St. Catharines in Niagara Regional Municipality, Ontario — Central Canada
Bollards & Fairleads
Bollards are steel or concrete posts, on land and on a ship, used to secure a vessel. Vessels travelling through the Welland Canal are tied up in each lock before the water level is raised or lowered. This reduces the risk of damage both to the lock and the ship.
When moving upbound, as the ship enters the lock, line handlers send down the heaving line
(thin yellow ropes) to the deckhands who attach the heavy mooring hawsers (cables).
The line handlers then use capstans (winches) to raise these lines and the attached hawsers. The hawsers are then looped over the bollards on the lock wall.
When moving downbound, the deck of the ship is above the edge of the lock. The ship's crew throw the heaving lines down to the line handlers.
Fairleads are a form of block, rotating to allow ropes and cables to move freely as part of a pulley. Some fairleads are used singly to guide a line, Heavey hawsers are used to secure ships in the locks of the Canal and run up through the fairlead openings.
[arrow pointing left] Three-roller deck-mounted Fairlead from a ship.
Two-sheave deck-mounted Fairlead from a ship.[arrow pointing right]
Bollard from the Ontario Paper Co. dock in Thorold, ca. 1932. [arrow far right]
Caution! Climbing on the artifacts can be hazardous.
Bollards and Fairleads donated and restored by Port Weller Dry Docks.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Waterways & Vessels. A significant historical year for this entry is 1932.
Location. 43° 9.31′ N, 79° 11.645′ W. Marker is in St. Catharines, Ontario, in Niagara Regional Municipality. Marker can be reached from Welland Canals Parkway. Marker is located on the grounds of the St. Catharines Museum & Wellands Canals Centre. Marker is between the museum building and the canal. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1932 Welland Canals Parkway, St Catharines, Ontario L2R 7K6, Canada. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Vertical Lift Bridges (a few steps from this marker); Shipbuilding in Niagara (within shouting distance of this marker); Horse Drawn Grape Hoe (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Welland Canals (within shouting distance of this marker); Spring Tooth Cultivator (within shouting distance International Shipmasters' Association (within shouting distance of this marker); The Welland Canals and the St. Lawrence Seaway System (within shouting distance of this marker); Welland Ship Canal (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Catharines.
Also see . . . St. Catharines Museum & Welland Canal Centre. (Submitted on August 9, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on September 27, 2019. It was originally submitted on August 9, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. This page has been viewed 304 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 9, 2014, by Anton Schwarzmueller of Wilson, New York. • William J. Toman was the editor who published this page.