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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Hundred in Wetzel County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
 

The B&O Connection

 
 
The B&O Connection Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, May 17, 2014
1. The B&O Connection Marker
Inscription.  The East Wetzel Trail is built on the bed of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. The line connecting Cumberland, MD to Wheeling, VA (later WV) was completed on Christmas Eve 1852. This route, over the Alleghenies, was the most challenging mountain terrain ever attempted and required construction of eleven tunnels, five of which were located in this area (Glover Gap, Sole, Martin, Marshall and Board Tree). Board Tree was the most notable and significant in B&O history. Burton was an important passenger and freight stop and the largest Civil War marshaling yard in the western section of the B&O. Hundred, settled by Henry and Hannah Church, was a flagstop and became a railroad tourist attraction as the home of the "oldest couple in the states". Littleton, along with its oil and gas industry, gained national importance during the Civil War when Union forces opened an iron ore mine and shipped the ore east to make ammunition. Undoubtedly, the construction of the B&O enabled these towns to thrive during the heyday of the railroad.

During the early days of the railroad, artists and illustrators were commissioned to characterize the technology
The B&O Connection image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, May 17, 2014
2. The B&O Connection
and encourage tourism. At the time, "Porte Crayon" (David Hunter Strother)was the best known graphic artist in America. Strother was commissioned to create a body of work that would encourage tourism on the Baltimore and Ohio line. In July 1858, Henry Church was 108 years of age when "Porte Crayon" created several illustrations of the centenarian and his family. Many of Strother's works were published in Harper's New Monthly Magazine. Train conductors would point out "Old Hundred" as the train passed this site. The B&O's tourism efforts influenced the town's name of Hundred.
 
Erected by Consol Energy, Little Kanawha RC&D, John P. Carr, Courtney Dennis, Town of Hundred, Hundred Area Pride, Youth Pride and WV DOT.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Railroads & StreetcarsSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) series list.
 
Location. 39° 41.032′ N, 80° 27.562′ W. Marker is in Hundred, West Virginia, in Wetzel County. Marker can be reached from Hornet Highway (U.S. 250) near Pennsylvania Avenue (West Virginia Route 69). Located on the East Wetzel Rail Trail near this intersection. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hundred WV 26575, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers
The B&O Connection image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, May 17, 2014
3. The B&O Connection
are within 16 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Hundred (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Marion County / Wetzel County (approx. 3.6 miles away); Historical Village of Hero Named in Honor of Private Jesse Taylor (approx. 6.6 miles away in Pennsylvania); Jesse Taylor (approx. 7.7 miles away in Pennsylvania); Cameron City Pool (approx. 11˝ miles away); Mannington / Flaggy Meadow (approx. 12.9 miles away); Fort Beeler (approx. 15˝ miles away).
 
The B&O Connection image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, May 17, 2014
4. The B&O Connection
The Hundred Depot
The B&O Connection image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, May 17, 2014
5. The B&O Connection
The B&O Connection Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, May 17, 2014
6. The B&O Connection Marker
Looking towards the old depot area
The B&O Connection Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Wintermantel, May 17, 2014
7. The B&O Connection Marker
Looking east towards Henry Church's cottage site
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on May 17, 2014, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 442 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on May 17, 2014, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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Sep. 27, 2020