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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Livingston in Polk County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Early Roads in Polk County

 
 
Early Roads in Polk County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, December 15, 2016
1. Early Roads in Polk County Marker
Inscription. Travel was of great importance in Polk County's early days. Civilized Indians—particularly Creeks, Alabamas, Coushattas and Kickapoos—were numerous and had many trails for intercommunication. Long King's Trace (named for a chief) led from Alabama villages through site of present Livingston, past site of this marker. The Coushatta Trace began in Louisiana, wound through what is now Polk County, joining (more than 100 miles west) an ancient road into Mexico. The Alabama Trace branched off El Camino Real (The King's Highway) east of Nacogdoches and came to the site of present Alabama-Coushatta Reservation. Indians started many other local roads.

A Mexican-Indian trail became the Nacogdoches-Liberty Stagecoach Road, after white settlement began in the 1820s. Settlers brought in goods by Trinity River boats, establishing 20 landings (or wharves) on the 72 miles of Polk County riverfront. Roads led to the interior from the landings; boats handled shipping of county produce for many years.

Northeast of Livingston is the "Old Israel Road"—named for a religious colony whose buildings have disappeared. As with many of the Indians, memory of these people is preserved only in the road's name.
 
Erected 1970 by State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker Number 10391.)
Early Roads in Polk County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, December 15, 2016
2. Early Roads in Polk County Marker

 
Location. 30° 38.102′ N, 95° 0.373′ W. Marker is near Livingston, Texas, in Polk County. Marker can be reached from Farm to Market Road 1988 1.2 miles south of Farm to Market Road 3126, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Livingston TX 77351, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Site of the Town of Swartwout (approx. ¼ mile away); Birthplace of Margo Jones (approx. 6½ miles away); Locomotive No. 5 (approx. 6.7 miles away); Early Indian Trails (approx. 6.7 miles away); Site of Old Andress Inn (was approx. 6.8 miles away but has been reported missing. ); 1905 Courthouse Annex (approx. 6.8 miles away); Polk County (approx. 6.8 miles away); Polk County Courthouse (approx. 6.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Livingston.
 
Categories. Native AmericansRoads & Vehicles
 
Early Roads in Polk County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, December 15, 2016
3. Early Roads in Polk County Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 19, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 16, 2016, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 330 times since then and 76 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 16, 2016, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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