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Historical Markers in Puerto Rico

 
A Defense of the 1st Order Marker image, Touch for more information
By Don Morfe, April 21, 2012
A Defense of the 1st Order Marker
Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — A Defense of the 1st OrderUna Defensa del 1er Orden
Spain built Castillo San Felipe del Morro, the massive fortification in front of you to guard San Juan harbor. To control the harbor was to control the entrance to the Caribbean Sea and access to the riches of the New World.

Puerto Rico was the . . . — Map (db m60062) HM

Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — Casa Natal de Don Ramón Power y GiraltBirthplace of Don Ramón Power y Giralt
En esta casa nació en 1775 Don Ramón Power y Giralt diputado por Puerto Rico y Primer Vicepresidente de las Cortes de Cádiz (1810–1813) donde logró importantes reformas sociales, políticas y económicas en defensa de los derechos de su patria y . . . — Map (db m74329) HM
Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — Defending San JuanDefensa de San Juan
Castillo San Felipe del Morro, the fortress across the broad field in front of you, protected San Juan Harbor. It is part of an extensive fortification system built by Spain over a 250-year period. The major surviving parts of these . . . — Map (db m60060) HM
Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — FirepowerPoderío de la artillería
This deck housed San Cristobal’s main cannon battery. In terms of firepower, it was the strongest of the fortification’s defenses. If attackers got past defenses farther east, cannon from here would drive them back. Did Spanish troops ever fire in . . . — Map (db m60048) HM
Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — Francisco de Miranda1750–1814
Precursor de la independencia hispanoamericana. General en Jefe del Ejército del Norte en la revolución Francesa. Luchó por la independencia de los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica. Estuvo preso en esta ciudad por sus ideales liberales. Escudo . . . — Map (db m74223) HM
Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — In Defense of San Juan
At this site you can sample a few of San Juan’s historic fortifications. Features seen here date from the 1760’s through the 1960’s, the latter part of San Juan’s military history.

The concrete blocks scattered on the lawn were left by the U.S. . . . — Map (db m60046) HM

Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — National Historic SiteSan Juan — Puerto Rico
Here in San Juan are the oldest European type masonry fortifications in United States Territory. The historic site includes the Spanish built forts of El Morro, El Canuelo, San Cristobal, Casa Blanca and the old city walls. These structures date . . . — Map (db m60187) HM
Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — Noel Estrada“En mi Viejo San Juan”
En este lugar (antigua Barbería Piñol) el compositor Noel Estrada ensayó por primera vez con el Trío Vegabajeño la canción “En mi Viejo San Juan,” grabada en 1946. English translation: In this place (the former Barbershop . . . — Map (db m74327) HM
Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — The Heart of San CristobalEl Corazón de San Cristóbal
You are standing in the heart of Castillo San Cristobal, its main plaza, or plaza de armas. Completed by 1797, it looked then much as you see it now. This plaza de armas witnessed the daily events of military life in a Spanish fortress for more than . . . — Map (db m60051) HM
Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — The Main PlazaPlaza Principal
This is Castillo San Felipe del Morro’s main plaza, called the plaza de armas. Completed around 1780, it looked then much as you see it now. This plaza witnessed the activities of daily life in a Spanish fortress for more than a century.

On the . . . — Map (db m60063) HM

Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — Three FlagsTres Banderas
The National Park Service flys three flags over the fortifications at San Juan National Historic Site: the Burgundy Cross, the flag of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the flag of the United States of America.

The Burgundy Cross was the . . . — Map (db m60050) HM

Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — What About Water?¿De Dónde Viene el Agua?
On a small island surrounded by the sea, where would hundreds of soldiers get water to drink? They had to collect rainwater.

Most of Castillo San Cristobal’s water was stored directly beneath your feet. The masonry cylinders in front of you . . . — Map (db m60047) HM

Puerto Rico (Toa Baja Municipality), Palo Seco — A Never-Ending ChallengeUn Trabajo Que Nunca Se Acaba
Wind, rain, salt, sun, plants, people and time all do what foreign invaders never did—tear down the stone and mortar walls at Fort San Juan de la Cruz. Preventing a historic structure like El Canuelo from falling into decay is a never-ending . . . — Map (db m60029) HM
Puerto Rico (Toa Baja Municipality), Palo Seco — CrossfireFuego cruzado
Spain built the stone fort to your right, called San Juan de la Cruz, or “El Cañuelo”, to create a deadly crossfire with the guns of Castillo San Felipe del Morro on the other side of the bay.

Just imagine yourself as an English . . . — Map (db m60032) HM

Puerto Rico (Toa Baja Municipality), Palo Seco — Defending San Juan
The small fort to your right, called San Juan de la Cruz, or El Canuelo, helped protect the entrance to San Juan Harbor. It is part of an extensive fortification system built by Spain over a 250-year period. The major surviving parts of these . . . — Map (db m59975) HM
Puerto Rico (Toa Baja Municipality), Palo Seco — Imagine Life HereImagine Vivir Aquí
Imagine being a Spanish soldier stationed here 350 years ago. Your job was to guard the San Juan Harbor entrance and the mouth of the Bayamón River from enemy attack. But year after year no enemy came. Did soldiers welcome or dread duty here? We can . . . — Map (db m60031) HM

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