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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Eads in Kiowa County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Pleas for Peace

Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site

 
 
Pleas for Peace Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, October 8, 2010
1. Pleas for Peace Marker
Inscription.  

"All we ask is that we may have peace with the whites...We want to take good tidings home to our people, that they may sleep in peace."

Cheyenne Chief Black Kettle


As tensions mounted, Chiefs Black Kettle and Left Hand pled for peace. They wrote to Major Wynkoop at Fort Lyon, expressing their desire to end violence. Wynkoop and 125 men marched apprehensively to the Smoky Hill River to meet with them. Negotiations followed. With renewed hope, Wynkoop and the chiefs headed for a peace counsel in Denver.

They met with Governor John Evans, Colonel John Chivington, and other officials on September 28, 1864 at Camp Weld. Chivington made his position clear: "My rule of fighting white men or Indians is to fight until they lay down their arms and submit to military authority. You are nearer to Major Wynkoop than anyone else, and you can go to him [at Fort Lyon] when you get ready to do that."

Of twelve-hundred Cheyenne and Arapaho camped near Sand Creek in the autumn of 1864, about 650 Arapaho moved to Fort Lyon. "Prisoner rations" were not enough to sustain them, so they moved further east.
Entrance to Sand Creek Massacre NHS image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, October 8, 2010
2. Entrance to Sand Creek Massacre NHS
View to northwest from County Road W towards overlook area and marker site
A small Arapaho village under chief Left Hand chose instead to join the 500 or more Cheyenne still camped at Sand Creek.

(Image Caption)
Camp Weld Council - Major Wynkoop and Captain Soule kneel in front, Black Kettle sits behind them, third from left.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansWars, US Indian.
 
Location. 38° 32.964′ N, 102° 30.707′ W. Marker is near Eads, Colorado, in Kiowa County. Marker can be reached from County Road W 1.3 miles east of County Road 54. Marker is located in Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site; the above directions are to the intersection of County Road W and the driveway to the park visitor center. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Eads CO 81036, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Why? (here, next to this marker); Testimony (within shouting distance of this marker); Healing (within shouting distance of this marker); Remains (within shouting distance of this marker); The Sand Creek Massacre (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Attack (approx. 0.2 miles away).
 
More about this marker. The marker is along the trail to the monument and overlook; it is a 0.5 mile walk from the visitor center parking lot to the marker.
 
Also see . . .
1. Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
Site of Sand Creek Massacre image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, October 8, 2010
3. Site of Sand Creek Massacre
View from the overlook
. Official National Park Service website. (Submitted on March 11, 2016.) 

2. Sand Creek Massacre - Wikipedia entry. (Submitted on March 11, 2016.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on March 11, 2016, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 451 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on March 11, 2016, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.   2, 3. submitted on February 19, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.
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Jul. 5, 2020