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Maynardville in Union County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Divided Loyalties

Civil War in Union County

 
 
Divided Loyalties Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, October 28, 2016
1. Divided Loyalties Marker
Inscription. The Civil War made civilian life in Union County difficult and dangerous. Most residents opposed secession and were staunch Unionists. men joined such Federal regiments as the 1st Tennessee Infantry and the 2nd and 9th Tennessee Cavalry. Others sided with the Confederacy. Divided loyalties splintered families and caused violence among neighbors.

Union County's proximity to Cumberland Gap, which changed hands several times, led to two military engagements here. On June 30, 1862, Union Col. Robert K. Byrd's 1st Tennessee Infantry with two companies of the 3rd Kentucky Infantry were foraging along Powell River west of Maynardville when several companies of the Confederate 1st Georgia and 1st Tennessee Cavalry regiments attacked them. Five Federals were captured, but Byrd's men captured one Confederate. Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside secured Cumberland Gap and occupied this area in September 1863. On December 1-2, Col. Felix Graham's 5th Indiana Cavalry skirmished with Confederate forces at Walker's Ford a dozen miles northeast of here on the Clinch river andat Blaine's Crossroads about eight miles southeast.

The Federal occupation and Confederate raids wreaked havoc on farms and market patterns. Foragers stripped crops, livestock, and fences from the landscape. Slaves and free blacks fled to the Federals in such numbers
Divided Loyalties Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, October 28, 2016
2. Divided Loyalties Marker
that the county's black population had fallen 20 percent by the end of the war. After hostilities ceased, former slave Samuel Smith established the county's only school and church for blacks on 110 acres that he purchased.
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 36° 14.933′ N, 83° 48.2′ W. Marker is in Maynardville, Tennessee, in Union County. Marker is at the intersection of Maynardville Highway (Tennessee Route 33/61) and Spring Strret, on the right when traveling east on Maynardville Highway. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3824 Maynardville Hwy, Maynardville TN 37807, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Roy Claxton Acuff (approx. mile away); Racoon Valley (approx. 2 miles away); Walker's Ford (approx. 6.8 miles away); Sawyer's Fort (approx. 7.3 miles away); Shields Station (approx. 8.4 miles away); Emory Road (approx. 8 miles away); Blaine's Crossroads (approx. 8.8 miles away); Janeway Cabin (approx. 8.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Maynardville.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Divided Loyalties Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse, October 28, 2016
3. Divided Loyalties Marker
Gen. Ambrose Burnside image. Click for full size.
By Tom Bosse
4. Gen. Ambrose Burnside
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 3, 2016, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 254 times since then and 64 times this year. Last updated on December 16, 2016, by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, Georgia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 3, 2016, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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