia City Hall Today, the Andalusia City Hall houses city government offices and is a host site for meetings and special events. Modern information, technology, and communications of city government mesh with the original . . . — Map (db m94169) HM
Alabama (Dale County), Midland City — Richmond - First County Seat Henry County / Richmond - First County Seat Dale County
Richmond - First County Seat Henry County Henry County was created December 13, 1819; David Caldwell first Probate Judge, held court in homes of early settlers. Richmond was selected in 1822 for first county seat. Creation of Dale . . . — Map (db m71585) HM
Alabama (Dale County), Newton — NewtonTown on the Hill 1834 / Third County Seat of Dale County
Newton Town on the Hill - 1843 Newton was hub of Dale County activities from 1843 until 1870. During War Between the States (1861-1865), Newton was center of recruiting, including the Home Guards. In March 1865, local militia repulsed . . . — Map (db m71586) HM
Alabama (Dale County), Ozark — Dowling - Steagall House
Constructed in c. 1900 by G. P. Dowling, the Dowling-Steagall House is a Classical Revival dwelling featuring a full-height portico with Ionic columns and an elaborate door surround. A judge and prominent businessman, G. P. Dowling organized Ozark's . . . — Map (db m36510) HM
Alabama (Dale County), Ozark — Historic Bell
Erected on this site by the Dale County Commission, this bell is made of brass and hung in the clock tower of the courthouse from its completion in 1902 until it was torn down in 1968. The bell was made in 1902 by McShane Bell Foundry Company of . . . — Map (db m36565) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — A Courthouse Reduced to Rubble
Prior to 1905, workmen in search of salvageable bricks dismantled the old Dallas County Courthouse (pictured here). The grassy mound before you contains the damaged bricks the workmen left behind. Cahawba was the county seat from . . . — Map (db m112559) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Cahaba First State Capital1818-1826
This stone marks the site of Cahaba, selected November 21, 1818 as the first permanent capital of Alabama. The seat of goverment remaining here until removed to Tuscaloosa by the Legislature, January 1825. On December 13, 1819, it was fixed as . . . — Map (db m22609) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — Dallas County Courthouse
The grassed over mound of brick before you was once Dallas County's courthouse. This courthouse was built in 1834. It was dismantled prior to 1905 by brick salvagers. Cahawba was the county seat from 1818 to 1866. This brought a lot of people, . . . — Map (db m23010) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Cahaba — The Duke of Cahaba
Look around you. There are hundreds of pecan trees growing nearby. All were planted by Clifton Kirkpatrick, a.k.a. The Duke of Cahaba." (Note: Cahawba lost its "w" by the late 19th century.) In 1889 Samuel and Sarah Kirkpatrick . . . — Map (db m112473) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — “Fairoaks”
This Greek revival mansion was built c. 1853 for William B. King and named “Fairoaks” for the many trees found about the place. King was the nephew of Vice President William Rufus King. Ann B. Wilson, a half-sister of the builder, . . . — Map (db m83521) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — 'Bloody Sunday' Attack at Edmund Pettus Bridge / U.S. Congress Approves Voting Rights Act of 1965
Side 1 'Bloody Sunday' Attack at Edmund Pettus Bridge A voting registration campaign in 1965 turned tragic Feb. 17 when an Alabama state trooper fatally shot Jimmie Lee Jackson in Marion. It prompted a protest march from . . . — Map (db m81944) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Ecor Bienville1702-1743 — The first recorded name of Selma —
. . . — Map (db m37658) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Edmund Winston Pettus House Site
Edmund Winston Pettus, lawyer, General C.S.A., U.S. Senator, was born Limestone County, Alabama, 1821. Admitted to bar, 1842. Moved to Cahaba, 1858. Major, C.S.A., 1861. Brigadier General, 1863. U.S. Senator, 1897-1907. Resided . . . — Map (db m38273) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — George Washington Carver Homes ProjectsDr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Street
In 1952, the City of Selma accepted federal funds to build the George Washington Carver Homes Projects. The residences became “The Face of the Civil Rights Movement” to many in the 1960s because Dr. King, the Southern Christian . . . — Map (db m112354) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Highlights of Selma History / William Rufus DeVane King 1786-1853
[Side A:] Highlights of Selma History Dallas County was created by Territorial Legislature Feb. 9, 1818. Selma Land Company formed Mar. 19, 1819 by George Phillips, William Rufus King, Jesse Beene, Gilbert Shearer and Caleb Tate. . . . — Map (db m37679) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — John Tyler Morgan House
This was the residence of John Tyler Morgan (1824-1907), one of Alabama’s most honored political and military leaders. Constructed in 1859 by Thomas R. Wetmore, it was purchased by Morgan in 1865, and served for many years as his principal . . . — Map (db m37676) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Mabry - Jones Home
This Greek Revival dwelling was built c. 1850 by Dr. Albert Gallatin Mabry, a prominent physician and member of the Alabama Legislature. Dr. Mabry was a leader in organizing the Alabama State Medical Association and instrumental in passing . . . — Map (db m83580) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Sgt Robert Weakley PattonBorn 1844 - Died 1865 — Battle of Selma —
Patton, a member of Shockley's Escort Company of the University of Alabama, was killed in a clash with the 4th Iowa Cavalry at the corner of Washington Street and Alabama Avenue. In November 1865 his father, Robert Miller Patton, was elected the . . . — Map (db m83587) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — Temple Mishkan Israel
The earliest Jewish settlers came to Selma prior to the Civil War, some as early as the 1830’s. A group of Jewish citizens assembled as the Mishkan Israel Congregation and began meeting in private homes in 1867. The congregation was formally . . . — Map (db m37677) HM
Alabama (Dallas County), Selma — William Rufus de Vane King1786-1853
Native Sampson County, North Carolina. Admitted to bar, 1806. North Carolina House of Commons 1807-1809. U.S. Congressman 1811-16. Secretary U.S. Legation Naples and St. Petersburg 1816-1818. Moved to Dallas County, Alabama, 1818. . . . — Map (db m37654) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Coosada — William Wyatt Bibb← grave 300 yards 1819-1820
First governor of Alabama 1819-1820 Only governor of Alabama Territory 1817-1819 Born in Amelia County, Va., Oct. 2, 1781 In U.S. Congress from Georgia 1805-1813 Moved here from Elbert County, Ga., 1817 Buried in private . . . — Map (db m71180) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Millbrook — William Wyatt Bibb1781-1820
. . . — Map (db m71179) HM
Alabama (Elmore County), Wetumpka — Williams Lowndes Yancey
1940 One half mile from this site is the home of William Lowndes Yancey 1814-1863 American Statesman Southern Secession Leader Silver Tongued Orator — Map (db m71550) HM
Alabama (Escambia County), Brewton — The Leigh Place
The Leigh Place The First Escambia County Courthouse in Brewton Used as the County Seat from 1885 to 1890. After various other uses, remodeled as an office in 1969.Map (db m84392) HM
Alabama (Escambia County), Pollard — Francis B. Bonifay Law Office
This is the site of Francis B. "Frank" Bonifay's law office. Bonifay was the first Probate Judge of Escambia County Alabama 1869 - 1870. Jesse Howard was elected in 1871 and served for a short time but resigned and Bonifay served from 1870 - 1874. . . . — Map (db m130674) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Alabama City — Howard Gardner Nichols 1871-1896Scholar, Engineer, Industrialist, Naturalist, Humanitarian
Nichols came to Alabama City in 1894 to supervise construction of the Dwight Manufacturing Company. While serving as the mill's first agent, he planned and began a model mill village and was elected Mayor of Alabama City. — Map (db m18578) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Gadsden — Etowah County, Alabama
Created by state legislature on December 1, 1868 from territory taken from Cherokee, DeKalb, Marshall, Blount, St. Clair and Calhoun Counties, having originally been formed December 7, 1866 as Baine County in honor of Confederate hero David W. . . . — Map (db m83735) HM
Alabama (Etowah County), Gadsden — Paul Harvey Loyalty Day
On Loyalty Day this 30th day of April, 1967, we do pay honor and tribute to a great American - Paul Harvey - a man who has contributed much toward making this nation and especially Gadsden a better place to live. We salute a true champion of . . . — Map (db m83737) HM
Alabama (Greene County), Eutaw — Welcome to Eutaw, Alabama: The Gateway To The Black BeltCounty Seat of Greene County
In 1838, Greene County citizens voted to change the town seat from Erie to Eutaw. The City of Eutaw, Alabama was incorporated as a town by an act of the State Legislature on January 2, 1841. Greene County had been named for General Nathaniel Greene. . . . — Map (db m83752) HM
Alabama (Houston County), Dothan — 1905 Houston County Courthouse Bell
This bell rang over the streets of Dothan from 1905 until 1960 when it was saved from demolition by Dewey Emfinger. It was loaned to Houston County for display in 2006 by the Emfinger family in honor of Dewey and Beatrice Emfinger. Thank you to . . . — Map (db m83779) HM
Alabama (Jackson County), Scottsboro — Gen. Andrew JacksonSoldier, Statesman, 7th President U.S.A.
Jackson County was created by the State Legislature on December 13, 1819 while in session in Huntsville, Ala. The county was named in honor of Gen. Andrew Jackson who was visiting in Huntsville at the time. This Statue was presented by the . . . — Map (db m22262) HM
Alabama (Jackson County), Scottsboro — Robert E. Jones, Jr.
In 1946, Robert E. Jones, Jr. was elected to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives to fill Alabama’s 5th Congressional District seat vacated by John J. Sparkman’s election to the U.S. Senate. Elected to 15 consecutive terms, 1946-1976, . . . — Map (db m100042) HM
Alabama (Jackson County), Scottsboro — Robert Thomas Scott1800-1863
Planter, tavern operator, newspaper editor, legislator, and land developer, he sought in vain to have the Jackson County seat moved from Bellefont to the settlement that bore his name. After his death in 1863, his widow reached an agreement in 1868 . . . — Map (db m22260) HM
Alabama (Jackson County), Woodville — Decatur County1821~1825
Created by an Act of the Legislature on December 7, 1821, Decatur County was comprised of portions of Madison and Jackson Counties. "Old Woodville," two miles north along County Highway 7, was designated as the County Seat. An 1823-‘24 completed . . . — Map (db m33314) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Bessemer — Sweet Home / Henry W. Sweet
This house was built in 1906 by architect William E. Benns for H. W. Sweet at a cost of $10,000. The house uniquely blended the Queen Anne and Neo-Classical architectural styles, featuring two identical pedimented entrance porticos supported by . . . — Map (db m27024) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Concord CenterTime Capsule
To Be Opened March 1, 2022 Dedicated at the construction completion March 1, 2002 Project Team Owners - BLH Group, LLC Brookmont Investors II, LLC Spire Holdings, LLC Developer - Brookmont Realty Group, LLC General . . . — Map (db m27010) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — East Lake Community
The Creek Indian Cession of 1814 opened this section of Alabama to settlement. At the time of statehood in 1819 many pioneer families had located here in what later became known as Jones Valley. By 1820 the area was called Ruhama Valley as a result . . . — Map (db m26680) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Jefferson County Courthouse Site
The county seat of Jefferson County was moved from Elyton to Birmingham in 1873. On this site stood the first Courthouse in the City of Birmingham. The Italianate style structure was designed by architect W. K. Ball. Completed in 1875, the . . . — Map (db m27095) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Jefferson County Courthouses
Territorial legislature designated home of Maj. Moses Kelly (in Jones Valley) as site of first court in this area of Alabama, 1818. After creation of Jefferson County, 1819, court held at Carrollsville (Powderly) until county seat established . . . — Map (db m25743) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Lane Park
In 1822 William Pullen, Revolutionary War veteran, acquired this land from the Federal Government for farming. In 1889 his heirs sold the land to the City of Birmingham for use as the New Southside Cemetery which operated from 1889 to 1909 with . . . — Map (db m27096) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Powell School
Birmingham's first public school was named for Colonel James R. Powell, the city's first elected Mayor. This energetic promoter also served as the first President of the Elyton Land Company (now Birmingham Realty), which founded the city in 1871. . . . — Map (db m83835) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Vestavia Hills — Vestavia Hills Baptist Church / George Ward 1867-1940
Vestavia Hills Baptist Church Vestavia Hills Baptist Church, constituted May 6, 1957, first met at Vestavia Hills City Hall. The church purchased the George Ward estate in 1958. On the property was Ward’s home, “Vestavia,” a replica . . . — Map (db m83931) HM
Alabama (Lamar County), Sulligent — John Hollis BankheadAncestral Home — 1842 — 1920 —
Farmer Confederate Soldier Legislator Member U.S. House and Senate Thirty Three Years Father of Federal Aid to Good Roads Author making Warrior longest canalized river in the world Active in development of Muscle Shoals and other . . . — Map (db m96473) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Bennett Walker SmithCity of Florence Walk of Honor
Rev. Dr. Bennett W. Smith, as president of the Progressive National Baptist Convention, expanded the organization internationally. Active in Civil Rights in America and South Africa, he counseled President Bill Clinton on racial equality. — Map (db m38645) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Edward Asbury O'Neal, IIICity of Florence Walk of Honor
Serving 16 years as president of the American Farm Bureau Federation (1931-1947), Mr. O'Neal developed major New Deal farm policies in the Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration. — Map (db m28906) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Governor Hugh McVay Home Site and Cemetery
McVay (1766~1851), South Carolina native, built a three room log house at head of Cox's Creek about 1818. Community later called Mars Hill. He was a member of Mississippi Territorial Legislature, delegate to convention of 1819 which framed Alabama's . . . — Map (db m35260) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — James Thomas RapierCity of Florence Walk of Honor
Lawyer and statesman James T. Rapier, a son of free African-American parents in Florence, holds the distinction of being just the second African-American from Alabama to be elected, in 1873, to the U.S. Congress. — Map (db m28887) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — John McKinley Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court
John McKinley (1780~1852), native of Virginia, prominent attorney, member of Cypress Land Company, built a large three story mansion near this site in 1820's which later burned. McKinley served in Alabama Legislature, U.S. Senate (1826~31); was . . . — Map (db m28926) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Justice John A. McKinleyCity of Florence Walk of Honor
First serving as a member of the U.S. Senate (1826-1830), John McKinley was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Van Buren, becoming the first justice from Alabama. — Map (db m29265) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Justice John McKinley Federal Building
Named for Alabama's first United States Supreme Court Justice, John McKinley made his home in Florence, Alabama from about 1821 to 1842. Born May 1, 1780 in Culpepper County, Virginia, he died July 19, 1852 and is buried in Louisville, Kentucky. . . . — Map (db m28930) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Maj. Gen. George W. GoethalsCity of Florence Walk of Honor
In 1891, G.W. Goethals, in his role as supervisor of public works on the Tennessee River, reported directly to the Secretary of War. Later, he was Chief Engineer for the construction of the Panama Canal. — Map (db m29099) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Michael Hall MobbsCity of Florence Walk of Honor
Representing the Secretary of Defense at the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks in the 1980's, Michael Mobbs was a leader in negotiations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., resulting in the most complex arms control treaty in history. — Map (db m38644) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Oscar Stanton DePriestCity of Florence Walk of Honor
In 1928, Oscar S. DePriest, son of former slaves, became the first 20th Century African-American Congressman from the north. He is credited with the Anti-discrimination Amendment to the 1933 Civilian Conservation Corps Bill. — Map (db m99374) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Ronnie Gene FlippoCity of Florence Walk of Honor
In his 14 years in the U.S. House of Representatives (1977-1991), Ronnie Flippo held such important posts as the chairmanship of the Space Science Subcommittee during the development of the space shuttle, Columbia. — Map (db m84045) HM
Alabama (Lauderdale County), Florence — Woodrow Wilson Park1818
This park, first designated as a Public Walk, was laid out as part of the original plans of Florence in 1818. On February 20, 1924, the Board of City Commissioners officially changed its name from City Park to Woodrow Wilson Park in honor of the . . . — Map (db m35665) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Courtland — The African ~ American Experience
Marker Front: African~Americans played a very significant role in the early history of Courtland. Most came as slaves from the older southern states to help clear the land, to plant crops of cotton and corn, and to serve as household . . . — Map (db m29009) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Hillsboro — Home of Gen. Joseph Wheeler1836~1906
. . . — Map (db m76952) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Anne Newport Royall
Born 11 June 1769, in Maryland and married 18 Nov 1797, Anne Royall became a wealthy widow upon her Revolutionary War Veteran husband's death in 1813. However, her husband's family filed an ultimately successful suit for his estate. While she waited . . . — Map (db m84309) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Cheatham Road
Wyatt Cheatham (1769-1856) was one of the early settlers of Lawrence County and bought land near Wren in 1818. The Alabama Legislature on 14 Dec 1824 authorized him, "to open out and make a road leading from at or near the Gum Pond in said county to . . . — Map (db m84310) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — General Leroy Pope Walker
General Leroy Pope Walker was born 7 Feb 1817 in Madison County, Al., son of John W. Walker (1784~1823). John was House Speaker of the AL Territory, the first constitutional convention president, the first US AL senator, and namesake of Walker . . . — Map (db m69669) HM
Alabama (Lawrence County), Moulton — Judge Thomas M. Peters
A scientist of national fame, Peters (1810-1888) lived for many years in Moulton with his wife Naomi (Leetch), a relative of President James K. Polk, who possibly visited here. A man of many talents, Peters was a noted linguist, early civil rights . . . — Map (db m69670) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Auburn — The Auburn Guards
. . . — Map (db m106949) HM
Alabama (Lee County), Opelika — Lee County Courthouse / Lee County Probate Judges
(side a) Lee County Courthouse Lee County was created from portions of Russell, Macon, Chambers and Tallapoosa by act of the Alabama Legislature, approved December 5, 1866. The County’s first election was held January 21, 1867. . . . — Map (db m85171) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — Coleman FamilyColeman Hill
Wealthy and influential Virginia family settled here in 1820's. Daniel Coleman (1801-1857) built his stately home a block west about 1826. During the Civil War, home was occupied by Yankee troops who took Elizabeth Coleman's teeth for their gold . . . — Map (db m85389) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Athens — Governor George S. Houston Home
(Front): This house was purchased by George S. Houston in 1845 and was his home until his death here on 31st December 1879. Houston served the people of Alabama in public office for thirty six years. His long and distinguished political . . . — Map (db m85420) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Capshaw — Nicholas Davis
Born April 23, 1781 in Hanover Co. Virginia, married there to Martha Hargrave of a wealthy Quaker family. He served as U.S. Marshall and in other positions. Moved to Kentucky in 1808. Was a Captain in the War of 1812 and became a political and . . . — Map (db m29284) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Elkmont — Sims Settlement
Side A (North side) In the fall of 1806 a group of settlers led by William and James Sims, traveled from east Tennessee on flatboats down the Tennessee River and up the Elk River to this area. They landed near Buck Island and spread out . . . — Map (db m85454) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Mooresville — MooresvilleIncorporated in 1818
Post office contains original call boxes Old tavern, 1817 used as stagecoach stop Red Brick Methodist church 1817 U.S. Gen. James A Garfield was stationed here 1862 White frame church is more than a century old Andrew Johnson was . . . — Map (db m28154) HM
Alabama (Lowndes County), Hayneville — Town of Hayneville
In the 1820s, Hayneville was known as "Big Swamp." In 1830, after being chosen as the county seat of Lowndes County, it was named Hayneville for Robert Y. Hayne, governor of South Carolina and a U.S. senator. The incorporation of Hayneville as a . . . — Map (db m85459) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — 9 — "Trade With Your Friends"The Tuskegee Boycott — The Tuskegee Civil Rights and Historic Trail —
In 1957, local government officials in Tuskegee, Alabama sought to gerrymander the city's limits in an attempt to diminish the number of black votes in upcoming elections. Alabama state senator Sam Engelhardt sponsored Act 140, which transformed . . . — Map (db m139876) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee — Macon County Legal Milestone
Front Macon County was created by the Alabama Legislature on December 18, 1832 and formed out of land formerly belonging to the Creek Indians. The County was named for Nathaniel Macon, a Revolutionary War soldier and long-serving . . . — Map (db m99677) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — 2 — Charles Goode Gomillion — The Tuskegee Civil Rights and Historic Trail —
Charles Goode Gomillion (1900-1995) was born on April 1, 1900, in Johnston, South Carolina. He joined the faculty at Tuskegee University in 1928, where he served as dean of students and chair of the social sciences department. He was president of . . . — Map (db m140006) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Fred David GrayCivil Rights Attorney and Legislator / Advocate for Victims and History
Side 1 Born in 1930 in Montgomery, Gray was among the foremost civil rights attorneys of the 20th century. Forced by segregation to leave Alabama to attend law school, he vowed to return and "destroy everything segregated I could find." . . . — Map (db m101898) HM
Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — 5 — Tuskegee Civic Association — The Tuskegee Civil Rights and Historic Trail —
The Tuskegee Civic Association, whose offices were located here, started out of The Men’s Meeting of the 1920s and the Tuskegee Men’s Club of the 1930s. On April 13, 1941, in order to increase its effectiveness and to embrace all segments of the . . . — Map (db m139923) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Brownsboro — Trail of TearsDrane/Hood Overland Route
In May 1838 soldiers, under the command of U.S. Army General Winfield Scott, began rounding up Cherokee Indians in this area who had refused to move to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. About 16,000 Cherokees were placed in stockades in Tennessee and . . . — Map (db m33318) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Gurley — "Wildwood"
Home of Virginia Clay Clopton (1825-1915) Author and Social Leader who was known in Washington society as "The Belle of the Fifties" Whose first husband, Clement Claiborne Clay (1817-1882), was United States Senator from Alabama (1853-1861) and . . . — Map (db m134092) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Alabama’s Constitution And Statehood
Before statehood, the Alabama Territory had only limited rights of self government. Between July 5 and August 2, 1819, forty-four delegates from across the Territory convened in Huntsville to draft a constitution for statehood. Lawyers, merchants, . . . — Map (db m26592) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Calhoun House
On this site stood the Calhoun House, used as a Federal Courthouse, where desperado Frank James was tried and found not guilty, by jury trial, on April 25, 1884, for robbery of a government payroll near Muscle Shoals, Alabama, March 11, 1881. One of . . . — Map (db m27771) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Huntsville
City was scene of these "firsts" in Alabama: 1811 first town incorporated 1812 first Masonic Lodge chartered 1816 first bank incorporated 1819 first state constitution drafted 1819 first Governor inaugurated 1819 first session of . . . — Map (db m27843) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Madison County
Made a county in 1808 by order of Governor of Mississippi Territory. Area ceded 1805, 1806 by Cherokees, Chickasaws. This was the first land in Alabama ceded by these great civilized tribes. — Map (db m27848) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Site - Alabama’s First Constitutional Convention
Here, on July 5, 1819 forty-four delegates from twenty-two Counties in the Alabama Territory met to frame a State Constitution which was accepted and signed August 2, 1819. Convention leadership was furnished by two Huntsvillians, John Williams . . . — Map (db m27902) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Site The Huntsville InnA three-story brick building erected before 1817
Here, President James Monroe was honored at a public dinner on June 2, 1819, while on a three-day visit to the Alabama Territory. Here, also, the First Alabama Legislature convened on October 25, 1819, while Huntsville was the first Capital. — Map (db m27851) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Huntsville — Tallulah Bankhead / I. Schiffman Building1902-1968 / Birthplace of Tallulah Bankhead — Alabama’s Best-Known Actress —
Side A Tallulah Bankhead was the toast of the London theatre in the 1920's, and nationally renowned for her dramatic roles in “The Little Foxes” (1939), “The Skin of Our Teeth” (1942), the movie . . . — Map (db m27850) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Madison — "The Roundhouse"
This building is a replica of Madison's first city hall and is constructed on the original site of the Madison Depot, it was build in the late 1800's while Capt. John Buchanan Floyd, a Confederate veteran, was mayor. "The Roundhouse" served as the . . . — Map (db m103054) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Madison — Trail of TearsDrane Overland Route
Early in the 1800's gold was found from Virginia to Alabama including a rich belt on Cherokee Indian land in what is now Dahlonega, GA. causing a huge influx of miners and a land grab by new settlers. Pressure and greed from politicians led to . . . — Map (db m85838) HM
Alabama (Madison County), Madison — White Hall1878
This site was the farm of Gilbert G. White Jr., his wife Nancy L. White, and family from 1947 to 2005. Mr. White lived here until his death in 1978. Gilbert G. White Jr. was a descendant of John White, Speaker of the US House of Representatives . . . — Map (db m44268) HM
Alabama (Marengo County), Demopolis — Bluff Hall
Situated on historic White Bluff overlooking the Tombigbee River, Bluff Hall was built in 1832 by slaves of Allen Glover for his daughter, Sarah Serena, and her husband, Francis Strother Lyon. Lawyer and planter, F. S. Lyon, served in both . . . — Map (db m37997) HM
Alabama (Marion County), Hamilton — History of Marion Territory and Marion County Courts
Side 1 February 13, 1818 — Gin Port - west of Amory, MS on Tombigbee River December 16, 1819 — Henry Grier House, near Columbus, MS - first designated courthouse Late 1820-1822 — Military Ford Court - under . . . — Map (db m96791) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — 1 — Andrew N. Johnson
Andrew N. Johnson, born 1865 in Marion, Alabama, graduated from Talladega College in 1886, and taught in rural Alabama. On this site in 1894, he established the Mobile Weekly Press, a voice for African-Americans, "A.N.", a powerful member of the . . . — Map (db m111347) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Cadillac Homesite
. . . — Map (db m86328) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — 7 — Christopher First Johnson House
C. First Johnson was an entrepreneur, pastor of St. Louis Street Baptist Church, and lecturer. Johnson ran for political office in the 1890's. He founded the Union Mutual Aid Association, Mobile's first black-owned insurance company. By 1911, his . . . — Map (db m111317) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — 24 — John L. LeFloreNon-Partisan Voters League
After the NAACP was outlawed in 1956, LeFlore and the Non-Partisan Voters League took a more active role in civil rights in Mobile. LeFlore served as its director of casework. He was a plaintiff in Bolden vs. Mobile and the judgement changed . . . — Map (db m86391) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — John L. LeFlore1903- 1976
A postal worker, a community leader, a state legislator, a journalist, and a civil rights activist, Mobile native John L. LeFlore spent 50 years working to peacefully transform the character of the city and create opportunities to enhance citizens' . . . — Map (db m111413) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Joseph (Joe) N. Langan1912 - 2004
Joseph (Joe) N. Langan devoted his life to helping others and championing noble causes. He provided wisdom as a city and stare leader and served courageously as a U.S. Army officer during World War II and the Korean War. As a leading advocate for . . . — Map (db m111415) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Oakleigh
Started in 1833 by James Roper on a Spanish land grant, “Oakleigh” was named for the magnificent oaks around it. The “T” shaped dwelling with elegant parlors and curved outside stairway from the brick terrace to front gallery . . . — Map (db m85908) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — On this Spot Woodrow Wilson Said:October 27, 1913 — 1913 - 1924 —
"I want to take this occasion to say that the United States will never again seek one additional foot of territory by conquest. She will devote herself to showing that she knows how to make honorable and fruitful use of the territory she has and she . . . — Map (db m86381) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — To Jean Baptiste LeMoyneSieur de Bienville
Native of Montreal, Canada, Naval Officer of France, Governor of Louisiana and Founder of the first Capital, Mobile, in 1711. Born 1680 — Died 1768 —— With the Genius to create an Empire and the Courage to maintain . . . — Map (db m86732) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — 39 — Vernon Z. Crawford Law Firm
Vernon Crawford established the first African-American law firm in Mobile. He successfully argued the Birdie Mae Davis case that desegregated Mobile schools. He stood before the Supreme Court and won the landmark case of Bolden vs. the City of . . . — Map (db m111319) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mount Vernon — 5 — Ephraim Kirby's Grave — Mount Vernon History Trail —
From 1799 to 1817, this portion of the United States fell. within Mississippi Territory (from which the present-day states of Mississippi and Alabama were created), and the area north of Mobile consisted of two parts: Tombigbee District west . . . — Map (db m149309) HM
Alabama (Monroe County), Monroeville — A County Older Than The StateMonroe County
Created in 1815 by proclamation of Governor of Mississippi Territory from lands ceded by Creek Indians in Treaty of Ft. Jackson, 1814. Named for President James Monroe, fifth President of U.S.., 1817-25, who purchased Florida from Spain, . . . — Map (db m47695) HM
Alabama (Monroe County), Perdue Hill — Claiborne
During the westward expansion of the United States in the early 1800’s, those whose destination was the new Mississippi Territory took a right fork off the Federal Road which led to the Alabama River ferry at Claiborne. After the land cessions of . . . — Map (db m47638) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Maxwell Air Force Base — Lister Hill CenterNamed in honor of Senator Lister Hill — 1894-1984 —
This facility is dedicated to the memory of Senator Lister Hill who faithfully served his state and the nation for forty-five years as a member of the House of Representatives and the United States Senate. An Infantry Officer during World War I, . . . — Map (db m79082) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — A County Older Than the StateMontgomery County — 1816 —
Created by Mississippi Territorial Legislature from lands ceded by Creek Indian Nation in Treaty of Fort Jackson, 1814. Named for Major Lemuel Purnell Montgomery, killed at Horseshoe Bend, 1814, while leading charge on Indian fortifications. . . . — Map (db m36579) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama Governor's MansionBuilt 1907
For almost the first century of statehood, Alabama's governors lived in private homes or hotels while in office. In 1911 the state acquired the Moses Sable home on South Perry Street for the governor's residence. Lined with fine houses, Perry was . . . — Map (db m25413) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama Highway Patrol
At this location the Alabama Highway Patrol was commissioned by Governor Bibb Graves Jan. 10, 1936 — Map (db m36638) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Albert L. Patterson
To the memory of Albert L. Patterson 1896-1954 Soldier, Educator, Attorney, State Senator Attorney General-Elect An honorable life dedicated to his fellowman and to the cause of good government. Shot down by an assassin's . . . — Map (db m86064) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Black Members of the Alabama Legislature Who Served During The Reconstruction Period of 1868-1879
1868-1869: Senate: Benjamin F. Royal, Bullock; House: Benjamin Alexander, Greene; James H. Alston, Macon; Samuel Blandon, Lee; John Carraway, Mobile; George Cox, Montgomery; Thomas H. Diggs, . . . — Map (db m91290) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Camellia Designated Alabama State Flower
The Alabama Legislature approved a bill sponsored by Rep. T.E. Martin of Montgomery County in 1927 that designated the Goldenrod the official state flower. It became law on Sept. 6, 1927, the same day that the Yellowhammer became the official . . . — Map (db m86066) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Clement Clay "Bo" Torbert, Jr.Twenty-Fifth Chief Justice — 1977-1989 —
A native of Opelika, Alabama, he is the son of Clement C. Torbert and Lynda Meadows Torbert. He was educated in the Opelika public schools. He attended the United States Naval Academy and received his B.S. Degree from Auburn University in 1951. He . . . — Map (db m86073) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Ernest C. “Sonny” HornsbyTwenty-Sixth Chief Justice — 1989-1995 —
Born in Montgomery, Alabama, he is the son of Ernest Arnold Hornsby and Kate Clayton Hornsby. A 1955 graduate of Tallassee High School, he received his B.A. Degree from Auburn University and his Juris Doctor Degree from the University of Alabama . . . — Map (db m69338) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — First White House of the Confederacy
Designated Executive Residence by the Provisional Confederate Congress February 21, 1861. President Jefferson Davis and his family lived here until the Confederate Capital moved to Richmond summer 1861. Built by William Sayre 1832-35 at Bibb . . . — Map (db m7581) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Fred David GrayCivil Rights Attorney and Legislator / Advocate for Victims and History
Side 1 Born in 1930 in Montgomery, Gray was among the foremost civil rights attorneys of the 20th century. Forced by segregation to leave Alabama to attend law school, he vowed to return and "destroy everything segregated I could find." . . . — Map (db m80842) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Governor Jones House
Thomas Goode Jones, governor of Alabama from 1890-1894, occupied this house during his long political career which took him from the Montgomery City Council to a federal judgeship. During his two terms as governor, his home was the Executive Mansion . . . — Map (db m36585) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Governor Shorter House503 S. Lawrence St.
Residence of Civil War Governor John Gill Shorter, 1861-63. A strong supporter of Confederacy, Shorter built up defenses of state during war. Growing "Peace Movement" led to his defeat for re-election 1863. House acquired by Jacob Greil 1878. . . . — Map (db m74386) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Governor William Calvin Oates / Colonel W. C. Oates, CSA at Gettysburg
(Side 1) Governor William Calvin Oates Born in Pike County into a poor Alabama family in 1835, Oates practiced law in Abbeville when the War began. Elected Captain of the "Henry Pioneers," Co. G, 15th Alabama Infantry. He saw . . . — Map (db m86116) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Jefferson DavisJune 3, 1808- December 6, 1889 — Soldier Scholar Statesman —
A graduate of West Point Military Academy, he served the United States as Colonel of Mississippi Volunteers, Mexican War; member of House of Representatives, Senator, and as Secretary of War. Inaugurated President of the provisional government, . . . — Map (db m36677) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Jonathan Coggswell Farley / Montgomery's First Election
Side A Jonathan Coggswell Farley 1798-1864Farley acquired two lots on this site in 1817. Here he built both the town's first frame store and first frame two-story building, his house. In Farley's store, an election was held January 3, 1820 . . . — Map (db m86124) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Joseph Lister Hill1894 - 1984
U. S. Congress 1923 - 1938 U. S. Senate 1938-1969 — Map (db m73043) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — 9 — Judge Frank M. Johnson: Judicial Fairness in the Age of SegregationSelma to Montgomery National Historic Trail — Molton and Montgomery Streets —
Following two attempted marches from Selma in 1965 civil rights leaders turned to the federal courts for legal protection prior to the Selma To Montgomery March. Federal District Court Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr., appointed by President . . . — Map (db m91321) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Lucien Dunbibben GardnerTwenty-Second Chief Justice — 1940-1951 —
A native of Troy, Lucien Dunbibben Gardner graduated with a Bachelor of Science Degree, from the State Normal School at Troy in 1894. He earned his Bachelor of Arts Degree from The University of Alabama and graduated from the Law Department in 1897. . . . — Map (db m69333) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery City Hall / Funeral for Hank Williams
(Front) Built 1936-37 Following a fire in 1932 that destroyed a 19th century City Hall, architect Frank Lockwood designed a replacement for the same site. With the Depression affecting all construction projects during the period, the . . . — Map (db m36571) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Montgomery Theatre
Opened in Oct. 1860 as the South moved closer to secession, the theatre was significant in the social, cultural and political life of the city. In the early months, John Wilkes Booth performed here, Bryant Minstrels introduced "Dixie," which was . . . — Map (db m36572) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Site of the Warren Reese House
This was the site of the home of Warren Stone Reese (1842-1898) --planter, cotton merchant, soldier, and mayor of Montgomery. Reese, promoted to the rank of colonel in the Confederacy for gallantry at Chickamauga, became commander of the . . . — Map (db m81807) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Smith - Joseph - Stratton House
Only surviving residence of former Mayor E.B. Joseph. The Italianate cottage was built c. 1855 by Pickett Chauncey Smith, a merchant in antebellum Montgomery, and father-in-law of E.B. Joseph, who occupied the house from 1880 to 1885. Joseph served . . . — Map (db m86426) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Swayne College / Booker T. Washington School
Side A Named for Union General and Freemen’s Bureau Agent Wager Swayne, Swayne College was dedicated 21 April 1869. The Bureau appropriated $10,000 for the building and the local black community purchased 3.5 acres for the site. Future . . . — Map (db m28171) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — The First Offices of the Confederate Government
Here were located The First Offices of The Confederate Government From Feb. 22, 1861 To May 21, 1861. Secondary marker This . . . — Map (db m104718) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — The Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and US Courthouse
Side 1 Named in honor of Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr. (1918-1999), who served here as U.S. District Judge from 1955-1979, as U.S. Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit July 12, 1979 - October 1, 1981, and . . . — Map (db m71266) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — The Hon. Rufus A. Lewis1906 - 1999
Lewis began an earnest voting rights drive in the early 1940s. Credited with registering 4 generations of Montgomery voters. He established Citizenship Schools that tutored prospective black voters to fill out the literacy text, a barrier before the . . . — Map (db m86429) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — 11 — Thousands Protest at the Seat of GovernmentSelma to Montgomery National Historic Trail — Dexter Avenue —
On Thursday, March 25, 1965, the Selma to Montgomery marchers left St. Jude and continued through the streets of Montgomery, the crowd swelling in numbers as they approached Court Square. By the time they reached Dexter Avenue, a crowd of more . . . — Map (db m91322) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — William Lowndes Yancey
In the house just north William Lowndes Yancey Statesman, Orator, Secessionist, Confederate Diplomatic Commissioner Died July 28, 1863 — Map (db m71364) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Somerville — First Permanent Court House, Morgan County
Built circa 1837 with special taxes levied for that purpose by Alabama Legislature, 1836. Replaced first court house, built circa 1825. Somerville was incorporated, 1819, county seat 1819-1891. Cotaco County created February 8, 1818, renamed . . . — Map (db m27758) HM
Alabama (Morgan County), Somerville — Somerville, Alabama
Somerville was incorporated in 1819, the same year in which Alabama became the 22nd state in the Union. It was the county seat of Morgan County from 1819 until 1891. Somerville was named after Lt. Robert Summerville (the spelling was later . . . — Map (db m130416) HM
Alabama (Pickens County), Aliceville — George Downer FieldAliceville, Alabama — Dedicated Nov. 7, 1961 —
Named in honor of George Noonan Downer, Sr. who rendered exemplary community service for more than 50 years. Gov. John Patterson was dedicatory speaker on Nov. 7, 1961. Mr. Downer was born at Cooksville, Miss., July 31, 1888. Served 30 years as . . . — Map (db m92648) HM
Alabama (Pickens County), Carrollton — Kelly - Stone - Hill Place
Former home of John Herbert Kelly, brigadier general, C.S. Army, born in Carrollton, March 31, 1840. Appointed to West Point at age 17, resigned a few months before graduation. Fought at Shiloh, Perryville, Murfreesboro and Chickamauga. Mortally . . . — Map (db m37447) HM
Alabama (Pike County), Troy — Cowart HallRenovated 1993
Born in Henderson, Alabama in 1850, Fletcher Jackson Cowart began his working career as a public school teacher. He later served superintendencies for both the Pike County and the Troy City schools. He was editor of the Troy Messenger and a . . . — Map (db m38934) HM
Alabama (Randolph County), Wedowee — Site of the Home of William Hugh SmithLegislator, Governor
An opponent of secession, he fled north in 1862. Returning after the Civil War, he was elected first governor under the Constitution of 1868 and served one two-year term. He was one of three Republican governors. — Map (db m19015) HM
Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — John Crowell
Near here is the site where John Crowell lived, died, and is interred. Colonel Crowell was born in Halifax County, North Carolina, on September 18, 1780; moved to Alabama in 1815, having been appointed as Agent of the United States to the . . . — Map (db m26116) HM
Alabama (Russell County), Hurtsboro — Long FamilyNimrod Long House
Nimrod Washington Long moved to Alabama from Georgia in the 1830s. A planter, mill owner and state legislator, he had real estate and railroad interests in Russell County. This house was the plantation home of Nimrod Washington Long in Spring Hill, . . . — Map (db m69433) HM
Alabama (Russell County), Phenix City — "Emperor" Brims, Mary Musgrove and Chief William McIntosh — Creek Heritage Trail —
Coweta was the home of many influential Creek leaders, including three individuals who figured prominently in the history of the Creek people; "Emperor” Brims, Mary Musgrove, Chief William McIntosh. The Coweta chieftain Brims, who . . . — Map (db m101336) HM
Alabama (Russell County), Phenix City — Albert Love PattersonJanuary 27, 1891 - June 18, 1954
(side 1) Born at New Site, Alabama, he grew up working on his parents’ farm. In 1916 he worked in the oil fields in Texas and joined the Texas National Guard. He married Agnes Benson of Alabama in 1917. In 1918 he was commissioned an . . . — Map (db m69114) HM
Alabama (Russell County), Seale — Old Russell County Courthouse
During the Federal occupation of the former Confederate States of America, the Alabama Legislature created Lee County primarily from the northern half of Russell County in 1866 and ordered the selection of the county seat "more centrally located." . . . — Map (db m53160) HM
Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — The Colonial Courthouse/The Stocks and Pillory
(side 1) The Colonial Courthouse This building is inspired by the Courthouse at Williamsburg, Virginia, built in 1770. The County Court heard petty crimes and civil cases such as debtors’ disputes with creditors from abusive . . . — Map (db m101501) HM
Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — The Liberty Bell
(side 1) The Liberty Bell was commissioned November 1, 1751, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of William Penn’s Charter of Privileges for his Pennsylvania colony. The radical charter granted religious liberty to persecuted faiths, . . . — Map (db m101506) HM
Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — The Lucille Ryals Thompson Colonial Chapel/One Nation Under God
(side 1) The Lucille Ryals Thompson Colonial Chapel Inspired by Bruton Parish Church of Williamsburg, Virginia, it was named to honor Lucille Ryals Thompson. The Chapel was built in thanksgiving for God’s blessings on America, and . . . — Map (db m101505) HM
Alabama (Shelby County), Montevallo — Washington Hall/Birth of A Nation
(side 1) Washington Hall The exterior of the hall is inspired by George Washington's beloved Mount Vernon. It has beveled-edge block walls. When mixed with paint and sand it gives the appearance of stone masonry, a process called . . . — Map (db m101504) HM
Alabama (Shelby County), Pelham — Shelbyville, A. T.
Near this site stood Shelbyville, A. T., first county seat of Shelby County; named for Isaac Shelby, governor of Tennessee. Shelby County was established February 7, 1818 by an act of the Alabama Territorial legislature. The first orphans’ court was . . . — Map (db m28441) HM
Alabama (St. Clair County), Ashville — The Dean / Inzer HouseHome of Lt. Col. / Judge John Washington Inzer
Greek revival antebellum home built by Moses Dean in 1852, acquired by John W. Inzer in 1866. Home occupied by Inzer family from 1866 to 1987. In July 1987 home and its contents, including extensive law library, deeded by family heirs to St. Clair . . . — Map (db m28092) HM
Alabama (St. Clair County), Margaret — None — Town of Margaret
Margaret traces its roots to the Alabama Fuel & Iron Company, which organized in the early 1900s and developed Margaret coal mines under the leadership of its president Henry F. DeBardeleben. Named after DeBardeleben’s wife Margaret, the town was . . . — Map (db m50759) HM
Alabama (Sumter County), Livingston — Livingston, Alabama / Livingston's Bored Well
Side 1 Livingston, Alabama Prior to the signing of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek on September 27, 1830, this site belonged to the Choctaw Nation. Early settlers to the area came from the Carolinas, Georgia, Tennessee, and . . . — Map (db m92665) HM
Alabama (Talladega County), Talladega — Auburn University And Birmingham-Southern College Began In Talladega, 1854
By action of the Alabama Conference of The Methodist Episcopal Church, South in session at Talladega, December 13-18, 1854, Auburn University and Birmingham - Southern College were born. The delegation resolved to “have a college within the . . . — Map (db m28202) HM
Alabama (Talladega County), Talladega — The Joiner Family
The distinguished Joiner family lived here in an imposing mansion, demolished in 1970. James H. Joiner: Pioneer in Talladega's progress while publisher, 1844-73, of one of Alabama's most influential newspapers - The Democratic Watchtower. . . . — Map (db m37220) HM
Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Dadeville — Johnson J. Hooper1815 - 1861
Author, Editor, Lawyer Secretary of Congress, C.S.A. As a writer he created Captain Simon Suggs of the Tallapoosa Volunteers, fictional character whose humorous, rascally escapades of pioneer days in Alabama became world famous. — Map (db m28745) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — “The Indian Fires Are Going Out”
The Trail of Tears led thousands of Creek Indians through Tuscaloosa, capital of Alabama in 1836. Chief Eufaula addressed the legislature with these words: "I come here, brothers, to see the great house of Alabama and the men who make laws and . . . — Map (db m119308) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Alabama Central Female College
After the seat of government was moved to Montgomery in 1847, the Tuscaloosa Capitol and its furnishings were deeded to the University of Alabama to be used for educational purposes. In 1857, the University Board of Trustees leased the building . . . — Map (db m29064) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Arthur P. BagbyGovernor 1837 - 1841
He inherited the financial woes brought on by the collapse of the "Flush Times". Despite chaotic banking conditions during the Panic of 1837, chancery courts and a penitentiary system were both created, and Alabama settled its boundary dispute with . . . — Map (db m29030) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Benjamin FitzpatrickGovernor 1841 - 1845
He oversaw the closing of the unstable State Bank. In 1845 the legislature amended the constitution to allow the removal of the capital from Tuscaloosa. The growing wealth and population of the Black Belt brought the seat of government to Montgomery. — Map (db m29033) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Clement Comer ClayGovernor 1835 - 1837
He served during Alabama's years of great prosperity known as the "Flush Times." With the economy booming, the legislature abolished all state taxes. — Map (db m29029) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — Gabriel MooreGovernor 1829 - 1831
During his term our state moved from frontier to urbanity. The University of Alabama was officially opened. Construction was begun on our first canals and railroads, supplementing existing steamboats and unpaved roads. The Choctaws exchanged their . . . — Map (db m29023) HM

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Jul. 11, 2020