Wheeling in Ohio County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
The First Campaign
Civil War Begins in the Mountains of (West) Virginia
— The First Campaign —
Here, during June-July 1861, McClellan’s army won the inaugural Union victories of the Civil War. Hailed as the North’s first battlefield hero, McClellan was summoned to Washington on July 22, following a stunning Union debacle at Manassas, Virginia. Federal troops now occupied Western Virginia, as loyal delegates met in Wheeling to form the “Restored Government of Virginia,” a Union government to oppose the Confederate one in Richmond.
By August 1861, Southern forces again threatened. Confederate General Robert E. Lee attempted to reclaim Western Virginia, but failed miserably. Troops of both armies remained to guard the mountain passes during that terrible winter. By 1862, conflict
”The history of that remarkable campaign would show, if truly portrayed, a degree of severity, of hardship, of tail, of exposure and suffering that finds no parallel.”
Col. Samuel V. Fulkerson, C.S.A.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 40° 3.842′ N, 80° 43.3′ W. Marker is in Wheeling, West Virginia, in Ohio County. Marker is on 16th Street (State Highway 2) east of Market Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wheeling WV 26003, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Independence Hall (here, next to this marker); Old Custom House (within shouting distance of this marker); Baltimore and Ohio Passenger Station (within shouting distance of this marker); B & O Railroad (within shouting distance of this marker); The Athenaeum To The Defenders of the Union (within shouting distance of this marker); The Steamboat "Washington" (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gordon Battelle (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wheeling.
Also see . . .
1. Civil War Auto Tour - West Virginia Scenic Byway. This is a link to information provided by GORP, the Great Outdoor Recreation Pages. (Submitted on August 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
2. The First Campaign, 1861 in the Mountains. This is a link to information provided by the Civil War Traveler. (Submitted on August 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on August 18, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 914 times since then and 38 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on August 19, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. 2, 3. submitted on August 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. 4, 5. submitted on January 4, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.