Two Harbors in Lake County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Duluth Missabe & Iron Range Yellowstone Mallet #229
This locomotive is dedicated to the men, women, and families of the Duluth Missabe & Iron Range Railroad
DM&IR Yellowstone Mallet #229, which is displayed opposite the venerable Duluth & Iron Range Railroad 3 Spot, was one of eighteen locomotives of this type. They came in two separate contracts of eight locomotives in 1941 and an additional ten locomotives in 1943. All were built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works at their Eddystone plant in Pennsylvania.
World War II was raging and America's iron ore resource was absolutely vital to the war effort for building ships, tanks, and other military equipment. As one might expect, steel for military hardware took precedence over all nonmilitary use of steel. These Mallets however were so important when it came to moving the iron ore that they were assigned the A-1-A preference rating for the materials needed for construction. In other words the Yellowstones were a higher priority than military steel for tanks and ships. It is little wonder that they are often referred to as "The locomotives that defeated Hitler."
When the 229 returned from Colorado in 1943, it was sent directly to Two Harbors to begin working on the Iron Range Division.
Photos are courtesy of the Missabe Railroad Historical Society, Bruce Meyer Collection
Only 72 Yellowstone locomotives were ever built in the U.S. They were operated by the Baltimore and Ohio, Northern Pacific, Southern Pacific, and Duluth Missabe & Iron Range.
The DM&IR Yellowstones were 128 feet long and weighed in at over 400 tons with no coal or water. Filling the tender took 26 tons of coal and 25,000 gallons of water. Altogether the working weight was almost a million pounds. Steam pressure was 240 pounds
Often compared to the Union Pacific's Big Boy locomotive the DM&IR Mallet's had smaller drive wheels giving them incredible power at slower speeds. The speed limit on the heavy railroad was 45 miles per hour. Yellowstones were capable of pulling trains that would require four diesel locomotives today.
The last Yellowstone Mallet to make a regular ore run was #222 on July 5th, 1960 on the Missabe Division. It was sent to Two Harbors and put on display for a very short time before being swapped for #221. This engone [sic] deteriorated in the weather and was replaced in 1967 by #229, which had been stored in the Proctor roundhouse up until then. In 2011 the #229 underwent a complete cosmetic in an effort to preserve it for future generations.
The 3 Spot and Yellowstone Mallet #229 locomotives represent the first and the last in the evolution of the steam locomotive on Minnesota's Iron Range.
[Photo captions, from top to bottom, read]
#229 at the sand tower in Two Harbors
The DM&IR is a left handed railroad
#229 at the water tower in Two Harbors
Heavy throttle northbound out of Two Harbors
The #221 being put on display in Two Harbors. This photograph demonstrates the articulation of the Mallet locomotive.
Photos from the
Missabe Railroad Historical
The Lake Superior Museum of Transportation / Frank King Collection
And the Lake County Historical Society
The Lake County History Society would like to thank Dr. Mark S. Wilke for his contribution to this project.
Erected by Lake County Historical Society.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Railroads & Streetcars • War, World II. A significant historical date for this entry is January 5, 1943.
Location. 47° 1.136′ N, 91° 40.286′ W. Marker is in Two Harbors, Minnesota, in Lake County. Marker is at the intersection of 6th Street (County Route 20) and South Avenue, on the right when traveling south on 6th Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 520 South Avenue, Two Harbors MN 55616, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Duluth and Iron Range Railroad Locomotive #3 (within shouting distance of this marker); First Ore Taken From A Minnesota Mine (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named First Ore Taken From A Minnesota Mine (within shouting distance of this marker); Ore Car #251, 1884 & Bobber Caboose #22 (#52), 1893 (within shouting distance of this marker); D&IR Railroad Company Sleigh (within shouting distance Duluth and Iron Range Depot (within shouting distance of this marker); Hand Car, Velocipede, Sleigh, Station Wagon (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); John Dwan Office Building (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Two Harbors.
Regarding Duluth Missabe & Iron Range Yellowstone Mallet #229. Marker and locomotive are part of the Lake County Historical Society Deport Museum complex.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. DM&IR Yellowstone Mallet #229 Locomotive. (Submitted on November 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Missabe Railroad Historical Society. (Submitted on November 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. The Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway. (Submitted on November 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Lake County Historical Society Depot Museum. (Submitted on November 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 10, 2020. It was originally submitted on November 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 690 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 10, 2014, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.