Several complications impeded this plant's full operation including its inability to operate at the required pressure of 200 atmospheres at 500-600° C. Most importantly, ammonia synthesis could not be sustained due to . . . — — Map (db m183922) HM
An Experimental Plant
During World War 1, construction of the first ammonia synthesis plant in the U.S. began on this location in October 1917. With plans acquired by American and British espionage, construction of U.S. Nitrate Plant No. 1 . . . — — Map (db m183927) HM
Founded by the Keahey family and related immigrants from Scotland, the adjacent Union Presbyterian Church established this cemetery before the Civil War. The Presbytery of South Alabama, a District Governing Body of the Presbyterian Church . . . — — Map (db m183624) HM
Member of the United State Congress 1944-1971
Dedicated Family Man and Humanitarian
Outstanding District Attorney
Supporter of State's Rights
Conserver of Nation's Resources
Ardent Advocate of . . . — — Map (db m184478) HM
This Marker is placed here as a memorial to
Dr. Eratus Byron Ard
and his wife
Zenada Byrd Ard
and to their family who occupied this property from 1895 to 1971.
Their children were:
Ligon Briggs Ard
Toxey Ard Sorrell . . . — — Map (db m184073) HM
To all military and civilian personnel who have served at Fort Rucker since 1942 with special recognition of those who paid the supreme sacrifice in fighting for freedom throughout the world. The citizens of Ozark are deeply grateful for the . . . — — Map (db m184131) HM WM
Auburn University's acquisition of paintings from the auction featured works by major artists of the day, including Arthur Dove, Lyonel Feininger, Jacob Lawrence, Georgia O’Keeffe, and Ben Shahn, together with significant examples by emerging . . . — — Map (db m183933) HM
Auburn First Baptist Church's history dates to June 19, 1838. The first church
structure was a log building erected on the north side of West Glenn Avenue
on land donated by Judge John Harper, the Methodist founder of the town of
Auburn. Land for . . . — — Map (db m183941) HM
Used popularly since the founding of East
Alabama Male College in 1856, the name Auburn
University was made official by the Legislature
in 1960, in recognition of the school's second
century of service to the state and nation.
Originally . . . — — Map (db m183914) HM
commentates the granting of a state charter to the
East Alabama Male College
February 1, 1856
Established by Alabama Methodists
to foster Christian education.
Formally opened on October 1, 1859
Used as a . . . — — Map (db m183916) HM
Luckie Meagher's Kindergarten
Mrs. Luckie Meagher established a private kindergarten just east of this site and served as its premier teacher for more than 30 years, caring for delicate young minds from both Auburn and Lee County. Red Meagher . . . — — Map (db m184029) HM
With the creation of the seven-member Historic
Preservation Commission by the Auburn City
Council in 1999, the City took its first step
in establishing historic districts to preserve
its architectural heritage. The first work of
the Commission . . . — — Map (db m184196) HM
The East Alabama Methodist College occupying this site was used as a Confederate hospital
1864 • 1865
Alabama Polytechnic Institute
Agricultural & Mechanical College
Burned June 24, 1887. — — Map (db m183920) HM
This famous intersection, now known as Toomers Corner was named for businessman and State Senator Sheldon Toomer who founded the Bank of Auburn here in 1907. He served 45 years as bank President and 25 years on the Auburn City Council. Toomers . . . — — Map (db m183930) HM
Opelika A Railroad Town
Opelika An Industrial CityOpelika's original name was Opelikan when the town was founded in the 1830s. In 1850, the name was respelled as Opelika. In 1851, the Montgomery & West Point Railroad Company extended its . . . — — Map (db m184077) HM
Lowndesboro, AL—Enraged whites, jealous over the business success of a Negro are believed to be the lynchers of Elmore Bolling. Bolling, 39, was found riddled with shot gun and pistol shots 150 yards from his general merchandise store. It is . . . — — Map (db m184279) HM
U.S. Route 66 (US 66 or Route 66), also known as the Will Rogers Highway, the Main Street of America or the Mother Road, was one of the original highways within the U.S. Highway System. US 66 was established on Nov. 11, 1926, with road signs erected . . . — — Map (db m184319) HM
This example of Early Transitional architecture combined Sonoran and Victorian elements. Built of adobe in 1880, the house was later veneered with red brick to give it a Victorian appearance. Physician William Harvey was known as an "Angel of Mercy" . . . — — Map (db m184138) HM
As settlers began arriving in this area around 1812, the need for religious services became a top priority among the residents. Brush arbor meetings were held every summer. Soon a log structure was built along the creek that marked the beginning of . . . — — Map (db m184576) HM
The Ephesus Cemetery, listed in the National Register of Historic Places on January 22, 2009, was established for the members and families of the Ephesus Primitive Baptist Church. Thirteen years before the platting of the railroad town of Emmet, ten . . . — — Map (db m184499) HM
Thomas Chipman McRae, born in Mount Holly (Union County), Arkansas, became a courier for the Confederate Army at age twelve, following his father's early death. He attended area schools and later graduated from Washington & Lee University law school . . . — — Map (db m184504) HM
Legendary singer and guitarist Glen Campbell was born in Billstown, Arkansas on April 22, 1936. He died in Nashville, Tennessee on August 8, 2017 after a courageous battle with Alzheimer's disease. Campbell brought country music to the mainstream as . . . — — Map (db m184564) HM
Although earlier schools existed, this first permanent Jacksonville school site was donated town founder Nicholas W. Jackson in 1880 to the Jacksonville Academy Association By 1881, all eight grades were taught here in a one room log building. The . . . — — Map (db m183540) HM
The 32nd Governor of the State of Arkansas (Dem. 1941 - 34) was born near Jacksonville on October 15, 1890 in the community of Piedmont, spent his childhood here and attended Bayou Metro public School. Gov. Adkins was largely responsible for . . . — — Map (db m183524) HM
Coming of the railroad led to the naming of Jacksonville in 1870 for Nicholas W. "Nick" Jackson (1832 - 1916), a land owner and mule owner who donated the depot site to the Old Cairo & Fulton Railroad with the provision that the new station be named . . . — — Map (db m183518) HM
Not all soldiers wear uniforms and carry rifles. Those civilian workers who went into the Titan II Missile complex near Searcy August 9, 1965, were dressed in work clothes, wore hard hats, carried hammers and paint brushes, but who's to say they . . . — — Map (db m184023) HM
Tom Cory came to Jacksonville in 1968 and along with Paul Ramm and Brad Blakeway, formed Arkansas precast corporation.
His hard work and leadership helped enable their company to prosper and to employ over 100 people, precast concrete from . . . — — Map (db m183543) HM
This monument pays tribute to the sacrifices made by families who lost a loved one in military services to the United States of America.
The heritage and patriotism of the Beebe community is depicted in the first scene.
The second scene . . . — — Map (db m183679) WM
It is silent now, but long ago, you would hear the shrill scraping
of iron wheels along a track as a green Interurban electric train
would suddenly appear and pass along the very path on which
you are standing. From 1912 to 1957, the popular . . . — — Map (db m184320) HM
In this location on the Rancho Acalanes, Elam
and Margaret Allen Brown founded Lafayette by
building their first house, a crude affair
constructed while Mrs. Brown prepared dinner.
In 1849, they erected a horse powered grist
mill across the . . . — — Map (db m184240) HM
Built in 1879 by James
Bickerstaff on a dirt road
that is now Mt. Diablo
Blvd. Daughter, Jennie
lived in the house for 85
years. It was razed in 1964
to build a market which is
now at 3615 Mt. Diablo Blvd. Jennie was . . . — — Map (db m184239) HM
On this site was the Moraga Train Station of the
Sacramento Northern Railway, a 183-mile railway
that connected Oakland and Chico via Sacramento,
handling passengers and freight.
The station served Moraga Valley from 1913 to 1957. . . . — — Map (db m184241) HM
James Earle Fraser and his End of the Trail
What you see here is a copy of the famous "End of the Trail" statue. You have probably seen this image in many forms from small statues to bookends to belt buckles all across the United . . . — — Map (db m183669) HM
Colonel (USAF) Ellison Shoji Onizuka
Astronaut/National Aeronautics and Space Administration, June 24, 1946 — January 28, 1986.
Colonel Onizuka was the first Japanese American astronaut selected to
participate in America's . . . — — Map (db m183925) HM
Architects - Walker and Eisen.
Built 1927. Declared 1974, Historic-Cultural Monument No. 125,
City of Los Angeles,
Cultural Heritage Commission,
Cultural Affairs Department. — — Map (db m183788) HM
Westlake Park First
MacArthur Park and its scenic pond began to enchant visitors late in the 19th century. Then called Westlake Park, the Los Angeles Times observed in 1891, that it was "a pretty, breezy spot. The lake is well . . . — — Map (db m183978) HM
Residence — 818 S. Bonnie Brae. A prototype of distinctive architecture
of the boom of the 80’s. Declared Historic Cultural Monument No. 45 by the Cultural Heritage Board, Municipal Arts Department, City of Los Angeles. — — Map (db m184007) HM
St. Catherine Church was built during the 1860’s probably in 1865. Before the church was built, priests came from Stockton to say Mass for the people of Hornitos. Priests from Sonora and Mariposa came for Mass after the church was built. In the . . . — — Map (db m183735) HM
The Most Beautiful Drive in America California's fabled road begins here in Dana Point and winds north along the scenic California coast linking waterside destinations, secluded stretches, and California's biggest cities. The road ends near . . . — — Map (db m183015) HM
Named for Ned Doheny Jr., son of Edward L. Doheny, who donated the land in his memory to the State of California in 1931. In 1936, the Civilian Conservation Corps erected an adobe wall along Pacific Coast Highway. This wall replicates that original . . . — — Map (db m183019) HM
The Notorious Wave
Back in the day, if you dared, you grabbed your board and headed for Killer Dana. The wave was known as Dana Cove when the weather was calm - but when the surf was over 10 feet, Killer Dana's thick, right-breaking curl . . . — — Map (db m183042) HM
Seminal Surfing Story
Filmed in the early 1960s, the documentary The Endless Summer follows two California as they circle the globe to surf. The pair introduce the sport to many who had never seen it, and discover what is now one of the . . . — — Map (db m183024) HM
Dana Point's Landmark for 43 Years From 1928 until 1971 one feature dominated this stretch of roadway: a giant open-frame tower marked with the neon letters spelling out R-I-C-H-F-I-E-L-D as part of the name of the Richfield Oil and Gas . . . — — Map (db m183017) HM
This memorial is dedicated with appreciation to the firefighters, police officers, and emergency personnel who unselfishly gave their lives while aiding their fellow men following the unprecedented act of terrorism against this country on September . . . — — Map (db m52741) WM
From an Italian-American family of ten children in Raritan, New Jersey, Marine Gunnery Sergeant John Basilone (1916-1945) was a celebrated war hero. He received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his efforts in Guadalcanal, where he manned a . . . — — Map (db m183223) HM WM
Frank Vaz Borba was born near Visalia in Goshen, California on February 17, 1927. He was a son of Portuguese immigrants from Terceira Island Azores
that cave him the passion for brave bulls. In Frank's blood was the instincts of a true fighting . . . — — Map (db m183454) HM
Down to the sea in ships they go, these chosen men of steel. Though mist and foam and northwest wind is pounding at the keel. So sail they must each crispy morn, away from trees and sod. The sea may own their windburned flesh but their souls . . . — — Map (db m183796) HM
Ventura County is within the historic territory of the Ventureño Chumash. The Chumash village of Sa’aqtik’oy, from which the Saticoy area takes its name, was located near this site and was first recorded in the diaries of Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo . . . — — Map (db m184242) HM
In 1956, author Oliver Butterworth brought a dinosaur to life thrilling millions of readers with his tale. In The Enormous Egg, 12-year old Nate Twitchell spots an egg unlike any other on his family farm. A few weeks after Nate's . . . — — Map (db m184435) HM
This life-sized model of a triceratops may not give autographs but he was the star of a 1968 hit. Uncle Beazley—for that's who he is—"starred" in the movie The Enormous Egg, a film based upon the 1956 children's book of the same name. . . . — — Map (db m184433) HM
After China banned commercial logging in 1998, tourism became the main source of income in the places where giant pandas live.
Today, visitors travel from around the world to tour panda breeding centers and see their bamboo forest . . . — — Map (db m184390) HM
Northern snakeheads are commonly caught for food in Asia. In 2002 they were discovered in Maryland and North Carolina—likely imported to U.S. fish markets, then unlawfully released. They have since been found along the East Coast, in parts of . . . — — Map (db m184407) HM
Depends on whom you ask. Scientifically, American bison are not buffalo; true "buffalo" are only found in Africa. Culturally, the names bison and buffalo are both correct. When European explorers first came to North America, they called the giant . . . — — Map (db m184414) HM
There is a long tradition of public art at the Zoo. Check out the roof of Think Tank to see bear and fox cub finials (1) installed in 1907. Works Progress Administration (WPA) from the 1930s includes five stone and bronze medallions on the . . . — — Map (db m184445) HM
When the panda reserves were established, the Chinese government banned villagers from collecting wild mushrooms from the forest to sell at market.
So farmers built tented mushroom farms outside of the reserves as an alternative way to . . . — — Map (db m184410) HM
The Pride of a Nation
Once endangered due to pollution, habitat loss and hunting, the bald eagle has recovered, becoming one of very few animals to be removed from the endangered species list. Now found in regions where it was long-absent, . . . — — Map (db m184431) HM
Bald eagles were once endangered largely due to DDT, a pesticide that harmed bald eagles' eggs. The banning of DDT along with the passage of the Endangered Species Act helped the bald eagles' numbers to rise, and today our national bird is no longer . . . — — Map (db m184438) HM
Bison were a means to an end.
To Native Americans, bison were a source of food, tools, warmth and shelter. To American settlers, they were food, but they were also in the way; bison thrived on the same land that the growing nation wanted. . . . — — Map (db m184422) HM
Black-footed ferrets are the only ferret species in North America. Once thought to be extinct, they were rediscovered in 1981. With the help of the Zoo's conservation efforts and breeding programs, the black-footed . . . — — Map (db m184441) HM
Downsizing doesn't work for cheetahs; cats in the wild need large areas in which to find food and mates. As their habitat is lost to expanding farmland:
> The range in which they can look for prey gets smaller.
> They . . . — — Map (db m184426) HM
Within the last 20 years, about the lifetime of one tiger, more than half of Sumatran forests have been cut down.
As forests vanish, tigers have a harder and harder time finding food. They have smaller habitats in which to hunt, and many . . . — — Map (db m184437) HM
Giant pandas are running out of wild places to call home.
Logging and development in China have destroyed nearly all suitable giant panda habitat. As a result, the government continues to set aside reserves, and in 1998, banned . . . — — Map (db m184386) HM
They're the world's most recognized threatened species.
Hundreds of years ago, giant pandas likely lived throughout central China. But the growing number of people in that region and their dependence on the forests left very little land . . . — — Map (db m184388) HM
Where Pandas Once Lived
Giant pandas once lived across southeast China and in northern Burma and Vietnam.
Giant pandas living in China's lowlands lost their habitat in the 12th century as people moved into the river . . . — — Map (db m184389) HM
The Zoo began 125 years ago out of a concern to save wildlife. The American bison was nearly extinct and other North American animals were threatened. Today, the Zoo cares for about 2,000 animals and saves species from all over the world. . . . — — Map (db m184453) HM
In 1992, the National Zoo became the first place outside the Komodo dragon's native Indonesia to successfully breed the giant lizard. Since then, four clutches of eggs have hatched at the Zoo, resulting in 55 offspring . . . — — Map (db m184449) HM
Going, Going…Coming Back?
The scimitar-horned oryx and the dama gazelle once thrived on the grassy plains spanning northern Africa. But threats such as overhunting, drought, and competition from domestic cattle led to massive losses for . . . — — Map (db m184427) HM
The Zoo's first permanent animal house building was the Lion House. With three stone sides, the last side was hastily boarded up when construction money fell short. It stayed that way until the current exhibit was built in 1974. Our roomy . . . — — Map (db m184246) HM
The maned wolf has a unique method of hunting prey. When it hears a small animal moving in the grass, it taps its foot on the ground, startling its prey into running. The wolf then pounces on the exposed animal to catch its meal. . . . — — Map (db m184439) HM
American Prairie Reserve in Montana maintains a herd of bison that have never been bred with domestic cattle. Bison herds like this are rare and are crucial for restoring the species to the western landscape. In 2020, American Prairie sent two . . . — — Map (db m184413) HM
Evolved from carriageway to walkway, our main visitor path named for Frederick Law Olmsted, the renowned landscape architect who designed the basic layout and flow of the Zoo. Olmsted's legacy is found in the green spaces, natural atmosphere and . . . — — Map (db m184452) HM
What happened to the oryx?
Overhunting and competition from domestic cattle led to the decline of wild scimitar-horned oryx. By 1990, the only remaining oryx were in human care.
Though still considered extinct in the wild, . . . — — Map (db m184425) HM
Ostriches have long, powerful legs that help them run faster than any other bird, over 40 miles per hour. Ostriches also use their legs for defense, kicking threatening predators hard enough to cause serious injury or death. . . . — — Map (db m184440) HM
The Zoo's brown pelicans are living proof of what ocean debris can do. Once wild birds, the pelicans became entangled in abandoned fishing gear. With damaged wings and no longer able to survive on their own, the pelicans are cared for today by Zoo . . . — — Map (db m184432) HM
Habitat loss and competition with livestock caused drastic declines of Przewalski's horses, and by the 1960s they were declared extinct in the wild. Zoo breeding programs rebuilt wild populations from a mere 14 . . . — — Map (db m184429) HM
There are fewer than 10,000 red pandas alive today.
People have long-hunted red pandas for their rich, soft pelts. Also, expanding human populations have taken over their mountain habitat, reducing the wild places where red pandas . . . — — Map (db m184411) HM
Zoos Are Part of the Plan
In 1982, the Chinese alligator became the first reptile to be managed by an AZA Species Survival Plan (SSP). An SSP helps ensure survival of a species through the management of breeding in North American zoos and . . . — — Map (db m184448) HM
Zoo scientists search for new discoveries and new opportunities to save endangered species—like the critically endangered Sumatran tiger.
Since the 1970s, Zoo scientists have looked for tigers in the wild to understand tiger . . . — — Map (db m184436) HM
Development has put the squeeze on sloth bears.
People have cut down sloth bear forests to build new farms and roads. The most used land by people (lowlands) is the best habitat for the animals. — — Map (db m184382) HM
"My hope is that you will join this gathering of chimpanzees and engage your imagination. Take time to reflect on how it may feel to be within a social group of fellow primates. Look around at each different member of The . . . — — Map (db m184443) HM
Squirrels and chipmunks help in the birth of new trees by spreading their seeds far and wide.
Chipmunks hoard acorns, beechnuts, and maple seeds in larders in their underground burrows. Squirrels bury acorns here and there for later . . . — — Map (db m184447) HM
Since the early days of few resources, there's one thing the Zoo has never been short on—animal waste. That's a good thing! Reproductive and stress hormones found in poop help scientists make important decisions about species' survival and . . . — — Map (db m184421) HM
Wang Dajun, a researcher with Peking University, works closely with National Zoo scientists to study giant pandas and teach courses in the reserves.
Dajun has put radio collars on wild pandas to learn about animals' behaviors and mating . . . — — Map (db m184392) HM
In 1995, the Zoo debuted the O-Line, a series of towers and vine-like cables. It allows our orangutans to travel between the Great Ape House and Think Tank, if they choose to do so. Still innovative, the O-Line was the first . . . — — Map (db m184442) HM
Albert Harris, an early-20th-century municipal architect for Washington, D.C., designed the original portico of the Reptile Discovery Center (then called the Reptile House) in 1931. Over the past 90 years, it has suffered water damage, fading, and . . . — — Map (db m184454) HM
"When we worked in the field, we held the giant panda cubs to take their measurements. It was very sweet.
As a team, we worked very closely. Living together in the forest, we were like members of one family. We took care of . . . — — Map (db m184391) HM
Earth Day Park was originally dedicated on April 22, 1996, in a culmination of efforts by the U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. General Services Administration to transform a neglected, vacant lot into a green oasis. the park's most recent . . . — — Map (db m184560) HM
During the Civil War, President Lincoln greeted troops upon arriving at the Southwest Waterfront, including Union Soldiers on their way to Fort Stevens to defend Washington from a Confederate Attack. — — Map (db m183749) HM
A species of bluestem grasses, the broomsedge plant is distinguished by its slender stalk, straw-colored leaves, and orange fall foliage.
The roots of this grass were used by the Rappahannock tribe to soothe poison ivy rash and skin . . . — — Map (db m184308) HM
Built above an underground museum complex, the Haupt Garden is actually a rooftop garden. As such, the limited soil depth and the protection provided by the surrounding museums create a climate milder than is typical of the region. — — Map (db m184554) HM
Eastern redcedar is connected to the spiritual traditions of many Native communities, including the Kiowa and Lenape (Delaware). The tree's unique red, aromatic heartwood is valued for ceremonial and medicinal uses.
Native peoples burn the . . . — — Map (db m184310) HM
Since the 1970s, Dan Graham has explored notions of space and perception, creating installations and sculptures that critique modernist suburban architecture and encourage audience participation. For Gordon Bunshaft, a site-specific . . . — — Map (db m184559) HM
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