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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Monterey in Franklin County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Before The Battle Of Gettysburg

Refugees Flood The Road To Monterey Pass

 
 
Before The Battle Of Gettysburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, May 13, 2019
1. Before The Battle Of Gettysburg Marker
Inscription.  On June 23, 1863, before Confederate Major General Jubal Early entered Waynesboro, it was reported the road leading to Monterey Pass was blocked by civilians fleeing with their personal belongings. Farmers fled with their horses, cattle, and farm implements. While others hid items in attics, or simply buried them.

Upon hearing that the Confederate army was north of the Potomac River, John Philips, a cashier of the First National Bank of Waynesboro, gathered up all of the bank’s documents and money. He quickly loaded up his carriage with all of the bank’s assets and fled to Monterey Pass.

At the Monterey Inn, Mr. Philips and his wife rested briefly and talked with several union officers Until they heard the tramping of people along the main road. Mr. Philips quickly joined the refugees and began making his way into Fairfield.

A year later in 1864, civilians again fled in the advance of an invading Confederate army. Many passed through Monterey Pass. During the Battle of Monocacy, MD on July 9, Monterey Pass was part of a Confederate pickets that stretched south to Crampton’s Gap. Portions of Confederate Brig. Gen. John
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, May 13, 2019
2. Inset
Confederates gathering items from the population in Maryland in 1864.
Imboden’s Brigade were in the area raiding farms.
 
Location. 39° 44.344′ N, 77° 28.748′ W. Marker is in Monterey, Pennsylvania, in Franklin County. Marker is on Charmian Road east of Buchanan Trail East/Waynesboro Road, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Rolando Woods Park, Waynesboro PA 17268, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Underground Railroad (a few steps from this marker); The Raid On Harpers Ferry (a few steps from this marker); A Midnight Battle Along The Mason-Dixon Line/Walking Tour (a few steps from this marker); The Retreat From Gettysburg (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle of Monterey Pass (within shouting distance of this marker); Brown's Spring (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (was about 300 feet away but has been reported missing. ). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Monterey.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, May 13, 2019
3. Inset
Civilians fleeing during the 1862 Confederate invasion of Maryland.
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on July 8, 2019. This page originally submitted on July 5, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 58 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 5, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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