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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Trinidad in Las Animas County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Women & Children's March, 1914

 
 
Women & Children's March, 1914 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, July 22, 2016
1. Women & Children's March, 1914 Marker
Inscription. During the miners' strike that began in September 1913, when the United Mine Workers of America was trying to unionize the coal mines of Colorado, their most effective public speaker, organizer and morale-booster was nationally famous Mary Harris "Mother" Jones. The 83-year-old white haired spitfire, deported twice from Trinidad for "rabble rousing," returned in January 1914, defying orders from General John Chase, commander of the Colorado Militia trying to maintain order. She was promptly incarcerated "for her own protection" in Mt. San Rafael Hospital, 15 blocks east of here.

The striking miners were infuriated. About a thousand of them gathered at union headquarters. Warned by General Chase there would be violence if they approached the hospital, they decided the women and children would march in peaceful protest.

Over 400 of them headed for the hospital. At this intersection, they ran into a solid phalanx of militia cavalry with General Chase riding back and forth on a nervous horse which slipped and fell. The general lost his seat, his dignity, and his temper. The cavalry surged forward, sabers drawn and bayonets bared.

Falling back, the women threw rocks curses, and screams. In the melee, arms were slashed, feet crushed, and one woman had an ear severed. The marchers finally scattered.

The strike became more bitter, culminating in the infamous battle at Ludlow, a few miles north of Trinidad, where a miners' tent colony burned and women and children died. Still, the Union was not recognized by mine owners until 1935 and then only because a new Federal law prohibited company-controlled unions such as the so-called "Rockefeller Plan."
 
Erected by
"Legends of Trinidad" banner - Mother Jones - "The Most Dangerous Woman In America" image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, July 22, 2016
2. "Legends of Trinidad" banner - Mother Jones - "The Most Dangerous Woman In America"
the Trinidad Historical Society.
 
Location. 37° 10.18′ N, 104° 30.135′ W. Marker is in Trinidad, Colorado, in Las Animas County. Marker is at the intersection of East Main Street (U.S. 160) and South Walnut Street on East Main Street. Touch for map. Located in front of the Frank G. Bloom House, part of the Trinidad History Museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 312 East Main Street, Trinidad CO 81082, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Santa Fe Trail (approx. 0.2 miles away); Trinidad's First City Building (approx. mile away); Coal Miners' Memorial (approx. mile away); The Coal Miner's Canary (approx. mile away); A Clash of Cultures (approx. 0.3 miles away); World War II Veterans Memorial (approx. half a mile away); Welcome to Colorado - Trinidad Country / Trinidad - Army of the West (approx. half a mile away); Viet-Nam War Memorial (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Trinidad.
 
Also see . . .  Wikipedia article on the Ludlow Massacre. (Submitted on December 16, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Labor UnionsNotable EventsWomen
 
Marker across from a house built in 1883. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, July 22, 2016
3. Marker across from a house built in 1883.
Now a funeral home.
View of marker looking east on Main Street. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, July 22, 2016
4. View of marker looking east on Main Street.
Mary Harris "Mother" Jones - Labor activist. image. Click for full size.
Public domain - Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs, 1902
5. Mary Harris "Mother" Jones - Labor activist.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 17, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 16, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 172 times since then and 74 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 16, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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