Near Richmond in Henrico County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Deep Bottom Landing
A Vital Link
As part of an overall strategy to defeat Lee’s main army at Petersburg, Federal detachments launched attacks from here on July 25 and August 13, 1864. Stiff Confederate resistance foiled both efforts. On September 29, 1864, a third attempt, spearheaded by two brigades of United States Colored Troops (USCT), resulted in the capture of New Market Heights. The Army of the James continued to use the key river crossing at Deep Bottom until the end of the war.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 37° 24.433′ N, 77° 18.331′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Virginia, in Henrico County. Marker is on Deep Bottom Road, on the left. Marker is located at the James River in the Henrico County Park boat launch area in Deep Bottom Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Henrico VA 23231, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Deep Bottom Park (within shouting distance of this marker); First Battle of Deep Bottom (approx. 0.9 miles away); Pleasants V. Pleasants (approx. 1.3 miles away); New Market Road (approx. 1˝ miles away); Nathaniel Bacon (approx. 1˝ miles away); Curles Neck and Bremo (approx. 1˝ miles away); Captain Thomas Harris (approx. 1.6 miles away); The War of 1812 / Richmond's War of 1812 Defensive Camps (approx. 1.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
More about this marker. The upper portion of the marker is dominated by a photo of "The pontoon bridge at Deep Bottom" which "linked Federal troops located north and south of the James River. It saw steady use between June 1864 and April 1865."
Three small maps detail the battles around Deep Bottom:
First Battle of Deep Bottom
July 28, 1864
Gen. Joseph Kershaw’s successful attack against Union cavalry along the Long Bridge Road stopped Grant’s first advance against Richmond’s defenses.
Second Battle of Deep Bottom
August 16, 1864
A desperate Confederate counterattack led by Gen. Lee forced Gen. Birney’s command to abandon its position above Fussell’s mill pond and once again kept Federal troops contained at Deep Bottom.
Battle of New Market Heights
September 29, 1864
Early morning assaults by USCTs pierced the Confederate entrenchments above Deep Bottom. Union pursuit of the retreating Confederates continued several miles along the New Market Road before being stopped at Richmond’s outer defense line.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . .
1. Second Deep Bottom. A narrative discussing the Second Battle of Deep Bottom. (Submitted on November 28, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Deep Bottom Preservation Efforts (Submitted on September 22, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 19, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 4,163 times since then and 43 times this year. Last updated on January 28, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on November 19, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 3. submitted on July 14, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.