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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Chillicothe in Ross County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Cultural Transitions

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park

 

— National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —

 
Cultural Transitions Marker image. Click for full size.
By TeamOHE, March 10, 2019
1. Cultural Transitions Marker
Inscription.  
Mound 1, covered with trees in the woods before you, is much the way Squier and Davis found Mound City's earthworks in 1846. By 1,500 years ago the high ceremony of the Hopewell culture had declined. They stopped building large ceremonial centers and produced much less art. Within a few centuries hunting spears were replaced with bows and arrows.

But ties to past traditions remained. The new culture did not build mounds here but dug graves in the existing mounds. Within Mound 1, and many other mounds here, they dug graves, burying their dead there. Archaeologists named these people the "intrusive culture” based on their burial practices. Unlike their Mound City ancestors, they buried the body, not its cremated remains. They also placed commonly used objects as grave offerings with their dead.

Mound 2, the large mound ahead on your left, contained intrusive burials. As this sketch by Squier and Davis details, a new grave was dug 3 feet into the old mound and two bodies placed there.

[Captions:]
Tree-covered Mound 1 (above) is hidden by thick foliage much of the year. This winter scene

Cultural Transitions Marker image. Click for full size.
By TeamOHE, March 10, 2019
2. Cultural Transitions Marker
permits a clearer view.

A club made of elk antler, similar to this one, was uncovered in Mound 2 with the intrusive burials. Tools made from deer antlers and a buffalo's shoulder blade also were found here.
 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans.
 
Location. 39° 22.535′ N, 83° 0.405′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker is on Ohio Route 104 0.3 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16062 OH-104, Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Casualties of War (within shouting distance of this marker); Hopewell Culture National Historical Park (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Hopewell Culture National Historical Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Ancient Monuments (within shouting distance of this marker); A Flourishing Culture (within shouting distance of this marker); A Sacred Purpose (within shouting distance of this marker); Effigy Pipes (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mound 7 (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chillicothe.

 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 14, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 14, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 45 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on February 14, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.
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Mar. 5, 2021