“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Scotland Facts and Figures

Gleaned from the Historical Marker Database


on November 29, 2021

Scotland is shown in dark blue (Wikipedia Map)

 Scotland ranks 58th among countries, states and provinces with markers in this database. Scotland is a country in the United Kingdom. Scotland is some 48 thousand square kilometers in size with a population of around 5.4 million people. The country is divided into 34 historic counties or shires and 30 of them have entries in this database. In Scotland we have discovered historical markers in 94 cities and towns lying in 147 postal delivery areas.

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There are at least 246 historical markers in Scotland, by our count. We have cataloged 245 historical markers and 49 war memorials—each individually presented on 284 illustrated, annotated, and searchable pages of the Historical Marker Database. In addition, we are reasonably certain of another historical marker in Scotland that we don’t yet have, and instead show on our Want List. Our correspondents have been finding and adding hundreds of markers a month to the database from all over the world, so next time you visit this page you will probably find that the numbers here have changed.

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The first marker in the database, The Scottish Parliament, was added August 5, 2010. It was photographed in Aberdeen in Aberdeenshire. The last one added was submitted on August 22, 2020, and titled Advocate's Close. It is in Edinburgh in Lothian. Keeping in mind that the erection date of many markers in the database is not known, the earliest historical marker we know of in Scotland was erected in 1810. It was this one: Wallacestone Memorial, and one of our correspondents found it in Wallacestone in Falkirk on July 19, 2015.

Scotland Historical Topics
66 • Forts and Castles
38 • World War I
34 • World War II
20 • Settlements and Settlers
20 • Waterways and Vessels
16 • Churches and Religion
16 • Arts, Letters, Music
15 • Non-US Wars
13 • Cemeteries and Burial Sites
11 • Government and Politics
    ... and others ...

The Scots don’t want to forget their Forts and Castles history. How do we know? Because there are more historical markers in the database from Scotland about Forts and Castles—66 of them—than about any other historical topic. It is followed by World War I with 38 markers.

The first marker added to the database with the Forts and Castles topic was The Holy Grail, added April 1, 2015. It had been erected in Stirling. The last one submitted was submitted on January 7, 2019, and titled Walled Garden. It had been erected in Sauchen in Aberdeenshire. The earliest marker erected with the Forts and Castles topic that we have listed was erected in 1967. It is Inverness Castle, found in Inverness in Inverness-shire on December 13, 2018.

What is the most interesting historical marker in Scotland? What we know is that In Memory of Scottish-American Soldiers is the most viewed entry in the database from Scotland since it was added in 2010. It is located in Edinburgh in Lothian. This year so far, the most viewed Scottish entry is Wallacestone Memorial.

Historic counties or shires, Cities and Towns

The Scottish county or shire with the most historical markers listed in this database is Lothian, with 66 of them. It is followed by Inverness-shire with 36 markers. The Edinburgh area of Lothian has the highest number of markers within its limits, 57. In Inverness-shire the area with the most markers, 23, is Drumnadrochit.

Historical Markers in These
Scottish Historic counties or shires
66 • Lothian
36 • Inverness-shire
23 • Moray
21 • Sutherland
19 • Orkney Islands
18 • Stirlingshire
16 • Ross and Cromarty
15 • Aberdeenshire
15 • Caithness
14 • Argyll and Bute
    ... and others ...

Checking the database for the city or town in Scotland with the most markers we again find Edinburgh at the top of the list with 57 markers in or near it. And Drumnadrochit also shows up again in next place, with 23 markers. For the postal code with the most markers it’s IV63 6XJ at the top of the list with 21 markers in its delivery area. It is followed by postal code EH1 2NG with 16 markers.

Historical Markers Near These
Scottish Cities and Towns
57 • Edinburgh
23 • Drumnadrochit
18 • Stromness
15 • Falkirk
8 • Dufftown
8 • South Queensferry
7 • Dunbeg
7 • Inverness
6 • Oban
4 • Balchraggan
    ... and others ...

Getting back to Lothian, the first marker added to the database from there, Scottish-American War Memorial, was added August 10, 2010. in Edinburgh. The last one submitted—also the last one submitted in all of Scotland—was uploaded on August 22, 2020, and is titled Advocate's Close, in Edinburgh. The earliest marker erected in Lothian that we have listed was erected in 1893. It was In Memory of Scottish-American Soldiers, found in Edinburgh on August 10, 2010.

Latest entry from Scotland. Click to go there
By Ray Gurganus, August 10, 2019
Latest Entry from Scotland
“Advocate's Close”

And finally the first, last, and oldest markers from Drumnadrochit. The first: Caisteal Ainmeal Urchadain, was added August 23, 2015. The last: Glen Urquhart War Memorial added on December 10, 2018.

Who Puts Up Historical Markers?

There is no organization in charge of erecting official historical markers country-wide in Scotland today. A number of historic counties or shires have erected historical markers on their streets and roads and within their public areas, as have some cities and towns.

Then there are national government agencies that put up historical markers, especially in national parks and other areas under their jurisdiction. And finally, there are the numerous public and private organizations and individuals that erect markers. Some do this as a continual endeavor, and others once in a while, to mark something, someone, or someplace they find important or interesting. When one of our correspondents comes across one that satisfies our criteria, we add it to the database.

Off the Beaten Path

You’ll find that even the smallest, least populated, or most rural areas of Scotland have been marked with history. Check out Dundee, Dumfrieshire and Angus. We've only found one historical marker in each. Visiting one or more of these parts of Scotland might make for a pleasant road trip, and maybe you’ll discover more historical markers while you’re there. If you do, perhaps you’ll take the time to photograph them and, when you get home, become an HMdb correspondent by adding them to the database. Happy Hunting!

Nov. 29, 2021