St. Mary's City in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
What Kind of Barn Was This?
Granaries need to be dry, stay cool, have solid floors and clean interiors, and be able to keep out rodents. Both the Hicks granary and the Mackall barn originally had wood floors as well as lofts for additional grain storage. The original shed on this side of Mackall's barn had a tight wood floor as well. We know this because of the empty notches for its floor joists that can still be seen in the sill of the barn wall behind you. These tight floors provided protection and areas for threshing grain.
Note the traces of whitewash on the ceiling joists in the barn. Whitewashing helped keep the granary clean and deterred insects. Due to market changes, farmers converted this structure into a tobacco barn in the early 1800s.
John Mackall's probate inventory lists scythes used in harvesting grain and a "wheat fan" that helped in separating the wheat from the chaff. George Washington had five such fans at Mount Vernon, which were called "Dutch" fans in an inventory taken in 1810. Thomas Jefferson also used similar technology at Monticello.
Erected by Historic St. Mary's City.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Agriculture • Notable Buildings. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #03 Thomas Jefferson series list.
Location. 38° 11.002′ N, 76° 25.782′ W. Marker is in St. Mary's City, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker can be reached from Point Lookout Road (Maryland Route 5) 0.4 miles west of Rosecroft Road, on the left when traveling west. The marker is inside the open-air barn. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16721 Point Lookout Road, Saint Marys City MD 20686, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Who Worked Here? (here, next to this marker); A Pressing Situation (here, next to this marker); Dating Changes in a Building (here, next to this marker); Agricultural Change and Environmental Damage (here, next to this marker); To Market! To Market! (here, next to this marker); Tree Growth Rings (a few steps from this marker); Constructed With Colonial Ideas (a few steps from this marker); What Happened Here After 1695? (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Mary's City.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 2, 2019. It was originally submitted on September 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 44 times since then and 13 times this year. Photo 1. submitted on September 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.