Centre of Missouri Valley History
Here, you are halfway from the mouth of the source of the Missouri. Here was the centre of the Fur Trade for half a century, with eight different fur posts and two military posts within your vision. (See Map on reverse). This was, before white man came, an Indian capital. On this side, ½ mile above the dam and 25 miles downstream, were great bastioned fortresses. East of the river 10 miles North and 15 South were their counterparts. The remains of the downstream forts are to be seen today. Amid them were scores of Indian villages, cultivated lands. They were here in 1743 when Verendrye planted a leaden plate for France, four miles downstream. Here, in 1804 Lewis & Clark counciled with the Teton Sioux on this very dam site. Here, in 1811 the famous brawl immortalized by Washington Irving between Manuel Lisa and Hunt, leader of the Astorians, occurred. By 1817 there were permanent fur posts. Here in 1831, the Yellowstone, first steamboat, came to carry away the buffalo hides and decimate the fabulous herds. Here, in 1856, Harney counciled with the Sioux, the largest aggregation of Indians ever assembled. Here, Sully's expeditions of 1863
Erected 1957 by Glenn W. Martens and State Historical Society.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels. A significant historical year for this entry is 1743.
Location. 44° 26.503′ N, 100° 25.212′ W. Marker is near Fort Pierre, South Dakota, in Stanley County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of South Dakota Route 1806 and South Dakota Route 204. Located at the top of the Oahe Dam in an overlook area. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Pierre SD 57532, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Stilling Basin (approx. half a mile away); Oahe Mission (approx. 2 miles away); Oahe Mission School and Chapel (approx. 2 miles away); The Lewis and Clark Expedition (approx. 2.2 miles away); A Changing Landscape (approx. 2.2 miles away); The Oahe Dam & Lake (approx. 2.2 miles away); Sioux Indian Mosaic (approx. 2.8 miles away); Turtle Effigy (approx. 2.8 miles away).
Credits. This page was last revised on April 9, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 8, 2021, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 43 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on April 8, 2021, by Ruth VanSteenwyk of Aberdeen, South Dakota. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.