“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Powhatan in Powhatan County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Lee’s Last Bivouac

April 14, 1865

Lee’s Last Bivouac CWT Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, April 26, 2009
1. Lee’s Last Bivouac CWT Marker
Inscription.  Although Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865, the formal surrender ceremonies for his cavalry, artillery, and infantry occurred over the next three days. Lee did not attend. On April 12, after his infantrymen had stacked arms, Lee departed for Richmond and his family. Members of his staff rode with him, including Cols. Walter Taylor and Charles Marshall, as well as Maj. Giles Cooke, confined to an ambulance by wounds suffered a week earlier at Sailor’s Creek. The group bivouacked that first night in woods two miles beyond Buckingham Court House.

On April 13, the party reached Cumberland County and bivouacked at Flanagan’s Mill, spending the night at the home of Madison Flanagan. The next day, Cooke left to join his mother and sisters near Richmond. The others rode into Powhatan County and stopped for the night at Windsor, the house of Lee’s brother Charles Carter Lee, at Fine Creek Mills. Since the house was already crowded, the men planned to sleep in a tent but instead were invited to spend the night in the residence of John Gilliam on the adjoining farm. Politely
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declining, Lee spent his “final bivouac” in his tent on Gilliam’s lawn.

After breakfasting with the Gilliams on April 15, the trio soon departed, accompanied by Lee’s son, Gen. William Henry Fitzhugh “Rooney” Lee, and his nephew, John Lee, Charles Carter Lee’s son. Riding down the old river road through Powhatan and Chesterfield Counties, they soon neared Richmond and crossed the James River pontoon bridge at Manchester. Lee quickly reached his rented dwelling and waiting family at 707 East Franklin Street.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1862.
Location. 37° 36.079′ N, 77° 49.686′ W. Marker is near Powhatan, Virginia, in Powhatan County. Marker is on Huguenot Trail (Virginia Route 711) 0.1 miles east of Riverglade Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2630 Huguenot Trail, Powhatan VA 23139, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Lee's Last Camp (here, next to this marker); Lee's Final Bivouac (a few steps from this marker); Shiloh Baptist Church (approx. 2.6 miles
Lee’s Last Bivouac CWT Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, April 26, 2009
2. Lee’s Last Bivouac CWT Marker
away); James Pleasants (approx. 2.7 miles away); The 1936 Virginia Prison Recordings (approx. 3.3 miles away); Dahlgren's Raid (approx. 3½ miles away); Tanglewood Ordinary (approx. 3.7 miles away); Sabot Hill (approx. 3.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Powhatan.
More about this marker. On the lower left is a painting of “Lee on Traveller”. On the upper center is a photo of “Col. Charles Marshall”. On the lower right is a photo of “Col. Walter Taylor (right), Gen. Robert E. Lee (center), and Gen. G.W. Custis Lee (left).” - Courtesy Library of Congress
Credits. This page was last revised on November 11, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 27, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,664 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 27, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.

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Feb. 22, 2024