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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Capitol Hill in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Capitol Square, NW

Historical Information

 
 
Capitol Square, NW Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, December 12, 2017
1. Capitol Square, NW Marker
Inscription.  
The Peace Monument
By Franklin Simmons, 1878

The Peace Monument, also called the Naval Monument, was erected to commemorate the naval deaths at sea during the Civil War. at the top of the 44-foot monument, Grief, sometimes called America, weeps on the shoulder of History. Below them Victory, with the infant Mars and Neptune at her feet, holds a laurel wreath and an oak branch. Peace, facing the Capitol, holds an olive branch; objective symbolizing civilization are at her feet.

The James A. Garfield Monument
Sculpture by John Quincy Adams Ward
Pedestal by Richard Morris Hunt, 1887


Below the portrait statue of President James A. Garfield, who was assassinated in 1881, are three figures representing different phases of his career. The Student suggests his early work as a teacher The Warrior represents his military career during the Civil War. The Statesman symbolizes Garfield's achievements as Representative, Senator, and President.

The Ulysses S. Grant Memorial
Sculpture by Henry Merwin Shrady
Architecture by Edward Casey, 1920


The
Capitol Square, NW Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, December 12, 2017
2. Capitol Square, NW Marker
Ulysses S. Grant Memorial was completed in 1920 and dedicated in 1924. Forty-four feet high and over 250 feet long, it is the largest statuary group in Washington, and the figure of the Civil War general is among the largest equestrian statues in the world. Groups of cavalry and artillery soldiers and horses stand at the north and south ends. The memorial is under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Arts, Letters, MusicWar, US Civil.
 
Location. 38° 53.437′ N, 77° 0.713′ W. Marker is in Capitol Hill in Washington, District of Columbia. Marker is at the intersection of 1st Street Northwest and Northwest Drive Northwest, on the right when traveling north on 1st Street Northwest. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20016, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Naval Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Capitol Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Ulysses S. Grant Memorial (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Capitol Square, NW (about 500 feet away); Capitol Square, SW (about 600 feet away); James A. Garfield (about 600 feet
Capitol Square, NW Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, December 12, 2017
3. Capitol Square, NW Marker
away); a different marker also named Capitol Square (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named Capitol Square (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Capitol Hill.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 8, 2019. It was originally submitted on December 13, 2017, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 145 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 13, 2017, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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