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Newark in Licking County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

The Newark Earthworks

 
 
The Newark Earthworks Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2022
1. The Newark Earthworks Marker
View of the marker situated at the top of the observation platform.
Inscription.  The Newark Earthworks, covering over 4 squire miles, is the largest geometric earthworks complex in the world. The site includes a combined circle and octagon, a square, and a second circle, all connected by earthen walls.

One pair of earthen walls, probably marking passageways, extend at least 6 miles south from the octagon. A second pair stretched eastward to the lower ground near the junction of Raccoon Creek and the Licking River where there were additional mounds. A third pair connected the octagon with the square.

This map, drawn by J.H. & C. Salisbury in 1862, shows a low embankment surrounding the entire circle and octagon and another one outside the second circle. It also includes a square enclosure on the opposite bank of the South Fork of the Licking River. Recent research suggests that this map is more accurate than earlier versions.

In addition to being spread over a wide area, the individual earthworks are slap large. The octagon encloses over 40 acres and the attached perfect circle surrounds 20 acres. The second circle, actually an ellipse, encloses over 25 acres. The area of the square is 20
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acres.
 
Erected by Ohio Historical Society.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyChurches & ReligionNative Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1862.
 
Location. 40° 3.191′ N, 82° 26.787′ W. Marker is in Newark, Ohio, in Licking County. Marker is on N 33rd Street near Parkview Road. This marker is located at the Moundbuilders Country Club, on a raised wooden observation platform, that is situated between the parking lot on the north side of the Moundbuilders Country Club, and the earthworks of the Octagon Mound complex. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 125 N 33rd Street, Newark OH 43055, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Octagon (here, next to this marker); History of the Site (here, next to this marker); The Circle (here, next to this marker); The Builders (here, next to this marker); Octagon Earthworks (within shouting distance of this marker); The Observatory Mound (approx. ¼ mile away); Great Circle Earthworks (approx. 1.1 miles away); Earthen Architecture (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newark.
 
The Newark Earthworks Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2022
2. The Newark Earthworks Marker
Close-up view of the map depicted on the featured marker.
The Newark Earthworks Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2022
3. The Newark Earthworks Marker
View of the observation platform that the marker is situated on. Note the Moundbuilders earthwork that is situated along the base of the observation platform.
The Newark Earthworks Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2022
4. The Newark Earthworks Marker
View of the Octagon Earthworks marker in the foreground, with a distant view of the observation platform, that this marker is located on, in the background.
The Newark Earthworks Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2022
5. The Newark Earthworks Marker
View of the landscape, and the Octagon Earthworks, as seen from the top of the observation platform.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2022. It was originally submitted on June 16, 2022, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 95 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 16, 2022, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.

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Apr. 22, 2024