“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

St. Mary's City in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

St. John's and the Wider World

St. John's and the Wider World Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, October 5, 2019
1. St. John's and the Wider World Marker
The 1600s were a dynamic period in the development of the New World and England's growing empire. English colonies became firmly established in America, a civil ware led to the beheading of England's king, and race-based slavery developed in English America.

St. Mary's City
1608 Yaocomaco Indians were living where St. Mary's City was eventually Settled.
1627 English trader Henry Fleete visited Indian village which later became the site of St. Mary's City.
Colonial Maryland
1629 George Calvert, first Lord Baltimore, visited the Chesapeake region after abandoning his Newfoundland colony.
Colonial America
1607 Jamestown (Virginia) settled by the London Company.
1610 Spanish established Santa Fe (New Mexico).
1620 Plymouth (Massachusetts) settled by the English.
1624 Dutch established New Netherlands (New York).
1603 James I became king of England
1605 Cecil Calvert, second Lord Baltimore, was born.
1625 The reign of Charles I, king of England,
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1625 George Calvert resigned his offices and announced his conversion to Catholicism.

St. Mary's City
1634 St. Mary's City established.
1638 John Lewger, secretary for the colony, built St. John's.
1638 John Lewger served as judge in first test of Lord Baltimore's policy of religious freedom.
1639 Maryland Assembly met for first time at St. John's.
Colonial Maryland
1632 King Charles I gave Maryland charter to Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore.
1634 Maryland colonists negotiated with Yaocomaco Indians for land on which to found the colony.
Colonial America
1636 Rhode Island founded by the English.
1638 Swedes established New Sweden on Delaware River.
1632 George Calvert, first Lord Baltimore, died.

St. Mary's City
1642 Matthias de Sousa sat as a member of Assembly at St. John's.
1647 Leonard Calvert, first governor of Maryland, died.
1648 Margaret Brent sought and was denied right to vote in Assembly at St. John's.
Colonial Maryland
1645 On behalf of Parliament, Richard Ingle led raid on St. Mary's settlement.
1649 The Act Concerning Religion passed by Maryland
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1649 Radical Protestants from Virginia invited to settle in Maryland.
Colonial America
1641 Massachusetts permitted slavery of Indians, whites, and Negros in its "Body of Liberties."
1644 Roger Williams granted a charter to establish the Rhode Island colony.
1642 Civil War between King Charles I and Parliament began.
1649 Parliament claimed victory in English Civil War; King Charles I was beheaded.

St. Mary's City
1654 Simon Overzee, merchant planter, acquired St. John's.
1656 Antonio, an enslaved African, died at St. John's from punishment at the hands of his master.
1658 Simon Overzee's wife died in childbirth at St. John's.
Colonial Maryland
1654 Radical Protestants denied Lord Baltimore's right to govern Maryland.
1655 Maryland governor, William Stone, and his men were defeated by radical Protestants at Battle of Severn.
1658 Lord Baltimore regained control of Maryland.
Colonial America
1651 Freedom of trade for the American colonies was curtailed with the first Navigation Act.
1652 Colony of Rhode Island enacted first American law declaring slavery illegal.
1652 War broke out between the English and the Dutch affecting relations with the American colonies.
1653 Oliver Cromwell proclaimed himself Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1658 Oliver Cromwell died and was succeeded by his son, Richard.

St. Mary's City
1661 Maryland governor Charles Calvert acquired St. John's for his residence.
1667 Charles Calvert moved to Patuxent River and leased St. John's out as a public inn.
Colonial Maryland
1660 Maryland's Assembly appointed Philip Calvert as governor.
1664 Maryland passed law that mandated life-long servitude of black slaved.
1668 St. Mary's City received charter as first official city of the colony.
Colonial America
1661 Virginia was the first to recognize the legal existence of slavery in the colonies.
1664 English captured the New Netherland and New Sweden settlements.
1667 Dutch warships burned six tobacco ships in the James River in Virginia.
1660 King Charles II restored to throne of England.
1665 Great plague spread through England and caused many thousands of deaths.
1665 Great Fire of London destroyed two thirds of the city.

St. Mary's City
1675 Charles Calvert utilized St. John's to entertain guests.
1677 Philip Calvert began construction of largest brick home in the colony.
1678 St. John's underwent extensive repairs by leaseholder, Henry Exon.
Colonial Maryland
1673 Augustine Herman's superb map of Maryland and Virginia published in London.
1675 Charles Calvert became Lord Proprietor of Maryland upon his father's death.
1676 A permanent brick state house was erected in St. Mary's City.
Colonial America
1672 Dutch fleet raided English colonies.
1676 Indians were driven out of much of New England at the end of King Philip's War.
1676 Nathaniel Bacon and a group of rebels attacked Jamestown, Virginia.
1672 Royal African Company established to expand slave trade.
1675 Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore died, his son Charles acquired title.
1678 A bogus "Popish Plot" to murder King Charles II captivated England.

St. Mary's City
1681 Josias Fendall tried at St. John's for treason against Lord Baltimore.
1687 The Governor's Council of Maryland met at St. John's for the final time.
1693 The last-known historical reference to St. John's appeared in documents.
Colonial Maryland
1684 Charles Calvert, Lord Baltimore, returned to England.
1689 Protestants rebel and gain power in Maryland; Catholics were barred from office.
1692 Lionel Copley became Maryland's first royal governor.
1695 The capital moved from St. Mary's City to Annapolis.
Colonial America
1681 William Penn granted a charter to found Quaker colony in Pennsylvania.
1699 Capital of Virginia moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg.
1688 Glorious Revolution in England forced King James II to flee; William and Mary accepted the crown.
1692 British crown allowed Lord Baltimore's charter to stand but took away his governing rights in Maryland.
Erected by Historic St. Mary's City.
Location. 38° 11.393′ N, 76° 25.735′ W. Marker is in St. Mary's City, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker can be reached from Margeret Brent Way 0.1 miles west of Mathias De Sousa Drive, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 47645 Margeret Brent Way, Saint Marys City MD 20686, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Snapshots of St. John's (here, next to this marker); Entrance to St. John's Museum (here, next to this marker); Relax Awhile! (here, next to this marker); Exploring St. John's (here, next to this marker); The Quarter Building (a few steps from this marker); Welcome to St. John's (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Mary's College of Maryland (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named St. Mary's College of Maryland (approx. mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Mary's City.
More about this marker. Marker is inside the open air structure at the entrance of the museum.
Categories. Churches & ReligionCivil RightsColonial EraGovernment & PoliticsNative AmericansSettlements & SettlersWars, US IndianWomen

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Credits. This page was last revised on October 6, 2019. This page originally submitted on October 6, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 52 times since then and 2 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on October 6, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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