“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Mary's City in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

To Market! To Market!

Tobacco Prize

To Market! To Market! Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones, August 30, 2019
1. To Market! To Market! Marker
Inscription.  One of the greatest challenges in farming is getting the crops to market. Tobacco produced large profits but only if it could be sold. In the 17th and 18th centuries, tobacco was packed into wooden barrels called hogsheads for direct shipment to Europe. The devise used to compact as much tobacco as possible into each hogshead was called a tobacco prize.

This operation can only be done on a wet day or the tobacco will crumble. Over time, hogsheads were made larger which allowed planters to pack more tobacco in them, saving on shipping costs.

In the colonial era, hogsheads where shipped to England. With the development of American markets in the 19th century, the destination of Southern Maryland tobacco was more likely Baltimore. An 1834 assessment of the Brome plantation included a "prize shed, 14 by 25 feet." Tobacco growing was an important part of the local culture here until 2001, when most farmers stopped due to a state "buyout" program. This virtually ended the region's 360-year long tradition of tobacco cultivation.
Erected by Historic St. Mary's City.
Topics. This historical
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marker is listed in these topic lists: AgricultureIndustry & Commerce. A significant historical year for this entry is 1834.
Location. 38° 11.005′ N, 76° 25.786′ W. Marker is in St. Mary's City, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker can be reached from Point Lookout Road (Maryland Route 5) 0.4 miles west of Rosecroft Road, on the left when traveling west. The marker is inside the open-air barn. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16721 Point Lookout Road, Saint Marys City MD 20686, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Constructed With Colonial Ideas (here, next to this marker); A Pressing Situation (here, next to this marker); Carpenters' Marks (here, next to this marker); How Old Is This Barn? (here, next to this marker); Tree Growth Rings (here, next to this marker); Who Worked Here? (here, next to this marker); What Kind of Barn Was This? (here, next to this marker); Dating Changes in a Building (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Mary's City.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 2, 2019. It was originally submitted on September 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 88 times since then and 26 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on September 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Nov. 28, 2022