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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Turkey

 
St. Jean (Aziz Yahya) Kilisesi/The Church of St. John Marker image, Touch for more information
By Richard E. Miller, May 22, 2011
St. Jean (Aziz Yahya) Kilisesi/The Church of St. John Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk District), Selçuk — St. Jean (Aziz Yahya) Kilisesi/The Church of St. John
[Left column: text in Turkish] [Right column: text in English] According to the written sources, the basilica with wooden roof which includes St. John’s grave was in a poor situation in 6th century AD. Emperor Justinian . . . Map (db m43721) HM
2Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk District), Selçuk — St. Jean'in (Aziz Yahya) Kimliği Ve Hayatı/The Life of St. John
[Left column: text in Turkish] [Right column: text in English] According to an opinion that is based on the decision of, and thus at least as old as the council of Ephesus in 431 A.D., it is generally accepted that St. John . . . Map (db m43715) HM
3Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk district), Selçuk — The Basilica of St. John
St. John was the youngest of the 12 Apostles of Jesus, often referred to as the “Evangelist” or “Beloved.” After the death of Jesus, the followers of Christ were subjected to persecution. St. John’s own brother, James, was . . . Map (db m43712) HM
4Turkey, Aksaray Province (Aksaray (district)), Sultanhani — Aksaray - Sultanhani Caravanserai (1229) — Aksaray - Sultanhanı Kervansarayı (1229)
English: Situated on Konya - Aksaray highway, Sultanhanı is the largest and best caravanserai of the seljuks. It was built by Alaattin Keykubat 1. in 1229. After a fire, it was restored and extended in 1278 by the governor Siracettin . . . Map (db m84169) HM
5Turkey, Ankara (Ankara Metropolitan Municipality) — İsmet İnönü
English: İsmet İnönü was the first prime minister and the second president of the Turkish Republic. He was born in Izmir in 1884. He received his primary education and graduated from military high school and Academy of Artillery . . . Map (db m83979) HM
6Turkey, Ankara (Ankara Metropolitan Municipality) — Ankara Castle — Ankara Kalesi Tarihçesi
English: Its construction date is not known clearly. It it thought to be constructed by Hittites who placed a manial area in the city. But this thought has not been verified with archeological findings. Before Hittites, Ankara Castle had . . . Map (db m83912) HM
7Turkey, Ankara (Ankara Metropolitan Municipality) — Çengel Han — Yapin 1522 - Restorasyon 2005
English: History The Çengel Han was built in 1522-1523 during the reign of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman by Damat Rüstem Paşa who was married to the Sultan’s daughter Mihrimah Sultan. Though it was built close to 500 years ago, the . . . Map (db m83891) HM
8Turkey, Ankara (Ankara Metropolitan Municipality) — History of the Museum Buildings — Müze Yapılarının Tarihi
English: The museum consists of two buildings, the Bedesten and the Kurşsunlu Han. The Bedesten (covered market), not arranged as the exhibition hall, was built by Mahmut Pasha, Grand Vizier (1455-1466, 1472-1473) under Mehmet II, the . . . Map (db m83995) HM
9Turkey, Antalya Province (Aksu (district)), Aksu — Macellum / Agora
English: The building complex that measures 75 x 75 m includes a central area limited by porticoes and shops. The macellum has an entrance on all four sides. The shops on the north and west face alternately the macellum or the street . . . Map (db m84207) HM
10Turkey, Antalya Province (Aksu (district)), Aksu — Perge
English: The earliest archaeological finds at Perge, a very important city in the region of Pamphylia, date from the end of the fifth millennium B.C. and come from the acropolis. These are followed by uninterrupted layers of habitation . . . Map (db m84210) HM
11Turkey, Antalya Province (Aksu (district)), Aksu — Perge
The first dig at Perge had been made by Ord.Prof.Dr.Arlf Müfit Mansel and his team under his leadership in the year of 1946. Between the years of 1975-1986, the digs were made under the leadership of Prof.Dr.Jale Inan. During the digs the remains of . . . Map (db m84215) HM
12Turkey, Antalya Province (Aksu (district)), Aksu — Roman Door — Roma Kapısı
English: There are four doors opening into four directions on the walls of the ancient city of Perge. However, in the south, there are two doors which were made at Hellenistic and Roman periods and there is a courtyard of 72.2m between two . . . Map (db m84209) HM
13Turkey, Antalya Province (Aksu (district)), Aksu — Southern Baths — Güney Hamami — Süd-Therme —
English: The complex, one of the best preserved buildings in Perge, is noteworthy because of its size and monumentality when compared with its counterparts in Pamphylia. Rooms that served different functions like the dressing room . . . Map (db m84208) HM
14Turkey, Antalya Province (Serik (district)), Serik — Aspendos
English: In antiquity, central part of Antalya was known as “Pamphylia”, the land of all tribes, and is thought to have been settled originally by migrating people from Anatolia. Pamphylia grew into a populous region and many . . . Map (db m84193) HM
15Turkey, Antalya Province (Serik (district)), Serik — The Theatre of Aspendos — Aspendos Tiyatmsu
Theatre of Aspendos is the best preserved ancient theatre in Asia Minor and the most Magnificent Roman building of the province of Pamphylia as well. It was designed by the architect Zeno, son of Theodorus. This theatre by Zeno shows the final . . . Map (db m84194) HM
16Turkey, Çanakkale Province, Assos — Theater / Tiyatro
Text on German Side of Marker: Das Theater von Assos wurde im 4. Jh. v. Chr. südlich unterhalb der Agora in einen natürlichen Hang hineingebaut. Mit seiner Hufeisenform stellt es ein typisch griechisches Bauwerk dar. Es . . . Map (db m119882) HM
17Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Çanakkale Merkez), Tevfikiye — 5a — Citadel Wall
English Text: View of the outside of the Troia II/III Citadel Wall, ca 2500-2200 BCE. (Schliemann's 'Burnt City'). This reconstruction built with hand made and fired mudbrick preserves the original mudbrick material, which is . . . Map (db m123278) HM
18Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Çanakkale Merkez), Tevfikiye — 2 — The East Wall
English Text: You are now standing on the remains of the outer wall of the Greek and Roman temple precinct from the period of Troia VIII/IX (third century BCE - c. CE 500). In front of you lie the fortifications of Troia/Ilios. You . . . Map (db m123200) HM
19Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Çanakkale Merkez), Tevfikiye — 3 — The Northern Bastion
English Text: You are now standing on the remains of the foundations of an altar which belonged to the Greek and Roman temple of Athena (see Information-Sign 4). The remains of this temple had already been removed by stone-robbers . . . Map (db m123228) HM
20Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Çanakkale Merkez), Tevfikiye — B — The Pithos Garden
English Text: These large vat-like storage containers appear in the Mediterranean and Near East already in the Neolithic period along with the earliest pottery. They served primarily as a means to keep cool olive oil, wine, and grain, . . . Map (db m123122) HM
21Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Çanakkale Merkez), Tevfikiye — 4 — The Temple of Athena
English Text: Where you are now standing there once lay the forecourt of the temple of Athena belonging to the Greek and Roman city Ilion. Looking down you can see in the center of the mound a wide area at a lower level. This was . . . Map (db m123252) HM
22Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — 57th Infantry Regiment — 57. Piyade Alayı Tarihçesi
English: The 57th Infantry Regiment was formed during the Balkan War in 1912. On 1 February 1915, it was reconstituted under the command of the 19th Infantry Division as part of the Turkish Fifth Army. The regiment showed outstanding . . . Map (db m85113) HM
23Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Anzac Commemorative Site
These ten panels, mounted upon a wall facing the sea, describes the conflict between Allied and Turkish forces on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. Panel #1 English: The Dardanelles A good army of . . . Map (db m85295) HM WM
24Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — 2 — Anzac Cove — Anzac Koyu
English: This beach, 600 metres long by 20 metres wide was the life line to the Allied soldiers within the Anzac perimeter. Because of Turkish shellfire, supplies could only be landed at night and carried by men and mules along tortuous . . . Map (db m85219) HM
25Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Ari Burnu Cemetery
English: By early l9l5, the Western Front in France and Flanders had reached a stalemate. The British War Council sanctioned a plan to attack the Ottoman Empire, which was fighting alongside the Central Powers, led by Germany. By . . . Map (db m85184) HM WM
26Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — 1 — Ariburnu
English: At 0430 hours on 25 April, 36 rowing boats landed the first Australian soldiers around this point and at Anzac Cove. Immediately they climbed the 100 metre hill behind you (Plugge's Plateau) and by 1000 hrs. secured a front line . . . Map (db m85183) HM
27Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Atatürk's Tribute
"Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives... you are now living in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this . . . Map (db m85220) WM
28Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Beach Cemetery
English: During the Gallipoli campaign, this area was known as 'Hell Spit'. To the north is the beach which became known as Anzac Cove, where some 27,000 Australian and New Zealand, British and Indian troops came ashore between 25 April . . . Map (db m85241) HM
29Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — 9 — Chunuk Bair — Çanak Bayırı
English: New Zealand and British Forces climbed from the beach under cover of darkness and launched a surprise attack on this hilltop, capturing it on 8 August 1915. They held the area immediately around the New Zealand Memorial for 2 . . . Map (db m85151) HM
30Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Lone Pine Cemetery
To the glory of God and the lasting memory of 3268 Australian soldiers who fought on Gallipoli in 1915 and have no known graves, and 456 New Zealand soldiers whose names are not recorded in any other areas of the peninsula but who fell in the Anzac . . . Map (db m85110) WM
31Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — Monument of Respect for the Mehmetcik — Mehmetçiǧe Saygı Anıtı
Turkish: "Biz Çanakkale Yarımadasının Türklerle savaşarak ve binlerce insanımızı kaybederek kahraman Turk milletine ve onun essiz vatan sevgisine duyduǧumuz büyük takdir ve hayranlıkla . . . Map (db m85248) WM
32Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — North Beach & Sphinx — Kuzey Sahili ve Sfenks
English: The coast line curls eastwards passing Ariburnu and turns North running about 160 meters along up to Nibrunesi Point (Kuchulx Kemekli). The Anzacs called the coast line here “North Beach" because of its perspective viewing . . . Map (db m85281) HM
33Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — The Gallipoli Campaign of 1915 — Gelibolu Harekâtı --1915
English: The Allied objectives in the Gallipoli Campaign were, by capturing Istanbul, to force Turkey out of the war, to secure an ice-free sea supply route to Russia and to open another front against Germany and Austria-Hungary. The . . . Map (db m85111) HM
34Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — The Moment When Mustafa Kemal Was Granted to Our Nation (with his own words) — Mustafa Kemal'in Yüce Milletimize Bağişlandiği an (kendisi anlatiyor.)
English: "On 10th of August 1915 the British Forces of 20,000 settled into their trenches where they had spent days digging and waiting for the moment to attack and occupy Chunuk Bair, and thereby dominate the Dardanelles. The darkness . . . Map (db m85148) HM
35Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — 8 — The Nek — Cesaret Tepe
English: This key position defended vigorously by both side saw repeated attacks across this narrow ridge. The ANZAC trenches were located close to the cemetery. The Turkish trenches originated near to the raised stone memorial on your . . . Map (db m85145) HM
36Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — The Nek - Sergeant Mehmet's Memorial — Cesaret Tepe - Mehmet Çavuş Anıtı
English: The Nek is a hillock, 157 m. above sea level, located at Russell's Top. It is a very important point which connects Russell's Top - which is 700 m. high and 40-100 m. wide and extending over Plugge's Plateau on the southwest - . . . Map (db m85147) HM WM
37Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — The Nek Cemetery
English: This was a fiercely contested part of the front-line at Anzac. A narrow passage across the ridge known as ‘the Nek' lay just below a hill designated Baby 700 by Commonwealth forces. After the Armistice. the remains of several . . . Map (db m85115) HM WM
38Turkey, Denizli (Merkez (District)), Pamukkale — Hierapolis — Visualization of Hierapolis
English Text: (1) Northern Necropolis (2) Baths - Basilica (3) Suburban Theatre (4) Frontinus Gate (5) Latrina (6) Nymphaeum of the Tritons (7) Agora (8) Frontinus Street (9) Temple Nymphaeum . . . Map (db m118843) HM
39Turkey, Denizli (Merkez (District)), Pamukkale — Martyrion of St. Philip — Hierapolis of Phrygia
The church with an octagon core was built at the beginning of the 5th century on the summit of the hill. This is probably where, according to tradition, the Apostle was martyred. The building has an eight-sided central room surmounted by a wooden . . . Map (db m118853) HM
40Turkey, Denizli (Merkez (District)), Pamukkale — Temple Nymphaeum (3rd century AD) / Tapinak Nymphaeumu(i.S, III. yüzyıl) — Hierapolis of Phrygia
Built to a U-shaped plan with two wings enclosing the large basin. The lower part is built of more regularly-shaped travertine blocks, while the upper part has blocks of varying dimensions, clearly taken from previous structures. On the basis of the . . . Map (db m118898) HM
41Turkey, Denizli (Merkez (District)), Pamukkale — The Theatre — The Theatre Today
In the latest years the theatre continues to represent one of the top priorities for the Italian Mission, that continues the studies and has started important actions of preservation, restoration and presentation of the monument. The project of . . . Map (db m118880) HM
42Turkey, Istanbul Province (Beyoğlu district), Istanbul — Galata Tower
Turkish: 29 Mayis 1453 Salı Sabahi Cenevizlerin Galata Kolonisi Anahtarlarını Fatih Sultan Mehmed Takdim Etmiş ve Galatanın Teslimi 1 Haziran Cuma Günü . . . Map (db m84878) HM
43Turkey, Istanbul Province (Beyoğlu district), Istanbul — Galatasarayı Hamami
Turkish: Galatasarayı Hamami Tarihinden İnşaası: Sultan Bayazıt.II.1481-1541 ilâve ve tamirler: Sultan Selim II. avcı Mehet. IV. Ahmet.III. mahmu dı restorasiyon Hüseyin Yumuşak . . . Map (db m84877) HM
44Turkey, Istanbul Province (Beyoğlu district), Istanbul — Maksem Taksim — Taksim Maksem
English: The settlement increased on the shores of the Bosphorus in the period of (1703-1730) Ahmed III and brought the problem of water supply. To solve this problem, development activities were initiated but these development activities . . . Map (db m84831) HM
45Turkey, Istanbul Province (Beyoğlu district), Istanbul — The Tunnel — Tünel
English: The story of the Tunnel. which is the second oldest underground system in the World after the London Underground, started with the French engineer Eugene Henri Gavand‘s initiative. Engineer Gavand observed people shuttling between . . . Map (db m84829) HM
46Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Şehzade Mosque and Complex — Şehzade Camii ve Külliyesi
English: This mosque was dedicated to one of the Princes of Salesman the Magnificent, who died young: Sehzade Mehmed, the son of Suleyman and Hurrem was born in 1521 and died in 1543. Some believe that Sinan, was building it for Suleyman, . . . Map (db m85077) HM
47Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Şimkeşhane
English: This building is one of the first construction works in the city after the conquest of Istanbul. according to its epigraph. The place where Şimkeşhane (a place where thread was produced for fabric) was built, used to be . . . Map (db m84950) HM
48Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Admiral Hayrettin — Kaptan-i Derya Hayrettin Paşa — (Barbarossa / Barbaros) (1473 -1543) —
English: This place belongs to "The Foundation of the Sons and Servants of Great Turkish Admiral Hayrettin (Barbarossa) Pasha." The sailors of the Pasha were resting here without losing sight of the sea. In the XVI Century, one of the . . . Map (db m84709) HM
49Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Alay Pavillion — Alay Köşkü
English: Alay Pavilion was the building constructed above the outer wall of Topkapl Palace for the sultans to watch the ceremonies. Before the construction of Alay Pavillion, there was a timber pavilion in 16th century. The recent . . . Map (db m85044) HM
50Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Basilica Cistern — Yerbatan Sarnıcı
English: The Basilica Cistern was constructed by Eastern Roman Emperor I. Justinianus (527-565) in 542 A.D. to provide water requirement of the Great Palace. Due to the brilliance among the marble columns arising within the water, it was . . . Map (db m84740) HM
51Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih District), Istanbul — Cistern of Philoxenos — Binbirdirek (Fileksenos) Sarnıcı
English: The cistern was constructed in 4th century. As the Emperor Constantinus I reestablished the city, some members of the senate were forced to migrate here and Philoxenos that was one of them constructed his palace next to the . . . Map (db m84689) HM
52Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Firuz Aga Mosque — Firuz Aǧa Camii
English: Firuz Aga Mosque was constructed by Firuz Aga who was Chief-treasurer of Sultan Bayezid II. The mosque was a bigger yard before the extension of Divanyolu, was constructed in 1491 as it was shown at the tablet on its door. The . . . Map (db m84948) HM
53Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — German Fountain — Alman Çeşmesi
English: German Fountain is a monument dedicated to the second visit of the Prussian King and German Emperor Wilhelm II in 1898. The monument, which was presented in the name of Turkish-German friendship, extending its function of being a . . . Map (db m84692) HM
54Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Gulhane Park — Gülhane Parkı
English: Gulhane Park used to be the exterior yard of Topkapi Palace during the Ottoman Period, encompassing rose gardens and a grove. Gulhane was landscaped and transformed into a park in 1912 during the period of Cemil Topuzlu, . . . Map (db m85041) HM
55Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Hagia Sophia — Ayasofya
English: The present Ayasofya is the third building of the same name that was constructed in the same place. The First Great Church serving as the cathedral was constructed by Emperor Constantius (337-361) in 360; it had a basilica . . . Map (db m84754) HM
56Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Haseki Hurrem Bathhouse — Haseki Hürrem Hamamı
English: This building that was one of the great and gorgeous buildings of Ottoman bathhouses in Istanbul, was constructed by Hurrem Sultan in 1556-57. The architect of the building, that was called "Hagias Sophia Bathouse", was Architect . . . Map (db m84632) HM
57Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Kapi Agasi Mahmud Aga Mosque — Kapı Aǧası Mahmud Aǧa Camii — Yapılışı: 1553 —
English: The mosque that is situated near Kahirpapi in Fenerti Street is also known as "Aga Mosque.” The architect of the mosque which was built for Agha Babu's-saade (gate of felicity) Mahmund Agha, is Mimar Sinan. Having built by . . . Map (db m86075) HM
58Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — March 16th Martyrs — On Altı Mart Şehitleri
English: The ”March 16th Martyrs" is an event that took place on 16th March 1920 when the military station in Şehzadebaş was raided and six soldiers killed during the British occupation of Istanbul. After the Armistice of . . . Map (db m84857) HM
59Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Marmara Land Walls (Theodosian Walls) — Marmara Kara Surları
English: They are the defensive structures, 7620 m in length, built by the decree of the Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire Theodosios II (408- 450), to protect Constantinople from hostile attacks. The walls border the peninsula on the . . . Map (db m84815) HM
60Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I — Sultan I. Ahmet Türbrsi
English: Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I (1603-1617) is located at the northeast part of Sultanahmet Kulliye. There is a darülkurra (a part of a madrasah) behind this mausoleum surrounded with wall and a building on the corner, in front of . . . Map (db m84635) HM
61Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Million — Milion
English: Constantine I built a forum adorned with sculptures, pillars and marble arches known as the Constantine Forum in Mese which is today called Çemberlitaş. The emperor preserved the entire Strategion, the main square of the . . . Map (db m84739) HM
62Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Mimar Sinan — Kayseri. Agornas 1492- İstanbul 1588
English: Mimar Sinan was the head-architect during the periods of Kanuni Sultan Suleyman, Selim II and Murad Ill. He had a very important role on designing and building the architectural masterpieces those were symbolizing the power of the . . . Map (db m84876) HM
63Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Obelisk of Theodosius — Theodosius Dikilitaş (Obelisk)
English: The obelisk was originally set up by Tutmoses III of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt in close to 1450 BC along with a similar one in front of the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak. Inscribed on the obelisk is an Egyptian hieroglyph script, . . . Map (db m84711) HM
64Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Pasakapisi
English: It was the building that was constructed by Sultan Osman III. in 1756 and the first official building for the grand vizier. The building faced several fires and was reconstructed every time after the fires. In the first . . . Map (db m85033) HM
65Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Ruins of Bucoleon Palace — Bukoleon Sarayı Kalıntıları
English: Bucoleon Palace is a Byzantine coastal palace. It is located on the Marmara Sea shore, at Catladikapi location between Cankurtaran and Kumkapı today in the east of Little Hagia Sophia. Only the ruins of the palace have survived . . . Map (db m84979) HM
66Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Rustem Pasha Mosque — Rüstem Paşa Camii
English: Rustem Pasha, who was both the grand vizier and son in law of Suleiman the over the Masjid of Haci Halil. Rustem Pasha Mosque is a recherché work of Mimar Sinan with its mosque, shops, inns, and fountains. The mosque is built in a . . . Map (db m84812) HM
67Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Serpent Column — Burmalı Sütun Veya Yılanlı Sütun (Sultanahmet)
English: It is a Bronze monument which is well-known under the name of Serpentine Column survived to the present day from the Roman Hippodrome. While I. Constantine's establishing the Constantinople; i.e. the new capital of Rome, he . . . Map (db m84712) HM
68Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Sirkeci Terminal — Sirkeci Garı
English: The structure is one of the examples of convergence of Western eclecticism seen in especially 19th century Istanbul and the regional and national stylistic patterns. The building was constructed as a terminal when Roumeli Railway . . . Map (db m85075) HM
69Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — St. Euphemia's Martyrion — Eufemia Martirionu
English: St. Euphemia who was known to be a saint in the era of Ancient Chalcedon, was killed because of her religious belief on 16 September 303. Euphemia was buried within a martyrion (burial place), out of the city in Chalcedon, done by . . . Map (db m84691) HM
70Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Suleymaniye Mosque and Social Complex — Süleymaniye Camii ve Külliyesi
English: This building is a social complex constructed by Mimar Sinan (Sinan the Architect) on the order of Suleiman the Magnificent (1550-1557). The Süleymaniye Mosque is at the center of the social complex constructed on a high hill . . . Map (db m84862) HM
71Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Basilica Cistern — Yerbatan Sarnıcı
English: Constructed in the 6th century during the reign of Emperor Justinianus, the most prosperous period of the East Roman Empire, the cistern Basilica is 70m. in width and 140m. in length. The dome, covering an area of 9800 m2, is . . . Map (db m84745) HM
72Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Building of Ministry of Post and Telegraph (Grand Post Office) — Posta ve Telgraf Nezarti Binası (Büyük Poatane)
English: The construction of this building, the largest post office of Turkey, was started in 1905, to serve as the building of Ministry of Post and Telegraph. The construction was completed in 1909 and the name of the building was . . . Map (db m84980) HM
73Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Fountain of Ahmed III — III. Ahmed Çeşmesi
English: The Fountain was constructed by Mimar Ahmed Aga on the order of Ahmed III following the recommendation of Nevsehirii Damat Ibrahim Pasha, replacing a Byzantine fountain named Perayton. The fountain which is one of the most . . . Map (db m84610) HM
74Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The History of the Egyptian Bazaar — Misir Çarşispnin Tari̇hçesi̇ — L'histoire du Bazaar Egyptian —
English: The construction of the bazaar began in 1597 by order of Safiye sultan, the wife of the Ottoman Sultan Murat the 3rd and the mother of Sultan Mehmet the 3rd. 67 years later, it was completed by order of Hatice Turhan Sultan, . . . Map (db m84814) HM
75Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Milion Stone — Million Taşı
English: In Ancient Rome, It used to be the starting point of all the roads reaching to Constantinople and the origin point used for the calculation of the distance of other cities to this city. It has the same function as the Milliarium . . . Map (db m84738) HM
76Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Remnants of the Theodosian Hagia Sophia (5th Century) — Theodosius Ayasofyası Kalıntıları
English: The church built by the Emperor Theodosios II (408-450) on a basilica plan covered by a wooden-roof was opened for worship in 415. It was destroyed by fire during the Nike Revolt against the Emperor Justinian (527-565). A . . . Map (db m84755) HM
77Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theodosius — Theodosius Zafer Takı Kalıntıları
English: The marble pieces that are located here belong to the Triumphal Arch and the Forum built by and named after the last emperor of the Roman Empire; Theodosius the Great (4th Cent. A.D.). The Triumphal Arch was situated on the corner . . . Map (db m84952) HM
78Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent — Kânûnî Sultan Süleymân Han Türbesi
English: Suleiman the Magnificent (1494, Trabzon - 1566, Szigetvár), was the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the 89th Caliph of Islam. In the west, he was known as Suleiman the Magnificent and in the east, he was known as Sultan . . . Map (db m84860) HM
79Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Türbe (Tomb) of Sultan Mehmed III — Sultan III. Mehmed Türbesi
English: The building was constructed by the Architect Ahmed Agha in 1608. The octagonal shape of the tomb is covered by a central dome, with a large main hall in the middle and two lateral spaces the entrance. There are mural . . . Map (db m84756) HM
80Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — The Türbe (Tomb) of Sultan Selim II — Sultan II. Selim Türbesi
English: It is the first burial construction in the graveyard of Ayassofya made by the Architect Sinan, in 1577. The external walls of the building are covered with marble panels and there is a three-arched small porch (riwaq) at the front. . . . Map (db m84757) HM
81Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Topkapi Palace — Topkapı Sarayı
English: Topkapi Palace was the resident of Ottoman sultans, and center of state management and education. Mehmed the Conqueror ordered the construction of a palace in Bayezid, at the location of Istanbul University at the present that would . . . Map (db m84609) HM
82Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Walled Obelisk — Örme Dikilitaş
English: Walled Column also known as Walled Obelisk is one of three ancient monuments, which has survived to the present day. In the middle of the Hippodrome, there was a set that bisects race space and called as "spina" in Roman period . . . Map (db m84710) HM
83Turkey, Istanbul Province (Kartal District), Istanbul — Adnan Kahveci
1949 yılında Trabzon’un Köprübaşı ilçesi, Beşköy beldesi Yılmazlar köyünde doğdu. Istanbul Fen Fakültesinden sonra M. E. B. bursuyla ABD'de Indiana'daki Purdue Üniversitesine gitti. Elektrik Mühendisi . . . Map (db m95748) HM
84Turkey, Izmir Province, Bergama — Pergamon Acropolis
Turkish Text / English Text: 1. Arsenal / Arsenal 2. Saray / Palast I 3. Saray II / Palast II 4. Saray III / Palast III 5. Saray IV / Palast IV 6. Saray V / Palast V 7. Kale Kapisi / Citadel Gate 8. Athena Kutsal Alani / . . . Map (db m119822) HM
85Turkey, Izmir Province, Bergama — The Temple of Trajan — Cult - History - Restoration
English Text on the First Panel of the Marker: The construction of the temple was started under the Roman Emperor Trajan (98-117 A.D.) and enlarged and completed under his successor Hadrian (117 -138 A.D.). It served the cult of both . . . Map (db m119831) HM
86Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — Honorary Inscription — Diophantos'u Onurlandırma Yazıtı
English Text: Honorary inscription erected by the city of Smyrna in honor of the chief priest of the Province of Asia, Iulius Menekles Diophantos (200-250 A.D.) "May good fortune attend. In beauty and size the first and most famous . . . Map (db m119725) HM
87Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — Neocorus of the Cult of the Emperor at Smyrna — Smyrna'daki imparatorluk Kültü'nün Neokoros'u
English Text: Inscribed base of a statue of Claudius Aristophanes Aurelianus, neocorus of the cult of the emperor at Smyrna (end of 2nd beginning of 3rd century A.D.). When used for a person the term neocorus meant "servant of the . . . Map (db m119687) HM
88Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Agora of Smyrna
English Text The agora of Smyrna was the city's administrative, political, judicial, and commercial center. It was located in the center and covered a rectangular area in conformance with the gridiron plan of the city. Remains . . . Map (db m119638) HM
89Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Agora of Smyrna
English Text: In the courtyard of the Agora there were shipped monuments erected in honor of important persons, days and agreements. There were also statues, altars belonging to multiple gods at which offerings were made in religious . . . Map (db m119657) HM
90Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Ancient City of Smyrna
English Text: The geographer and traveller Strabo, writing in the 1st century B.C., stated that the city was constructed by two of Alexander's commanders, Antigonus and Lysimachus. In the Hellenistic and Roman periods, thanks to its . . . Map (db m119432) HM
91Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Ancient City of Smyrna
English Text: A result of excavations carried out on the Yeslova Mound, located in the sub-district of Bornova on the eastern side of the Bay of Izmir, it has become clear that Izmir's past goes back 8500 years. The first city to be . . . Map (db m119632) HM
92Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Basement of the West Portico
English text: The basement that you are now visiting consists of three galleries and was constructed by using arches. The crookedness that you see in the axis of the arches is thought to be the result of hurried repairs, done to make . . . Map (db m119691) HM
93Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The Dream of Alexander the Great
English Text: Pausanius, a geographer and traveler of the 2nd century A.D., relates that Alexander came to the slopes of Mt Pagos (Kadifekale) to hunt, that he fell asleep under a plane tree by a spring in front of the Temple of Nemesis, . . . Map (db m119670) HM
94Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — The West Portico
English Text: The West Portico is one of the columned galleries which surrounded the courtyard of the Agora. It is not possible today to see clearly what kind of building it was. But from architectural traces and fragments that have . . . Map (db m119464) HM
95Turkey, Izmir Province, Izmir — Water Channels
English Text: Water channels big enough for a person to pass easily through them have been identified beneath the modern city within the agora and south of it. Today water from an unidentified source still flows through these channels; . . . Map (db m119729) HM
96Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Ancient Ephesos
English Text: (1) Magnesian Gate (2) East Gymnasium (3) State Agora (4) Temple of Hadrian (5) Terrace House 2 (6) Celsus Library (7) Tetragonos Agora ][ Commercial Market (8) Serapeion (9) Great . . . Map (db m114980) HM
97Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Baths at the 'State Agora'
English Text: The Roman bathing facility should be located at the site of an earlier, Hellenistic gymnasium. Four bathing rooms at the northern side were partly hewn out of the bedrock. The caldarium (hot room) lying to the west . . . Map (db m114998) HM
98Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Byzantine Ephesos — 4th - 14th century A.D.
English Text: Ephesos retained its position as the seat of the provincial governor (proconsul Asiae) and thus also as a political and economic centre even after the new organization of the Roman Empire by Diocletian (284-305). . . . Map (db m114972) HM
99Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Graffiti in Terrace House 2 — Yamaç Ev 2'deki Grafitiler — Graffiti Im Hanghaus 2 —
English: Several wall paintings feature drawings and graffiti which offer an insight into the everyday life of the inhabitants. The drawings mainly show gladiators, caricatures, and animals. The graffiti include names of persons, poems and . . . Map (db m84556) HM
100Turkey, Izmir Province (Selçuk (district)), Selçuk — Hadrian's Gate
English Text: The three-storeyed gateway marks the junction of the Processional Way in the direction of Ortygia. Two narrower passageways framed the broad street gateway, of which the upper storey is reminiscent of Hadrian's Gate in . . . Map (db m115289) HM

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Jun. 23, 2021