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Historical Markers in Nova Scotia

311 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 111
 
Acadian Dykeland Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 17, 2014
Acadian Dykeland Marker
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Acadian DykelandLes terres endiguées des Acadiens
English When the French settled at Port-Royal in the early 1600s, the shores of the Annapolis River were bordered with tidal salt marsh. In the 1630s, the French at Port-Royal started reclaiming this fertile land by building dykes. The . . . — Map (db m78488) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Annapolis Royal Historic DistrictL’arrondissement historique d’Annapolis Royal
English From its strategic setting, Annapolis Royal has witnessed pivotal events in the history of European settlement in Canada. Located on a former Mi’kmaq meeting place, the townsite and its environs were known as Port-Royal by the . . . — Map (db m78670) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Captures of Port Royal1654 (&) 1710
In commemoration of the captures of Port Royal by New England expeditions under Maj. Robert Sedgwick 1654 and Colonel Francis Nicholson 1710. In this second expedition Col. Samuel Vetch was Adjutant-General. There were 36 transports, 4 ships of 60 . . . — Map (db m78439) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — CemeteriesLes Cimetières
English Two cemeteries are located in this burial ground: the earlier Acadian parish cemetery and the later Church of England cemetery. The wooden markers once placed on most of the graves have long since decayed. The gravestones that . . . — Map (db m78605) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Charles Fort / Le fort CharlesCharles de Menou d’Aulnay — (ca. 1604-1650) / (v.1604-1650)
Two markers are located on these monument. Charles Fort / Le fort Charles English A group of about 70 Scottish settlers began a colony here in 1629, eight years after King James I granted ‘Nova Scotia’ to Sir William . . . — Map (db m78486) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Daniel Auger de Subercase
In memory of Daniel Auger de Subercase 1663-1732 Chevalier of the Military Order of St. Louis, last French commander of this fort and defender of Acadie. Honour to unsuccessful valour — Map (db m78442) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Duvivier AttackL’attaque de Duvivier
English In September 1744, French soldiers and Aboriginal warriors attacked this fort. The took advantage of the overcast and rainy weather to attack at night under cover of darkness, sometimes managing to slip onto the outer works of the . . . — Map (db m78606) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Early Use of SiteL’utilisation de l’endroit à l’origine
English Before you, the Allain and Annapolis rivers meet, creating a stopping place used by travelers for many centuries. The Annapolis River makes access to the site easy, while the natural rise of land provides a good view downstream. . . . — Map (db m78483) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Fort Anne, a Bastioned FortLe Fort Anne, fort à bastions
English Forts like this are called bastioned forts after one other principal pars - the bastion. The fort’s shape creates areas of crossfire which allow the land surrounding the fort to be moere easily defended. From the late 1600s to the . . . — Map (db m78598) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Glebe LandsHistoric Lower Saint George Street
The modern-day market in Annapolis Royal sits on land that for much of the town’s history was church property. The earliest Roman Catholic Church, built of stone, was located next to the fort and destroyed following Sir William Phips’ capture of . . . — Map (db m78720) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Jean Paul Mascarenec. 1694-1760
English A French Huguenot in the British army, Mascarene served here from 1710 to 1750. He was a member of the Council of Nova Scotia (1720-50), lieutenant-colonel of Philipps’ Regiment (1742-50), and administrator and commander in chief . . . — Map (db m78491) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Major Erasmus James Philipps
. . . — Map (db m78700) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Masonic Stone of 1606
1738 - 2013 This replica of the Masonic stone of 1606 was presented to the Masons of Nova Scotia as a gift from the Most Wor. Bro. Roy F. Lively past Grand Master of Nova Scotia 2008-2009 commemorating the 275th Anniversary of Masonry in Nova . . . — Map (db m78668) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Port-Royal
English When the French first came to the Annapolis Basin, Samuel de Champlain called it “Port-Royal” in recognition of its great size. Eventually, the area surrounding the basin and along the Annapolis River became known as . . . — Map (db m78449) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Queen’s WharfLe Quai de la Couronne
English Since the 1740s, three wharves have been built where the ruins of the Queen’s Wharf now lie. Everything the fort needed was landed on the wharf: troops, provisions, weapons and much more. It served the needs of the military until . . . — Map (db m78445) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Rose FortuneIndependent Businesswoman, Port Constable — femme d’affaires indépendante, Port Constable
English Rose Fortune is a uniquely intriguing figure in Nova Scotia history. An independent businesswoman of African descent, she demonstrated remarkable character and indomitable resolve in her varied enterprises. Operating a . . . — Map (db m78671) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Samuel Vetch
English Adjutant-General of the force under Colonel Francis Nicholson which captured Port Royal, Capital of Acadia, in 1710. First Governor and Commander-in-Chief. A notable figure in colonial history. An able soldier and administrator. . . . — Map (db m78482) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sieur de Monts
To the illustrious memory of Lieut. Gen’l Timothé Pierre du Guast, Sieur de Monts, the pioneer of civilization in North America, who discovered and explored the adjacent river, A.D. 1604, and founded on its banks the first settlement of . . . — Map (db m78443) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sinclair InnL’auberge Sinclair
English The Sinclair Inn is an important document in the history of building in Atlantic Canada. In the 1780s, tavern-keeper Frederick Sinclair created this inn by combining two existing structures. Both were frame, and the walls of one . . . — Map (db m78701) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sir William Fenwick Williams
This tablet marks the Site of the Brith-place of General Sir William Fenwick Williams Baronet 1799 - 1883 “The Hero of Kars” Pasha of Turkey. Grand Officier Legion of Honour, France. Member of the British Parliament. . . . — Map (db m78672) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sir William Robert Wolseley Winniett.
. . . — Map (db m78698) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Black HoleLe cachot
English The French built this powder magazine into the earthworks of their new fort in 1702. Both the French and the British used it to store gunpowder. In the early 1800s, it was used briefly as a prison or “Black Hole.” In . . . — Map (db m78601) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Flag BastionLe bastion de l’étendard
English You are standing on the west bastion which, in the 1700s, was the principal bastion. This being the closest bastion to the river, a flag was flown here to show approaching vessels who controlled the stronghold. Important . . . — Map (db m78603) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Wharf & WaterfrontHistoric Lower Saint George Street
In the early hours of July 4, 1724, a combined force of Mi’kimaq and Maliseet warriors attacked Annapolis Royal, slipping into the town as its residents slept. They attacked the fort from the cover of the hollow near the east bastion. Although the . . . — Map (db m78702) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — William WolseleyPhilipps Cosby
Two plaques share a common stand. William Wolseley 1756-1842 English William Wolseley was born at Annapolis Royal, the son of an officier of the garrison. He entered the Royal Navy in 1769, and served with . . . — Map (db m78607) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — 19th-Century LighthouseLe phare construit au XIXᵉ siècle
English: During the first half of the 19th century maritime officials took steps to reduce the many navigational risks and shipwrecks along the eastern seaboard of Canada. One of the new lighthouses put up was at Louisbourg, in 1842. It . . . — Map (db m79965) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Louisbourg HarbourLe port de Louisbourg
English: Louisbourg’s destiny has been largely shaped by its harbour. Well-protected, relatively deep and close to the fishing banks, it was the harbour that attracted the French to settle here in the 1700s. In the 19th century ice-free . . . — Map (db m79963) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Marie Marguerite Rose(1717-1757)
English: Captured in Africa at the age of 19 and transported to Ile Royale, where she was sold to a member of the colonial elite, Marie Marguerite Rose is seen to be a key figure of the initial phase of Black slavery in Canada. Gaining her . . . — Map (db m79917) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Slavery / FreedomEsclavage / Liberté
Two panels make up this marker Slavery / Esclavage English: Marie Marguerite Rose was the name given to a young woman captured in Guinea, Africa, sold to French traders and brought to Louisbourg in 1736 as a slave for . . . — Map (db m79918) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — The Lobster FisheryLe pêche du homard
English: Between 15 May and 15 July the ocean in front of you is dotted with the buoys of the lobster fishery. The Mi’kmaq as well as the French and the English ate lobster and other shellfish during the 18th Century. During the 1754 siege . . . — Map (db m79941) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Wolfe’s LandingLe débarquement de Wolfe
English: Here, 8th June, 1758, the men of Brigadier General James Wolfe’s brigade, after having been repulsed with heavy loss by the French troops entrenched westward made their gallant and successful landing. Thus began the operation . . . — Map (db m79938) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Sydney — J.F.W. DesBarres1722 - 1824
Founder of Sydney, 1785 Lieutenant Governor of Cape Breton — Map (db m78743) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Canada’s First ObservatoryLe premier observatoire au Canada
Three panels are located at this site. Chabert’s Mission / La mission du marquis de Chabert English: In 1750 the Marquis de Chabert, a French astronomer, was commissioned to go to North America to correct the maps of . . . — Map (db m79929) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — First LighthouseLe premier phare
English: Here are the ruins of Louisbourg’s first light, the earliest to be erected in Canada and the second in North America. Lit in 1734, it was badly damaged in a fire two years later, then quickly repaired. The replacement lantern was . . . — Map (db m79964) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — First Lighthouse Tower
English: On this site was erected by France, in 1731, the first Lighthouse Tower, constructed of fireproof materials, in North America. Near here the British erected batteries to silence the defensive works erected by France. In 1745, . . . — Map (db m79967) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Fizel HouseMaison Fizel
English: These are the remains of a two and a half storey masonry house built in the late 1730s for merchant and militia captain Julien Fizel and his wife Françoise Tetard. The house served several purposes: the basement was used as . . . — Map (db m79928) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Fortress of LouisbourgLa forteresse de Louisbourg
English: In 1713, France decided to found Louisbourg to defend her colonial and maritime interests in North America. As capital of the colony of Isle Royale and guardian the Gulf of Saint. Lawrence, it became the most important French . . . — Map (db m79915) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — French Garrison at Louisbourg
English: This tablet commemorated the valour and endurance displayed against overwhelming odds, by the French forces, who, in 1745 and again in 1758, garrisoned the defensive batteries on the Island opposite the entrance to the harbour of . . . — Map (db m79968) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — French Naval Guns
French Naval Guns raised by the Dominion Coal Company in 1895 from the bottom of Louisburg Harbour and mounted at the Louisburg Railroad Station presented to the Fortress of Louisburg National Historic Site by the Dominion Steel . . . — Map (db m79988) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Kennelly Point
English: This point of land is named after Capt. D.J. Kennelly (ca. 1831-1907), who had a house near here during the late 19th century. An Irish-born industrialist who came to Cape Breton during the 1870s, Kennelly was captivated by . . . — Map (db m79949) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — Lighthouse PointLa pointe du phare
English: During the 1745 and 1758 sieges the attackers built artillery batteries on Lighthouse Point to silence the Island Battery. This would have allowed warships to enter the harbour for a combined land and sea assault on the town. The . . . — Map (db m79950) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — 9 — Sydney and Louisbourg Railway Museum
Cape Breton’s mining industry dictated the need of an outlet in Louisbourg to link the various railways around Sydney with Louisbourg’s ice-free harbour, allowing for year-round shipping of coal. The first attempt in 1873 was a narrow, poorly . . . — Map (db m79969) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality.), Louisbourg — The Siege LandingDébarquement des assiégeants
English: In both sieges the attackers made their initial landings in this cove. In 1745 the French defended the cove with only a small detachment but in 1757 they built and garrisoned extensive fieldworks here. The following year 1,000 . . . — Map (db m79939) HM
Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Balmoral Mills — Balmoral Grist Mill

[1.] Water turbines the power that ran the mill

This illustration shows one type of setup for a turbine driven gristmill.

Illustration from "the Red Mill Reborn". Used with permission of 'Lou Robertella, . . . — Map (db m108181) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Balmoral Mills — Local Granite Stone

You can see where some of the rock has been removed to make a millstone

Located at Kennedy Hill, Central New Annan Donated by Mr. William Woodlock — Map (db m108169) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Balmoral Mills — Sutherland Sawmill Turbine

This turbine came from a sawmill located a few hundred yards upstream of our mill

The saw mill was built ca 1886 by brothers James and Alexander Sutherland. Another brother Robert, built a blacksmith shop on the same property. The . . . — Map (db m108182) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Balmoral Mills — Turbines: From Direct to Indirect Power Production

Turbines began to become commonplace in the mid-1800's and had virtually replaced vertical waterwheels by the mid 1860's.

Below are a number of illustrations showing typical mill setups and power transfer.

In 1881 the Schoellkopf Power . . . — Map (db m108183) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Brule Corner — Duncan MacLanders and Johanne Faulkner

Within this iron fence lies Duncan MacLanders 1788 - 1870 and Johanne Faulkner 1788 - 1876

First of the line to leave the shores of Scotland and seek a freer and fuller life in the New World.

Erected by descendants . . . — Map (db m108165) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Lower Truro — First Landing

In 1760-62 near this Head of Cobequid Bay the first English speaking settlers of the Townships of Onslow and Truro landed. Of Ulster Irish, Scottish and English stock, these pioneers were among those brought to Nova Scotia from New England by . . . — Map (db m108717) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Tatamagouche — Naval Encounter at Tatamagouche(15th June, 1745)

In this harbour Capt. David Donahew of New England with three armed vessels surprised Lieut. Paul Marin's allied force en route from Annapolis Royal to Louisbourg. He drove them ashore, disheartened the Canadian Indians and prevented the French . . . — Map (db m108133) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Tatamagouche — War Memorial

In memory of those who gave their lives in the Great War 1914 - 1918

Alexander Henderson • George McIntosh Freeman McLellan • Harry McLellan George Powers • Arthur Rose • William Tattrie Roy Weatherby • George Weatherby Orrin . . . — Map (db m108154) WM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), The Falls — St. Andrew's Presbyterian ChurchThe Falls, Nova Scotia — 1872 - 2002

The land for the church was donated by Mr. John R. Hayman and was contracted to be built for the sum of one thousand, four hundred thirty two dollars. The closing service for St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church was held . . . — Map (db m108184) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — Centennial of Presbyterian Church Formation in Canada

Legend

This plaque commemorates

The centennial of the formation of the Presbyterian Church in Canada in 1875; The ministry of the Rev. Daniel Cock (1771-1805) of Greenock, Scotland, and the Rev. David Smith (1771-1795) of St. . . . — Map (db m108220) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — First Presbyterian/United Church

Town of Truro Registered Heritage Property

Nova Scotia Provincial Heritage Property — Map (db m108223) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — Old Provincial Normal College1877-78

Town of Truro Registered Heritage Property

Nova Scotia Provincial Heritage Property — Map (db m108192) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — The Lumber Jack, circa 1900

The Lumber Jack represents the exciting role Truro has played in development of forestry in Nova Scotia. Truro has always been, and still is today, a centre of forestry activity. The forest industry continues to be the backbone of the local and . . . — Map (db m108243) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — Truro Post Office / Le Bureau de Poste de Truro

This building, opened in 1884, was erected to house the Post Office, Customs and Internal Revenue. Designed under the supervision of federal Chief Architect Thomas Fuller, the Truro Post Office was part of a nation-wide programme to house . . . — Map (db m108244) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — War MemorialLest We Forget

Erected by the Citizens of Truro

In Honor of the Men who during The Great War 1914 - 18 nobly upheld the honor of the Empire in France and Flanders and gave their lives that right shall prevail

[World War II] 1939 . . . — Map (db m108214) WM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — Edward Barron Chandler1800 - 1880

Born in Amherst, Chandler was called to the New Brunswick bar in 1823. He represented Westmorland in the legislature (1827-36), was a Legislative Councillor (1836-78) and a member of the Executive Council almost continuously between 1844 and . . . — Map (db m107018) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — Former Site of Amherst Post Office1935 - 1976

[Title is text] — Map (db m107022) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — Jonathan McCully1809 - 1877

Born in Cumberland County, N. S., McCully practised law in Amherst and was appointed to the Legislative Council of Nova Scotia in 1848 serving as Solicitor General and Government leader in the Council (1860-62). As editor of the Halifax . . . — Map (db m108034) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — Robert Barry Dickey1811 - 1903

Born in Amherst, educated at Windsor Academy, and called to the bar in 1834, Dickey practiced law in Amherst and sat in the Legislative Council of Nova Scotia (1858-67). A Father of Confederation, he attended both the Charlottetown and Quebec . . . — Map (db m107017) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — Sir Charles Tupper1821 - 1915

Born at Amherst and educated in medicine, Tupper was elected in 1855 to the Nova Scotia Assembly, becoming Premier in 1864. In alliance with John A. Macdonald, he skilfully manoeuvered unwilling Nova Scotians into Confederation. Having held . . . — Map (db m108038) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — World Wars Memorial

Erected by Senator and Mrs. Curry in memory of their son Captain Leon Hall Curry and his Brothers in Arms from Cumberland County who gave their lives to their country in the Great German War 1914 - 1918

[Roll of Honored . . . — Map (db m108029) WM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Amherst – Modern Period 1800s and 1900s

A Manufacturing Town All major roads and rail-lines run through Amherst, making it a natural gateway into Nova Scotia. The town is also in the middle of a rich agricultural and coal-mining area.

Amherst became a major manufacturing . . . — Map (db m112104) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Beaubassin

[Face] The Acadian village of Beaubassin on this site was founded by settlers from Port Royal around 1672. Upon the arrival of Major Charles Lawrence with British troops in April 1750, the French authorities had the village destroyed in . . . — Map (db m106953) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Beaubassin 1672-1750

This area was the site of the Acadian village of Beaubassin, first known Bourgeois settlement. Raided in 1696 and again in 1703 by a force from Boston under Captain Ben Church. Occupied by French troops in 1746 who travelled on snowshoes in . . . — Map (db m106951) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Early Inhabitants

The First Nations Native peoples have lived around the Chignecto Isthmus for thousands of years. Travelling in family groups and small nomadic bands, they moved from area to area harvesting seasonal food sources.

Early French . . . — Map (db m112112) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Fort Lawrence and English Settlement

Fort Lawrence In the 18th century, the Chignecto Isthmus played an important role in the struggle between France and Britain for North American supremacy. In 1713 the Treaty of Utrecht had failed to clearly establish the border of Nova . . . — Map (db m112110) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Natural History

Geology This area is located in the Carboniferous Lowlands of Nova Scotia. The underlying bedrock is sedimentary with varying proportions of sandstone and mudstone. In some areas where the bedrock has been folded, the sandstone has been . . . — Map (db m108707) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Un hommage à/A Tribute to Jacob (Jacques) Bourgeois

Fondateur, vers 1672, de Beaubassin premier établissement dans la région de la rivière Missagouèche et initiateur de l'agriculture maraîchère en Acadie

Jacob Bourgeois arriva à Port-Royal en 1641 à titre de chirurgien pour la colonie . . . — Map (db m107012) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Evolution of Pugwash IndustryOur Harbour • Our Heritage

Pugwash sits on top the largest salt deposit in Atlantic Canada. The train tracks, bridges, and wharves that defined the tapestry of the village infrastructure changed significantly over the decades as local industry evolved, including the . . . — Map (db m108068) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Nova Scotia ClayworksOur Harbour • Our Heritage

While lobster boats have filled the local wharves for generations, the community's most unique feature may have been the 130 ft. (39.6m) smoke stack belonging to Nova Scotia Clayworks on the opposite side of the harbour. Started in 1889, the . . . — Map (db m108078) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Pugwash HarbourOur Harbour • Our Heritage

The deep harbour of Pugwash has a long and storied seafaring heritage, with many eras of ships carrying lumber and raw materials up and down the Eastern Seaboard.

[Historic Pugwash photos]

"Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only . . . — Map (db m108080) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Pugwash Railway StationOur Harbour • Our Heritage

The Pugwash Railway Station, completed in 1892, is one of only two stations designed by Sir Sandford Fleming that is still standing in Nova Scotia. The station is also famous for its part in the 1957 "Thinkers Conference" where Pugwash native . . . — Map (db m108069) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Pugwash StreetscapesOur Harbour • Our Heritage

Historically, the main streets were lined with hotels, merchants, and services one would expect of a long-standing port village. The village endured seven devastating fires between 1877 to 1929 that permanently changed the street-scape . . . — Map (db m108083) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Pugwash Train Station 1961Pugwash Heritage

The station was built in 1888. Rail service to Pugwash commenced in 1890 and ceased in 1993. Five miles of track linked Pugwash to the Shortline at Pugwash Junction. The Shortline ran from Pictou to Oxford Junction linking it with the rail . . . — Map (db m108070) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — The Gathering of the ClansOur Harbour • Our Heritage

All of the community celebrations culminate on Water Street. Canada Day has been celebrated in Pugwash since 1951 with festivities called "The Gathering of the Clans" paying homage to some of its founding settlers. This is also the reason many . . . — Map (db m108076) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — The Pugwash Conferences and Masonic LodgeOur Harbour • Our Heritage

The Pugwash Conferences on Science & World Affairs

The Pugwash Conferences take their names from the location of the first meeting, held in 1957, in the village of Pugwash, Nova Scotia, birthplace of their host, American philanthropist . . . — Map (db m108075) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — World Wars Memorial1914 - 1918 • 1939 - 1945 — Lest We Forget

[Great War Honored Dead] Douglas Langille • Harold Esty Benjamin Percy Erle Benjamin • William McLean Borden Cecil Raymond Richards • Frederick Elias King Frank Demings • Harry Hector McLellan Andrew Gray McPherson • George Selig . . . — Map (db m108059) WM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Wallace — Saint Matthew's Presbyterian ChurchProvincial Heritage Property

[Title is text] — Map (db m108100) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Wallace — St. John's United Church CemeteryWallace — 1810 - 1934

[List of burials] — Map (db m108101) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Wallace — War MemorialLest We Forget

World War I 1914 - 1918 William Baird • James Bathgate • Alexander Craib James Crooks • Kenneth Hape • Charles MacNutt Elmer MacNutt • Wellsley McCann • Daniel Reeves Chester Slack • Harold Slack • Gordon Tingley Renton Fisher • . . . — Map (db m108094) WM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Wallace Bridge — Simon Newcomb1835-1909

Born at Wallace Bridge, Newcomb moved to the United States in 1853. Graduating from Harvard he became Professor of Mathematics in the U.S. Navy and was assigned to the Naval Observatory. He was soon recognized as an authority on mathematical . . . — Map (db m108085) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Wallace Bridge — Willard Sterling Boyle, C.C.Inventor / Inventeur — Nobel Laureate (Physics, 2009) / Lauréat du prix Nobel (Physique, 2009)

Bill was from Wallace, where his grandfather worked in the quarry and kept the lighthouse. His father was the village doctor until their move to the backwoods of northern Quebec. While there, Bill was home schooled by his mother until age 14, . . . — Map (db m108089) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — "Bridges for Canada"/« Ponts pour le Canada »The Centennial of the Canadian Military Engineers — Le centenaire du Génie militaire canadien

In 2000, to commemorate a century of service, Canadian Military Engineers embarked on a three-year program of assisting communities along the Trans Canada Trail to construct and restore bridges. Thirty of these bridges are shown here.

For . . . — Map (db m113207) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 06 — A Changing Lake-scape
Lake Micmac was smaller Lake Micmac was considerably smaller before the Canal was begun. Evidence for this can be found in the cove to the west where the remains of a forest and marsh area can be seen under the surface of the Lake. To the . . . — Map (db m78081) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 08 — A Testament to Hard Work
Man-made Bank You are now walking on a man made bank which forms one side of the canal cut. This wall of earth and stone was necessary to contain the depth of water needed to float the barges. During the first phase of the canal . . . — Map (db m78100) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 02 — A Village of the Most Primitive Description
Canal Camp You are looking at a part of the remains of what was known as the “Canal Camp.” The row of stones in this area represent the largest feature found to day at Port Wallace. An archeological investigation was carried out . . . — Map (db m77987) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 07 — Barges, Steamboats and Scows
Lock 2 You are now looking at the upper sill of Lock 2. The chambers of the first five Locks on the Canal are approximately 21 meters long and 5.5 meters wide. Therefore the boats and barges used on the system had to be able to fit . . . — Map (db m78083) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 01 — Before the Canal
Cutting the Canal You are now standing about one third of the way between Lake Micmac to the South (left) and Lake Charles to the North (right). Before canal construction began in 1826 there was no flow of water between these two lakes. The . . . — Map (db m77986) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 16 — Benching - An early construction technique
Benching As you look down the Cut you will see, on the left or East bank, stone walls separated by narrow, flat terraces. This construction technique was used by the canal workers to prevent the earth from sliding down the bank. It was . . . — Map (db m78117) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Canal Shubenacadie CanalNational Historic Civil Engineering Site / Site Historique National de Génie Civil
Constructed 1826-1861 Charles William Fairbanks Francis Hall Angus McDougall Engineers / Ingénieurs — Map (db m77984) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 13 — Deep Cut
Hard Digging! From this location you can begin to appreciate the enormous task which faced the canal workers. Prior to 1826 this canal cut or trench did not exist and all of the earth and rock had to be removed. Unlike the lower part of the . . . — Map (db m78105) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Historic Shubenacadie Canal SystemLock 3 — 1824-31 ——— 1856-70
At the point you are approximately 26 meters above sea level, almost at the height of Lake Charles from which the water flows in two directions - south to the Harbour and north to the Bay of Fundy. To get to this point vessels would have traveled . . . — Map (db m78147) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Historic Shubenacadie Canal SystemLock 2 — 1824-31 ——— 1856-70
Vessels entering Lock two, traveling northward, were approximately 19 meters above the level of the Harbour. This lock would raise them another three or four meters enabling them the make their way along the canal to Lock three. This present lock . . . — Map (db m78148) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — How Dartmouth Has GrownA Marker of Distinction

In August 1750, the 504 ton ship Alderney arrived after a month's sail from England with 353 settlers, who made their first landing near the sawmill site. They laid out 184 building lots, 50 feet by 100, and named the settlement after . . . — Map (db m113104) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Legion War Memorial"Lest We Forget"

Boer War 1899 - 1902 World War I 1914 - 1918 World War II 1939 - 1945 Korea War 1950 - 1953 Afghanistan 2001 - 2014 — Map (db m108806) WM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 03 — Lightning Strikes at Canal Camp
Navvies The most concentrated number of features belonging to the Canal Camp are located in this area beneath the trees and along the roadway. You can still make out the remains of several stone foundations. A plan of this area prepared in . . . — Map (db m77988) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 12 — Navvies Dwelling
A Dwelling for Two Families Imagine this structure on top of the stone foundation in front of you. This home would be similar to the one at Site No. 9. However this structure is larger and contains two small stone hearths. When excavated in . . . — Map (db m78104) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 09 — Of Bough and Bark
Dwelling Cabin This feature represents an example of cultural transfer by emigrants to Canada from their homeland. This dwelling cabin strongly resembles the description of the cabins of the working poor in Northern Scotland and Ireland, as . . . — Map (db m78101) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 05 — Official Groundbreaking 1829
Location of prominent historical characters at the ground breaking ceremony General location of the official ground breaking ceremony, July 25th, 1826. Looking south from the walking bridge you are viewing the general location of the . . . — Map (db m78078) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 14 — One of the mysteries yet to be solved…
Possibly a Storage Building for Powder This is the only example of this style of structure found anywhere along the canal. While the Archaeologists are uncertain about its use, it may have been a storage area for black powder used to blast the . . . — Map (db m78106) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Shubenacadie Canal, Port Wallace
From 1826 to 1831, canal labourers constructed two locks and the “deep cut” between Lake Charles and Lake Micmac. During these years, upwards of 250 workers and their families lived here. The locks were rebuilt and operated between 1858 . . . — Map (db m77956) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Starboard Propeller of CCGS John A. Macdonald

This is the starboard propeller of the Canadian coastguard [sic - Coast Guard] Icebreaker, John A. MacDonald [sic - Macdonald]. The propeller was damaged while the John A. MacDonald was assisting the 115,000 ton oil tanker, SS Manhattan, in her . . . — Map (db m113082) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Sullivan's PondA Marker of Distinction

Sullivan’s Pond was a vital feature of the historic Shubenacadie Canal, the traditional water route of Mi’kmaq Indians connecting the harbour at Dartmouth with Minas Pasin and the Bay of Fundy. When the Canal operated, from 1861 to 1870, water . . . — Map (db m108732) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 15 — Summit of the Canal
Highest point of the Canal Ahead you will see Lake Charles which is the highest body of water in the Canal system. From this lake, water flows south to the Halifax Harbour and north to the Bay of Fundy. You are now approx. 29 meters (95 feet) . . . — Map (db m78115) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 10 — The Fairbanks Solution
Lock 3 When first built this lock was made entirely of granite blocks, as represented by the end walls. Like the other structures of the Canal, this lock fell into disrepair between 1831 and 1854. It was completely rebuilt by Charles Fairbanks . . . — Map (db m77985) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 17 — The Forge
The Blacksmith’s Shop Excavated by Dr. Davis in 1985, this forge operated during both the first construction period (1820s) and the second (1850s). It was here that workers and masons would have their tools repaired and stone picks . . . — Map (db m77982) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Totem Pole

This totem pole, carved by three Kwakiutl Indian carvers from a log of western red cedar, is a gift to the 1969 Canada Games Society on the occasion of the first Canadian Summer Games, held in the twin cities of Halifax and Dartmouth, Nova . . . — Map (db m108731) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 04 — Unique Construction
Lock 2 Looking north from the walking bridge you see Lock 2. This lock was the first to be constructed on the Canal. Initially the lock was built totally of granite blocks (British construction method), as seen on the east wall. After the . . . — Map (db m78077) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Vera B. StoneA Tribute / Un Hommage

An avid walker, trail enthusiast, leader, mentor and diligent worker, Vera B. Stone defines the Trans Canada Trail movement in Nova Scotia. As a founding member and a longstanding Chair for the Trans Canada Trail Committee of the Nova . . . — Map (db m113189) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 11 — Waste Weir and Holding Pond
A water control structure The man-made holding pond in front of you helped to maintain the level of the canal when the lock was in operation. The water in this holding pond had two purposes. It helped maintain the water level in the dry . . . — Map (db m78102) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Wild about roses/La vie en roseRosa acicularis

Wild roses add beauty and colour to roadsides, open woods, prairies, and rocky places all across Canada. They may have pink or white flowers, be with or without thorns, and stand as high as 2.5 metres. Wild roses are considered a weed in . . . — Map (db m113194) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — "Hamilton" Flower-bed arrangementDisposition de lit de fleurs, "Hamilton"

[Historic photo by] J.A. Irvine, [circa?] 1895-1905 — Map (db m112810) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Black-Binney HouseRésidence Black-Binney
English Built about 1819 by John Black, successful merchant and Executive Councillor (1813-23), this house is a notable example of the finest Halifax residences of its day - the first important era of stone construction in the town. James . . . — Map (db m77657) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Boer War Memorial Fountain

Erected by the Commissioners of the Public Gardens in commemoration of the services of our Citizen Soldiers in the South African Campaign 1899~1902 — Map (db m112796) WM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Corps of Commissionaires
The corps was formed in Nova Scotia and elsewhere across Canada in 1937, on the instigation of the Canadian Government, to find employment for worthy older veterans. Its organization was patterned along military lines of the British Corps of . . . — Map (db m77805) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Military Engineers/Génie militaire canadien

Proudly serving Canada and their fellow citizens at home and abroad.

In a new and awesome land that was to become Canada, adventurous French and British military engineers surveyed the colossal, mapped the incredible and built the . . . — Map (db m113199) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Sailor's Monument
The sailor statue represents those valiant young Canadians who served in both war and peace is symbolic of the thousands of sailors who were instrumental in the victory at sea and a fitting acknowledgement to those who continue to maintain the peace. — Map (db m77597) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Captain / Capitaine James Cook(1728-1779)
English Before the voyages that brought him world fame as Captain Cook, this British Royal Navy officier complied navigational charts for the coasts of Quebec and Nova Scotia. While based in Halifax from 1758 to 1762, he learned . . . — Map (db m77953) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Carved in StonePierres gravées
English These gravestones were all carved by hand, using chisels and wooden mallets. Many of the old slate stones were quarried and carved around Massachusetts Bay, and shipped to Halifax before the American Revolution. By the 1770s local . . . — Map (db m77782) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Celtic Cross

Dedicated to the original Irish settlers of 1749 and to the contributions of the Irish community to Halifax, to Nova Scotia and to Canada

Tíolactha do na hÉireannaigh a bhain fúthu í Halifax sa bhliain 1749 is mar aitheantas da . . . — Map (db m113130) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Charles Morris1711 (Boston, MA) - 1781 (Windsor, NS)
Charles Morris was Nova Scotia’s Chief Surveyor and one of he first residents of Halifax. In 1750, on order from the founder of Halifax, Edward Cornwallis, Morris began surveying the entire peninsula, laying out new suburbs and 240 acres of . . . — Map (db m77647) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Deadman's Island
These men died in captivity while serving the United States of America on land and sea during the War of 1812. They lie in unmarked graves here on Deadman's Island.

Followed by a list of 188 men identified by Name, Rank, Ship/Unit, and Date . . . — Map (db m44062) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Drinking Fountain / Fontaine d'eau potable

Wallace Diengner, c./vers 1905

[Historic photo showing two young girls at the drinking fountain] — Map (db m112823) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Duke of York's Martello TowerYork Redoubt
[English Text only shown] The Duke of York's Martello Tower was one of many small towers built for coastal defence throughout the British Empire. They were usually round, with stone walls too thick to be penetrated by cannon balls. This . . . — Map (db m44629) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Edmund Burke
This plaque is dedicated to the memory of Edmund Burke distinguished scholar, missionary pastor, and prelate, having served for sixteen years, he was elected as Bishop of Sion and first Vicar Apostolic of Nova Scotia on July 4, 1817. He . . . — Map (db m77747) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Fairview Lawn CemeteryTitanic
Established in 1893, this non-denominational burial ground was originally known as the Green Lawn Cemetery. In 1894, the Fairview Lawn Cemetery Ltd. took over management of the cemetery which it operated for 50 years. Unable to fulfill its . . . — Map (db m77857) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Fort Needham Memorial Parkand the Halifax Explosion
This marker is composed exclusively pictures and their captions. There is a left side and a right side to the marker. Captions are presented left to right, then top to bottom. Click on the marker image to enlarge it. Left side • . . . — Map (db m77955) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — France and CanadaLa France et le Canada — Theirs is a story of enduring friendship./ C’est l’histoire d’une longe amitié.
France and Canada share a long history. Theirs is a story of enduring friendship. It began 400 years ago, in Nova Scotia, the birthplace of Acadie, with the arrival of the first French settlers and of Samuel de Champlain at Port-Royal in 1605. . . . — Map (db m77622) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Georges IslandL’Île-Georges
English The Island was first fortified when the British founded Halifax in 1749. During the period of the Acadian Deportation, 1755 to 1762, the island was sometimes a detention camp for Acadians prior to being shipped to other British . . . — Map (db m77619) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Glebe House CampusSaint Mary’s University
On this site in 1802 was erected the school building which became the forerunner of Saint Mary’s University. Edmund Burke, newly appointed as Roman Catholic Vicar General in Nova Scotia, had the two-storey structure built in the hope of . . . — Map (db m77719) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax and RMS TitanicHalifax et le RMS Titanic
English Here, in Halifax, lie the remains of 150 victims of one of history’s most tragic maritime disasters. Just before midnight on 14 April 1912, the White Star liner RMS Titanic struck an iceberg in the North Atlantic. The majestic . . . — Map (db m77852) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax Citadel / La Citadelle d’Halifax
English Built to defend against a land-based attack, the Halifax Citadel was the fourth in a series of forts to occupy this hill, The star-shaped fortress, completed in 1856, was the centerpiece of the extensive system of fortifications . . . — Map (db m78258) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax Explosion Unidentified DeadWe Remember

To the memory of the Unidentified Dead. Victims of the Great Disaster December 6, 1917. ————————————— Here lie buried Unidentified Victims of the . . . — Map (db m113041) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax Waterfront Buildings
English From the founding of Halifax in 1749 until the early twentieth century, this portion of the waterfront was associated with men and events in the civic and commercial life of the city. These seven typical warehouses and offices, . . . — Map (db m77826) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax’s Cable Wharf
The Cable Wharf was purpose built in 1913 by the Western Union Telegraph Company and measures 108 x 17 metres (355 x 54 feet). It is where the company’s cable ships, Minia, Lord Kelvin and Cyrus Field docked and underwent minor . . . — Map (db m77595) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Here We BeganA Marker of Distinction

Just inland from this place, Chebucto Landing, 2,576 first permanent settlers of Halifax came ashore from thirteen small ships in June 1749. Here, you are at the shore of one of the great natural harbours of the world, the focus of Halifax's . . . — Map (db m113185) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — HMCS Sackville K-181Canadian Naval Memorial Trust — "A National Historic Site Of Canada"

Open for viewing daily, 10:00am to 5:00PM Come visit the ship, on the waterfront, behind the Maritime Museum Of The Atlantic

HMCS Sackville is the last of 267 Flower Class Corvettes built for the Allied Navies during WWII. Of . . . — Map (db m112799) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Horticulture Hall, post-1945Maison de l'horticulture, après 1945

Photographer unknown Année Photographie

[Historic photo shows sailors on the Horticulture Hall porch] — Map (db m112811) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Izaak Walton & Dorothy Johnston Killam

Izaak Walton Killam, born in Yarmouth, N.S. in 1885, was the leading Canadian business person of the first half of the 20th Century. His Royal Securities Corporation owned, controlled or financed many of Canada's major companies, mainly in pulp . . . — Map (db m113081) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Lieut. Henry Edward Clonard Keating
. . . — Map (db m112824) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross 1766-1814
English Major General Ross sailed to North America in the summer of 1814 from the Peninsular War against France to command the British army on the east coast of the United States, opening a second front to relieve the pressure on the . . . — Map (db m77877) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Mr. John SamwellMr. William Stevens
On your left near this spot lie the remains of … / À votre gauche, près d’ici se trouvent les restes de …. Mr. / M. John Samwell Midshipman / Aspirant de marine • 1797-1813 Mr. / M. William Stevens Boatswain / Maître de . . . — Map (db m77897) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Norway
. . . — Map (db m77596) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Old Burying Ground1749 - 1844
This land was set aside as a common burial ground outside the stockade of the new fortified town of Halifax First grave dug June 21, 1749 Granted to St. Paul’s Church June 17, 1793 Closed to burials August 18, 1844 Welsford-Parker Monument . . . — Map (db m77743) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Old Burying GroundLe Vieux Cimetière
English The Old Burying Ground, which contains more than 1,200 head and footstones, constitutes a unique concentration of gravestone art. A rich variety of styles, poignant images and carving skill is reflected in these old stones. The . . . — Map (db m77784) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Passage to a New Beginning • Passage à un nouveau monde
English Celebrating Canada’s Immigrants In the 1940s and 1950s, Canada opened its doors wide to European immigrants. With haunting wartime memories still fresh in their minds, men, women and children from diverse countries and . . . — Map (db m77876) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Philippe Aubert de Gaspé (fils)1814 - 1841
English Author of the first Canadian novel of French expression, L’influence du’ livre (1837), written in Saint-Jean-Port-Joli, Philippe-Ignace-Françoise Aubert de Gaspé was born in Quebec City on April 8th, 1814. He worked from 1840 . . . — Map (db m77825) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Pier 21Canada’s National Immigration Museum — Musée national de l’immigration au Canada
English When the Canadian immigration complex known as Pier 21 closed its doors in March of 1971, it marked the end of a more than forty-year saga of human hope, vision, courage and resilience. From its opening on the Halifax waterfront in . . . — Map (db m77616) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Pier 21 / Le Quai 21Postwar Immigration / L’immigration de L’aprés-guerre — War Brides / Les Epouses de Guerre
There are three plaques on this monument. Pier 21 / Le Quai 21 English This site witnessed the arrival of approximately one million immigrants, who have enriched the cultural mosaic of Canada. Opened in 1928, Pier 21 served . . . — Map (db m77718) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Pierre Maillard
This plaque is dedicated to the memory of Pierre Maillard who served as missionary to the Micmac Indians in this country for over thirty years, who succeeded in reconciling the Micmac to British rule, who celebrated the first mass and opened . . . — Map (db m77723) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Province House
English Province House is an architectural monument and the setting for signifiant events in Canadian political life. Begun in 1811 and opened in 1819 as the seat of government for Nova Scotia, it is one of the finest Palladian-style . . . — Map (db m77858) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Public Garden Foundation Fountain

Hurricane Juan struck Halifax on September 29, 2003, devastating the Halifax Public Gardens. A volunteer-led foundation was formed to raise funds and restore the Gardens and historic Horticultural Hall.

This fountain and plaza were . . . — Map (db m112821) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Samuel Cunard1787-1865
A native son and a great Nova Scotian, he received his early training in this city and became a highly regarded merchant, humanitarian and ship owner. All this was a prelude to his most successful venture, the founding of the British and North . . . — Map (db m77879) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Ships and Men of the Royal Canadian Navy
This memorial was erected by the Atlantic Chief and Petty Officies Association to commemorate the Ships and Men of the Royal Canadian Navy who failed to return through enemy action, stress of weather and accidents during The Battle of . . . — Map (db m77646) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — South African War Monument
Erected by the people of Nova Scotia in honor of those who served and in memory of those who fell in the South African Campaign 1898 - 1902 — Map (db m77859) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — St. Mary’s BasilicaLa Basilique St. Mary
English St. Mary’s holds a central position in the history of Roman Catholicism in Nova Scotia. Begun in 1820, the church demonstrated the enhanced ecclesiastical status of the province, which acquired its own Bishop in 1818, and witnessed . . . — Map (db m77721) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Summer House / Pavillon d'été

Notman Studio / Studio Notman, 1879

[Historic photo of a park pavilion that no longer exists] — Map (db m112826) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Dockyard Clock / L'horloge de L'arsenal

The Naval Dockyard Clock was fabricated in London, England in 1767 by Ayneth Thwaites. It has kept time in peace and war for generations of sailors and dockyard civilian workers from 1772 to 1993. The Dockyard Clock is the last . . . — Map (db m113186) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Grand DérangementGeorges Island - Halifax / Île Georges - Halifax
This monument/marker is made up of four panels, two in English and two in French. Each language has a panel dealing with The Grand Dérangement and Georges Island. On top is a large, round medallion featuring a map showing Acadian deportation . . . — Map (db m77625) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Mitchell Housec. 1840

City of Halifax Registered Heritage Property — Map (db m113166) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Old Burying GroundLe Vieux cimetière communal
English In this common burial ground lie many of the first citizens of Halifax, their descendants and men of the British Army and the Royal Navy who were stationed here. First opened in 1749, the year Halifax was founded, it was used until . . . — Map (db m77783) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Public Gardens

Halifax has been the scene of many "firsts" in Canada. These eighteen acres, comprising one of Canada's most attractive Victorian public gardens, derived from an earlier site, part of the original Common, chosen for the Gardens in 1841, the . . . — Map (db m112715) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Tall Ships Parade 2000Les Grands Voiliers 2000
English For five days beginning on July 20, 2000, Halifax harbour and waterfront was like no other place - wet or dry - on earth. The city was the sole Canadian host of the largest gathering ever of the world’s Tall Ships - majestic . . . — Map (db m77741) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The View from the Citadel / Le panorama vu de la citadelleThe Halifax Explosion / L’explosion d’Halifax — The Convoys / Les Convois
This marker is composed of five plaques on the same mounting. The marker stands on north wall of the Citadel overlooking Halifax Harbor. The markers are presented left to right. The Halifax Explosion / L’explosion d’Halifax . . . — Map (db m78257) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Welsford Parker MonumentLe Monument Welsford-Parker
English This monument was erected in 1860 in memory of Major A.F. Welsford and Captain W.B.C.A. Parker. These two Halifax men both perished during the Crimean War. In September of 1855 they participated in the assault on the Great Redan, part . . . — Map (db m77744) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — There Was Once a Very Special Ship
The ex-Admiralty ocean salvage tug FOUNDATION FRANKLIN sailed from the Foundation Maritime piers from the early 1930’s to 1948 on rescue and salvage missions in all kinds of weather, in peace and war to assist ships in distress on the great Western . . . — Map (db m77598) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Unveiling, Jubilee Fountain / Inauguration, Fontaine du Jubilé

Studio Notman Studio, 1897

[Historic photo of the fountain unveiling] ————————————— Erected by the Garden Commissioners in commemoration of Queen Victoria's . . . — Map (db m112947) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Welcome to the Public Gardens

The Halifax Public Gardens is one of the finest surviving examples of Victorian Gardens in North America. It was established in 1874 by the amalgamation of two older gardens, the Nova Scotia Horticultural Society Garden (laid out in 1837) and . . . — Map (db m112791) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Why Aren’t We Americans? • Pourquoi ne sommes-nous pas des Américains?The Old Burying Ground Remembers The War of 1812-1814 • Le vieux cimetière souvient de la guerre de
This marker may be conveniently divided into three section; left, center and right. The center sections is presented first. Center section English We are not Americans because of the service men like the sailors and . . . — Map (db m78073) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — York Redoubt
[English text] York Redoubt was the heart of the defences protecting the outer harbour approaches to Halifax. Begun in 1793, it was enlarged by the Duke of Kent who constructed a Martello tower here in 1798. The redoubt became an essential . . . — Map (db m44479) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggys Cove — Swissair Flight 111 Memorial / Monument commémoratif Swissair 111Whalesback

The communities of Peggys Cove and Blandford were central to the recovery operation following the crash of Swissair Flight 111. The Whalesback and Bayswater Beach sites were chosen for their proximity to those communities because they have view . . . — Map (db m45717) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — A Monumental Work Of Art

What would you do with a 30-metre (0.01-mile) outcrop of granite in your backyard? Artist William deGarthe decided to carve a work of art from the granite you see here.

In 1977, at the age of 70, deGarthe picked up his chisels and power . . . — Map (db m112680) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — A Natural Masterpiece

Do you think of Peggy's Cove when you think of Nova Scotia? It seems many people do. After all, thousands of visitors come to our seaside community each year - most inspired by a photo or painting they saw in a calendar, book or gallery.

It . . . — Map (db m112697) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — Fishermen's Monumentby William E. deGarthe, Artist and Sculptor

This work of art is a lasting memorial to the gallant men of Peggy's Cove, Nova Scotia, who harvest our oceans. The monument depicts from left to right: Fisherman's Family; Peggy of the Cove; Fishermen at Work.

This monument was donated to . . . — Map (db m112691) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — Here's The Catch

See the boats [1], sheds [2], nets and traps [3] along the harbour? These are the essential tools of a working fishing community like Peggy's Cove, and a reminder that it was fishermen and their families who established this . . . — Map (db m112618) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — Home Sweet Home

How do you build a house on exposed granite bedrock where there are few trees to provide lumber, let alone protection from wind, rain and high tides? This is the challenge faced by the first families to settle Peggy's Cove.

Using the trees . . . — Map (db m112574) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — Peggy's Cove
This picturesque village and lighthouse are among the most photographed places in Canada. A romantic folk tale is told about how the Cove got its name. Young Peggy was traveling to Halifax to meet her fiance when the ship she was in foundered on the . . . — Map (db m77937) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — Peggy's Cove
Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse Built in 1868, the first lighthouse at Peggy’s Cove consisted of a wooden house topped by a beacon, Each evening, the lighthouse keeper lit a kerosene oil lamp magnified by a catoptric reflector (a silver-plated . . . — Map (db m77939) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — The Art of deGarthe

You've probably seen many paintings of Peggy's Cove. Famed marine artist and sculptor William deGarthe may have painted some of these works.[1]

Born in Finland in 1907, deGarthe came to Canada in 1926, eventually settling in Halifax. An . . . — Map (db m112693) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — The Cold, Hard Facts About Glaciers

Wondering why there are so many large boulders scattered around Peggy's Cove, and why some of them are precariously balanced on smaller boulders or steep slopes? What you see is the work of glaciers.

Twenty thousand years ago, continental . . . — Map (db m112610) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — The Lure of Peggy's Cove

Before Peggy's Cove was a community, it was a popular destination among fishermen. But what inspired these fishermen to make this their permanent home? It was this sheltered cove, which offered close proximity to the large populations of fish . . . — Map (db m112570) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — Through Rain, Sleet and Darkest Night

From the outside it looks like a traditional lighthouse, but looks can be deceiving. Step inside and you'll find yourself in a post office [1], the only one of its kind in Canada and perhaps the world. Every summer since 1975 the Peggy's . . . — Map (db m112659) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — When Continents Collide / Carving A Cove

When Continents Collide See the picture of the Himalayan mountain range on this panel? You may find this hard to believe, but that's pretty much what Peggy's Cove looked like almost 380 million years ago. And the granite coastline you see . . . — Map (db m112557) HM

Nova Scotia (Inverness County), Margaree Forks — Dr. Moses Coady and Father Jimmy TompkinsPère Moses Coady, Ph.D., et Père Jimmy Tompkins
English: Margaree is the proud birthplace of Dr. Moses Coady (1882-1959) and his double first cousin and mentor, Father Jimmy Tompkins (1870-1853), two men who devoted themselves to improving the minds and lives of the poor and uneducated. . . . — Map (db m80070) HM
Nova Scotia (Inverness County), Margaree Forks — Margaree RiverRivière Margaree
English: A Canadian Heritage River, the Margaree has carved its way through Cape Breton since ancient times, creating the beautiful landscape and diversity of wildlife that has made this island famous. Essential for fishing, hunting and . . . — Map (db m80069) HM
Nova Scotia (Inverness County), Margaree Forks — The Margaree-Lake Ainslie River SystemLe Réseau Fluvial Margaree-Lac Ainslie — The Canadian Heritage Rivers System / Le Réseau de rivières du patrimoine canadien
English: The Margaree-Lake Ainslie River System, the largest on Cape Breton Island, includes the Margaree River, the Northeast and Southwest Margaree Rivers, and Lake Ainslie. From its origins in the Cape Breton Highlands, it rushes . . . — Map (db m80068) HM
Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — Grand-Pré Rural Historic DistrictArrondissement Historique Rurual de Grand-Pré
English The villages of Grand-Pré and Hortonville, and the fertile farmlands which surround them, comprise one of the oldest settlement and land use patterns of European origin in Canada. Acadians began settling near Grand-Pré in the 1680s, . . . — Map (db m78721) HM
Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — 01 — Statue of EvangelineLa statue d’Évangéline — Longfellow’s Heroine / Héroïne de Longfellow
English This statue of Evangeline, heroine of Longfellow’s epic poem, Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie, is a powerful emotive symbol of the Deportation. It connects the story of Evangeline to the history of Grand Prê. Two famous . . . — Map (db m78723) HM
Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — The Expulsion of the AcadiansLa déportation des Acadiens — (1755-1762)
English The expulsion of the Acadians began in 1755, on the eve of the Seven Years’ War. Frustrated with the neutrality of the Acadians who refused to swear an unconditional oath of allegiance to the Crown, British forces began the . . . — Map (db m78722) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Bayswater — Swissair Flight 111 MemorialBayswater
English text only shown The communities of Peggys Cove and Blandford were central to the recovery operation following the crash of Swissair Flight 111. The Whalesback and Bayswater Beach sites were chosen for their proximity to those . . . — Map (db m47255) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Bridgewater — 12 — Bridges / Les ponts***Riverfront Renaissance***

Bridging the LaHave It is only fitting that a place named "Bridgewater" should have such a rich history of bridges. Between 1825 and 1983, five bridges have spanned the LaHave River, connecting east and west Bridgewater. Prior to . . . — Map (db m112428) HM

Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Bridgewater — 6 — The Great Fire 1899 / Le grand incendie de 1899***Riverfront Renaissance***

Up in Flames In the cold, early hours of January 12, 1899, a fire began in the basement store of E. B. Simonson, located in the Music Hall at the corner of Dominion Street, and Commercial (now King) Street, where you are . . . — Map (db m112426) HM

Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — “…for those in peril on the sea.”
English Seafaring of all kinds, and fishing especially, is one of most dangerous occupations. Lunenburgers have lived with the dangers associated with making a living from the sea. Fishermen in dories would get lost in the fog, unable to . . . — Map (db m78204) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — 1753 Open-Air Protestant Interfaith Church Services

Here, in the year 1753, before any church was built, open-air Divine Services were held and Holy Communion administered in English, French, and German, to the first settlers and Garrison of the Town of Lunenburg by the Reverend Jean Baptiste . . . — Map (db m112431) HM

Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Defence of LunenburgLa défense de Lunenburg
English When the British settlement at Lunenburg was established in 1753, the Town plot was enclosed by pickets surrounding the east, north and west ends of the Town. The west end was fortified by four blockhouses placed at strategic . . . — Map (db m78328) HM
Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Finck-Holder HouseRegistered Heritage Property — Circa 1829

[Title is text] — Map (db m112478) HM

Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — First PeoplesLes Premières nations — Amskwesewaq Mimajuinu’k
English The earliest inhabitants of these lands were the Mi’kmaq. Their nation included most of the territory that later became Acadia and possibly parts of Newfoundland. This area was called Mi’kma’ki. It consisted of seven regions, each . . . — Map (db m78297) HM

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