Oxon Hill in Prince George's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Free African Americans of Oxon Hill
Free Blacks Owned Parts of Oxon Hill Manor
By the end of the 1700s, there were a number of free African American families living in the Oxon Hill area. Several of these free blacks were manumitted by members of the Addison family, including brothers John Addison, Thomas G. Addison, Rev. Walter Dulany Addison and their cousin Anthony Addison.
Charles Beall, a free black man, purchased his wife, Henny and their children from Thomas G. Addison and manumitted them in 1796. Beall also manumitted Thomas and Margaret Moore in 1809.
Between 1812 and 1818, Charles Beall acquired about 113 acres of Oxon Hill Manor from Rev. Walter Dulany Addison. Methodist preachers who visited Oxon Hill in the 1790s noted the presence of a meeting house in the area. Charles Beall dedicated a ½ acre of his Oxon Hill land for the construction of a Methodist Episcopal Church. A later church on this tract was destroyed by fire in the 1950s and all that remains is the burial ground.
Several of the Addisons' freed slaves settled on Addison land along the east side of the Anacostia River in Washington,
African-Americans of Good Hope
Lemuel Robert Addison (1881 - unknown) and his wife Mary Ellen Moore (1882-1976) were among several African-American families living in Good Hope during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Mary Ellen Moore was a descendent of Thomas Moore, an Oxon Hill slave who was manumitted by Charles Beall in 1809. After obtaining his freedom, Moore lived for a time in the Oxon Hill community before moving to Good Hope in the years prior to the Civil War.
Location. 38° 47.821′ N, 77° 0.225′ W. Marker is in Oxon Hill, Maryland, in Prince George's County. Marker is on MGM National Avenue just west of Oxon Hill Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Oxon Hill MD 20745, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. John Hanson (here, next to this marker); Addison Family at National Harbor (here, next to "Salubria" (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named John Hanson (approx. ¼ mile away); Judah and Resistance (approx. ¼ mile away); Salubria Changed the Future of the Potomac Valley (approx. ¼ mile away); Slavery in the Potomac Valley (approx. 0.3 miles away); Dr. John H. Bayne: A Leader In His Community (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oxon Hill.
Categories. • African Americans • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Churches & Religion • Settlements & Settlers •
More. Search the internet for Free African Americans of Oxon Hill.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 15, 2020. This page originally submitted on January 1, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 67 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 1, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. 3, 4, 5. submitted on January 6, 2020, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 6, 7, 8. submitted on January 9, 2020, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.