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St. Mary's City in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

What Happened Here After 1695?

 
 
What Happened Here After 1695? Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, August 30, 2019
1. What Happened Here After 1695? Marker
Inscription.  When the capital moved to Annapolis in 1695, the chief reason for the existence of St. Mary's City vanished. County courts continued meeting here until 1708 but after that, most buildings were abandoned and rapidly decayed. Farmers soon began planting tobacco and corn where houses and inns once stood. St. Mary's remained farmland for nearly three centuries afterward. By the 1750s, two men—William Deacon and William Hicks—owned all the land of the old city. John Mackall purchased the property from Hicks in 1774 and created a plantation that eventually grew to 1,715 acres. The building you are standing in is the only survivor of this 18th-century plantation.

Dr. John Mackall Brome inherited most of the property in 1840 and over the next two decades, developed one of the largest plantations in Southern Maryland. Enslaved African Americans worked its fields growing wheat, corn, and tobacco; and raising livestock. After slavery ended in 1864, Brome turned to tenant labor. He also tried, unsuccessfully, to bring a railroad to St. Mary's City. By 1912, twenty-five years after Dr. Brome's death, all but 250 acres of the home plantation
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was sold to others.
 
Erected by Historic St. Mary's City.
 
Location. 38° 11.007′ N, 76° 25.781′ W. Marker is in St. Mary's City, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker can be reached from Point Lookout Road (Maryland Route 5) 0.4 miles west of Rosecroft Road, on the left when traveling west. The marker is inside the open-air barn. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16721 Point Lookout Road, Saint Marys City MD 20686, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Tree Growth Rings (here, next to this marker); How Old Is This Barn? (here, next to this marker); Constructed With Colonial Ideas (here, next to this marker); A Pressing Situation (here, next to this marker); Carpenters' Marks (here, next to this marker); To Market! To Market! (a few steps from this marker); What Kind of Barn Was This? (a few steps from this marker); Who Worked Here? (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Mary's City.
 
Categories. African AmericansAgricultureColonial Era
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on September 2, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 25 times since then. Photo   1. submitted on September 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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