Belington in Barbour County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
Camp Laurel Hill
A Key to Victory
The First Campaign
On the nearby heights, Confederate General Robert Garnett's Army of Northwestern Virginia built fortifications to defend the Beverly-Fairmont Turnpike in June 1861. Many received their baptism of fire here as Garnett's 4,000 Confederates skirmished with an equal force under General Thomas A. Morris on July 7-11, 1861.
While Moris feigned attack, Federal troops under Major General George McClellan defeated Confederates at Rich Mountain, 15 miles south. With the enemy now threatening his front and rear, Garnett retreated on the night of July 11, leaving barricades to slow the Federals. His army fled east to Corricks Ford, Tucker County, where pursuing Federals captured Confederate supply wagons and killed General Garnett.
The engagement at Laurel Hill was a key to Union General McClellan's success in the first campaign. Retreat from this area resulted in the loss of Western Virginia for the Confederacy.
"My only apprehension is that by the guidance of Uion men of the neighborhood they might get in my rear by some path unknown to me."
- Confederate General Robert S. Garnett
"We are situated on hills along
- Clayton Wilson, 1st Georgia Infantry, C.S.A.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is June 1861.
Location. 39° 1.417′ N, 79° 56.18′ W. Marker is in Belington, West Virginia, in Barbour County. Marker is at the intersection of Philippi Pike (U.S. 250) and Watkins Street (County Route 15), on the right when traveling north on Philippi Pike. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Belington WV 26250, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Camp Belington (here, next to this marker); Meadowville (approx. half a mile away); Battle of Laurel Hill (approx. 0.6 miles away); Civil War on the Beverly & Fairmont Turnpike (approx. one mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Laurel Hill (approx. 1.6 miles away); Cannons (approx. 1.6 miles away); Confederate Cemetery (approx. 1.6 miles away); Laurel Hill (approx. 1.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Belington.
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Laurel Hill. Website homepage:
The first campaign in West Virginia, including battles at Philippi, Rich Mountain, Corricks Ford, and here at Laurel Hill was the first full field campaign of the war. (Submitted on August 15, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. A Civil War History Tour of West Virginia. Culture Trip website entry (Submitted on January 29, 2022, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 29, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 14, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 969 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on August 14, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 2, 3. submitted on August 15, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.