“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Canada

Calgary World War I Memorial image, Touch for more information
By cmh2315fl via Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0), May 17, 2015
Calgary World War I Memorial
1Alberta, Calgary — Calgary World War I Memorial
To the imperishable glory of the men of this province who fought and died for their king and country in the Great War 1914 — 1918 Erected by Col. Macleod Chapter I. O. D. E.Map (db m196990) WM
2Alberta, Calgary — Mewata Armoury/Le manege militaire Mewata
[English] The scale and bold design of the Mewata Armoury exemplify the wave of national pride that greeted Canada's strong performance in the South African War. In western Canada this military enthusiasm led to a dramatic increase in militia . . . Map (db m196993) HM
3Alberta, Calgary — The Bridge
Briefly called the Bowness Bridge during its construction in 1910-11, this structure has been known for many years as the Shouldice Bridge. Since its construction, the bridge has provided an invaluable transportation link between Bowness and . . . Map (db m196995) HM
4Alberta, Canmore — Coal Train Comin'
In 1884 Canmore was just a whistle-stop on the newly built Canadian Pacific Railway when two prospectors unearthed black coal on the west side of the Bow River. Two years later, Queen Victoria granted a Charter to mine coal in the Canmore area and . . . Map (db m197082) HM
5Alberta, East Coulee — Atlas No. 3 Coal Mine/La mine de charbon Atlas numéro trois
[English] Atlas No. 3 (1936-1956) played a central role in the coal industry of the Drumheller Valley, a leading area in the production of Canadian coal. The mine employed skilled miners and used mechanized equipment to produce large supplies . . . Map (db m196996) HM
6Alberta, Edmonton — Fire Hall No. 6
The 1909 Strathcona City Council had to make a decision. Where do they house the volunteer fire department? After much spirited debate they decided that the old fire hall was not worth repairing and a new one should be built. The citizens agreed. In . . . Map (db m197048) HM
7Alberta, Edmonton — Low Level Bridge
First bridge to span the North Saskatchewan River at Edmonton built 1898-1900Map (db m197056) HM
8Alberta, Edmonton — Strathcona Fire Hall Number 1
Originally known as Strathcona Fire Hall Number 1, this structure is the last remaining example of a pre First World War fire hall in Edmonton. Designed by Arthur G. Wilson and David E. Herrald, the hall was built by contractor James M. Eaton at a . . . Map (db m197047) HM
9Alberta, Edmonton — Strathcona Public Library
This was the first public library building in Edmonton. The Carnegie Foundation offered to build a library of a specified size and shape; this did not meet the requirements of the citizens of Strathcona, who refused the offer and instead financed . . . Map (db m197046) HM
10Alberta, Edmonton — The High Level BridgeEdmonton, Alberta — Historic Civil Engineering Site/Site historique du génie civil —
[English] Construction of a bridge across the North Saskatchewan River was first proposed by the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1905. After extended negotiations with the government and the cities of Edmonton and Strathcona, construction began . . . Map (db m197052) HM
11Alberta, Lethbridge — Canadian Pacific Railway Union Station
In May 1905, Lethbridge signed its largest incentive agreement to bring the CPR's divisional point from (Fort) Macleod to Lethbridge. The City offered the company a 20-year tax exemption on 120 acres (48.6 ha) of land and 200,000 gallons (909,000 L) . . . Map (db m196966) HM
12Alberta, Lethbridge — Firehall No. 1
Built in 1890 and manned by volunteer firefighters, the structure is the oldest brick fire hall in Alberta. The building was expanded and rebuilt on this site in 1908. Larger doors accommodated new equipment and additional space provided living . . . Map (db m196970) HM
13Alberta, Lethbridge — Lethbridge Public Library/Southern Alberta Art Gallery
The employees of the Alberta Railway & Coal Company founded the “Miners Library” and established the earliest library in Lethbridge. In 1918 the local YMCA provided the first home for the Lethbridge Public Library. As the city grew, the citizens . . . Map (db m196972) HM
14Alberta, Lethbridge — Lethbridge Viaduct
Rising 307 feet from the valley floor, this bridge, over which runs the Canadian Pacific Railway through the Crows Nest Pass, spans the valley in one mile and forty seven feet. Completed in 1909, it is the longest, highest bridge of its type in the . . . Map (db m196961) HM
15Alberta, Lethbridge — Manual Training School/Bowman Elementary/Bowman Art Centre
On October 10th, 1912 the Duke of Connaught, Governor General of Canada, officially opened this building as the “Manual Training School”, the first in the Province of Alberta. Designed by architects H.M. and W.A. Whiddington, they used a combination . . . Map (db m196976) HM
16Alberta, Lethbridge — The Construction of the Lethbridge Viaduct / La construction du Viaduc de Lethbridge
[English] This Canadian Pacific Railway viaduct, built between 1907 and 1909 across the Oldman River Valley, was an engineering triumph. More than 1,600 metres long and 95 metres high, this steel structure is the longest and highest of its . . . Map (db m196963) HM
17Alberta, Rosedale — The Star Mine Suspension Bridge
1912 Coal miners working in the Star Mine crossed the Red Deer River in rowboats. 1919 An aerial cable car system was built, which transported both men & coal from the mine to tipple on this (south) side, The C.N.R. carried the coal from . . . Map (db m196998) HM
18Alberta, Wainwright — Wainwright Memorial Clock Tower
[World War I plaque] These went and came not again In memory of those from this community who gave their lives in the Great War. H.C. Barss • J. Berry • P.A. Conneau • J. Coutts • J. Crompton • A. Dalton • J. Edmonds • J. Elliott • . . . Map (db m197042) WM
19Alberta, Wainwright — Wainwright Old Town Hall1014–2 Avenue
Old Town Hall is a neo classical two storey brick building built in 1929. Prominent features of this style include the building's symmetrical facade, decorated cornice with dentil detailing and decorate lintels above the window and door openings. . . . Map (db m197041) HM
20Alberta (Athabasca County), Athabasca — Athabasca Landing
This was once the "jumping off point" for the vast northland. Here in 1887 the first steamboat "Athabasca" was built to ply the river between Mirror Landing and Grand Rapids. Steamboats superceded the canoe, York boat, and scow, and were . . . Map (db m8837) HM
21Alberta (Banff National Park), Banff — An Architectural Landmark
Banff's first train station was actually located 1.5km east along the line from here. By 1888 it was deemed to be too far from the hot springs and a new log station was built at the site of today's station.
This new location for the train . . . Map (db m197062) HM
22Alberta (Banff National Park), Banff — Banff Park Museum
Opened in 1895, the Banff Park Museum was moved into this building in 1903. Its cross-log motif exemplifies an architectural style common in the town at the time. Norman Bethune Sanson, the museum’s curator from 1896 to 1932, energetically developed . . . Map (db m8836) HM
23Alberta (Banff National Park), Banff — Banff Springs HotelL'Hôtel Banff Springs
This hotel is among the largest and most renowned of the fashionable resort hotels established along railway and steamship routes in Canada during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Constructed by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company in stages . . . Map (db m100084) HM
24Alberta (Banff National Park), Banff — John Murray Gibbon1875-1952
Born in Ceylon and educated in Scotland and Germany, Gibbon studied painting before turning to journalism. As publicity agent for the Canadian Pacific Railway from 1913 to 1945 he combined advertising with the promotion of a Canadian identity, . . . Map (db m108632) HM
25Alberta (Banff National Park), Banff — Sulphur Mountain Cosmic Ray StationLa Station d'étude des Rayons Cosmiques du Mont Sulphur
Located at the top of Sulfur Mountain, the cosmic ray station was completed by the National Research Council in 1956, in preparation for International Geophysical Year (1957–1958) an undertaking involving 66 countries and a dozen scientific . . . Map (db m109422) HM
26Alberta (Banff National Park), Banff — The Cave and Basin
The Cave and Basin Springs were brought to public attention after being located by CPR construction workers in 1883. These and the Upper Hot Springs soon drew private entrepreneurs and tourists. Growing support for public ownership prompted the . . . Map (db m108877) HM
27Alberta (Banff National Park), Castle Junction — Castle CampInternment in Banff National Park
End of the Road On the night of July 14, 1915 sixty prisoners were marshalled off a Canadian Pacific train just west of here and escorted to a barbed wire compound at the end of the unfinished Banff–Laggan (now Lake Louise) road. So . . . Map (db m109003) HM
28Alberta (Banff National Park), Castle Junction — Castle Mountain Internment Camp
During Canada’s first national internment operations in World War One, thousands of immigrants from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the majority of Ukrainian origin, some citizens of Canada, were imprisoned as “enemy aliens”. Internment operations . . . Map (db m8827) HM
29Alberta (Banff National Park), Castle Junction — Storm MountainMont Storm
ENGLISH INSCRIPTION Mountains create their own weather As winds swirl around and rise above these massive barriers, clouds build up and bring the rain and snowstorms for which Storm Mountain was named. Travellers . . . Map (db m82917)
30Alberta (Banff National Park), Lake Louise — Canadian Pacific Railway Stone Monument
Erected in honor of Sir James Hector K. C. M. C. Geologist and explorer to the Palliser Expedition of 1857 - 1860 by his friends in Canada, the United States & England. One of the earliest scientists to explore the Canadian Rocky Mountains. He . . . Map (db m70443) HM
31Alberta (Banff National Park), Lake Louise — Chateau Lake Louise
This renowned hotel had its origins in a simple log chalet built by the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1890. Early guests, including some pioneers of mountaineering in the northern Rockies, followed a packhorse trail from the station below. The advent . . . Map (db m109415) HM
32Alberta (Banff National Park), Lake Louise — Defining the Boundary of the Great DivideDélimitation de la Ligne de Partage des Eaux
Prior to 1913 the Alberta-British Columbia boundary was defined by the divide or watershed of the Rocky Mountains. The discovery of valuable coal deposits and the availability of marketable timber and the incursion of railroads and roads required a . . . Map (db m70445) HM
33Alberta (Banff National Park), Lake Louise — Lake Louise-Welcome
Imagine arriving here in the 1880s…the smell of pine forest, the sound of avalanches from the mountains above, and the wonder of vast unexplored country ahead. Today, the ice-capped peaks, hidden valleys and turquoise lakes are as spectacular as . . . Map (db m100116) HM
34Alberta (Banff National Park), Lake Louise — Parting of the WatersLe Partage des Eaux
How many creeks do you know of that split, with each fork reaching a separate ocean, 4500 km apart. Here, Divide Creek forks on the boundary between Pacific and Atlantic watersheds, commonly called the Great Divide. Water in the left fork will . . . Map (db m177899) HM
35Alberta (Bonnyville District), Glendon — The Pyrogy – PyrohyBest Made in Glendon
A European food that was brought to Western Canada in the early 19th century by the working and poor people. It originated as a boiled dumpling, and later people added whatever they desired inside, and it became a pyrogy – pyrohy, sometimes called . . . Map (db m8813) HM
36Alberta (Camrose County), Meeting Creek — Meeting CreekBands of Brass & Bands of Steel
The Meeting Creek depot was built by the Canadian Northern Railway in 1913 to a “Standard Third Class” plan issued by the company. It is typical of many “combination” railway depots used throughout North America – providing facilities for passenger . . . Map (db m197015) HM
37Alberta (Cypress County), Medicine Hat — Finlay Bridge
. . . Map (db m196933) HM
38Alberta (Cypress County), Medicine Hat — Finlay BridgeCompleted in 1908 — Municipal Historic Resource —
Finlay Bridge is a vehicle and foot bridge that crosses the South Saskatchewan River, connecting the north (Riverside) and south sides (downtown) of Medicine Hat. It officially opened in May 14, 1908/ Finlay Bridge is named for William T. Finlay: . . . Map (db m196935) HM
39Alberta (Foothills County), Turner Valley — Turner Valley Gas Plant
This plant, which was critical to the development of the Turner Valley oil field, is the earliest gas processing facility built in Canada and the only survivor of its type. The present complex was begun in 1921 after a fire destroyed the original . . . Map (db m8825) HM
40Alberta (Foothills County), Turner Valley — Turner Valley Oilfield
Turner Valley is Alberta’s first great oilfield. Initially the field, which began production in 1914, yielded mainly natural gas. Local plants, which provided the only extensive gas-processing system in the province, extracted the marketable . . . Map (db m9204) HM
41Alberta, Jasper — Gateway to a Community and a Park
Strolling down the aisle, a conductor announces your destination. With steely squeals and a pish-sh-sh-sh of pent up steam, the locomotive glides to a halt. Descending the coach's stairs you step through the mist and arrive at Jasper Station. . . . Map (db m108634) HM
42Alberta, Jasper — Jasper Information Centre/Le centre d'information de Jasper
[English] This building is one of the finest and most influential examples of rustic architecture in Canada’s national parks. Designed by A.M. Calderon and completed in 1914, it introduced a building tradition based on the use of local . . . Map (db m197059) HM
43Alberta (Jasper National Park), Jasper — Arthur Oliver Wheeler(1860-1945)
A preeminent topographical surveyor, Wheeler represented British Columbia on the commission which located and marked the boundary with Alberta between 1913 and 1925. His party surveyed and mapped the 1000 km-long mountain section, using photographs . . . Map (db m108876) HM
44Alberta (Leduc County), Devon — Leduc-Woodbend Oil FieldLe Site Pétrolifière Leduc-Woodbend
The development of this field in 1947 marked a turning point in the history of the Alberta petroleum industry. After the drilling of Leduc No. 1, the geographical focus of the industry shifted from Turner Valley northward to the central plains area, . . . Map (db m8856) HM
45Alberta (Lethbridge County), Lethbridge — Nikka Yuko Centennial Garden
Opened July 14th 1967 by their Imperial Highnesses’ Prince Takamatsu and Princess Takamatsu of JapanMap (db m100085) HM
46Alberta (Newell County), Brooks — River in the SkyThe river runs … slowly
Water flowed through the Brooks Aqueduct every year from 1915 until it was replaced in 1979. The engineers who built the Aqueduct planned a delivery rate of about 900 cubic feet (25 cu. m) of water per second. The Aqueduct never managed it. From the . . . Map (db m196947) HM
47Alberta (Newell County), Brooks — River in the SkyOver and under
Getting the water in and out of the Aqueduct wasn't the only challenge. As it marched across the valley it would run smack into the CPR tracks. The Aqueduct as planned was not high enough for trains to go under it. And the construction required to . . . Map (db m196952) HM
48Alberta (Newell County), Brooks — River in the SkyThe CPR bows out, the farmers bow in
Many settlers in the Eastern Irrigation Section had a hard time in the 1920s and 1930s. Low grain prices, deteriorating soils from alkali seepage into fields, and inexperience with irrigation farming techniques were some of the problems. Even though . . . Map (db m196954) HM
49Alberta (Newell County), Brooks — River in the SkyWorking on the shell: The joints
1916 “On April 6 … a camp … was located at the aqueduct for the purpose of tightening and repacking the metal bands at six expansion joints, and also of putting on additional bands … Total cost $160.00.” 1917 “Work was started on . . . Map (db m196955) HM
50Alberta (Newell County), Brooks — The Brooks Aqueduct/L’aqueduc de Brooks
[English] The CPR built this reinforced concrete aqueduct between 1912 and 1914. It was part of a large irrigation scheme using water diverted from the Bow River to transform 55,000 hectares east of Brooks from semi-arid rangeland to farmland . . . Map (db m196937) HM
51Alberta (Newell County), Brooks — The River Runs DryThe River in the Sky comes down to earth
“So he grabbed hold of a pick, he just kind of lifted it up a bit and then drove it right through, right through the bowl. Well, as the pick went through the bowl his hair stood straight up on end, I can assure . . . Map (db m196950) HM
52Alberta (Newell County), Brooks — Welcome to the Brooks Aqueduct
In the early 1900s the Canadian Pacific Railroad began construction of a huge irrigation project in Alberta comprising over a million hectares (3 million acres). Part of this original block land grant to the railway is now known as the Eastern . . . Map (db m196941) HM
53Alberta (Red Deer County), Red Deer — Former Post Office/Federal Building — Red Deer Historical Walking Tour —
Red Deer's population grew rapidly during the Second World War due to the construction of military training camps and the onset of Alberta's energy boom. In response to the city's growth, the Federal Building, which housed the post office, was . . . Map (db m197005) HM
54Alberta (Red Deer County), Red Deer — Old Court House — Red Deer Historical Walking Tour —
The austere brick walls and Tyndall limestone columns of the Old Court House convey a sense of awe. This was intentional, as the building's Classical Revival style was meant to give the impression of power and civilization – attributes designed to . . . Map (db m197003) HM
55Alberta (Red Deer County), Red Deer — Red Deer Armoury/Fire Hall — Red Deer Historical Walking Tour —
Built in 1914 in the Gothic Revival style, the Armoury was constructed as the headquarters of the 35th Central Alberta Horse Regiment. The Armoury served as a recruitment office and training centre for the Department of Militia and Defence for more . . . Map (db m197012) HM
56Alberta (Red Deer County), Red Deer — Red Deer Cenotaph
[First plaque] In proud and grateful remembrance of those who made the supreme sacrifice in the wars 1914 – 1918 1939 – 1945 1950 – 1953 [Second plaque] If ye break faith with us who die we shall not sleep . . . Map (db m197000) WM
57Alberta (St. Paul County), Heinsburg — CNR Water Tank1930–1965
CNR Water Tank History Heinsburg became a terminal and turn around point for the Canadian National Railway (CNR) Coronado sub-division in the 1920's after the proposed Heinsburg-Frenchman Butte link was cancelled. A water tank was needed at . . . Map (db m197045) HM
58Alberta (Stettler County), Big Valley — Locomotive Turntable
The turntable was one means of turning steam locomotives and an essential component of the roundhouse complex. It consisted of a revolving bridge, balanced on a centre bearing, in a circular pit. After dumping their fires at the ash pit, locomotives . . . Map (db m197013) HM
59Alberta (Stettler County), Big Valley — The Roundhouse
Every divisional point had an engine house or “shop” as it was commonly referred to. It was in these structures that after each run, steam locomotives were checked, cleaned, and miscellaneous light repairs performed. The “roundhouse,” known as such . . . Map (db m197014) HM
60Alberta (Wainwright District), Fabyan — The Battle River TrestleWainwright
Like many other communities in Alberta, Wainwright is where it is today because of a railway. The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (GTPR) surveyed the townsite in 1908, forcing the moving of buildings from Denwood 2.5 miles to the new town. Following its . . . Map (db m197033) HM
61Alberta (Wainwright District), Fabyan — The Battle River TrestleThe Trestle
West of Wainwright the railway met a deep challenge, a glorious valley that was home to the Battle River. In 1907, the concrete footings of the bridge that would span the valley were poured. Farmers and other contractors hauled supplies to the site . . . Map (db m197037) HM
62Alberta (Waterton Lakes National Park), Waterton — Dream TownVille de Rêve
ENGLISH INSCRIPTION Western Canada’s first producing oil was drilled in this valley at the turn of the 20th century. This success spurred further activity in this area, attracting more drilling and workers. A.P. Patrick, an investor . . . Map (db m82965) HM
63Alberta (Waterton Lakes National Park), Waterton — Western Canada's 1st Producing Oil Well1er Puits De Pétrole Producteur de L'ouest Canadien
ENGLISH INSCRIPTION (Panel 1) Bears Discover Oil?! Oil seeps in this area were well known to Aboriginal peoples, who may have found them while observing bears. Bears are attracted by the smell of oil and may roll in . . . Map (db m80302) HM
64Alberta (Waterton Lakes National Park), Waterton Park — Oil & ArchitecturePétrole et Architecture
Did you know Waterton contains two national historic sites? Many more are nearby, some managed by Parks Canada and some by other agencies and groups. National historic sites celebrate over 1,500 places, persons and events important to Canadians. . . . Map (db m82964) HM
65Alberta (Waterton Lakes National Park), Waterton Park — Waterton
ENGLISH INSCRIPTION Welcome to Waterton Lakes National Park of Canada National Parks protect the natural landscapes of Canada and also provide great places for outdoor adventures and connecting with nature. As you enjoy . . . Map (db m82962) HM
66Alberta (Wetaskiwin County), Wetaskiwin — Wetaskiwin Court House/La Palais de Justice de Wetaskiwin
[English] Rapid settlement of western Canada after 1900 created an urgent need for new judicial facilities. The Wetaskiwin Court House was one of the initial group of public buildings constructed in Alberta after the shift from territorial to . . . Map (db m197022) HM
67Alberta (Wetaskiwin County), Wetaskiwin — Wetaskiwin Post OfficeHistoric Downtown Wetaskiwin
The red brick building that most people know as the Old Post Office was built by the Federal Government in 1911, but it wasn't Wetaskiwin first Post Office. Until the completion of the Calgary & Edmonton Railway line in 1891, mail was delivered by . . . Map (db m197029) HM
68Alberta (Wetaskiwin County), Wetaskiwin — Wetaskiwin Water TowerCanada's Oldest Working Water Tower — Continually serving its community for more than 100 years —
Driving towards Wetaskiwin from any direction, the 10-storey water tower is the first visible sign of the City. Like the prairie grain elevators, water towers have long been the signature landmarks of communities. Unfortunately, most of them have . . . Map (db m197030) HM
69Alberta (Willow Creek District), Claresholm — Claresholm Train Station1911
When the railway reached Claresholm in 1891 a converted box car served as the first train station. It was replaced in 1895 by a wood frame building. By 1910 the growing Town of Claresholm required a larger, more permanent train station. The . . . Map (db m196986) HM
70Alberta (Willow Creek District), Fort Macleod — MacKenzie Bridge
The Oldman River was often impassable due to spring run off or heavy rains. In 1903, during a particularly bad flood, several people drowned trying to cross the river and residents petitioned the Territorial and Dominion governments to build a . . . Map (db m196980) HM
71Alberta (Willow Creek District), Fort Macleod — Territorial Court House/L’ancien palais de justice
[English] Between 1888 and 1905 the Government of Canada built a dozen court houses to serve the new settlements on the prairies. Most of these buildings were phased out of service and eventually demolished following the implementation of the . . . Map (db m196983) HM
72Alberta (Wood Buffalo), Fort McMurray — Methye Portage
The earliest trade route between eastward and northward flowing waters followed the Clearwater River and the Methye Portage. Discovered by Peter Pond in 1778 and used continuously for more than a century by fur-traders and explorers, including . . . Map (db m8814) HM
73British Columbia (Alberni-Clayoquot), Great Central — A Versatile Pioneer
Sproat Lake is named for Gilbert Malcolm Sproat, scholar, author, anthropologist, businessman, and avid British Columbian from his arrival in 1860. He co-founded Port Alberni's first sawmill in 1861, was British Columbia's first agent-general in . . . Map (db m188030) HM
74British Columbia (Alberni-Clayoquot), Port Alberni — Bicentennial of the Spanish Expeditions to the Northwest Coasts of America1771–1991
[Upper Marker]: Pedro de Alberni, Captain of the Catalan Volunteers and Commander of the Spanish Establishment at Santa Cruz de Nootka, 1790-1792. Offered by the Government of Spain on the occasion of the visit of the Spanish . . . Map (db m9155) HM
75British Columbia (Alberni-Clayoquot), Port Alberni — Forest Industry in British ColumbiaL’Industrie Forestiere en Colombie-Britannique
Harvesting of the forest has long been an important aspect of life on the Pacific Coast. The native people were the first to utilize this valuable resource in the construction of dwellings, canoes, and implements. In the nineteenth century, spars . . . Map (db m9192) HM
76British Columbia (Alberni-Clayoquot), Ucluelet — 1906 Amphitrite Point Lighthouse
Amphitrite Point was named after the naval warship, H.M.S. Amphitrite, in 1859 by Captain George H. Richards of the Royal Navy. Captain Richards was responsible for surveying much of Vancouver Island's coastline during this period. The original . . . Map (db m198567) HM
77British Columbia (Bulkley-Nechako), Fort Fraser — Grand Trunk Pacific
The last spike in Canada's second trans-continental railroad was driven near this site on April 7, 1914. The Grand Trunk Pacific became the most important factor in the dvelopment of Central British Columbia. However, financial problems plagued the . . . Map (db m187999) HM
78British Columbia (Bulkley-Nechako), Southbank — Ootsa Lake Nechako Reservoir
In 1952, the Kenney Dam was constructed on the Nechako River to service the new Alcan aluminum smelter at Kitimat, resulting in the creation of the Nechako Reservoir and the relocation of over 75 families. The damming also linked the rivers and . . . Map (db m8855) HM
79British Columbia (Bulkley-Nechako), Telkwa — Overland Telegraph
Perry Collins, an American, envisioned a land route to link America and Asia by telegraph. All attempts to lay a cable across the Atlantic had failed. Western Union had completed 800 miles northerly from New Westminster in 1865-66, when the ocean . . . Map (db m187980) HM
80British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Above The Sunken Garden
The mound in the centre of the quarry was of an inferior grade of limestone and therefore not quarried. Left intact, it provided a natural viewpoint amid the developing garden beds. Jennie Butchart planted a pair of arbor vitae (trees of . . . Map (db m74451) HM
81British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Coast Salish Totem Poles
Eagle with Salmon, Orca, Bear with Salmon This Totem Pole, carve in Contemporary Coast Salish style by master carver Doug LaFortune of the Tsawout First Nation, was dedicated on September 9th, 2004 in celebration of the 100th anniversary of . . . Map (db m74456) HM
82British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Concert Lawn
Under the sponsorship of Mr. and Mrs. Ian Ross, the Victoria Symphony Orchestra performed summer concerts on the main lawn between 1953 and 1967. Conducted by Hans Gruber they featured many international artists such as Teresa Stratas, Bernard . . . Map (db m74461) HM
83British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Fountain of the Three Sturgeons
Once the location of a large Japanese teahouse, the view from the fountain is a commanding one of the Butchart Residence across the Main Lawn.Map (db m74485) HM
84British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Organ Pavillion
The Aeolian Pipe Organ played at The Butchart Gardens is an early twentieth century residence instrument equipped with its own pneumatic player. Built by the Aeolian Company of New York this model, once owned by Vancouver department store owner, . . . Map (db m74479) HM
85British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Rose Garden History
The present Rose Garden was built in 1929 and 1930 on the site of the Butchart's vegetable garden. The design was developed by Butler Sturtevant, a Seattle landscape artist, and adapted by Jennie Butchart. The head gardener at the time, Bob . . . Map (db m74483) HM
86British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Ross Fountain Lookout
This smaller quarry was a source of limestone in the 1860s. It was here that Ian Ross, grandson of Mr. and Mrs. Butchart, devised his spectacular fountain with the assistance of his plumber, Adrian Butler and his electrician, Vic Dawson. The Ross . . . Map (db m74441) HM
87British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Ross Fountain Lookout
Directly behind the Ross Fountain lies Tod Inlet and the site of the Vancouver Portland Cement Company established in 1904. Adjacent to the plant at Tod Inlet was a village that housed the employees.Map (db m74444) HM
88British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Seed & Fireworks Fields
In 1903, the land now occupied by the Butchart Gardens was purchased from a local dairy farmer, Mr. Fernie. Reservoirs were excavated in 1969 to ensure a water supply for irrigation. The single jet fountain was installed to aerate the water supply . . . Map (db m74459) HM
89British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Soda Fountain Sit-In
The factory buildings have been demolished and the land is now designated as provincial parkland. The one remaining chimney is within The Butchart Gardens and stands as a beacon to the cement industry it once served.Map (db m74447) HM
90British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Star Pond
This pond was designed by Mr. Butchart for his collection of ducks in 1931. Beyond is the entrance to the Italian Garden through a Lawson cypress hedge.Map (db m74549) HM
91British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — Sunken Garden Lake Sit-in
Limestone was also quarried up the hill from the Sunken Garden. It was transported in ore buckets suspended on cables high above ground from some half a mile away.Map (db m74432) HM
92British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — The Butchart Boar
The original Porcellino, or little pig, sits on the south side of the Straw Market in Florence, Italy. For generations his nose has been affectionately rubbed to bring good luck, so that today his snout is finely burnished. About 1620 Pietro . . . Map (db m74552) HM
93British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — The Butchart Gardens / Les Jardins Butchart
Jennie Butchart began to shape this magnificent landscape in 1904. She established, in the style of the grand estates of the period, several distinct gardens to evoke a range of aesthetic experiences. An abandoned limestone quarry was . . . Map (db m74419) HM
94British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — The Italian Garden
The Italian Garden is the most formal of Mrs. Butchart's gardens. Created in 1926 on the site of the family tennis court, the well known architect Samuel Maclure worked from Mr. Butchart's ideas to create the garden.Map (db m74551) HM
95British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — The Japanese Garden
The first of Jennie Butchart's formal gardens, the Japanese Garden was started in 1906. A Japanese landscape artist, Isaburo Kishida, assisted her with the design. Under the supervision of Hugh Lindsay the first of Mrs. Butchart's head gardeners, . . . Map (db m74513) HM
96British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — The Quarry Walls
The barren rock face of the quarry presented Jennie Butchart with a challenge. She hung in a bosun's chair to plant ivy in the crevices in the rock walls.Map (db m74437) HM
97British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — The Sunken Garden
The Limestone deposit was exhausted in 1908 and the quarry abandoned. Mrs. Butchart conceived the idea of transforming the barren pit into a garden and thus the Sunken Garden came into being. In 1910 she planted Lombardy poplar trees in an attempt . . . Map (db m74428) HM
98British Columbia (Capital), Brentwood Bay — The Sunken Garden Lake
The deepest part of the quarry floor was sealed, lined and allowed to fill with water from a natural spring forming a lake 40 ft deep in places. Mr. Butchart stocked the pool with trout which would rise to the surface to be fed when he clapped his . . . Map (db m74438) HM
99British Columbia (Capital), Central Saanich — Black Pioneers in British ColumbiaLes Pionniers Noirs de la Colombie-Britannique
In 1858, nearly 800 free Blacks left the oppressive racial conditions of San Francisco for a new life on Vancouver Island. Governor James Douglas had invited them here as promising settlers. Though still faced with intense discrimination, these . . . Map (db m72868) HM
100British Columbia (Capital), Colwood — Colwood Pioneer Cemetery
The Colwood Pioneer Cemetery was established in the 1890's on land donated by Alfred Thomas Peatt. Originally the site included St. Matthew's Presbyterian Church. The Colwood Women's Institute maintained the cemetery from 1925 to 1993, and then . . . Map (db m72869) HM

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Jun. 29, 2022