Abbeville in Abbeville County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Burt-Stark House / Jefferson Davis’s Flight
Erected 1979 by Abbeville County Historic Preservation Commission. (Marker Number 1-7.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks, the South Carolina, Abbeville County Historical Society/Commission, and the South Carolina, Abbeville Historical Sites Tour
Location. 34° 10.833′ N, 82° 22.898′ W. Marker is in Abbeville, South Carolina, in Abbeville County. Marker is at the intersection of North Main Street (State Highway 71) and Greenville Street (State Highway 20) on North Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 400 North Main Street, Abbeville SC 29620, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Last Cabinet Meeting Marker (within shouting distance of this marker); McGowan-Barksdale-Bundy House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Bundy-Barksdale-McGowan House (was about 300 feet away but has been reported missing. ); Abbeville's Confederate Colonels (about 600 feet away); Thomas Chiles Perrin House (about 600 feet away); Maj. Thomas D. Howie (about 800 feet away); The Old Livery Stable (approx. ¼ mile away); Clarence E. Pressley (approx. ¼ mile away); Major Thomas Dry Howie (approx. ¼ mile away); Trinity Episcopal Church (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Abbeville.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. These markers trace Davis' flight into Georgia and his subsequent arrest.
Also see . . .
1. Burt-Stark Mansion. "Abbeville's Historical and Architectural Jewel." (Submitted on April 17, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Burt-Stark Mansion. The Burt-Stark Mansion, also known as Armistead Burt House, in Abbeville, South Carolina was the site of the last Council of War of cabinet members of the Confederate government. (Submitted on August 5, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
3. Burt-Stark House. The Armistead Burt House is significant to Civil War history as it served as the location of President Jefferson Davis’ last Council of War. (Submitted on August 5, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
4. Armistead Burt House. The Armistead Burt House is significant to Civil War history as it served as the location of President Jefferson Davis’ last Council of War. (Submitted on December 25, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
5. The Burt-Stark Home. The home known today as the Burt-Stark mansion was built in the 1830s by David Lesley, a planter, lawyer and judge. (Submitted on November 13, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
6. The Burt-Stark House. SCETV video tour of the Burt-Stark Mansion. (Submitted on November 10, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
7. Armistead Burt. Armistead Burt (November 13, 1802 - October 30, 1883) was a U.S. Representative from South Carolina. (Submitted on November 14, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
8. Jefferson Davis (Submitted on August 21, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
9. Judah P. Benjamin. Judah Philip Benjamin (August 6, 1811 – May 6, 1884) was an American politician and lawyer. (Submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
10. John Cabell Breckinridge. John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was a lawyer, U.S. Representative, Senator from Kentucky, the 14th Vice President of the United States, Southern Democratic candidate for President in 1860, a Confederate general in the American Civil War, and the last Confederate Secretary of War. (Submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
11. Stephen Russell Mallory. Stephen Russell Mallory (1813 – November 9, 1873) was a United States politician and the Confederate Secretary of the Navy during the American Civil War. (Submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
12. John Henninger Reagan. John Henninger Reagan (October 8, 1818 – March 6, 1905), was a leading 19th century American politician from the U.S. state of Texas. (Submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
13. William Campbell Preston Breckinridge. William Campbell Preston Breckinridge (August 28, 1837 - November 18, 1904) was a Democratic U.S. Representative from Kentucky, a Member of the Masonic Lodge, and a Member of the Knights Templar. (Submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
14. Basil Wilson Duke. Basil Wilson Duke (May 28, 1838 – September 16, 1916) was a Confederate general officer during the American Civil War. (Submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
15. George Gibbs Dibrell. George Gibbs Dibrell (April 12, 1822 – May 9, 1888) was an American lawyer and a five-term member of the United States House of Representatives from the 3rd Congressional District of Tennessee. (Submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
16. Samuel Wragg Ferguson. Brigadier Generam Samuel Wragg Ferguson was born and reared at Charleston, and graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1857. (Submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
17. Braxton Bragg. Braxton Bragg (March 22, 1817 – September 27, 1876) was a career United States Army officer, and then a General in the Confederate States Army, a principal commander in the Western Theater of the American (Submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
18. The True Story Of The Capture Of Jefferson Davis by Major W.T. Walthall, (Late A.A.G., Confederate. The publication, in the Philadelphia Weekly Times of July 7th, 1877, of an article by Major General James H. Wilson, professing to give an account of the capture of the Confederate President in 1865, has not only revived a fictitious story circulated soon after that event occurred -- perhaps still current among the vulgar, though long since refuted -- but has surrounded it with a cluster of new embellishments, which had heretofore been either "unwritten history" or unimagined fiction. (Submitted on May 5, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
1. Burt-Stark House - National Register Nomination Form
Two-story white frame structure with lap-siding, designed by architect David Lesley and built about ???? exact date unknown. Four Square columns support a pedimented front portico, two stories high and extending across central section of house. Ornamental supports are entablature features. Beneath pediment is small second-story balcony with wooden latticework. A floor-length window opens onto main
Characterizing the interior are high ceilings and spacious rooms. The main entrance is a central great hall with an Adam fanlight. A drawing room opens on each side. In antebellum times, the wide double doors to each of these rooms permitted use of the entire front area as a ballroom.
Craft characteristics of the builder show up consistently in the wood trim, design of doors and other architecture features. All floors -- wide boards of heart pine -- are original, as are the simply-carved mantels. The two drawing rooms and the dining room feature central ceiling medallions and original crystal chandeliers. The drawing room doors are fitted with heavy silver hinges imported from England. At the rear of the central hall a narrow-railed staircase rises to a broad landing.
The house is completely furnished with Southern antiques
The gardens were designed originally by an English landscaper named Johnson. The narrow entrance driveway, originally a carriage road, circles before the front steps. Here an old dismount stone still stands. Remaining from the original landscaping, boxwood-bordered walks extend from the broad piazzas at the side and rear of the house. The house and grounds are shaded by tall oaks, magnolias, cedars. Plantings include oleanders, wygelia, wisteria, other old-fashioned shrubs and flowers.
The house is, in excellent condition, both the interior and exterior almost completely unchanged from the original.
The Burt House has its chief historic significance as the location of Jefferson Davis's last Council of War.
Here, at the home of his personal friend, Major
By the time the party reached Abbeville, two of the Cabinet had resigned, the military situation appeared hopeless, and the hope of President Davis to reach Mississippi and re-vitalize Confederate forces appeared equally hopeless.
Attending the Burt House Council of War, in addition to the one cabinet officer not serving as a general, were President Davis, Gen. Ferguson of Mississippi, Generals Dibrell and Vaughan of Tennessee, Col. W.C.P. Breckinridge and Gen. Basil Duke of Kentucky, Gen. John C. Breckenridge, cavalry commander, and Gen. Bragg, senior General of the Army (Lee, Johnston and Beauregard having surrendered).
Here was made the decision to "abandon all hope of effecting any other purpose than Mr. Davis's escape to the west."
It was this final meeting of Confederate leaders which gives substance to Abbeville's claim of being the "Grave of the Confederacy" as well as its "Birthplace" (because
The Burt House is also considered extremely valuable as an example of antebellum mansion architecture and atmosphere. Both its exterior and interior appearance typify the period known popularly as the "Old South."
Built by Armistead Burt, following his move from Pendleton to Abbeville and his marriage to Martha Calhoun - both in 1828, the house has remained in the same family ever since. Present owner and occupant is Burt's great-great niece, Mrs. Mary Stark Davis. Burt himself was a distinguished Abbeville lawyer who served in both the United States and Confederate Congresses.
It is especially important that the house achieve National Register status at this time since Mrs. Davis plans a bequest that, at her death, the house and all its furnishings shall become the property of the Abbeville County Historic Preservation Commission. The property must be maintained as a historic house and may be used as the Commission deems best.
The Burt House is already a historic shrine, its importance increased by its location in South Carolina's importantly historic Abbeville district, and in Abbeville town, a spot of great charm that retains a number of other important historic landmarks.
2. The Burt Stark House
This house was the site of the most dramatic and important event in the history of Abbeville when in May 1865, Confederate President Jefferson Davis held his last war council there with his military advisers and the remaining cabinet members, Davis' host was ex-congressman Armistead Burt. For many years afterward, the house was known as the "Burt Mansion," even though the Burt's lived there only six years.
David Lesley, a lawyer and planter, built the house when he became the Ordinary (judge) for the Abbeville District in 1841. While on a trip north, Lesley and his wife Louise, a native of Pennsylvania, saw a house that they liked in the Hudson Valley. According to family legend, they sent their slave carpenter, Cubic, on horseback to examine the house and he built their new house accordingly.
Andrew Simonds of Charleston became the third owner of the house in 1860. Simonds, a wealthy Abbeville planter, married his cousin, the daughter of John A. Calhoun, the nephew of John C. Calhoun, that same year. The Bank of the State of South Carolina opened its first upcountry branch in 1860 and it was located in Abbeville under the direction of Simonds.
Armistead Burt bought the Lesley-Hoyt-Simonds
When the Confederacy was in collapse in April 1865, Mrs. Davis fled southward from Richmond and took refuge with the Burts for ten days. She was afraid that her stay there might later cause the destruction of their home, but Burt assured her that there was "no better use to which the house could be put than to be burned for giving shelter to the wife and family of his friend."
Mrs. Davis left Abbeville on April 29 with a small escort and three days later her husband and his entourage arrived at the Burt house. At 4:30 p.m., May 2, David met with the five cavalry brigade commanders who accompanied him to consider his plan to link up with the trans-Mississippi Confederates to continue the war. This Council of War, as David himself called it, appears to have included the four cabinet officers who were with him: Secretary of State Judah P. Benjamin; Secretary of War, John C. Breckenridge; Secretary of Navy, Stephen P. Mallory; and Postmaster General John H.
The house and grounds were in a sad state of maintenance when J.S. Stark purchased the place in 1903. Mr. Stark, a well to-do planter and banker, restored the house and grounds as a showplace for Abbeville. Mrs. Stark was a niece of Armistead Burt and she took an active tole in the restoration. The Starks, with their twin daughters Fannie and Mary, were active in all facets of the life in Abbeville and the house was once again the center of social activity. The Burt Mansion became the Burt-Stark Mansion.
In 1971, the surviving Stark sister, Mary Stark Davis, offered to donate her historic home to the Abbeville County Historic Preservation Commission, which was set up largely to receive her gist. She was so committed to this cause that she purchased the house back from the Connie Maxwell Children's Home to whom she had earlier given it to be sold at her death. Somewhat later she donated the contents of the house was well so that its preservation would be complete.
The Historic Preservation Commission maintains the house with generous help from the City of Abbeville.
— Submitted May 21, 2012, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
3. Owners of the Burt-Stark House
While Armistead Burt is the most remembered owner of the house, its previous
Lesly married Louisa Kyle, daughter of Pennsylvanian James Kyle. According to legend, the Leslys were traveling through the Hudson Valley when Louise saw a house that she fell in love with. David Lesly vowed to build one for his wife. The house was designed by Cubic, one of their slaves. Lesly was an elder in Upper Long Cane Presbyterian Church and strongly opposed to drinking. He died in 1855. The Lesly’s had no children.
The home was then sold to the Reverend Thomas Hoyt, pastor of Upper Long Cane Presbyterian Church. The Hoyts lived in the house until 1860 when they moved to Kentucky. One of the Hoyts former slaves, a man named Alfred Ellison, later became marshal of Abbeville during the 1870s.
In 1860, the home was sold to Andrew Simonds of Charleston. Simonds married Sallie Calhoun, daughter of John A. Calhoun, nephew of John C. Calhoun. John A. Calhoun was one of the largest planters in Abbeville District, owning 155 slaves and over 2,000 acres in 1860. Simonds lived in the house until 1862 when he sold it to Armistead Burt.
Burt only lived in the home
Burt married Martha Calhoun, favorite niece of John C. Calhoun. Such a connection to Calhoun was necessary if one was to succeed in the region. Having been missing from Calhoun’s deathbed, Burt publically explained his absence by saying that he was worn out from caring for his wife’s famous uncle and was sleeping nearby.
Despite the Civil War, the Burt house was the social center of Abbeville. Martha Burt appointed specially selected slaves whose sole job was to rake the lawn and keep the bushes and hedges trimmed and neat. The end of the Civil War nearly brought financial ruin to the Burts. They moved out of the home in 1868. Martha Calhoun Burt died in 1869.
The fifth owner was James A. Norwood. Prior to the war, Norwood had been the second largest slave owner in Abbeville, owning 194 slaves and over 2,000 acres west of Abbeville. Norwood died in 1875 but his widow and children continued to live in the house for 12 years. One of Norwood’s daughters, Sarah Norwood, married Edward B. Calhoun. The Calhouns lived in the home for several years but lacking
In 1913, the house and its remaining four acres were bought by J.S. Stark, a well-to-do land owner. He set out to restore the house and grounds, and succeeded. Stark and his two daughters, twins named Fannie and Mary, made the Burt-Stark house the center of Abbeville social life again.
In 1971 Mary Stark Davis donated the home to the Abbeville County Historic Preservation Commission. Mary Stark Davis died at the age of 103. She continued to live in the house until her death and entertained a continuous steam of visitors and guests. (Source: Old Abbeville: Scenes of the Past of a Town Where Old Times Are Not Forgotten, by Lowry Ware)
— Submitted September 10, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
4. Jefferson Davis left mark on Abbeville's history
By Matt Rogers
Abbeville — The president of the Confederate States of America made his historical mark on this town in just one day, but it will live on indefinitely.
According to various historical accounts, Jefferson Davis spent the night of May 1, 1865 in Cokesbury, now in Greenwood County, at Gen. Martin Witherspoon Gary’s home. Then he continued his journey to Abbeville where he spent
Davis arrived in Abbeville at about 10 a.m. six days after Gen. Robert E. Lee had urged the evaluation of the disbanding capital of Richmond and Gen. Joseph E. Johnston had surrendered to Union Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman at Greensboro, N.C. He would stay in the town at the Burt home until midnight.
By about 4 p.m., Davis met with Confederate Secretary of War Gens. John C. Breckinridge, Braxton Bragg and five brigade generals at the Burt home. It had the trappings of a council of war.
An observer said as Davis came near Marshall House corner in town, some residents and furloughed soldiers, “…raised their hats and gave a single cheer. Davis’s only recognition was the raising of his own hat.
His face betrayed the deep feeling and extreme anxiety which he felt for the safety of the government.
The army officers at the meeting told Davis that their soldiers could not fight in the Abbeville area. Brig. Gen. S.W. Ferguson said about 100 of his men perhaps would fight.
Gen. George G. Dibrell said he could not count on any men in his brigade “…except to save Mr. Davis and Gen. Breckinridge and every hour was diminishing his hold upon them, and I have heard that he declared, almost with tears, that he would not risk another life among his noble men except for that purpose,
Brig. Gen. Basil W. Duke said about 150 soldiers would fight under him and that the war might not be lost if commanders would inspire the men under their commands.
Col William C.P. Breckinridge said he would not surrender unless he was ordered to, but the soldiers under him might not feel the same way.
Gen. John C. Vaughn said he and the men under him would “…accept whatever terms Gen. Johnston had; which was then not known to us.”
Davis said he did not think it would be wise to have armed men “…who would not fight…,” that it was a crime to make the men who would fight to risk their lives and that the command of these men must be dissolved.
Davis assumed that Johnston had already surrendered, which might make the only commanders left were those now at his side.
Though the war was lost, Davis continued to hold out hope. His feelings were that “…the blood shed during four years was not shed in vain, and under other auspices and abler leaders, would yet succeed.”
Capt William Hawar Parker was one of the officers who was in control of the Confederate government’s “treasure train.” He was also a midshipman escort for the train.
Parker came to Abbeville on April 28, 1865, where he placed the money “…in a warehouse on the public square,” which was guarded.
When Davis arrived, Parker said its residents welcomed the party. Those soldiers who traveled with the president were only doing so, Parker believed, so that they could receive food.
Parker described Davis “…as a slender man, of about 5 feet 10 inches in height, and with a grey eye as his most marked feature…His air was resolute; and he looked, as he is, a born leader of men….”
Parker told Davis he would be captured if he stayed in Abbeville.
“`You have only a few demoralized soldiers, and a train of camp followers three miles long. You will be captured, and you know how we will feel about that.
“It is your duty to the Southern people not to allow yourself to be made a prisoner. Leave now with a few followers and cross the Mississippi, as you express a desire to eventually, and there again raise the standard.’”
Between 8 p.m. and 9 p.m., Parker again implored Davis to leave town. He asked Davis if he would leave with an escort of “…four naval officers, (of whom I was to be one)….”
These officers would take
Davis, however, declined the offer.
Parker was later told that Davis and his party would leave that night. All of the men had horses for their journey. However, Parker did not and when he was unable to obtain a horse, he declined to go with them.
By midnight, Davis and his party resumed their flight and eventually came to “the house of the Rev. J. O. Lindsay, D. D., near Mt. Carmel,” where his wife was. The Davis’s then continued travelling, now into Georgia. By May 10, Davis was captured by Union Calvary in Irwinville, Ga.
Burt bought his Abbeville home in 1862. By 1868 however, the home was sold. James Samuel Stark bought the home in 1900. In 1971, his daughter, Mary Stark Davis, gave the house, and later the contents, to the Abbeville County Historical Preservation Commission.
The Burt-Stark Mansion is located at 400 N. Main St. in Abbeville. During the winter it is open on Friday and Saturday from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. It is also open by special appointment if people call 459-4297. In the summer months, from May through Sept, the mansion is open Tuesday through Saturday from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m.
— Submitted August 21, 2008, by Brian Scott
5. The Last Hour by James E. Davis, Jr.
Nearing high noon on the 2nd day of May 1865, a Troop of Calvary dressed in Confederate Gray arrived at the Armistead Burt House in Abbeville. Major Burt, who was standing on the porch of his lovely home, held out his hand and clasped the extended hand of Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America. President Davis and his Cabinet, had left Richmond, Virginia after being told by General Robert E. Lee that Richmond would fall into the hands of Union Forces.
President Davis was weary from the long hours of being in the saddle and from the ever throbbing thoughts that the cause of the South was nearing its end. He was continuously trying to keep the spirits of his Cabinet and War Generals high but the look on their faces told him that they knew the "Last Hour" had arrived.
The President and his Cabinet freshened up and spent the afternoon resting. A pleasant meal was furnished by nearby neighbors who had heard that the distinguished guests were present at the Burt House. After the meal, the President, his Cabinet and War Generals retired to the drawing room.
Here the Cabinet tried to convince the President that due to lack of supplies and forces, it was futile to continue the war effort. President Davis arose and firmly
The Cabinet and War Generals strongly opposed this move, stating that to prolong the War would only cost the lives of more Southern men and that the end would be the same. Passionate pleas and heated words by the President failed to change the minds of the others. Finally (as the hour was drawing late) President Davis spoke to his Cabinet for the last time, asking them not to give up the cause but to follow him as they had done in the past. Being strongly committed to the Southern cause, he became emotional and tough he stood as tall and sturdy as an oak, his voice began to tremble and his eyes moistened. He expressed to each man present his gratitude for the service he had rendered on behalf of the South. He started toward the door -- tears had begun to moisten his bronze cheeks. His Cabinet and War Generals rose as one as their Chief passed among them. Judah Benjamin, standing nearest to the door, clasped the President's arm and led him out of the room. President Davis, having at this time covered his eyes with his handkerchief, allowed the man to lead him up the stairs to a bedroom.
Before dawn the next morning, May 3rd, the famous guests of the Burts, arose,
Outside, the Confederate Gray stood stiffly awaiting the appearance of their Chief. Horses stamped their hoofs nervously and the clinking of bridles, sabres, and weapons could be heard in the stillness of the morning. The entrance door of the Burt House opened; the President walked out. His eyes moved slowly over his troops. A few hours before, they were soldiers of the Confederate States of America and had performed gallantly in many battles. Now the War was over for the Men in Gray. His troops would remain with him to see him safely out of the country. What could he say to them, these brave men who knew not the word "defeat"?
President Davis left the words unspoken. He moved to where a sentry held his horse. He placed his boot in the stirrup and swung himself into the saddle. He glanced back at the family who had been his host for the night, and although not a word was spoken, a smile ever so slight appeared on the President's face. With a gentle nod of his head, and a quick turn, he was gone.
The troops fell in behind him and with them they carried $500,000 in gold and the Seal of the Confederacy. It was their plan to cross the Savannah River by daylight.
They traveled down what is now known as the Mt. Carmel Road. A heavy rainfall delayed the crossing and it was
Ironically, only several hundred yards from the Burt House on a hillside covered with beautiful oak and dogwood trees, was an equally historical spot that would in time become a kinship with the Burt House. This hill, known as Secession Hill since the date, November 22nd, 1860, was the location where a group of men gathered by invitation with an audience of 2000 to discuss Secession from the Union. Many dignitaries were present.
Therefore, Secession Hill became known as the "Birthplace of the Confederacy", and quite ironically, five years later, the Burt House became known as the "Deathbed of the Confederacy."
And so, Abbeville, as so many times before, had its moments in history. Many of the homes of that era still remain. The large oaks that once provided shade for President David and his men, continue to do so for the present generation.
As for President Davis: He passed this way -- never again -- but passed this way he did, and the house that until his arrival was only a home, now became a famous historical landmark.
6. Armistead Burt (1802-1883)
Burt, Armistead, a Representative from South Carolina; born at Clouds Creek, near Edgefield, Edgefield District, S.C., November 13, 1802; moved with his parents to Pendleton, S.C.; completed preparatory studies; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1823 and practiced in Pendleton; moved to Abbeville, S.C., in 1828 and continued the practice of law; also engaged in agricultural pursuits; member of the South Carolina house of representatives, 1834-1835, and 1838-1841; elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1843-March 3, 1853); chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses); served as Speaker pro tempore of the House of Representatives during the absence of Speaker Winthrop in 1848; was not a candidate for renomination in 1852; resumed the practice of law in Abbeville; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1868; died in Abbeville, S.C., October 30, 1883; interment in Episcopal Cemetery. (Source: Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress.)
— Submitted April 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
7. Jefferson Davis (1808–1889)
— Submitted November 12, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
8. John Cabell Breckinridge (1822-1875)
John Cabell Breckinridge, (grandson of John Breckinridge, father of Clifton Rodes Breckinridge, and cousin of Henry Donnel Foster), a Representative and a Senator from Kentucky and a Vice President of the United States; born at ‘Cabell’s Dale,’ near Lexington, Ky., January 16, 1821; attended Pisgah Academy, Woodford County, Ky.; graduated from Centre College, Danville, Ky., in 1839; later attended the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University); studied law in the Transylvania Institute, Lexington, Ky.; admitted to the bar in 1840; moved to Burlington, Iowa, but soon returned and began practice in Lexington, Ky.; major of the Third Kentucky Volunteers during the Mexican War in 1847 and 1848; member, State house of representatives 1849; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses (March 4, 1851-March 3, 1855); was not a candidate for renomination in 1854; was tendered the mission to Spain by President Franklin Pierce, but declined; elected Vice President of the United States in 1856 on the Democratic ticket with James Buchanan as President; unsuccessful candidate for President in 1860; elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1861, until expelled by resolution of December 4, 1861, for support of the rebellion; entered the Confederate Army during the Civil War as brigadier general and soon became a major general; Secretary of
— Submitted November 15, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
9. John Henninger Reagan (1818-1905)
John Henninger Reagan, a Representative and a Senator from Texas; born in Sevierville, Sevier County, Tenn., October 8, 1818; attended the common schools and private academies; moved to Texas in 1839, joined the republic’s army, and participated in campaigns against the Cherokee Indians; deputy State surveyor of the public lands 1839-1843; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1848 and practiced in Buffalo and Palestine, Tex.; member, State house of representatives 1847-1849; judge of the district court 1852-1857, when he resigned; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1857-March 3, 1861); elected to the secession convention of Texas in 1861; deputy to the Provisional Congress of the Confederacy; postmaster general of the Confederacy from 1861 until the close of the war;
— Submitted November 15, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
10. William Campbell Preston Breckinridge (1837–1904)
William Campbell Preston Breckinridge, (grandson of John Breckinridge, uncle of Levin Irving Handy, and great-uncle of John Bayne Breckinridge), a Representative from Kentucky; born in Baltimore, Md., August 28, 1837; attended the common schools,
— Submitted November 15, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
George Gibbs Dibrell, a Representative from Tennessee; born in Sparta, White County, Tenn., April 12, 1822; attended the public schools, and was graduated from the East Tennessee University, Knoxville, Tenn., in 1843; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1843 and practiced; engaged in agricultural and mercantile pursuits; justice of the peace and county court clerk of White County, Tenn., for many years; member, State house of representatives, 1861; volunteered in the Confederate Army and served from 1861 to 1865; rose from private to lieutenant colonel of Infantry and colonel of Cavalry, and was discharged as brigadier general; delegate to the State’s constitutional convention in 1870; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fourth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1875-March 3, 1885); was not a candidate for renomination in 1884; resumed agricultural and mercantile pursuits; died in Sparta, Tenn., May 9, 1888; interment in the Old Sparta Cemetery. (Source: Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress.)
— Submitted November 15, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
12. Obituary of Martha Calhoun Burt
Friday, April 2, 1869
Died, on the morning of the 27th of March last, after a long and
After residing several years at Orange Hill plantation on the Savannah River, Mr. Burt returned again to Abbeville where Mrs. Burt died, and amidst a large concourse of sympathizing friends, was buried at the cemetery of Trinity church, Sunday last, Easter Day.
One by one, the lights of the past are going out and it is painfully certain that the tendency of the times exclude the probability of their places being filled. Mrs. Burt was an accomplished lady of the old school. Sprung from a family distinguished for wealth, intelligence and position and possessing high personal qualities, she was educated before the age of economists and calculators. She united the highest
After an unbroken companionship for more than forty years, her death leaves her husband desolate indeed; but that desolation may be alleviated by recalling the devotion of the departed one, and by the consciousness of a life time spent in unceasing efforts to make her comfortable and happy. For many years, a consistent member of the Episcopal church, in her last illness she gave evidence of a well founded hope beyond the grave; and as they were united in life and united in the church, the bereaved husband may look forward to a happy reunion hereafter.
— Submitted November 14, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
13. Marker Style
The marker shown reflects the second style of South Carolina Historical Markers. It was
— Submitted September 16, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
Categories. • Antebellum South, US • War, US Civil •
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Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 17, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 11,209 times since then and 177 times this year. Last updated on August 21, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on April 17, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 3. submitted on December 25, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 4. submitted on August 5, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 5. submitted on November 12, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 6. submitted on October 5, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 7. submitted on April 18, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 8. submitted on November 14, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 9, 10. submitted on December 25, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 11, 12. submitted on May 21, 2012, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 13, 14. submitted on December 25, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 15. submitted on November 14, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 16. submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 17. submitted on November 12, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 18, 19. submitted on May 4, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 20. submitted on April 21, 2009, by Patricia C Borders of Bakersfield, California. 21. submitted on December 27, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 22. submitted on December 25, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 23. submitted on July 27, 2014, by Brian J. Scott of Spartanburg, South Carolina. 24. submitted on November 12, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 25, 26. submitted on November 13, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 27. submitted on December 25, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 28. submitted on November 14, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 29, 30, 31, 32. submitted on November 15, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38. submitted on November 14, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 39, 40. submitted on April 22, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 41. submitted on May 21, 2012, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 42, 43. submitted on December 25, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.