Clarksburg in Carroll County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Prelude, Battle of Parker's Crossroads
ó Forrest's First West Tennessee Raid ó
Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest led his cavalry brigade on a raid through West Tennessee, Dec 15, 1862-Jan 3, 1863, destroying railroads and severing Gen. Ulysses S. Grantís supply line between Columbus, Kentucky, and Vicksburg, Mississippi. Forrest crossed the Tennessee River at Clifton, defeated Union Col. Robert G. Ingersollís cavalry at Lexington, captured Trenton and Union City, and ranged briefly into Kentucky. He raided back through Tennessee, evaded defeat at Parkerís Cross Roads, and crossed the river again at Clifton. Forrestís success forced Grant to switch his supply base to Memphis.
By December 29, 1862, Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrestís West Tennessee railroad raid was ending after his cavalry disrupted Federal supply and communication lines there. The weary cavalrymen were riding toward the Tennessee River and safety behind Confederate lines in Middle Tennessee.
By late that afternoon, Forrestís brigade was bivouacked near Flakeís Store four miles southwest of here. Meanwhile, Union Gen. Jeremiah Sullivan in Jackson ordered Col. Cyrus L. Dunhamís brigade at
Dunham marched at noon on December 30, and by dark had arrived here, where Forrest had placed pickets. Clarksburg was then a small village with a few dozen residents, general stores, a gristmill, and a cotton gin. A sharp skirmish left two Confederates dead, the pickets being driven away, and Dunham occupying Clarksburg. Dunham remained here overnight and as Lt. Ayers, one of his officers, wrote, had “the citizens to bake our bread for us.” Both commanders now knew where each otherís forces were located. Forrest planned to engage and defeat both Dunhamís and Fullerís brigades at Parkerís Crossroads five miles south of here.
Early the next morning, Dunham marched south down the Huntingdon and Lexington Road. Five-year –old “Em” Clark, from his fatherís arms, watched through the front doors of the old store to you left as Fullerís Ohioans marched through Clarksburg to Parkerís Crossroads, where they would join Dunham at the crucial moment, planning to hammer Forrest.
(lower left) Gen. Nathan B. Forrest Courtesy Library of Congress; Col. Cyrus C. Dunham Courtesy Parkerís Crossroads Battlefield Association;
(upper right) Forrest's First West Tennessee Raid, Dec. 15, 1862-Jan. 3,1863
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 35° 52.22′ N, 88° 23.6′ W. Marker is in Clarksburg, Tennessee, in Carroll County. Marker is at the intersection of Lexington Clarksburg Road (Tennessee Route 22) and Tennessee Route 424 when traveling south on Lexington Clarksburg Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Clarksburg TN 38324, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Roan's Creek Church (approx. 1.8 miles away); The Battle of Parker's Crossroads (approx. 4.4 miles away); Pleasant Exchange (approx. 4.4 miles away); Parker's Crossroads (approx. 5.1 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Parker's Crossroads (approx. 5.1 miles away); Freeman's Battery (approx. 5.1 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Parker's Crossroads (approx. 5.1 miles away); The Tides of War (approx. 5.1 miles away).
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 1, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 942 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on July 1, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.