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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Crawford in Dawes County, Nebraska — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Red Cloud Agency

 
 
Red Cloud Agency Marker image. Click for full size.
By Connor Olson, May 25, 2021
1. Red Cloud Agency Marker
Inscription.  Red Cloud Agency was established here in 1873 for Chief Red Cloud and his Oglala band, as well as for other northern plains Indians, totaling nearly 13,000. Their earlier agency had been located on the North Platte near Fort Laramie. The agencies served as issuing points for supplies to the Sioux, Cheyenne and Arapaho, authorized in exchange for land ceded to the U.S. in 1868. Dr. J. J. Saville, nominated by the Episcopal Church was appointed the first agent.

A faction of Agency Indians, joined with visiting hostiles, harassed Saville and his thirty to forty employees, threatened cowboys, and rode through the unfinished stockade shooting out windows. After the establishment of nearby Camp Robinson in March 1874, the agency remained a powder keg. In October 1874, for example, hostiles chopped down the new agency flagpole and threatened to destroy both the agency and the military camp.

During the Indian war of 1876, the agency served as the center for non-hostiles. After the treaty ceding the Black Hills to the U.S. was signed here in 1876, and the death of Crazy Horse in 1877, the agency was relocated to
Red Cloud Agency Marker image. Click for full size.
By Connor Olson, May 25, 2021
2. Red Cloud Agency Marker
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the Pine Ridge Agency, Dakota Territory.
 
Erected by Nebraska State Historical Society.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesNative AmericansWars, US Indian. A significant historical year for this entry is 1873.
 
Location. 42° 40.248′ N, 103° 26.205′ W. Marker is near Crawford, Nebraska, in Dawes County. Marker is on Bridges to Buttes Highway (U.S. 20) near Soldier Creek Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3200 Nebraska Highway 20, Crawford NE 69339, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Site of Red Cloud Indian Agency (within shouting distance of this marker); German P.O.W. Camp (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Robinson and the Railroad (approx. 1.2 miles away); K-9 Training Area (approx. 1.3 miles away); Sea Level Bench Mark (approx. 1.4 miles away); Chief Crazy Horse (approx. 1˝ miles away); Officers’ Row, 1874-1875 (approx. 1˝ miles away); Cavalry Barracks/Cheyenne Outbreak (approx. 1˝ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Crawford.
 
Also see . . .  Red Cloud Agency. (Submitted on June 3, 2021, by Connor Olson of Lemmon, South Dakota.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 4, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 30, 2021, by Connor Olson of Lemmon, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 44 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 30, 2021, by Connor Olson of Lemmon, South Dakota. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 13, 2021