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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Washington Township in Franklin County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Underground Railroad

Monterey Pass Gave Protection to Those Seeking Freedom

 
 
The Underground Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, May 13, 2019
1. The Underground Railroad Marker
Inscription.  The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes used by African American slaves during the early to mid 1800s, to escape to the free states and Canada. One of the routes used by African-American slaves was South Mountain, where they crossed the Potomac River near Knoxville, MD.

Moving to the area of modern day Rouzerville, known then as Waterloo and Pikesville, the Jacob Shocky farm helped many African-Americans to safety by leading them to safe places to hide.

Using the mountain at night due to its spurs and densely forested areas, it provided shelter and safety. Moving northward along the ridge, the South Mountain Underground Railroad route led directly to Pennsylvania and points north.

By 1860, Franklin County had the fifth largest African-American population in Pennsylvania. Many of these men would later serve the Union army by volunteering into one of the United States Colored Troops regiments.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansWar, US Civil.
 
Location. 39° 
To The Underground Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, May 13, 2019
2. To The Underground Railroad Marker
The Rolando Woods Trail
44.345′ N, 77° 28.762′ W. Marker is in Washington Township, Pennsylvania, in Franklin County. Marker can be reached from Charmian Road near Buchanan Trail East/Waynesboro Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 9 Charmian Rd, Waynesboro PA 17268, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Midnight Battle Along The Mason-Dixon Line/Walking Tour (here, next to this marker); The Raid On Harpers Ferry (here, next to this marker); Before The Battle Of Gettysburg (a few steps from this marker); The Retreat From Gettysburg (within shouting distance of this marker); Brown's Spring (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle of Monterey Pass (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Washington Township.
 
The Underground Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, May 13, 2019
3. The Underground Railroad Marker
Wayside cluster dealing with the Monterey Pass area.
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, May 13, 2019
4. Inset
A wood cut carving etching showing African-American slaves on a part of the Underground Railroad.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 3, 2021. It was originally submitted on July 2, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 117 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 2, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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Mar. 6, 2021