“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

New Brunswick Facts and Figures

Gleaned from the Historical Marker Database


on December 9, 2022

The Coat of Arms of New Brunswick, via Wikipedia Commons

 New Brunswick ranks 58th among provinces and states with markers in this database. New Brunswick is a province in Canada located in the Atlantic Provinces. New Brunswick is some 117 thousand square kilometers in size with a population of around 747 thousand people. The province is divided into 15 counties and all of them have entries in this database. In New Brunswick we have discovered historical markers in 40 cities and towns lying in 140 postal delivery areas.

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There are at least 278 historical markers in New Brunswick, by our count. We have cataloged 278 historical markers and 21 war memorials—each individually presented on 293 illustrated, annotated, and searchable pages of the Historical Marker Database. Our correspondents have been finding and adding hundreds of markers a month to the database from all over the world, so next time you visit this page you will probably find that the numbers here have changed.

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The first New Brunswick marker in the database, Carleton Martello Tower, was added September 19, 2006. It was photographed in Saint John in Saint John County. The last one added was submitted on May 28, 2022, and titled Sawmill Creek Bridge/Le Pont Sawmill Creek. It is in Hopewell Hill in Albert County. Keeping in mind that the erection date of many markers in the database is not known, the earliest historical marker we know of in New Brunswick was erected in 1919. It was this one: WWI 10cm K 14 German Field Gun, and one of our correspondents found it in Hopewell Cape in Albert County on August 6, 2017.

New Brunswick Historical Topics
72 • Settlements and Settlers
59 • Industry and Commerce
59 • Waterways and Vessels
38 • Colonial Era
29 • Notable Buildings
29 • Man-Made Features
27 • Churches and Religion
25 • Architecture
23 • Government and Politics
22 • Patriots and Patriotism
    ... and others ...

New Brunswickers don’t want to forget their Settlements and Settlers history. How do we know? Because there are more historical markers in the database from New Brunswick about Settlements and Settlers—72 of them—than about any other historical topic. It is followed by Industry and Commerce with 59 markers.

The first marker added to the database with the Settlements and Settlers topic was Lubec, Maine, added May 1, 2012. It had been erected near Welshpool in Charlotte County. The last one submitted was submitted on March 7, 2022, and titled Methodist Church. It had been erected in Dorchester in Westmorland County. The earliest marker erected with the Settlements and Settlers topic that we have listed was erected in 1923. It is The Landing of the Loyalists, found in Saint John in Saint John County on September 24, 2014.

What is the most interesting historical marker in New Brunswick? What we know is that Carleton Martello Tower is the most viewed entry in the database from New Brunswick since it was added in 2006. This year so far, the most viewed New Brunswicker entry is also located in Saint John. It is Oland Family Breweries.

Counties, Cities and Towns

The New Brunswick county with the most historical markers listed in this database is Saint John County, with 78 of them. It is followed by Westmorland County with 51 markers. The Saint John area of Saint John County has the highest number of markers within its limits, 76. In Westmorland County the area with the most markers, 21, is Moncton.

Historical Markers in These
New Brunswick Counties
78 • Saint John County
51 • Westmorland County
42 • Charlotte County
30 • Carleton County
24 • York County
17 • Albert County
17 • Kent County
11 • Victoria County
6 • Restigouche County
5 • Kings County
    ... and others ...

Checking the database for the city or town in New Brunswick with the most markers we again find Saint John at the top of the list with 76 markers in or near it. It is followed by Woodstock in Carleton County with 27 markers. For the postal code with the most markers it’s E2M 2K8 at the top of the list with 19 markers in its delivery area. It is followed by postal code E2L with 13 markers.

Historical Markers Near These
New Brunswick Cities and Towns
76 • Saint John
27 • Woodstock
22 • Moncton
21 • Fredericton
19 • Sackville
13 • Welshpool
12 • Hopewell Cape
12 • Rexton
12 • St. Andrews
11 • Grand Falls
    ... and others ...

Getting back to Saint John County, the first marker added to the database from there, Carleton Martello Tower, was added September 19, 2006, and was also the first one submitted in all of New Brunswick. in Saint John. The last one submitted was uploaded on July 5, 2020, and is titled Fort La Tour, in Saint John. The earliest marker erected in Saint John County that we have listed was erected in 1923. It was The Landing of the Loyalists, found in Saint John on September 24, 2014.

Latest entry from New Brunswick. Click to go there
cmh2315fl via Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0), August 27, 2007
Latest Entry from New Brunswick
“Sawmill Creek Bridge/Le Pont Sawmill Creek”

And finally the first, last, and oldest markers from Woodstock. The first: Carleton County Court House / Palais je Justice du comté de Carleton, was added August 3, 2019. The last: Bailey House / Maison Bailey added on September 25, 2019. The earliest marker erected was erected in 2005: Woodstock World War II Memorial, added on September 4, 2019.

Who Puts Up Historical Markers?

There is no organization in charge of erecting official historical markers province-wide in New Brunswick today. The Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada has erected numerous historical markers in New Brunswick, and we have 25 of their New Brunswick markers in the database. Also, a number of counties have erected historical markers on their streets and roads and within their public areas, as have some cities and towns.

Then there are federal government agencies that put up historical markers, especially in national parks and other areas under their jurisdiction. And finally, there are the numerous public and private organizations and individuals that erect markers. Some do this as a continual endeavor, and others once in a while, to mark something, someone, or someplace they find important or interesting. When one of our correspondents comes across one that satisfies our criteria, we add it to the database.

Off the Beaten Path

You’ll find that even the smallest, least populated, or most rural areas of New Brunswick have been marked with history. Check out Madawaska County, Gloucester County and Cumberland County. We've only found, respectively, 2, 2, and 2 historical markers there. Visiting one or more of these parts of New Brunswick might make for a pleasant road trip, and maybe you’ll discover more historical markers while you’re there. If you do, perhaps you’ll take the time to photograph them and, when you get home, become an HMdb correspondent by adding them to the database. Happy Hunting!

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Dec. 9, 2022