Near Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Confederates Invade Maryland
Confederate troops under Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early streamed through the gaps of South Mountain and the Catoctins and headed south past Frederick. Bound for Washington, D.C., they were stopped here at the Best family farm by Union troops defending the bridges over the Monocacy River.
General Early decided a head-on attack would be too costly and spread his men across these farmlands. While Maj. Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur pinned down the Union center, Early sent Brig. Gen. John McCausland and Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge around to the southwest, hoping to find a place to ford the river and attack the Union's left flank.
The men took off blankets, oilcloths, etc., and stretched them in fence corners, on muskets and rails, to make a shelter from the sun...in the road and on a hill which overlooked the battle that was about to be fought in our front.
1st Sgt. John H. Worsham, 21st Virgina.
Erected by Monocacy National Battlefield
National Parks Service.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Frederick MD 21704, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Best Family Farm (here, next to this marker); Caught in the Crossfire (here, next to this marker); L'Hermitage (a few steps from this marker); 14th New Jersey Infantry Regiment (approx. 0.3 miles away); Commemoration (approx. 0.3 miles away); Federals Take a Stand (approx. 0.4 miles away); Nick of Time (approx. 0.4 miles away); Slave to Soldier (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frederick.
More about this marker. On the lower left is a map showing this phase in the battle. A portrait of Gen. Early is in the center.
On the lower right is a series of drawings and photographs. From left to right, the first is a drawing captioned, "On the morning of July 9, Jubal Early, demanded a $200,000 ransom from the citizens of Frederick. Previously, on July 6, as they were leaving the Shenandoah Valley, Early ordered Brig. Gen. John McCausland to exact a $200,000 ransom from Hagerstown. By mistake he obtained only $20,000, plus some clothing."
The center of the three pictures is a portrait of "John Breckinridge" who "had served as vice president in James Buchanan's administration, 1857-61."
On the right is a portrait of "Fearless Stephen Ramseur, 27 years old," who "was a staunch advocate of slavery. He resigned from the Union army even before his state, North Carolina, seceded."
This marker was replaced by a new one named L'Hermitage (see nearby markers)
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Monocacy. National Parks Service Site for the Battle. (Submitted on October 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Monocacy Battlefield Markers. This marker is among several describing the battle of Monocacy, to "tour" the battlefield see the related markers. (Submitted on November 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on October 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,754 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on October 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 2. submitted on April 23, 2011, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 3, 4. submitted on October 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 5. submitted on August 9, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. 6. submitted on October 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.