“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Aldino in Harford County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Alfred B. Hilton

Medal of Honor Recipient

Alfred B. Hilton Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Pfingsten, January 3, 2016
1. Alfred B. Hilton Marker
Inscription.  After the Emancipation Proclamation was issued in 1863, the U.S. Army recruited both free blacks and slaves. In August 1863, freedman Alfred B. Hilton and his brothers Aaron and Henry enlisted in the 4th U.S. Colored Troops (USCT) in Havre de Grace. Of more than two hundred county men who joined the USCT, twenty-six served in that regiment. Appointed Color Sergeant and described by fellow Medal of Honor recipient Christian Fleetwood as a "magnificent specimen of manhood...splendidly proportioned," Hilton carried the United States flag through several engagements around Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia, in June-September 1864. On September 29, Hilton was mortally wounded at the Battle of New Market Heights east of Richmond. He died on October 21 at the U.S. General Hospital at Fort Monroe and is buried at Hampton National Cemetery. According to the posthumous Medal of Honor citation, "When the regimental color fell, this soldier seized the color and carried it forward, together with the national standard until disabled at the enemy's inner line." Hilton's brothers and many local 4th USCT veterans returned to Harford County after the war.


Alfred B. Hilton Grave Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, March 18, 2000
2. Alfred B. Hilton Grave Marker
He is buried in Hampton National Cemetery, University site-Section F1-1231, Hampton VA. His grave GPS Coordinates are N37.0199 W76.3348.
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R. Hilton, Harford County's sole Civil War Medal of Honor recipient and one of only 16 African American recipients for valor during the war, was born about 1837 and reared here on his father's farm in the free black community of Gravel Hill. He was one of manumitted slaves Isaac and Harriet Hilton's 14 children. Like Havre de Grace, Berkley and Kalmia, Gravel Hill was a post on the Underground Railroad before 1864. In 1860, the county's 3,664 free blacks were double the number of slaves and constituted 16 percent of the total population.

Excerpt from Hilton's Medal of Honor citation in English and French, prepared for "the Negro Exhibit of the American Section at the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1900.
Courtesy Library of Congress

Center Photo
4th U.S. Colored Infantry, Co. E.

Bottom Left Drawing
U.S. Colored Troops in action, Harper's Weekly, March 14, 1863

Center Bottom
Medal of Honor

Right Side Document
Copy of Medal of Honor Citation
Erected 2015 by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails, and the Medal of Honor Recipients series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is August 1863.

Alfred B. Hilton Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Pfingsten, January 3, 2016
3. Alfred B. Hilton Marker
39° 33.998′ N, 76° 9.818′ W. Marker is near Aldino, Maryland, in Harford County. Marker is on Gravel Hill Road. Marker is in the parking lot of Alfred B. Hilton Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4020 Gravel Hill Rd, Havre de Grace MD 21078, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Alfred B. Hilton Memorial Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Prospect School (approx. 2.6 miles away); River Crossing (approx. 2.9 miles away); Rock Run (approx. 3 miles away); Rock Run Landing (approx. 3.1 miles away); Rock Run Mill (approx. 3.1 miles away); Deer Creek Harmony Presbyterian Church (approx. 3.4 miles away); Havre de Grace Racetrack (approx. 3.4 miles away).
Medal of Honor image. Click for full size.
By Bill Pfingsten, January 3, 2016
4. Medal of Honor
U.S. Colored Infantry, Co. E image. Click for full size.
By Bill Pfingsten, January 3, 2016
5. U.S. Colored Infantry, Co. E
Credits. This page was last revised on July 20, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 3, 2016, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 436 times since then and 9 times this year. Last updated on July 4, 2020, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photos:   1. submitted on January 3, 2016, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.   2. submitted on June 27, 2016, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   3, 4, 5. submitted on January 3, 2016, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.

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May. 8, 2021