Booker Taliaferro Washington
April 5, 1856 - November 14, 1915
Education is not a thing apart from life-not a "system”, nor a philosophy; it is direct teaching how to live and how to work.
There are two ways of exerting one's strength; one is pushing down, the other is pulling up.
No race can prosper till it learns that there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem.
I have learned that success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome while trying to succeed.
Excellence is to do a common thing in an uncommon way.
-Booker T. Washington Quotes
Although the exact date and location is undetermined, it is believed Booker Taliaferro Washington, was born in 1856 on Burroughs' farm in Franklin County, Virginia. In his autobiography, Up From Slavery, he wrote "I am not quite sure of the exact place or exact date of my birth, but at any rate I suspect I must have been born somewhere and at some time.” His mother was a plantation cook and his father was believed to be a white man from a nearby farm.
Washington's first experience with school was not as
Washington's life had come full circle by earning his living by menial task, however his entrance into Hampton Institute led him away from a life of forced labor for good. Washington became an instructor and ultimately a principal and guiding force behind the establishment of Tuskegee Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama in 1881. Washington was recognized as the nation's foremost black educator.
Washington invoked his own past to illustrate his belief in the dignity of work "…There was no period of my life that was devoted to play," he wrote. This concept
As one of the most influential black men of his time, Washington was not without his critics. Many felt Washington's conservative approach undermined the quest for racial equality. In Washington's 1895 address to the Atlanta Cotton States and International Exposition, he stated, "In all things that are purely social we can be as separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress.
By the last years of his life, Washington had moved away from many
of his accommodationist policies. Speaking out with his new
frankness, Washington attacked racism. A man who overcame
near-impossible odds, Washington died at the age of 59. He is best
remembered for his service to the empowerment of Black Americans
rising above economic slavery that held them down long after
becoming legally free citizens.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: African Americans. In addition, it is included in the Historically Black Colleges and Universities series list.
Location. 35° 6.699′ N, 85° 10.642′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker can be reached from Champion Road, 0.1 miles south of Blue Oak Drive
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Civilian Conservation Corps and Booker T. Washington State Park (here, next to this marker); The Life of Booker Taliaferro Washington (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Tuskegee Institute (approx. 0.2 miles away); Cast Down Your Buckets (approx. ¼ mile away); Booker T. Washington School (approx. 1.8 miles away); Harrison Academy (approx. 2.1 miles away); Sherman Crosses the River (approx. 2.4 miles away); Bonny Oaks School (approx. 2.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
Also see . . . Booker T. Washington (History.com). Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) was born into slavery and rose to become a leading African American intellectual of the 19 century, founding Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (Now Tuskegee University) in 1881 and the National Negro Business League two decades later. Washington advised Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft. His infamous conflicts with Black leaders like W. E. B. Du Bois over segregation caused a stir, but today, he is remembered as the most influential African American speaker of his time. (source History.com) (Submitted on March 8, 2021, by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, Georgia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on March 8, 2021. It was originally submitted on March 1, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. This page has been viewed 258 times since then and 89 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 1, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.