Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
— Army of the Potomac —
Brig. General John Buford
First Brigade Col. Wm. Gamble
Second Brigade Col. Thos. C. Devin
Reserve Brigade Brig. Gen. Wesley Merritt
June 30 Arrived at Gettysburg at 11 a.m. as a detachment of Heth's Confederate Division was about to enter but it withdrew on the approach of the two Brigades of the Division. Gen. Buford deployed his Cavalry along the ridge east of Willoughby Run between the Mummasburg and Fairfield roads with pickets well advanced.
July 1 Was attacked between 8 and 9 a.m. by Heth's Division and Pegram's Artillery Battalion which were held in check until the arrival of First Corps. The Second Brigade picketed the approaches from the north and retarded the advance of Ewell's Corps until Eleventh Corps arrived. About 4 p.m. retreated to Cemetery Hill and formed on left of town and bivouacked for the night in front
July 2 Started in the morning for Westminster to guard Army Trains. The Reserve Brigade Cavalry Corps arrived about noon on the Emmitsburg Road and engaged for four hours the Confederate right.
Casualties. Killed 1 officer 27 men. Wounded 12 officers 104 men. Captured or missing 6 officers 268 men. Total 418.
Erected 1910 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is June 29, 1825.
Location. 39° 50.109′ N, 77° 14.992′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Reynolds Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Located on the First Day Battlefield, north of McPherson Woods, in Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. First Brigade (a few steps from this marker); Battery L, 1st New York Light Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); 1st Corps Headquarters (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle Opens (within shouting distance of this marker); Monuments and Markers (within shouting distance of this marker); 8th Illinois CavalryFirst Corps (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Major Gen. John F. Reynolds (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Also see . . . Report of Brig. Gen. John Buford. When reporting on the initial contact that evolved into the first day's battle, Buford wrote:
On July 1, between 8 and 9 a.m., reports came in from the First Brigade (Colonel Gamble's) that the enemy was coming down from toward Cashtown in force. Colonel Gamble made an admirable line of battle, and moved off proudly to meet him. The two lines soon became hotly engaged, we having the advantage of position, he of numbers. The First Brigade held its own for more than two hours, and had to be literally dragged back a few hundred yards to a position more secure and better sheltered. (Submitted on January 11, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on November 30, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 11, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 867 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on January 11, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.