“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Berkeley Springs in Morgan County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)

A Winter Refuge

Berkeley Springs Hotel


— Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —

A Winter Refuge Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
1. A Winter Refuge Marker
Inscription.  (Preface): On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led four brigades west from Winchester, Va., to secure Romney in the fertile South Branch Valley on the North Western Turnpike. He attacked and occupied Bath on January 4 and shelled Hancock, Md.; he marched into Romney on January 14. Despite atrocious winter weather, Jackson's men destroyed telegraph lines and 100 miles of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad track. Leaving Gen. William W. Loring's brigades in Romney, Jackson led the Stonewall Brigade back to Winchester on January 23. Loring followed on January 31, and the Federals reoccupied Romney on February 7.

On January 4, 1862, after a day-long battle for the town of Bath (present-day Berkeley Springs), Confederate soldiers in the Stonewall Brigade commandeered the hotel and the buildings surrounding the springs for relief from the sting of the harsh winter weather. The Union family of Federal officer David Hunter Strother (who was also a writer and artist who called himself Porte Crayon) owned the hotel. The Confederates damaged the hotel and its furnishings, in part by breaking up furniture or firewood.

A Winter Refuge Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, July 30, 2012
2. A Winter Refuge Marker
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Pvt. William Kinzer, 4th Virginia Infantry, wrote in his diary that as the sun set over the snow-covered mountains, “Our company is quartered in a parlor of the Spring Hotel. Mattresses were spread over the floor and soon all were in the land of nod”.

Other Confederate soldiers, however, were not as fortunate. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson ordered Gen. William W. Loring’s brigade forward to attack Union positions at Great Cacapon, Sir Johns Run, and Hancock, and Loring’s men marched on in the snow until 2:A. M. Bitterness over the apparent favoritism shown to the Stonewall Brigade at Bath festered within Loring’s ranks for the rest of the campaign. The resulting turmoil and dissension within the army culminated at Romney three weeks later, when Jackson and the Stonewall Brigade returned to Winchester first, followed by Loring, thereby reversing Jackson’s gains in what had been a successful winter campaign.

"I was permitted to take ... part of my company into the vacated Berkeley Springs hotel. ... There was 'the banquet hall deserted'; the men took possession of that and soon had a fire roaring in the wide chimney. There was the ball room, empty, and echoing departed music and merriment and the soft sound of dancing feet." - Lt. Henry Kyd Douglas, 2nd Virginia Infantry
Erected by
A Winter Refuge Marker image. Click for full size.
July 14, 2013
3. A Winter Refuge Marker
Marker is on right.
West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1862.
Location. 39° 37.548′ N, 78° 13.74′ W. Marker is in Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, in Morgan County. Marker is at the intersection of Washington Street and Liberty Street on Washington Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 110 Washington Street, Berkeley Springs WV 25411, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Robert Carter Willis (a few steps from this marker); Thomas Lawson and John Orr (a few steps from this marker); Center of Hospitality (a few steps from this marker); Sam Purviance / George Irwin (a few steps from this marker); Fielding Lewis (within shouting distance of this marker); Harry Dorsey Gough (within shouting distance of this marker); Charles Dick (within shouting distance of this marker); Robert Throckmorton, Jr. (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Berkeley Springs.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on August 22, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 633 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on August 22, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   2. submitted on September 10, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   3. submitted on July 16, 2013. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 26, 2022