Battle of Elthamís Landing
A vast array of equipment and thousands of troops
ó 1862 Peninsula Campaign ó
In April 1862, Union forces under Gen. George B. McClellan began a major campaign to capture Richmond, marching west from Fort Monroe up the Peninsula between the York and James rivers towards the Confederate capital. A Confederate army half their size opposed them. Slowly but inevitably, the Federal juggernaut overcame three Southern defensive lines and was soon camped in Richmondís eastern suburbs. New commander Robert E. Lee, however, led a Confederate offensive that drove the Union army away during the Seven Dayís Battles at the end of June.
By May 4, 1862, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnstonís army was retreating west toward Richmond from Yorktown as Union Gen. George B. McClellanís army followed. McClellan, to accelerate the Federal advance on the Confederate capital and intercept Johnston, shipped half his force up the York River to West Point, the terminus of the Richmond and York Railroad at the junction of the Mattaponi and Pamunkey rivers. Just east of here at Brickhouse Point on the York River, Gen. William B. Franklinís division began disembarking on May 6 as Confederate cavalry scouts watched from the
By dawn on May 7, a vast array of equipment and thousands of troops had poured into the open fields. The cavalrymen reported the landing to Johnston at Barhamsville, three miles southwest of here. Johnston assigned Gen. Gustavus W. Smith to block the Federal advance, and Smith sent Gen. W.H.C. Whitingís division forward. As Franklinís division began moving south toward Barhamsville, Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood led his Texas brigade north with Col. Wade Hamptonís Legion on his right. Together they drove Franklinís skirmish line back toward the river. Whiting soon discovered, however, that his men were within range of Federal gunboats in the York River but that the vessels were out of range of Confederate cannons. About 2 p.m., he disengaged and withdrew to Johnstonís main force. The Confederate army and its supply trains continued the retreat to Richmond. Whitingís division had succeeded in delaying Franklin sufficiently for them to escape.
New Kent County is working with its citizens to preserve and interpret other parts of the Elthamís Landing Battlefield. Please visit www.co.new-kent.va.us for updated information.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US CivilVirginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1862.
Location. 37° 30.759′ N, 76° 49.183′ W. Marker is in Plum Point, Virginia, in New Kent County. Marker is at the intersection of Farmers Drive and Plum Point Road, on the left when traveling south on Farmers Drive. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 7401 Farmers Dr, Barhamsville VA 23011, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Battle of Eltham's Landing (approx. 0.7 miles away); Eltham (approx. 0.8 miles away); The Brick House (approx. 0.8 miles away); New Kent County (approx. 0.8 miles away); Peninsula Campaign (approx. 0.8 miles away); Lieutenant General Lewis B. Puller (approx. 1.7 miles away); Mt. Nebo Baptist Church (approx. 1.9 miles away); Home of Signer (approx. 2 miles away).
More about this marker. On the right is a map detailing troop movements on the battlefield and photos of "Gen. William B. Franklin", "Gen W.H.C. Whiting" and "Gen. Joseph E. Johnson". Library of Congress
Also see . . . CWSAC Battle Summary. Elthamís Landing (Submitted on March 31, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on March 2, 2021. It was originally submitted on March 31, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 3,094 times since then and 60 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on March 2, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. 3, 4. submitted on March 31, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. 5. submitted on April 6, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.