Petersburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
— Lee's Retreat —
After Lee crossed the river, he told an officer, "It has happened as I told them it would, at Richmond. The line has been stretched until
On the hill across the river is the village of Ettrick, home during the war to many employees of the cotton and flour mills that surrounded Campbell's Bridge. The Ettrick Manufacturing Company, Battersea Mills, and Matoaca Manufacturing Company produced fabric for Confederate uniforms. The Georgia Confederate hospital was located in a grove nearby. In March 1865, a railroad spur from Dunlop's station, to the north on the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad, was completed into Ettrick. A quartermaster center there transferred supplies over the pontoon bridge to the Petersburg lines.
In April 1865, members of the 1st Maine Cavalry and a local woman named Anna E. Trueman opened the "Ettricks (sic) Free School" for village residents. The school was held in the Methodist church for eight weeks.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is April 2, 1790.
Location. 37° 13.93′ Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Petersburg VA 23803, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Appomattox River Heritage Trail (a few steps from this marker); Silk Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Shaping Of The Town (within shouting distance of this marker); Railroad Crossing Over The Appomattox River (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Simms Hall (about 300 feet away); Local Workforce At The Mills (about 400 feet away); The Beginning of Ettrick (about 400 feet away); The History Of Virginia State University (about 400 feet away).
More about this marker. In the lower center of the marker is a map showing the retreat route. When Lee's Army of Northern Virginia evacuated Richmond and Petersburg on April 3, 1865, it took the routes west indicated in red. Lee himself followed the solid red route. The Union Army of the Potomac, under Grant and Meade, took the roads indicated in blue.
On the upper right is a photo of Ettrick mills from Campbell's Bridge, 1865.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on December 21, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,456 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on December 21, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 9, 10. submitted on June 5, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.