“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
171 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed. The final 71 ⊳

Historical Markers in Turkey

Adnan Kahveci Marker image, Touch for more information
February 5, 2014
Adnan Kahveci Marker
1Turkey, İstanbul (Anatolian Side), Kartal — Adnan Kahveci
1949 yılında Trabzon’un Köprübaşı ilçesi, Beşköy beldesi Yılmazlar köyünde doğdu. Istanbul Fen Fakültesinden sonra M. E. B. bursuyla ABD'de Indiana'daki Purdue Üniversitesine gitti. Elektrik Mühendisi . . . Map (db m95748) HM
2Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Beyoğlu — Galatasarayı Hamami
Turkish: Galatasarayı Hamami Tarihinden İnşaası: Sultan Bayazıt.II.1481-1541 ilâve ve tamirler: Sultan Selim II. avcı Mehet. IV. Ahmet.III. mahmu dı restorasiyon Hüseyin Yumuşak . . . Map (db m84877) HM
3Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Beyoğlu — Maksem Taksim — Taksim Maksem
English: The settlement increased on the shores of the Bosphorus in the period of (1703-1730) Ahmed III and brought the problem of water supply. To solve this problem, development activities were initiated but these development activities . . . Map (db m84831) HM
4Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Beyoğlu — The Tunnel — Tünel
English: The story of the Tunnel. which is the second oldest underground system in the World after the London Underground, started with the French engineer Eugene Henri Gavand‘s initiative. Engineer Gavand observed people shuttling between . . . Map (db m84829) HM
5Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Şimkeşhane
English: This building is one of the first construction works in the city after the conquest of Istanbul. according to its epigraph. The place where Şimkeşhane (a place where thread was produced for fabric) was built, used to be . . . Map (db m84950) HM
6Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Admiral Hayrettin — Kaptan-i Derya Hayrettin Paşa — (Barbarossa / Barbaros) (1473 -1543) —
English: This place belongs to "The Foundation of the Sons and Servants of Great Turkish Admiral Hayrettin (Barbarossa) Pasha." The sailors of the Pasha were resting here without losing sight of the sea. In the XVI Century, one of the . . . Map (db m84709) HM
7Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Alay Pavillion — Alay Köşkü
English: Alay Pavilion was the building constructed above the outer wall of Topkapl Palace for the sultans to watch the ceremonies. Before the construction of Alay Pavillion, there was a timber pavilion in 16th century. The recent . . . Map (db m85044) HM
8Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Basilica Cistern — Yerbatan Sarnıcı
English: The Basilica Cistern was constructed by Eastern Roman Emperor I. Justinianus (527-565) in 542 A.D. to provide water requirement of the Great Palace. Due to the brilliance among the marble columns arising within the water, it was . . . Map (db m84740) HM
9Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Cistern of Philoxenos — Binbirdirek (Fileksenos) Sarnıcı
English: The cistern was constructed in 4th century. As the Emperor Constantinus I reestablished the city, some members of the senate were forced to migrate here and Philoxenos that was one of them constructed his palace next to the . . . Map (db m84689) HM
10Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Firuz Aga Mosque — Firuz Aǧa Camii
English: Firuz Aga Mosque was constructed by Firuz Aga who was Chief-treasurer of Sultan Bayezid II. The mosque was a bigger yard before the extension of Divanyolu, was constructed in 1491 as it was shown at the tablet on its door. The . . . Map (db m84948) HM
11Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — German Fountain — Alman Çeşmesi
English: German Fountain is a monument dedicated to the second visit of the Prussian King and German Emperor Wilhelm II in 1898. The monument, which was presented in the name of Turkish-German friendship, extending its function of being a . . . Map (db m84692) HM
12Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Gulhane Park — Gülhane Parkı
English: Gulhane Park used to be the exterior yard of Topkapi Palace during the Ottoman Period, encompassing rose gardens and a grove. Gulhane was landscaped and transformed into a park in 1912 during the period of Cemil Topuzlu, . . . Map (db m85041) HM
13Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Hagia Sophia — Ayasofya
English: The present Ayasofya is the third building of the same name that was constructed in the same place. The First Great Church serving as the cathedral was constructed by Emperor Constantius (337-361) in 360; it had a basilica . . . Map (db m84754) HM
14Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Haseki Hurrem Bathhouse — Haseki Hürrem Hamamı
English: This building that was one of the great and gorgeous buildings of Ottoman bathhouses in Istanbul, was constructed by Hurrem Sultan in 1556-57. The architect of the building, that was called "Hagias Sophia Bathouse", was Architect . . . Map (db m84632) HM
15Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Kapi Agasi Mahmud Aga Mosque — Kapı Aǧası Mahmud Aǧa Camii — Yapılışı: 1553 —
English: The mosque that is situated near Kahirpapi in Fenerti Street is also known as "Aga Mosque.” The architect of the mosque which was built for Agha Babu's-saade (gate of felicity) Mahmund Agha, is Mimar Sinan. Having built by . . . Map (db m86075) HM
16Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — March 16th Martyrs — On Altı Mart Şehitleri
English: The ”March 16th Martyrs" is an event that took place on 16th March 1920 when the military station in Şehzadebaş was raided and six soldiers killed during the British occupation of Istanbul. After the Armistice of . . . Map (db m84857) HM
17Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Marmara Land Walls (Theodosian Walls) — Marmara Kara Surları
English: They are the defensive structures, 7620 m in length, built by the decree of the Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire Theodosios II (408- 450), to protect Constantinople from hostile attacks. The walls border the peninsula on the . . . Map (db m84815) HM
18Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I — Sultan I. Ahmet Türbrsi
English: Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I (1603-1617) is located at the northeast part of Sultanahmet Kulliye. There is a darülkurra (a part of a madrasah) behind this mausoleum surrounded with wall and a building on the corner, in front of . . . Map (db m84635) HM
19Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Million — Milion
English: Constantine I built a forum adorned with sculptures, pillars and marble arches known as the Constantine Forum in Mese which is today called Çemberlitaş. The emperor preserved the entire Strategion, the main square of the . . . Map (db m84739) HM
20Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Mimar Sinan — Kayseri. Agornas 1492- İstanbul 1588
English: Mimar Sinan was the head-architect during the periods of Kanuni Sultan Suleyman, Selim II and Murad Ill. He had a very important role on designing and building the architectural masterpieces those were symbolizing the power of the . . . Map (db m84876) HM
21Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Obelisk of Theodosius — Theodosius Dikilitaş (Obelisk)
English: The obelisk was originally set up by Tutmoses III of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt in close to 1450 BC along with a similar one in front of the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak. Inscribed on the obelisk is an Egyptian hieroglyph script, . . . Map (db m84711) HM
22Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Pasakapisi
English: It was the building that was constructed by Sultan Osman III. in 1756 and the first official building for the grand vizier. The building faced several fires and was reconstructed every time after the fires. In the first . . . Map (db m85033) HM
23Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Ruins of Bucoleon Palace — Bukoleon Sarayı Kalıntıları
English: Bucoleon Palace is a Byzantine coastal palace. It is located on the Marmara Sea shore, at Catladikapi location between Cankurtaran and Kumkapı today in the east of Little Hagia Sophia. Only the ruins of the palace have survived . . . Map (db m84979) HM
24Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Rustem Pasha Mosque — Rüstem Paşa Camii
English: Rustem Pasha, who was both the grand vizier and son in law of Suleiman the over the Masjid of Haci Halil. Rustem Pasha Mosque is a recherché work of Mimar Sinan with its mosque, shops, inns, and fountains. The mosque is built in a . . . Map (db m84812) HM
25Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Serpent Column — Burmalı Sütun Veya Yılanlı Sütun (Sultanahmet)
English: It is a Bronze monument which is well-known under the name of Serpentine Column survived to the present day from the Roman Hippodrome. While I. Constantine's establishing the Constantinople; i.e. the new capital of Rome, he . . . Map (db m84712) HM
26Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Sirkeci Terminal — Sirkeci Garı
English: The structure is one of the examples of convergence of Western eclecticism seen in especially 19th century Istanbul and the regional and national stylistic patterns. The building was constructed as a terminal when Roumeli Railway . . . Map (db m85075) HM
27Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — St. Euphemia's Martyrion — Eufemia Martirionu
English: St. Euphemia who was known to be a saint in the era of Ancient Chalcedon, was killed because of her religious belief on 16 September 303. Euphemia was buried within a martyrion (burial place), out of the city in Chalcedon, done by . . . Map (db m84691) HM
28Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Suleymaniye Mosque and Social Complex — Süleymaniye Camii ve Külliyesi
English: This building is a social complex constructed by Mimar Sinan (Sinan the Architect) on the order of Suleiman the Magnificent (1550-1557). The Süleymaniye Mosque is at the center of the social complex constructed on a high hill . . . Map (db m84862) HM
29Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — The Basilica Cistern — Yerbatan Sarnıcı
English: Constructed in the 6th century during the reign of Emperor Justinianus, the most prosperous period of the East Roman Empire, the cistern Basilica is 70m. in width and 140m. in length. The dome, covering an area of 9800 m2, is . . . Map (db m84745) HM
30Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — The Building of Ministry of Post and Telegraph (Grand Post Office) — Posta ve Telgraf Nezarti Binası (Büyük Poatane)
English: The construction of this building, the largest post office of Turkey, was started in 1905, to serve as the building of Ministry of Post and Telegraph. The construction was completed in 1909 and the name of the building was . . . Map (db m84980) HM
31Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — The Fountain of Ahmed III — III. Ahmed Çeşmesi
English: The Fountain was constructed by Mimar Ahmed Aga on the order of Ahmed III following the recommendation of Nevsehirii Damat Ibrahim Pasha, replacing a Byzantine fountain named Perayton. The fountain which is one of the most . . . Map (db m84610) HM
32Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — The History of the Egyptian Bazaar — Misir Çarşispnin Tari̇hçesi̇ — L'histoire du Bazaar Egyptian —
English: The construction of the bazaar began in 1597 by order of Safiye sultan, the wife of the Ottoman Sultan Murat the 3rd and the mother of Sultan Mehmet the 3rd. 67 years later, it was completed by order of Hatice Turhan Sultan, . . . Map (db m84814) HM
33Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — The Milion Stone — Million Taşı
English: In Ancient Rome, It used to be the starting point of all the roads reaching to Constantinople and the origin point used for the calculation of the distance of other cities to this city. It has the same function as the Milliarium . . . Map (db m84738) HM
34Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — The Remnants of the Theodosian Hagia Sophia (5th Century) — Theodosius Ayasofyası Kalıntıları
English: The church built by the Emperor Theodosios II (408-450) on a basilica plan covered by a wooden-roof was opened for worship in 415. It was destroyed by fire during the Nike Revolt against the Emperor Justinian (527-565). A . . . Map (db m84755) HM
35Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — The Ruins of the Triumphal Arch of Theodosius — Theodosius Zafer Takı Kalıntıları
English: The marble pieces that are located here belong to the Triumphal Arch and the Forum built by and named after the last emperor of the Roman Empire; Theodosius the Great (4th Cent. A.D.). The Triumphal Arch was situated on the corner . . . Map (db m84952) HM
36Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — The Tomb of Suleiman the Magnificent — Kânûnî Sultan Süleymân Han Türbesi
English: Suleiman the Magnificent (1494, Trabzon - 1566, Szigetvár), was the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the 89th Caliph of Islam. In the west, he was known as Suleiman the Magnificent and in the east, he was known as Sultan . . . Map (db m84860) HM
37Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — The Türbe (Tomb) of Sultan Mehmed III — Sultan III. Mehmed Türbesi
English: The building was constructed by the Architect Ahmed Agha in 1608. The octagonal shape of the tomb is covered by a central dome, with a large main hall in the middle and two lateral spaces the entrance. There are mural . . . Map (db m84756) HM
38Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — The Türbe (Tomb) of Sultan Selim II — Sultan II. Selim Türbesi
English: It is the first burial construction in the graveyard of Ayassofya made by the Architect Sinan, in 1577. The external walls of the building are covered with marble panels and there is a three-arched small porch (riwaq) at the front. . . . Map (db m84757) HM
39Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Topkapi Palace — Topkapı Sarayı
English: Topkapi Palace was the resident of Ottoman sultans, and center of state management and education. Mehmed the Conqueror ordered the construction of a palace in Bayezid, at the location of Istanbul University at the present that would . . . Map (db m84609) HM
40Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Fatih — Walled Obelisk — Örme Dikilitaş
English: Walled Column also known as Walled Obelisk is one of three ancient monuments, which has survived to the present day. In the middle of the Hippodrome, there was a set that bisects race space and called as "spina" in Roman period . . . Map (db m84710) HM
41Turkey, İstanbul (European Side), Sultangazi — Şehzade Mosque and Complex — Şehzade Camii ve Külliyesi
English: This mosque was dedicated to one of the Princes of Salesman the Magnificent, who died young: Sehzade Mehmed, the son of Suleyman and Hurrem was born in 1521 and died in 1543. Some believe that Sinan, was building it for Suleyman, . . . Map (db m85077) HM
42Turkey, İstanbul (Galata), Beyoğlu — Galata Tower
Turkish: 29 Mayis 1453 Salı Sabahi Cenevizlerin Galata Kolonisi Anahtarlarını Fatih Sultan Mehmed Takdim Etmiş ve Galatanın Teslimi 1 Haziran Cuma Günü . . . Map (db m84878) HM
43Turkey, İzmir (Bergama), Hamzalısüleymaniye — Pergamon Acropolis
Turkish Text / English Text: 1. Arsenal / Arsenal 2. Saray / Palast I 3. Saray II / Palast II 4. Saray III / Palast III 5. Saray IV / Palast IV 6. Saray V / Palast V 7. Kale Kapisi / Citadel Gate 8. Athena Kutsal Alani / . . . Map (db m119822) HM
44Turkey, İzmir (Bergama), Hamzalısüleymaniye — The Temple of Trajan — Cult - History - Restoration
English Text on the First Panel of the Marker: The construction of the temple was started under the Roman Emperor Trajan (98-117 A.D.) and enlarged and completed under his successor Hadrian (117 -138 A.D.). It served the cult of both . . . Map (db m119831) HM
45Turkey, İzmir (Konak), Namazgah — Honorary Inscription — Diophantos'u Onurlandırma Yazıtı
English Text: Honorary inscription erected by the city of Smyrna in honor of the chief priest of the Province of Asia, Iulius Menekles Diophantos (200-250 A.D.) "May good fortune attend. In beauty and size the first and most famous . . . Map (db m119725) HM
46Turkey, İzmir (Konak), Namazgah — Neocorus of the Cult of the Emperor at Smyrna — Smyrna'daki imparatorluk Kültü'nün Neokoros'u
English Text: Inscribed base of a statue of Claudius Aristophanes Aurelianus, neocorus of the cult of the emperor at Smyrna (end of 2nd beginning of 3rd century A.D.). When used for a person the term neocorus meant "servant of the . . . Map (db m119687) HM
47Turkey, İzmir (Konak), Namazgah — The Basement of the West Portico
English text: The basement that you are now visiting consists of three galleries and was constructed by using arches. The crookedness that you see in the axis of the arches is thought to be the result of hurried repairs, done to make . . . Map (db m119691) HM
48Turkey, İzmir (Konak), Namazgah — The Dream of Alexander the Great
English Text: Pausanius, a geographer and traveler of the 2nd century A.D., relates that Alexander came to the slopes of Mt Pagos (Kadifekale) to hunt, that he fell asleep under a plane tree by a spring in front of the Temple of Nemesis, . . . Map (db m119670) HM
49Turkey, İzmir (Konak), Namazgah — The West Portico
English Text: The West Portico is one of the columned galleries which surrounded the courtyard of the Agora. It is not possible today to see clearly what kind of building it was. But from architectural traces and fragments that have . . . Map (db m119464) HM
50Turkey, İzmir (Konak), Namazgah — Water Channels
English Text: Water channels big enough for a person to pass easily through them have been identified beneath the modern city within the agora and south of it. Today water from an unidentified source still flows through these channels; . . . Map (db m119729) HM
51Turkey, İzmir (Konak), Yeni — The Agora of Smyrna
English Text The agora of Smyrna was the city's administrative, political, judicial, and commercial center. It was located in the center and covered a rectangular area in conformance with the gridiron plan of the city. Remains . . . Map (db m119638) HM
52Turkey, İzmir (Konak), Yeni — The Agora of Smyrna
English Text: In the courtyard of the Agora there were shipped monuments erected in honor of important persons, days and agreements. There were also statues, altars belonging to multiple gods at which offerings were made in religious . . . Map (db m119657) HM
53Turkey, İzmir (Konak), Yeni — The Ancient City of Smyrna
English Text: The geographer and traveller Strabo, writing in the 1st century B.C., stated that the city was constructed by two of Alexander's commanders, Antigonus and Lysimachus. In the Hellenistic and Roman periods, thanks to its . . . Map (db m119432) HM
54Turkey, İzmir (Konak), Yeni — The Ancient City of Smyrna
English Text: A result of excavations carried out on the Yeslova Mound, located in the sub-district of Bornova on the eastern side of the Bay of Izmir, it has become clear that Izmir's past goes back 8500 years. The first city to be . . . Map (db m119632) HM
55Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), İsa Bey — St. Jean (Aziz Yahya) Kilisesi/The Church of St. John
[Left column: text in Turkish] [Right column: text in English] According to the written sources, the basilica with wooden roof which includes St. John’s grave was in a poor situation in 6th century AD. Emperor Justinian . . . Map (db m43721) HM
56Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), İsa Bey — St. Jean'in (Aziz Yahya) Kimliği Ve Hayatı/The Life of St. John
[Left column: text in Turkish] [Right column: text in English] According to an opinion that is based on the decision of, and thus at least as old as the council of Ephesus in 431 A.D., it is generally accepted that St. John . . . Map (db m43715) HM
57Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), İsa Bey — The Basilica of St. John
St. John was the youngest of the 12 Apostles of Jesus, often referred to as the “Evangelist” or “Beloved.” After the death of Jesus, the followers of Christ were subjected to persecution. St. John’s own brother, James, was the first martyr among . . . Map (db m43712) HM
58Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Ancient Ephesos
English Text: (1) Magnesian Gate (2) East Gymnasium (3) State Agora (4) Temple of Hadrian (5) Terrace House 2 (6) Celsus Library (7) Tetragonos Agora ][ Commercial Market (8) Serapeion (9) Great . . . Map (db m114980) HM
59Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Baths at the 'State Agora'
English Text: The Roman bathing facility should be located at the site of an earlier, Hellenistic gymnasium. Four bathing rooms at the northern side were partly hewn out of the bedrock. The caldarium (hot room) lying to the west . . . Map (db m114998) HM
60Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Byzantine Ephesos — 4th - 14th century A.D.
English Text: Ephesos retained its position as the seat of the provincial governor (proconsul Asiae) and thus also as a political and economic centre even after the new organization of the Roman Empire by Diocletian (284-305). . . . Map (db m114972) HM
61Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Graffiti in Terrace House 2 — Yamaç Ev 2'deki Grafitiler — Graffiti Im Hanghaus 2 —
English: Several wall paintings feature drawings and graffiti which offer an insight into the everyday life of the inhabitants. The drawings mainly show gladiators, caricatures, and animals. The graffiti include names of persons, poems and . . . Map (db m84556) HM
62Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Hadrian's Gate
English Text: The three-storeyed gateway marks the junction of the Processional Way in the direction of Ortygia. Two narrower passageways framed the broad street gateway, of which the upper storey is reminiscent of Hadrian's Gate in . . . Map (db m115289) HM
63Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Hellenistic Fountain House — Helenistik Çesme Yapısı — Hellenistisches Brunnenhaus —
English: The fountain house of Ionic order located at the back wall of the Great Theatre's stage building dates to the Hellenistic period (3rd-1st century B.C.). During the Roman period its depth was extended ca. 2 m and the new anteroom . . . Map (db m84361) HM
64Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Hydrekdocheion — (Water Palace / Su Sarayı/ Wasserschloss)
English: The monumental fountain building donated by the Proconsul Gaius Laecanius Bassus in ca. A.D. 80 is situated at the intersection of two main streets. The rectangular 105 m2 large basin was framed by sumptuous two- to three-storey . . . Map (db m84342) HM
65Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Peristyle Courtyard of Dwelling Unit 6 — Oturma Birimi 6'nın Peristil Avlusu — Peristylhof der Wohneinheit 6 —
English: Originally the perıstyle courtyard (31a) of Dwelling Unit 6 featuring 8 columns had at least two floors. The perıstyle made accessible the Northern and Western rooms, but also the large hall (31) in the south. Floors and . . . Map (db m84555) HM
66Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Pollio Monument and Fountain of Domitian — Pollo Yapisi ve Domitianus Çeşmesi
English: The 8 x 6.5 m large and 6.4 m tall socle is the remainder of an honorific burial, which was erected ın the 1st half of the 1st century A.D. in memory of Gaius Sextilius Pollio by his stepson, on land provided by the city for . . . Map (db m84337) HM
67Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Processional Way
Dini Alay Yolu [text in Turkish…] Processional Way [text in English] Annual festivals named ‘Artemisia’ or ‘Ephesia’ in antiquity were undertaken in honour of Artemis, the city goddess of Ephesos. The festivities, . . . Map (db m44269) HM
68Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Research History of Ephesos
English Text: As the ruins of Ephesos had already appeared in the travel reports of the 17th -19th centuries, the British Museum in London began archaeological investigations at Ephesos. The architect, John Turtle Wood, directed the . . . Map (db m114675) HM
69Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Roman Ephesos
English Text: When the Pergamene King Attalos III died in 133 B.C., he bequeathed his kingdom to the Roman people in his will. The city of Ephesos that possessed the tax-exempt status as civitas libera thus became part of the Roman . . . Map (db m114723) HM
70Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Temple on the 'State Agora'
English Text: In the western part of the 'State Agora' there is a peripteral temple on a 23 x 15 m podium with 6 x 10 columns and additional columns at the front. Most probably this temple was erected at the time of Emperor Augustus or . . . Map (db m115009) HM
71Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Terrace House 1 — Yamaç Ev 1 — Das Hanghaus 1 —
English: Terrace House 1 is a housing block which, since its foundation period in the 1st Century B.C., was divided into six parcels, each representing a residentıal unit. The rooms of each individual resıdentıal unit are . . . Map (db m84520) HM
72Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Terrace House 2 — Yamaç Ev 2 — Das Hanghaus 2 —
English: The traces of settlement on the northern slope of Mount Bülbül go back to the Archaic period (7th/6th century B.C.) when this area was used as a cemetery. During the Hellenıstıc period (ca. 200 B.C.) this slope was . . . Map (db m84543) HM
73Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — Tetragonos Agora - The Commercial Market — Tetragonos Agora - Ticari Pazar Yeri — Die Tetragonos Agora - Der Handelsmarkt —
English: The Commercial Market was already founded in the 3rd century B.C. Its visible form goes back to an expansion under Emperor Augustus (27 B.C. - A.D. 14) into a square ensemble (side lengths 154 m) with three gates in the north, west . . . Map (db m84363) HM
74Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Archaic-Classical Settlement and the Sepulchre Street
English Text: In the 8th century B.C. a village settlement was founded at the bay where the sea reached up to the Roman-period West Gate of the Agora; this settlement is probably Smyrna, attested in literature. Excavations in the western . . . Map (db m115318) HM
75Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Bouleuterion — Bouleuterion
English: The Bouleuterion housed the meetings of the council (boule) as well as musical performances and contests. The originally roofed semi-circular auditorium is bonded to a stage wall. The building was erected around A.D. 100. In A.D. . . . Map (db m84282) HM
76Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Celsus Library
Celsus Kutuphanesi [text in Turkish…] The Celsus Library [text in English]: The Celsus Library, certainly the most well-known monument in Ephesos, was built between A.D. and 110 by Gaius Iulius Aquila for his . . . Map (db m43992) HM
77Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Early Ephesos — Late 7th millennium - 334 B.C.
English Text: The earliest traces of human settlement found so far in the region of Ephesos were discovered on Çukuriçi Höyük and reach back into the early Chalcolithic period (late 7th millennium). At the latest since the Early Bronze Age . . . Map (db m114703) HM
78Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Great Theatre — [Ephesus] —
Büyük Tiyatro [text in Turkish...] The Great Theatre [text in English] The Great Theatre goes back to a preceding structure of the Hellenistic period (3rd-1st century B.C.). In the Roman period there was an extensive . . . Map (db m84362) HM
79Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Hellenistic Ephesos — 3rd - 1st century B.C.
English Text: In the Hellenistic period the cityscape of Ephesos underwent a fundamental transformation. During the wars of the Diadochoi after the death of Alexander the Great the city was incorporated after 300 B.C. into the kingdom of . . . Map (db m114718) HM
80Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Hellenistic Fountain and the Hexagon — Helenistik Çeşme ve Heksagon (Altıgen) — Hellenistischer Brunnen und Hexagon —
English: The Taberna II (Shop II) of Terrace House 2 was built over a fountain installation from the 3rd century B.C. The east, south and west walls, constructed of marble blocks, are preserved. Above the socle zone, a water channel . . . Map (db m84554) HM
81Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The 'Heracles Gate'
English Text: The so-called Heracles Gate bordered the Curetes Street to the east. Its present appearance derives from late antique adaptations, and the appearance of the imperial gateway cannot be reconstructed anymore. Both pillars, . . . Map (db m115080) HM
82Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Heroon of Androclos
English Text: Over a u-shaped pedestal with Doric façade architecture arose an open upper storey of the Ionic order. In front of the building is a water basin; its enclosure panels were renovated in the late antique period, and for this . . . Map (db m115276) HM
83Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Inscriptions Museum — Yazıtlar Galerisi — Das Inschriftenmuseum —
English: The Inscriptions Museum is housed ın the vaulted substructure of the Temple of Domıtıan. In the corridors, more than 3,000 complete or partial inscriptions are currently preserved. A selected exhibition contains . . . Map (db m84343) HM
84Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Latrine — Latrina (Tuvalet) — Die Latrine —
English: The public Latrine could be reached from the covered `Academy Street'. The free public toilet served the citizens as well as the visitors of the adjacent Varius Bath. The seats of the Latrine were arranged round three sides of the . . . Map (db m84542) HM
85Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Memmius Monument — Memmius Anıtı — Der Memmiusbau —
English: The Memmius Monument was built between 50 and 30 B.C. at a particularly prominent site: it is an honorific monument for Gaius Memmius, a grandson of the Roman Dictator Sulla. The reconstruction proposes a tower-like structure with a . . . Map (db m84345) HM
86Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Nymphaeum Traiani — Trainanus Çeşmesi — Das Nympheaum Trainani —
English: The fountain building was donated by Tiberius Claudius Aristion and his wife between A.D. 102 and 114 in honour of Artemis of Ephesos and Emperor Trajan (A.D. 98-117). The original height of the building reconstructed as an . . . Map (db m84519) HM
87Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The 'Rhodian Peristyle' and The Prytaneum — 'Rodos Tıpı Peristil' ve 'Prytaneion
English: The courtyard (33 x 28 m), lying to the west of the Bouleuterıon and enclosed on all three sides corresponds to the type of the 'Rhodıan Perıstyle' with its elevated columnar architecture at the east. An altar or two . . . Map (db m84335) HM
88Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The So-Called Alytarchs' Stoa — 'Alytarchus Stoası' — Die 'Alytarchenstoa' —
English: A 4.7-5.5 m-wide hall (stoa) dated to the late antique period (4th /5th century A.D.), according to an inscription, borders the two Terrace Houses along the Curetes Street. The hall, built over honourific Imperial monuments, . . . Map (db m84521) HM
89Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The So-Called House of Pleasure — Aşk Evi Olarka Adlanırılan Yapı — Sogenanntes Freudenhaus —
English: In this area three private houses have been identified: in the middle stood House 2, a two-storey peristyle house which was mistakenly interpreted as a house of pleasure for a long time. Used from the 15' century B.C. into the 3” . . . Map (db m84364) HM
90Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The South Gate of the Agora
The richly ornamented gate was financed by imperial freedmen Mazaeus and Mithridates in 2 B.C. The refined articulation of the southern façade with alternating projecting and re-entrant elements, as well as the use of arches and beams, was repeated . . . Map (db m115299) HM
91Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The 'State Agora' — 'Devet Agorasi'
English: Probably in the 15th century B.C., an enclosure was set up in the saddle between the two city mountains; at the beginning of the 1“century A.D. it covered an area of 160 x 58 m. The area was surrounded by porticoes on three sides. . . . Map (db m84281) HM
92Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Temple of Domitian — Domitianustapinaği
English: The temple and altar served the Imperial cult and were dedicated to Emperor Domitian (A.D. 81-96); after his death and condemnation of his memory ( damnatio memoriae), however, they were dedicated to the Flavian family. The . . . Map (db m84336) HM
93Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Temple of Hadrian — Hadrianus Tapınaǧı — Der Hadrianstempel —
English: P. Vedius Antoninus Sabinus donated the small, temple-like monument which, according to a building inscription, honoured Emperor Hadrian (A.D. 117-138). The colonnade in front of the cella supports a so-called Syrian gable. The . . . Map (db m84541) HM
94Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Acarlar — The Varius Bath
The Varius Bath Between the 'Bath' and the 'Academy Alley' at the northern side of the Curetes Street, the Varius Bath was established in the 1st half of the 2nd century A.D. The bathrooms were entered through a sizable apsidal hall; over . . . Map (db m115278) HM
95Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Sultaniye — Last Home of the Blessed Virgin, the Mother of Jesus Christ
Notice About The Shrine This place is considered to be the last home of the Blessed Virgin, the Mother of Jesus Christ. The Facts According to the Scriptures: St. John, in his Gospel, tells us that Jesus, before dying on the . . . Map (db m44049) HM
96Turkey, İzmir (Selçuk), Sultaniye — The Last Home of the Blessed Virgin the Mother of Jesus Christ — Historic Notes About the Shrine
This place is considered to be the last home of the Blessed Virgin the Mother of Jesus Christ. The Facts as found in the Scriptures: • St. John in (h)is Gospel tells us that Jesus before dying on the Cross entrusted to him the care . . . Map (db m115325) HM
97Turkey, Aksaray (Aksaray Merkez), Sultanhanı — Aksaray - Sultanhani Caravanserai (1229) — Aksaray - Sultanhanı Kervansarayı (1229)
English: Situated on Konya - Aksaray highway, Sultanhanı is the largest and best caravanserai of the seljuks. It was built by Alaattin Keykubat 1. in 1229. After a fire, it was restored and extended in 1278 by the governor Siracettin . . . Map (db m84169) HM
98Turkey, Ankara (Altındağ), Kale — Ankara Castle — Ankara Kalesi Tarihçesi
English: Its construction date is not known clearly. It it thought to be constructed by Hittites who placed a manial area in the city. But this thought has not been verified with archeological findings. Before Hittites, Ankara Castle had . . . Map (db m83912) HM
99Turkey, Ankara (Altındağ), Kale — Çengel Han — Yapin 1522 - Restorasyon 2005
English: History The Çengel Han was built in 1522-1523 during the reign of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman by Damat Rüstem Paşa who was married to the Sultan’s daughter Mihrimah Sultan. Though it was built close to 500 years ago, the . . . Map (db m83891) HM
100Turkey, Ankara (Altındağ), Kale — History of the Museum Buildings — Müze Yapılarının Tarihi
English: The museum consists of two buildings, the Bedesten and the Kurşsunlu Han. The Bedesten (covered market), not arranged as the exhibition hall, was built by Mahmut Pasha, Grand Vizier (1455-1466, 1472-1473) under Mehmet II, the . . . Map (db m83995) HM

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Jun. 29, 2022