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Newark in New Castle County, Delaware — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Hundreds of Delaware

 
 
The Hundreds of Delaware Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, September 8, 2019
1. The Hundreds of Delaware Marker
Inscription.  What is a Hundred?
A hundred is an old English subdivision of a county. Although the origin is somewhat shrouded in mystery, basically it was a tract of land large enough to provide a hundred men to serve the king’s wars. In American colonies that hundred men would have been known as militiamen.

The name was used in many colonies but survived in America only in Delaware, probably because there the counties were all established so early-by 1680-that little reorganization was needed. In New England, the newer English term, town, replaced hundred, and in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, the term township was adopted. Most states today are divided into counties, then into Ward, Township, Parish, Precinct, or District.

For Delaware, the origin is cited in a letter written in 1682 by William Penn, the newly appointed Lord Proprietor of the province of Pennsylvania and the counties on the Delaware. Penn directed that from this point forward, settlements be divided into sections of 100 families; each family would have an average of about ten members (including servants). The first use of the term Hundred in official records relating
The Hundreds of Delaware Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, September 8, 2019
2. The Hundreds of Delaware Marker
to the Delaware colony dates to 1687, when reference is made to “a list of taxables of north side of Duck Creek Hundred.”

Whatever its origin or intended significance, Delaware is the only state in which hundred exist in the United States and possibly in the world. Other states such as Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia once used hundreds as a county division but the only remaining evidence would be an occasional location with its name ending in “hundred”. Maryland had stopped using the hundred by 1825. Some of the hundreds in Cecil County, MD were North Milford (containing Elkton), South Milford, Elk Neck, Back Creek, East Nottingham and Susquehanna.


 
Erected by Pencader Heritage Area Association.
 
Location. 39° 38.462′ N, 75° 43.944′ W. Marker is in Newark, Delaware, in New Castle County. Marker is at the intersection of Dayetts Mill Road and Old Baltimore Pike on Dayetts Mill Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Newark DE 19702, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Iron Hill School #112C (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Cooch's Bridge (was here, next to this marker but has been reported permanently removed. ); Historic Iron Ore Mining (here, next to this marker); Milling in Pencader Hundred
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(here, next to this marker); In the Beginning (here, next to this marker); Enjoy the Pencader Area Today (here, next to this marker); Your Gateway to Pencader Heritage (here, next to this marker); The Philadelphia Campaign (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newark.
 
Categories. Colonial EraGovernment & Politics
 

More. Search the internet for The Hundreds of Delaware.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 8, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 17, 2019, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 43 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 17, 2019, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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