Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
General Rodes Attacks
“Finding that the enemy was rash enough to come out of the woods to attack me, I determined to meet him…”
Maj. Gen. Robert E. Rodes, C.S.A
Rodes Division Second Corps
At midday on July 1, after a lull in the fighting, Maj. Gen. Robert E. Rodes took position on this hill north of Gettysburg with 8,000 Confederates. Other Confederate divisions were converging on the town from your right and left. The closest Union troops were on Oak Ridge about 1/3-mile in front of you.
The thunder of Southern cannon positioned here signaled the beginning of the attack. Following the cannonade, Brig. Gen. Alfred Iverson’s North Carolina Brigade advanced with other Confederates against Oak Ridge. As Iverson neared the ridge, Federals concealed behind a stone wall rose up and raked the North Carolinians with murderous fire. More than half then 1,470 Confederates engaged were killed, wounded, or captured.
Rodes then regrouped and renewed the attack, bringing more Confederate troops into battle. By 4:00 p.m., despite heavy losses, the Confederates had pushed the Federals back to the streets of Gettysburg.
1. Oak Ridge From behind the stone wall here, Union infantry commanded by Brig. Gen. Henry Baxter slaughtered Iverson’s North Carolinians with musket fire.
2. Reynolds Woods/McPherson Ridge Scene of fierce fighting at the opening of the battle on the morning of July 1.
3. Chambersburg Pike
4. Mummasburg Road
(lower left) Maj. Gen. Robert E. Rodes commanded the largest division in the Confederate army—8,000 officers and men. 2,000 of these were lost on the fields in front of you on the first day of the battle.
(lower right) Infantry positions at midday, July 1, 1863. The map is oriented to the south, the direction you are facing.
Erected by National Park Service.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
Location. 39° 50.895′ N, 77° 14.599′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Confederate Avenue 0.1 miles south of Mummasburg Road, on the left when traveling east. Marker is located approximately 300 feet off road on battlefield path in Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for mapTouch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Eternal Peace Light Memorial (here, next to this marker); Rodes's Division (a few steps from this marker); The Orange Artillery (a few steps from this marker); Eternal Peace Light (within shouting distance of this marker); Iverson's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); Carter's Battalion (within shouting distance of this marker); Daniel's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); The King William Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Oak Hill markers and memorials.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 30, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 17, 2008, by Bryan Olson of Syracuse, New York. This page has been viewed 2,245 times since then and 5 times this year. Last updated on August 29, 2020, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos: 1. submitted on March 17, 2008, by Bryan Olson of Syracuse, New York. 2. submitted on June 10, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 21, 2016, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 7, 8, 9. submitted on March 17, 2008, by Bryan Olson of Syracuse, New York. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.