Near Tiffin in Johnson County, Iowa — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Historic Iowa City / Mormon Handcart Trail - 1856
The land on which Iowa City is located was a wilderness when it was selected and surveyed for the capital of the Territory of Iowa in 1839. The cornerstone of the new capitol building was laid by Governor Lucas on July 4, 1840. The Legislative Assembly met first in a frame building in 1841; the following year it moved into the new stone capitol -- now one of Iowa’s most prized historic shrines
Iowa City served as capital for sixteen exciting years. Here five sessions of the Legislative Assembly and six sessions of the General Assembly met to enact Iowa laws. Here the Territorial and State Supreme Courts met to pass on these laws. Here three Constitutional Conventions were held -- in 1844, in 1846, and in 1857.
The State University was established at Iowa City in 1847 but the first classes did not open until 1855. The State Historical Society of Iowa was established by law at Iowa City in 1857. The Constitution of 1857 moved the capital to Des Moines, leaving the University and Historical Society in Iowa City.
In 1857, some 1,300 Mormon converts from Europe,
The Mormons encamped at what is now Coralville, while awaiting the completion of their handcarts. The first company of 226 Mormons set out bravely from Coralville on June 7, pushing or pulling their carts through Homestead, Marengo, Newton, Des Moines, Adel, and historic Dalmanutha. It joined the Mormon Trail of 1846 at Lewis and crossed the Missouri River north of Council Bluffs. The Mormon Bridge at North Omaha stands as a symbol to their trek across Iowa.
Meanwhile, two other companies followed close on the heels of the first Handcart expedition, all three reaching Salt Lake City safely before cold weather set in. The fourth and fifth Handcart companies suffered untold hardships and death before they reached their Zion in president-day Utah.
Erected 1967 by State Historical Society of Iowa and the Iowa State Highway Commission.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Iowa - State Historical Society of Iowa, and the Mormon Pioneer Trail marker series.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Tiffin IA 52340, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Hoover Historic Site / Hoover’s West Branch (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Historic Amana Colonies (about 600 feet away); Mormon Handcart Brigade Camp (approx. 5.1 miles away); Samuel Jordan Kirkwood (approx. 5.9 miles away); Water Power for Amana's Mills (approx. 11.8 miles away); Dredging Amana's Millrace (approx. 11.8 miles away); Amana Woolen Mill (approx. 11.8 miles away); Amana History (approx. 12.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tiffin.
Also see . . .
1. Old Capitol Museum - University of Iowa. (Submitted on July 26, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.)
2. The University of Iowa. (Submitted on July 26, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.)
3. State Historical Society of Iowa. (Submitted on July 26, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.)
4. Willie And Martin Handcart Companies. Five handcart companies were (Submitted on July 26, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.)
Topics. This marker is included in these topic lists: Churches & Religion • Education • Notable Buildings • Notable Places • Settlements & Settlers
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 26, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. This page has been viewed 990 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 26, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. 3, 4. submitted on October 22, 2014, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. 5. submitted on July 26, 2010, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.