“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Abolition & Underground RR Topic

These results were compiled earlier today.
Frederick Douglass Hall image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, March 11, 2017
Frederick Douglass Hall
1Alabama (Macon County), Tuskegee Institute — Frederick Douglass Hall1904
Named for Frederick Douglass, famed runaway slave, abolitionist and statesman. Douglass came to Tuskegee in 1892 and delivered the 11th Annual Commencement address in which he "urged economy, thrift and common sense." Those words of Douglass . . . Map (db m101908) HM
2Alaska (Juneau Borough), Juneau — William Henry Seward
Family and Early Political Life William Henry Seward was born in Florida, New York, on May 16, 1801. His father, a wealthy landowner, was a slaveholder prior to New York abolishing slavery in 1827. Seward would later become instrumental in . . . Map (db m181752) HM
3California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Mary Ellen Pleasant Memorial Park1814 - 1904
Mother of Civil Rights in California. She supported the western terminus of the underground railway for fugitive slaves, 1850-1865. This legendary pioneer once lived on this site and planted these six trees. Placed by the San . . . Map (db m85557) HM
4Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Barney Ford Building1863 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour —
The significance of 1514 Blake St. lies in its connection to the remarkable life of black pioneer Barney Ford. Ford was born a slave on January 22, 1822 in Stafford, Virginia, but escaped to Chicago, where he worked with the underground railroad . . . Map (db m118597) HM
5Connecticut (Hartford County), Farmington — Farmington and the Freedom Trail
Known in the 1800’s as “the hub” of Connecticut’s Underground Railroad, Farmington was home to an active group of prominent and outspoken abolitionists, several of whom were involved in state, national and international anti-slavery . . . Map (db m95984) HM
6Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — Frederick Douglass
First speech in Hartford on the grounds of this Church May 18, 1843
"[We found several towns in which people closed their doors and refused to entertain the subject. Notably among those were Hartford, Conn., and Grafton, Mass. . . . Map (db m151933) HM
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7Connecticut (Hartford County), Hartford — John Haynes
John Haynes 1594 – 1654 Of Copford Hall. Essex England. Third Governor of Massachusetts. A founder of this commonwealth & its first Governor. A lover of religious liberty. A man trusted and honored. Near this place he was buried & by . . . Map (db m44068) HM
8Connecticut (Litchfield County), Torrington — John Brown Birthplace
John Brown, the abolitionist, was born at this site on May 9, 1800. He dedicated his life to ending slavery in the United States. Brown became a spokesperson for those abolitionists who believed that slavery could only be eliminated by force. He is . . . Map (db m30187) HM
9Connecticut (Middlesex County), Deep River — The Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad Led by George Read, Founder of the Town’s Ivory Industry, Deep River Became Known in the Nineteenth Century as "All Abolitionist" and a Refuge for Runaway Slaves on the Underground Railroad. In 1828, Daniel Fisher, a . . . Map (db m100312) HM
10Connecticut (Middlesex County), Middletown — The Abolitionist Movement
On this site, on a spring evening in 1834, a violent mob descended on a small group of Middletown residents who had come together to work towards abolishing slavery. The abolitionists, both black and white citizens, were members of the newly . . . Map (db m71118) HM
11Connecticut (New Haven County), New Haven — “Make Us Free”Amistad Memorial
[ south side ] “Make Us Free” This monument is a memorial to the 1839 Amistad Revolt and its leader, Sengbe Pieh, also known as Joseph Cinque. Sengbe Pieh was one of the millions of Africans kidnapped from their homes and . . . Map (db m48428) HM
12Connecticut (New London County), Mystic — George Greenman House
This house was built in 1839 for George and Abigail Greenman. He was the oldest of the three brothers who founded the George Greenman & Co. Shipyard. The three brothers lived here until Clark Greenman built his house next door on your right in . . . Map (db m114829) HM
13Delaware (Kent County), Camden — KC-41 — Camden
Founded 1783 on the tract “Brecknock” by Daniel Mifflin and settled largely by Quakers. Once called Piccadilly and Mifflins Cross Roads. Incorporated 1852, it was a center of anti-slavery sentiment. Several homes were by tradition stops . . . Map (db m168332) HM
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14Delaware (Kent County), Camden — KC-73 — Camden Friends MeetingBurial Place of John Hunn
This house of worship, built in 1805, was first a Preparative Meeting under the care of Motherkiln (Murderkill) Monthly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). In 1830, Camden Monthly Meeting was formed by uniting with Motherkiln and . . . Map (db m39513) HM
15Delaware (Kent County), Camden — John Hunn1814 - 1894 — Quaker Abolitionist —
Chief engineer of the Underground Rail Road in the State of Del. and the richest man in Del. He was convicted and fined in 1846 by the U.S. Dist. Court, later he was fined twice for $10,000.00 each by Del. but was advised the fines wouldn't be . . . Map (db m39514) HM
16Delaware (Kent County), Camden — KC-110 — Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church
Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church-The roots of this congregation can be traced to 1845, when a group of local residents met to formally organize Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church. With several churches established in the area by free . . . Map (db m141317) HM
17Delaware (Kent County), Dover — Continuity & ProgressHistorically Happening — Dover, Delaware —
These two words say a great deal about Dover. It is a modern and growing city entering the 21st century on a foundation of achievement built over more than 300 years of American history. And a rich history it is. Founded by William Penn in . . . Map (db m142501) HM
18Delaware (Kent County), Magnolia — KC-91 — Warner Mifflin1745 - 1798
A native of Virginia's Eastern Shore, Mifflin came to Delaware as a young man. Born into a slaveholding Quaker family, he manumitted his own slaves in 1774-75 and later became one of America's foremost abolitionists of the 18th century. As an elder . . . Map (db m39456) HM
19Delaware (Kent County), Willow Grove — KC-118 — Samuel D. Burris
Samuel D. Burris, a free African-American conductor on the Underground Railroad resided in the Willow Grove area during the 1840s. He helped enslaved people find their pathway to freedom in Philadelphia. Caught for aiding and abetting runaway slaves . . . Map (db m142503) HM
20Delaware (New Castle County), Middletown — NC-210 — Former Site of the Alston and Hunn Farms
Near this location were the farms of John Alston (1794-1872) and John Hunn (1818-1894), cousins who shared the Quaker faith and were well documented operatives on Delaware's Underground Railroad. John Alston sometimes employed fugitives as laborers . . . Map (db m88341) HM
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21Delaware (New Castle County), Odessa — NC-90 — Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House
Believed to be one of the smallest Quaker Meeting Houses in the nation, the Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House was built in 1785 by David Wilson and presented to the Friends as a gift. Local tradition identifies this structure as a stop on the . . . Map (db m10308) HM
22Delaware (New Castle County), Smyrna — NC-89 — Clearfield Farm
Built in the mid-eighteenth century by Captain David Clark, Clearfield Farm was the home of his grandson John Clark (1761 -1821), Governor of Delaware from 1817 -1820. John Clark served as Colonel in the Delaware Militia and as Justice of the Peace . . . Map (db m69112) HM
23Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NCC-248 — Abraham Shadd Family
Abraham Doras Shadd (1801-1882) was the grandson of Hans and Elizabeth Schad, a Hessian soldier and free Black woman who settled in Delaware in the 1770s. Abraham was a shoemaker and a well-known abolitionist in Wilmington who aided freedom . . . Map (db m191564) HM
24Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-128 — Freedom Lost
By the late 1700s the institution of slavery was declining in Delaware. A changing economy and the active efforts of Quakers and Methodists had led to the manumission of many slaves and dramatic growth of the state’s free black population. Though . . . Map (db m168333) HM
25Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — Harriet Tubman(born Araminta Harriet Ross; 1820 - March 10, 1913)
"I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other." Born on Maryland's eastern shore, Harriet Tubman's family of eleven suffered the . . . Map (db m130473) HM
26Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-76 — Meeting House 1816Religious Society of Friends
Grew from New-Wark Meeting established 1682. Present house is third in this vicinity. Friends School begun here in 1748 has operated continuously. Among 3,000 buried in yard are founders of Wilmington, John Dickinson, "Penman of the Revolution," and . . . Map (db m10943) HM
27Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — The Big QuarterlyRiverfront Wilmington
"For the sake of peace, love, and nothing but that..." referring to the break with the Asbury Methodist Church of Wilmington, Reverend Peter Spencer The August Quarterly, originally known as the Big Quarterly, is the oldest . . . Map (db m130484) HM
28Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — The Tubman-Garrett Riverfront Park
On March 10, 1999, this site was officially proclaimed as the Tubman-Garrett Riverfront Park by the Riverfront Development Corporation of Delaware The Underground Railroad Memorial Plaque was originally erected in 1976 at Spencer Plaza by . . . Map (db m184944) HM
29Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — The Underground RailroadRiverfront Wilmington
"I write to let thee know that Harriet Tubman is again in these parts…" Thomas Garrett to William Still, December 1, 1860
The Underground Railroad was a network of people—whites, free . . . Map (db m168336) HM
30Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — The Underground Railroad
Thomas Garrett, John Hunn, Ezekial Jenkins, Samual D. Burris, and many other Delawareans were prominent abolitionists of pre-Civil War days. Their activities with Harriet Tubman, an escaped slave from Dorchester County, Maryland, frequently referred . . . Map (db m184942) HM
31Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-88 — Thomas GarrettStationmaster on the Underground Railroad
Born August 21, 1789, in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, Garrett came to Wilmington in 1822. A prominent merchant, his home and business were located nearby on Shipley Street. Garrett was committed to the anti-slavery efforts of his Quaker faith. He is . . . Map (db m67356) HM
32Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-125 — Wilmington Friends MeetingBurial Place of Thomas Garrett
The first Meeting House on this site was built in 1738. It was replaced in 1748 when a larger building was constructed. The old Meeting House was then converted into a school. Known as Wilmington Friends School, it was relocated to a new facility in . . . Map (db m10941) HM
33Delaware (Sussex County), Georgetown — Delaware Citizens Who Fought for the South
This monument sheds light on the facts that citizens here felt so strongly during the Civil War that they left their state, farms, businesses and families to head south to enlist. Delaware men served in units from Virginia to Texas. The journey . . . Map (db m199250) HM
34Delaware (Sussex County), Seaford — SC-233 — Gateway to Freedom: The Tilly Escape
In October 1856, famed Underground Railroad conductor Harriet Tubman organized what is considered by Tubman scholars to be "one of her most complicated and clever escape attempts." Working at the request of a fiancé who had escaped to Canada, Tubman . . . Map (db m138271) HM
35District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
Also known as Cedar Hill, this site encompasses the estate owned by Frederick Douglass from 1877 until his death in 1895. In honor of Douglass’ work as an author, orator, abolitionist, statesman, and civil rights leader, this site is designated a . . . Map (db m40846) HM
36District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 18 — The Sage of AnacostiaAn East-of-the River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
This imposing property once belonged to Anacostia’s most famous resident: Frederick Douglass. After escaping slavery as a young man, Douglass rose to become a distinguished abolitionist, writer, publisher, and orator. By the 1860s Douglass was . . . Map (db m88723) HM
37District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia Park — Hillsdale & Frederick Douglass
The "Freedmen's Bureau" acquired 375 acres of land that was originally a tobacco plantation from the Barry Family in the late 1800's. In 1867, the land was named Hillsdale by African Americans who came to Washington in great numbers before and . . . Map (db m141635) HM
38District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — John SmilieCongressional Cemetery
Patriot John Smilie (1741-1812) joined the militia when the Revolutionary War began, leaving his Pennsylvania farm in the care of his wife. He was elected to the Pennsylvania state legislature in 1784. A vocal abolitionist, Smilie was instrumental . . . Map (db m141886) HM
39District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
Historic Congressional Cemetery is the final resting place of four significant contributors to the Underground Railroad. William Boyd John Dean David A. Hall Hannibal Hamlin Map (db m141883) HM
40District of Columbia (Washington), Bloomingdale — Metropolitan Wesley A.M.E. Zion ChurchThe Gate Way to Freedom
Organized 1832. 2nd Church Built 1833. Admitted to Philadelphia-Baltimore Conference, 1837. 3rd Church Built 1888. Relocated present site, 1956. Bishop Raymond Luthe Jones, Presiding Bishop, 4th Episcopal District. Dr. William B. . . . Map (db m11042) HM
41District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Frederick Douglass(1817 - 1895)
Orator - Publisher - Statesman Precursor of the Civil Rights Movement An ex-slave who rose to world renown as an abolitionist and who served in high government posts under presidents Grant through Cleveland, Frederick Douglass resided in this . . . Map (db m69264) HM
42District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Freedmen’s Memorial Monument to Abraham Lincolnor Freedom’s Memorial
In grateful memory of Abraham Lincoln. This monument was erected by the Western Sanitary Commission of Saint Louis, Mo., with funds contributed solely by emancipated Citizens of the United States declared free by his Proclamation, January 1st . . . Map (db m41617) HM
43District of Columbia (Washington), Douglass — Activist Grove (1833-1845)Douglass Community Center
Three years after he escaped enslavement, Douglass gave a brief speech at an anti-slavery meeting in New Bedford, Massachusetts. This lecture would be the beginning of a repertoire of speeches that built Frederick Douglass's reputation as one of the . . . Map (db m129792) HM
44District of Columbia (Washington), Douglass — Escape Allée (1838)Douglass Community Center
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey fled enslavement in Maryland on September 3, 1838. His escape route included travel by train, ferry, and steamboat through Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New York. Each tree in Escape Allée represents . . . Map (db m129785) HM
45District of Columbia (Washington), Douglass — Freedom Grove (1838)Douglass Community Center
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey arrived in New York with the aid of a free woman named Anna Murray. She followed him to New York, and eleven days after his arrival, they married. The couple continued to settle in New Bedford, Massachusetts, . . . Map (db m129790) HM
46District of Columbia (Washington), Douglass — Memorial Grove (1841-1895)Douglass Community Center
From his 1841 speech at a Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society convention, until 1895 when he died suddenly at his Cedar Hill home in Washington, D.C., Frederick Douglass championed human rights. This memorial grove of scarlet oaks represent the . . . Map (db m129791) HM
47District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown Washington — W.3 — Asbury United Methodist ChurchCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
" yourselves closely so that you do not forget the things your eyes have seen... ...teach them to your children and to their children and to their children after them." Deuteronomy 4:9 Stories . . . Map (db m70316) HM
48District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown Washington — W.3 — Asbury United Methodist ChurchCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"…watch yourselves closely so that you do not forget the things your eyes have seen… …teach them to your children and to their children and to their children after them." Deuteronomy 4:19
. . . Map (db m143564) HM
49District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown Washington — W.4 — New York Avenue Presbyterian Church at Herald SquareCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"The churches are needed as never before for divine services." President Abraham Lincoln
So said President Lincoln from his pew in New York Avenue Presbyterian Church. While other . . . Map (db m32926) HM
50District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — After the Civil WarDupont Circle — Diverse Visions | One Neighborhood —
Fire Fact, November 28, 1911 DC's first motorized fire engine was placed in service at Engine Company 24. Its engine house was the first to be built without a stable and manure pit. Caption: Fire Department information and images . . . Map (db m112658) HM
51District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Dupont Circle Mural Key
Images Courtesy Of: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division • DC Public Library, Washingtoniana Division • Heurich House Museum • Women's National Democratic Club Archives • Michael Cianciosi Private Collection, Potomac Bottle . . . Map (db m110851) HM
52District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — 336 — From 1890 to 1910Dupont Circle — Diverse Visions | One Neighborhood —
From 1890 to 1910, some of the nation’s finest architects built mansions at or near Dupont Circle in Queen Anne, Richardsonian Romanesque, Italian Renaissance or Colonial Revival style. Wealthy couples living elsewhere built most of the . . . Map (db m89393) HM
53District of Columbia (Washington), Foggy Bottom — Leonard A. Grimes(1815 - 1873)
Leonard A. Grimes, a Black man born free in Leesburg, Virginia, owned a residence on this corner from 1836 to 1846. In the 1830s, he owned a successful coach business transporting passengers in and around Washington. He also carried slaves . . . Map (db m46970) HM
54District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — "The bramble and trees…had made them invisible"
What is seen, and sometimes not seen, on the landscape informs the process of understanding history and historic preservation. If you look up and around, what do you see? In 1804, Dumbarton House sat on an urban farm owned by Joseph Nourse . . . Map (db m189266) HM
55District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Herring Hill
You are standing in the heart of a once thriving African American community. At the time of the American Revolution in 1776, one third of Georgetown's population was African American. By the time of the Civil War in the 1860s, many former slaves . . . Map (db m110018) HM
56District of Columbia (Washington), Georgetown — Mt. Zion Cemetery / Female Union Band Society Cemetery
Mt. Zion Cemetery (Old Methodist Burial Ground) 1809 - 1950s Female Union Band Society Cemetery 1842 - 1950s have been listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the . . . Map (db m189267) HM
57District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.3 — Senator Daniel WebsterCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable," Senator Daniel Webster, January 1830
Senator Daniel Webster, eloquent advocate for the preservation of the Union and a . . . Map (db m182451) HM
58District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — John Logan HouseA Memorial to General and Senator John A. Logan — Champion in the Struggle to Preserve the Union and Establish Racial Justice in America —
The house at #4 Logan Circle, built in 1878, was the 1880's home of Senator John A. Logan. In the Civil War, Logan's military valor helped to save the Union. In the postwar era, Logan lived here as a political leader deeply committed to achieving . . . Map (db m153985) HM
59District of Columbia (Washington), Logan Circle — John Logan HouseA Memorial to General and Senator John A. Logan — Champion in the Struggle to Preserve the Union and Establish Racial Justice in America —
The house at #4 Logan Circle, built in 1878, was the 1880's home of Senator John A. Logan. In the Civil War, Logan's military valor helped to save the Union. In the postwar era, Logan lived here as a political leader deeply committed to achieving . . . Map (db m195513) HM
60District of Columbia (Washington), Mount Vernon Square — 15 — On the PathMidcity at the Crossroads — Shaw Heritage Trail —
The wooden chapel here was completed in 1857 as a mission of the McKendree Methodist Church. Known as Fletcher Chapel, it may have been a stop on the Underground Railroad. Washington's Anti-Saloon League began meeting at Fletcher Chapel . . . Map (db m130898) HM
61District of Columbia (Washington), Mount Vernon Square — Second Baptist Church816 Third Street, NW
Second Baptist Church was organized in 1848 by seven members of the Nineteenth Street Baptist Church. Under the leadership of the Reverend Sandy Alexander — eventually one of the country's best-known black Baptist ministers — the church . . . Map (db m152617) HM
62District of Columbia (Washington), North Cleveland Park — The RestTenleytown, DC — Country Village to City Neighborhood —
Designated a D.C. Landmark in 1960, the Rest (pictured here) is Tenleytown's oldest residence (built around 1800) and is located at the corner of Windom Place and 39th Street. Local legend maintains that the bricks for the house were brought over . . . Map (db m112187) HM
63District of Columbia (Washington), Old Soldiers Home — President Lincoln’s Cottage at the Soldiers’ Home — A National Trust Historic Site —
President Lincoln and his family lived in this country home for over a quarter of his presidency. Escorted by his cavalry guard, Lincoln rode to the White House every morning either on horseback or by carriage, and returned here each evening to . . . Map (db m52838) HM
64District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — e.2 — Ending Slavery in WashingtonCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
To your right at the end of Indiana Avenue is Washington's first City Hall/Courthouse. Across Sixth Street is the H. Carl Moultrie I Courthouse, a successor to the original courthouse. The Old City Hall/Courthouse opened in 1822, with . . . Map (db m56124) HM
65District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Frederick Douglass 1817 - 1895The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway —
A Famed orator and writer Frederick Douglass was also a key architect of the movement that ended slavery, the very institution into which he was born. Even after his goal to abolish slavery was achieved, Douglass persisted in his struggle for . . . Map (db m92084) HM
66District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — Harriet Tubman circa 1820 - 1913The Extra Mile — Points of Light Volunteer Pathway —
Harriet Tubman escaped a life of slavery only to return south, at her own peril, time and again, to lead more than 300 fugitive slaves through the Underground Railroad to safety and freedom. After the Civil War, Tubman raised money to clothe and . . . Map (db m91877) HM
67District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — 5850-2019 — Julia Ward Howe1819 - 1910
Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910) was a poet, author, composer, abolitionist, suffragist and more—but she is most remembered for writing the lyrics to The Battle Hymn of the Republic. According to the story, she and her husband were asleep at the . . . Map (db m141266) HM
68District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — .2 — The Roots of Freedom and EqualityCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
"It is known to you that events have transpired within the last few days, deeply affecting the peace and character of our community."
With these words, city officials tried to calm the angry mob gathering on this . . . Map (db m188685) HM
69District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — 4 — The Roots of Freedom and EqualityCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
“It is known to you that events have transpired within the last few days, deeply affecting the peace and character of our community.”
With these words, city officials tried to calm the angry mobs gathering on . . . Map (db m25271) HM
70District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Federal Center — The Slave Trade in Washington, DC
" view from the windows of the Capitol, a sort of negro-livery stable, where droves of negroes were collected, temporarily kept, and finally taken to Southern markets …had been openly maintained for fifty years." Abraham Lincoln (1846) . . . Map (db m129921) HM
71District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — 10 — Escape from SlaveryRiver Farms to Urban Towers — Southwest Heritage Trail —
Before the Civil War, Washington was a slave-holding city. But many of its citizens–especially free blacks and abolitionists–assisted freedom seekers at locations known as stops on the Underground Railroad. The largest . . . Map (db m112455) HM
72District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — The Pearl
In 1848, in the largest recorded escape attempt by slaves in US history, 77 men, women, and children attempted to flee on the 65-foot schooner Pearl, but were recaptured due to opposing winds.Map (db m112420) HM
73District of Columbia (Washington), Southwest Waterfront — Underground Railroad and Waterway
In April 1848, the largest slave escape attempt on record in the Unites States took place at the Southwest Waterfront. Seventy-seven men, women, and children boarded the schooner Pearl to sail to freedom, but were ultimately recaptured. The . . . Map (db m110136) HM
74District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Live Oaks: A Gathering Place
Welcome to the Reading Grove This space provides a place to meet, rest, read, and reflect. Live oaks have long harbored gatherings, from religious services and classes to community celebrations. Witness Trees Trees that were . . . Map (db m143315) HM
75District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Live Oaks: A Symbol of Strength
Building the Nation The use of live oaks played a critical role in helping the nation grow from a colony to what it became—the United States of America. Ships were an essential means of transportation for moving people and products, and . . . Map (db m143312) HM
76District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Mary Ann Shadd Cary House
Mary Ann Shadd Cary House Has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance In commemorating the history of the United States of America. An African American renaissance woman, . . . Map (db m182687) HM
77District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — Mary Ann Shadd Cary ResidenceAfrican American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1421 W Street, NW —
When the lists of African American “firsts” are read, Mary Ann Shadd Cary’s name is everywhere. Born in Delaware to a free Black abolitionist family, Cary (1823-1893) moved to Canada in 1850 and ran a racially integrated school. Her anti-slavery . . . Map (db m61813) HM
78District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — 8 — Strivers' SectionDupont Circle — Diverse Visions, One Neighborhood —
Police Call Boxes such as this one (originally painted blue) were installed in the District after the Civil War. Officers on foot patrol used this secure telegraph system to contact the station, accessing the box with a now highly collectible . . . Map (db m129486) HM
79Florida (Alachua County), Micanopy — F-860 — Moses Elias Levy
Moses Elias Levy (1782-1854), a Moroccan born Jewish merchant, came to Florida after its cession from Spain to the United States in 1821. Before his arrival, Levy acquired over 50,000 acres in East Florida. In 1822, Levy began development on . . . Map (db m93854) HM
80Florida (Miami-Dade County), Key Biscayne — Escaping to Freedom in the Bahamas
In the early 1820's, enslaved Africans, runaways, and "Black Seminoles" seeking freedom from slave catchers and plantation masters, secretly worked their way down to CAPE FLORIDA. They met with bold captains of sloops from the British Bahamas who . . . Map (db m79723) HM
81Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — El Pueblo de Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de MoseFort Mose Historic State Park
Great Seal of the State of Florida:"In God We Trust" On the shore of Robinson Creek, ¼ mile east of this marker, was the site of a Spanish mission for Indians left homeless during Queen Anne's War. Since 1688, Negro slaves . . . Map (db m126969) HM WM
82Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — The Last Slave CabinAccord Freedom Trail
St. Augustine’s most famous garage building began its life long before the automobile age. The crack running down the east wall from top to bottom shows the original length of the structure, before it was enlarged in the 1920s for automobile and . . . Map (db m154602) HM
83Georgia (Chatham County), Tybee Island — 25-32 — History of Emancipation:Gen. David Hunter and General Orders No. 7
On April 13, 1862, following the Union capture of Ft. Pulaski during the Civil War, Maj. Gen. David Hunter issued General Orders No. 7 freeing those enslaved at the fort and on Cockspur Island. Hunter, an abolitionist advocating the enlistment of . . . Map (db m13830) HM
84Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — Enslavement, Resistance, Creativity, and ResilienceAfricans and African Americans in Georgia’s Low Country — Hofwyl-Broadfield Plantation Historic Site —
Enslavement Three hundred and fifty-seven enslaved Africans—men, women, and children—spent much or all of their lives in forced labor on this land that once belonged to James McGilvery Troup.Upon his death in 1849, these enslaved . . . Map (db m191399) HM
85Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — Bishop James Osgood Andrew
James Osgood Andrew was born in Wilkes County, Georgia, on May 5, 1794, about 400 yards N.E. of this marker, the son of Rev. John Andrew and Mary Cosby Andrew. He was licensed to preach in the Ellam Methodist Episcopal Church, Broad River Circuit, . . . Map (db m17257) HM
86Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Changing SlaveryLincoln-Douglas Debate
Lincoln: ". . . I have no purpose directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so. And I have no inclination to do so." Douglas: ". . . Mr. . . . Map (db m156831) HM
87Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Charley's Run
On an August night in 1842, Dr. Richard Eells, an active Quincy Abolitionist in the 1830-40's, was transporting a runaway slave named Charley to a safer location when his carriage was stopped near this spot by a posse searching for Charley. . . . Map (db m156857) HM
88Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Douglas' DiscipleLooking for Lincoln
"I regard (Richardson) as one of the truest men that ever lived; he 'sticks to judge Douglas through thick and thin" (A. Lincoln, 1860). Douglas composed the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act. William A. Richardson, another Quincyan and Douglas' . . . Map (db m58760) HM
89Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Dred Scott DecisionLincoln-Douglas Debate
Lincoln: We oppose the Dred Scott Decision, . . . because we think that it lays the foundation not merely of enlarging and spreading that evil [slavery] but that it lays the foundation of spreading that evil into the states themselves . . . . . . Map (db m156830) HM
90Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Lincoln's 1854 VisitLooking for Lincoln
On November 1, 1854 an incensed Lincoln attacked the immorality of slavery in a speech at Kendall Hall. Lincoln was awakened from a five-bear political slumber by Douglas's Kansas-Nebraska Act, attacking it in a series of speeches in . . . Map (db m149831) HM
91Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Morality of SlaveryLincoln-Douglas Debate
Lincoln: ". . . reduced to its lowest element, slavery is no other than that between the man that thinks slavery is wrong and those who do not think it wrong. . . . We think it is a moral, a social, and a political wrong. . . . [Douglas] has, . . . Map (db m156822) HM
92Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Permanency of SlaveryLincoln-Douglas Debate
Douglas: "Let each state mind its own business, and let its neighbors alone - then there will be no trouble on this question. . . . If we will stand by that great principle, then Mr. Lincoln will find that this Republic can exist forever . . . Map (db m156824) HM
93Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Racial EqualityLincoln-Douglas Debate
Lincoln: ". . . there is no reason in the world why the Negro is not entitled to all the natural rights enumerated in the Declaration of Independence . . . . I hold that . . . in the right to eat the bread . . . which his own hand earns he is . . . Map (db m156821) HM
94Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Search for EqualityLooking for Lincoln
"Who shall say, I am the superior, and you are the inferior?" asked Lincoln in July 1858. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates focused on slavery. During the October 13th Quincy debate Lincoln affirmed: " the right to eat the bread . . . Map (db m58798) HM
95Illinois (Adams County), Quincy — Spread of Slavery Into The TerritoriesLincoln-Douglas Debate
Lincoln: "We also oppose [slavery] as an evil so far as it seeks to spread itself. We insist upon a policy that shall restrict it to its present limits. We do not suppose on doing this that we infringe upon the Constitution. . . . . . Map (db m156828) HM
96Illinois (Bond County), Greenville — History of Greenville-Bond County
Illinois Confederacy Indians roamed this prairie land, rich in game, which became Illinois County of Virginia. Ceded in 1784 to the United States it was successively included in the Northwest, Indiana; and in 1809, Illinois Territory. Formed in . . . Map (db m34169) HM
97Illinois (Bureau County), Princeton — Owen Lovejoy Home
This two-story frame structure was the home of abolitionist Owen Lovejoy, who was born in Maine in 1811. Lovejoy moved into the house in 1838, when he became a Congregationalist minister. He was leader in the formation of the Republican Party in . . . Map (db m44351) HM
98Illinois (Champaign County), Champaign — The First Congregational ChurchChampaign Historic Site
The First Congregational Church, built in 1855-56, was popularly known as the “Goose Pond” Church, because the site was once a water-filled area, home to flocks of wild geese and ducks. The church became a meeting center for numerous . . . Map (db m31118) HM
99Illinois (Coles County), Charleston — The Lincoln-Douglas Debate at Charleston
On September 18, 1858, Springfield attorney and former U.S. Congressman Abraham Lincoln debated U.S. Senator Stephen A. Douglas at the Coles County Fairgrounds during the senatorial campaign of that year. The Charleston debate was the fourth of . . . Map (db m184632) HM
100Illinois (Coles County), Oakland — Home of Dr. Hiram Rutherford
This was the home of Dr. Hiram Rutherford, who was involved in 1847 in a case in which Abraham Lincoln represented a slaveholder. Rutherford and Gideon Ashmore harbored a family of slaves who had sought their help. The slaves belonged to Robert . . . Map (db m30877) HM

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Sep. 28, 2022