“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Greenville in Greenville County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)

Andrew Pickens

"The Wizard Owl"

— 1739 - 1817 —

Andrew Pickens Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Brian Scott, August 24, 2008
1. Andrew Pickens Marker
As a tribute to his skills exploiting enemy weaknesses, Pickens became known as the "Wizard Owl" or "Skyagunsta" - a bird known for seeing clearly, acting wisely and striking quickly.

Pickens was a tall, religious Presbyterian from Pennsylvania and one of General Greene's most trusted detachment field commanders. His home and church were burned by the British during the Revolution as the Royal government sought to install state sponsored religion and hang all "rebels."

Pickens was a masterful battlefield commander, achieving several critical victories against numerically superior British and Cherokee allied forces to regain control of the upstate. His battlefield withdrawal & flanking maneuver at the important battle of Cowpens against an overconfident, charging British army resulted in complete victory for Greene's army - a scene depicted in the film "The Patriot." Pickens County is named in his honor.
Erected 2006.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Patriots & PatriotismWar, US Revolutionary.
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34° 50.842′ N, 82° 24.018′ W. Marker is in Greenville, South Carolina, in Greenville County. Marker is at the intersection of South Main Street (State Highway 124) and East Broad Street on South Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Greenville SC 29601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Francis Marion (here, next to this marker); Thomas Sumter (here, next to this marker); Greenville's General (here, next to this marker); Old Glory (a few steps from this marker); The South Carolina Flag (a few steps from this marker); Guilford Courthouse Flag (a few steps from this marker); The Betsy Ross Flag (a few steps from this marker); Harper Plaza (within shouting distance of this marker); Roger Craft Peace Plaza (within shouting distance of this marker); The Moultrie Flag (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Greenville.
More about this marker. Marker is one of three surrounding the statue of Nathanael Greene located at the intersection of Main and Broad Streets, beside the Greenville News building and across from the Peace Center for the Performing Arts.
Also see . . .
1. Andrew Pickens. Andrew Pickens (September 13, 1739 – August 11, 1817) was a militia leader in the American Revolution and a member of the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina. (Submitted on August 28, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

2. Nathanael Greene. Nathanael Greene (August 7, 1742 – June 19, 1786) was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. (Submitted on September 11, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
Nathanael Greene Park image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Brian Scott, August 24, 2008
2. Nathanael Greene Park
The marker is located at the left end of the bench surrounding Greene.

3. Battle of Cowpens. The Battle of Cowpens (January 17, 1781) was a decisive victory by American Revolutionary forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. (Submitted on September 11, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 

4. The Patriot (2000 film). The Patriot is a 2000 epic war film directed by Roland Emmerich, written by Robert Rodat, and starring Mel Gibson and Heath Ledger. (Submitted on September 11, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.) 
Additional commentary.
1. Andrew Pickens (1739-1817)
Pickens, Andrew, (grandfather of Francis Wilkinson Pickens), a Representative from South Carolina; born in Paxton, Bucks County, Pa., September 13, 1739; attended the common schools; moved with his parents to the Waxhaw settlement in South Carolina in 1752; served in the provincial militia in the campaign against the Cherokee Indians in 1760; entered the Revolutionary Army as captain of militia and attained the rank of brigadier general; commanded an expedition against the Cherokee Indians in 1782; member of the state house of representatives 1781-1794; one of the commissioners named to settle the boundary line between South Carolina and Georgia
Brig. Gen. Andrew Pickens (1739–1817) image. Click for full size.
Fort Hill Collection, Clemson, South Carolina
3. Brig. Gen. Andrew Pickens (1739–1817)
South Carolina House of Representatives (1781-1794, 1800-1812)
U.S. House of Representatives (1793-1795)
in 1787; member of the state constitutional convention in 1790; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Third Congress (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1795); appointed major general of militia in 1795; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1797; member of the state house of representatives 1800-1812; declined the nomination for governor in 1812; died in Tomassee, Pendleton District, S.C., August 11, 1817; interment in Old Stone Churchyard, near Pendleton, S.C.
    — Submitted September 11, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.

2. Andrew Pickens Helps to Defeat the British
When Sumter rode northward into the mountains to nurse his wounded shoulder, another gallant Carolinian came into the field. This was Andrew Pickens. He was a Scot, and as a child, came to the Waxhaws settlement with his parents. Before he was twenty-one he took part in the war against the Cher- okees. At the beginning of the Revolution he was made captain of a company of riflemen. He also sat in the legislature of the new state of South Carolina. In 1779 Pickens assembled a body of five hundred men from the upper country, led them across the Savannah River into Georgia, and defeated a much larger British force at Kettle Creek.

Pickens Refuses to Fight for
Andrew Pickens Tombstone -<br>Old Stone Church, Clemson, SC image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Brian Scott, November 28, 2008
4. Andrew Pickens Tombstone -
Old Stone Church, Clemson, SC
the King
— When the British captured Charles Town, Pickens retired to his plantation on the upper Saluda River, in the western highlands. With a great many others he agreed not to fight any longer against the king. The British promised to let him dwell at home in peace. Then came the cruel order of Cornwallis that he must fight for the king, and this was followed by an attack on the part of a roving company of British, who plundered his home and destroyed his possessions. Pickens seized his sword and mounted his old war horse. His clear eyes flashed fire, his lips became more firmly fixed, and his honest, open countenance was clouded with anger. He told the British that they had not kept their word, and that he meant to fight them. A British officer told Pickens that he would fight with a halter around his neck. By this, they meant that if the British captured him they would hang him. He declared that their treatment of him had set him free from his former promise, and so he rode away to the battlefield.

Pickens usually wore a three-cornered hat. His hair was put smoothly back and was tied in a long roll called a queue. He wore heavy silver spurs, and the two large pistols in his holsters were bright with silver ornaments.

Battle of Cowpens — When Pickens left his home on the Saluda to take part in the war, Gen. Daniel Morgan, of Virginia,
Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene<br>(1742–1786) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Charles Wilson Peale, 1783
5. Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene
was marching southward across the upper Catawba and Broad rivers. Pickens and his men joined Morgan on the Pacolet River, in Union County. Early in January, 1781, Tarleton with his legion came sweeping across the Broad and moved up the western bank of that stream in search of Morgan. The latter arranged his force of about nine hundred men at the Cowpens, in the present Cherokee County. The field sloped gradually upward. At the top of the long ascent were Morgan's old, experienced soldiers. Farther down the slope, in front, were the riflemen commanded by Pick- ens. They stood in an irregular fashion behind the trees on the slope. The skirmishers in front were led by McDowell, of North Carolina, and

Cunningham, of Georgia. Pickens himself moved around from soldier to soldier, giving his orders in a cool, quiet way. He told them that if the British cavalry advanced, every third man must fire, while two held their loaded rifles in reserve. They were advised to take careful aim and fire low. As a last word, Pickens told his men to mark for their first fire the officers of the advancing line. These would be known by the epaulettes or badges which they wore upon their arms or shoulders.

Tarleton's force amounted to about eleven hundred men. He had also two cannon. These opened fire upon the Americans, and at the same time the British foot soldiers and horsemen moved
Battle of Cowpens image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Ranney, 1845
6. Battle of Cowpens
forward with a rush and with loud shouts. It was about the hour of sunrise and the red coats of the British soldiers were seen advancing through the smoke that was rolling from the mouths of the cannon. When the enemy had come within fifty yards of the line of Pickens, the latter gave the word. With a crash the mountain rifles roared out as if one great gun had been fired. Again and again the rifles spoke, and down fell the officers who were leading the British attack. Then the men who carried the muskets in Tarleton's line staggered. As they paused, another volley from the Americans stretched many of them upon the ground. The force of Tarleton's attack was broken. The American victory was really won among the trees in the front part of the field where the men of Pickens fought.

But Tarleton would not give up. He dashed forward on his horse and cheered his men. They fixed bayonets and advanced. Pickens and his men fell slowly back and the British met the American rear line near the top of the long slope. Then William Washington and James McCall swept around with thsir horsemen against the right end of the British line. At the same time Pickens led his men around to the left end of Tarleton's line. There at close range they poured in a deadly volley. The greater part of the British troops threw down their muskets and surrendered. A few of them escaped from the field, among
Hopewell -<br>Pickens' Plantation After the War<br>Now on the Campus of Clemson University image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Brian Scott
7. Hopewell -
Pickens' Plantation After the War
Now on the Campus of Clemson University
them Tarleton himself. The victory of the Americans was complete. Eight hundred British soldiers were lost. Tarleton's bloody work was brought to a sudden end, and a staggering blow was given to Cornwallis himself. One third of his army was snatched from him by the victory at the Cowpens. The Carolina riflemen, led by Pickens, played the chief part in winning that glorious field.

Pickens Harasses the British — The defeat of Tarleton did not hold back Cornwallis from his northward march. He moved his forces into North Carolina and fought against Greene at Guilford Courthouse. Pickens and his mounted men gave Cornwallis much trouble in the movements that took place just before that battle. Then Pickens led his soldiers swiftly back again, for there was work to do in his own state. Rawdon's British force lay at Camden. Pickens swept down through the western highlands, and called the men of that region to seize their arms and enter the battle. They heard and answered his call. All the inhabitants of the upland
country were aroused, and they followed Pickens to Augusta, just beyond the Savannah, in Georgia. Lines were drawn around the town, and in June the British force located there surrendered to Pickens. (Source: The Mking of South Carolina by Henry Alexander White, pgs 145-149.)
    — Submitted
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September 11, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 13, 2019. It was originally submitted on August 28, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,829 times since then and 56 times this year. Last updated on September 8, 2008, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 28, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on September 11, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

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May. 28, 2023